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[People Fishing]

Description: Photograph of a group of people fishing in Virginia. They look away from the camera toward an open body of water. This photograph was taken for the American Associations for State and Local History.
Date: June 1976
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Oral History Interview with Leon P. Sell, June 13, 1976

Description: Interview with Leon P. Sell, United States Army veteran from Wallis, Texas. This interview contains his experiences with the 25th Medical Battalion at Schofield Barracks during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. He discusses being a first sergeant of D Company, 25th Medical Battalion and only being 18 at the time of the attack.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: June 13, 1976
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Sell, Leon P., Sr.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns: Section 13. Data for 58 substances

Description: From Introduction: "This report presents information for 58 compounds (31 experimental and 27 calculated patterns), and is the twenty-third of the series of "Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns."
Date: June 1976
Creator: Morris, Marlene C.; McMurdie, Howard F.; Evans, Eloise H.; Paretzkin, Boris; de Groot, Johan H.; Hubbard, Camden R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Automatic Measurement of Network Parameters: A Survey

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Standards over a survey conducted on measurement methods of network parameters. As stated in the introduction, "this paper is concerned with the development of automatic methods of measuring basically the magnitudes and phase differences, or the complex ratio of two sinusoidal voltages, and applications of this capability to determining complex reflection coefficients and transmission coefficients and group delay times of electrical networks" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: June 1976
Creator: Beatty, Robert William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Computer code and users' guide for the preliminary analysis of dual-mode space nuclear fission solid core power and propulsion systems, NUROC3A. AMS report No. 1239b

Description: The three-volume report describes a dual-mode nuclear space power and propulsion system concept that employs an advanced solid-core nuclear fission reactor coupled via heat pipes to one of several electric power conversion systems. The second volume describes the computer code and users' guide for the preliminary analysis of the system.
Date: June 30, 1976
Creator: Nichols, R.A. & Smith, W.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Standpipe-Bubbler pump level control study: 1E-3862, controlled clearance pump/system model analysis (Task A) W. P. 7373. Engineering memorandum 0190. [LMFBR]

Description: Computer simulation results of the Standpipe-Bubbler pump level control system/controlled clearance pump configuration 1E-3862 are presented. Fluid level control system behavior is presented in graphical form for normal plant loading, unloading, and trip transients, under varying conditions of cover gas mass flow rate, tank impedances, temperature, and flow rates through discharge seal and bearing leakage paths. Satisfactory fluid level control can be attained for this configuration with a Standpipe-Bubbler system.
Date: June 7, 1976
Creator: Salant, R.F. & Cook, M.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mission analysis of photovoltaic solar energy systems. Quarterly progress report, 1 March 1976-31 May 1976

Description: The main emphasis of the activity during the second quarter of this project continued to be on Task 1, Analysis of Near-Term Missions, and on Task 2, Analysis of Major Mid-Term Missions. In addition, considerable progress was also made on Task 6, Comparison of the True Societal Costs of Conventional and Photovoltaic Power Production, and starts were made on Task 3, Review and Updating of the ERDA Technology Implementation Plan, and Task 4, Critical External Issues. As was planned, work on Task 5, Impact of Incentives, was deferred to the second half of the program. Progress is reported. (WHK)
Date: June 1, 1976
Creator: Leonard, S.L.; Munjal, P.K. & Rattin, E.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mathematical model for the preliminary analysis of dual-mode space nuclear fission solid core power and propulsion systems, NUROC3A. AMS report No. 1239a

Description: The three-volume report describes a dual-mode nuclear space power and propulsion system concept that employs an advanced solid-core nuclear fission reactor coupled via heat pipes to one of several electric power conversion systems. Such a concept could be particularly useful for missions which require both relatively high acceleration (e.g., for planetocentric maneuvers) and high performance at low acceleration (e.g., on heliocentric trajectories or for trajectory shaping). The first volume develops the mathematical model of the system.
Date: June 30, 1976
Creator: Grey, J. & Chow, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Inhalation dose conversion factors for various radionuclides associated with liquid metal fast breeder reactors

Description: This report presents (1) values of the parameters needed in the estimation of internal radiation doses from inhalation of radioactive aerosols resulting from hypothetical liquid metal fast breeder reactor accidents, (2) the values of the time integrated organ deposited radioactivity per unit of radioactivity inhaled (..mu..Ci-days/Ci inhaled) based on a metabolic model that incorporates the respiratory tract model adopted by the International Commission on Radiological Protection Task Group on Lung Dynamics and (3) the values of the dose conversion factors (F-factors) in rem per curie inhaled for various important LMFBR radionuclides.
Date: June 18, 1976
Creator: Teresi, J.D. & Boudreau, F.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual report on the project to design and experimentally test an improved geothermal drill bit

Description: Progress is reported in a research and development program to design, build, and test an improved geothermal drill bit. The major tasks of the Phase I effort are entitled: failure mechanisms of existing bits; new steels and new bearing design; and new seals and lubricants. It appears that a significant gain in drill-bit life can be attained by the use of higher-temperature steels which retain more hardness at temperatures above 260/sup 0/C (500/sup 0/F). Such steels are available, and two research bits of high-temperature steels were made and will shortly be tested in a laboratory-simulated full-scale geothermal drilling environment. Two control bits of the same design, but made with conventional drill bit steels, were also obtained for identical laboratory test runs, so that the performance of the research bits can be meaningfully assessed. Base-line properties of the steels, such as hardness and fracture toughness as functions of temperature, are being measured to further assess the value of the high-temperature steels selected for the research bits. A geothermal test vessel was designed and fabricated in which the full-scale drill bits will be tested. The vessel is capable of temperature to 427/sup 0/C (800/sup 0/F) and pressures to 35 MPa (5,000 psi). Seal and lubrication designs were studied, and the state of the art in high-temperature seals and lubricants was assessed. Some candidate seals and lubricants have been obtained for testing, and others are being procured. In addition, a seal test vessel has been designed and will soon be completed which can simulate the geothermal drilling environment in full-scale testing of seal and lubricant designs and materials. (JGB)
Date: June 1, 1976
Creator: Barker, L.M.; Green, S.J.; Maurer, W.C. & DeVries, L.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geothermal direct-contact heat exchange. Final report

Description: A glass direct contact heat exchange column was operated in the laboratory at atmospheric pressure using hot water and normal hexane. Column internals tested included an empty column, sieve trays, disk-and-doughnut trays, and two types of packing. Operation was very smooth in all cases and the minimum temperature approaches varied from less than 1{sup 0}C for packing to 13{sup 0}C for the empty column. High heat transfer rates were obtained in all cases, however, columns should be sized on the basis of liquid and vapor traffic. The solubilities of hydrocarbons were determined for normal hexane, pentane and butane in water and sodium chloride and calcium chloride brines at various temperatures. The values seem to be internally consistent and salt content was found to depress hydrocabon solubility. Laboratory stripping tests showed that gas stripping can be used to remove hydrocarbon from reject hot water from the direct contact heat exchange column. Although the gas volumes required are small, stripping gas requirements cannot be accurately predicted without testing. A computer program was used to study the effect of operating variables on thermodynamic cycle efficiencies. Optimum efficiencies for the moderate brine conditions studied were obtained with isopentane as working fluid and relatively low operating pressure. A preliminary design for a 50 MWe plant was prepared and plant capital cost and operating cost were estimated. These costs were combined with previously developed brine production and power transmission costs to provide an estimate of the cost of delivered power for a geothermal field at Heber, California. A pilot plant program is described that would be suitable for continuing the investigation of the direct contact process in the field. The program includes a suggested schedule and the estimated cost.
Date: June 10, 1976
Creator: Sims, A.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relative determination of W-values for alpha particles in tissue equivalent and other gases. [5. 4 MeV alpha particles]

Description: W (the average energy to form an ion pair) for 5.4 MeV /sup 241/Am alpha particles in a Rossi-type tissue equivalent (T.E.) gas, argon and methane was determined to an accuracy better than 0.2% using a new automated data handling system. A vibrating reed electrometer and current digitizer were used to measure the current produced by completely stopping the alpha particles in a large cylindrical ionization chamber. A multichannel analyzer, operating in a slow multiscalar mode, was used to store pulses from the current digitizer. The dwell time, on the order of 60 minutes per channel, was selected with an external timer gate. Current measurements were made at reduced pressures (approximately 200 torr) to reduce ion-recombination. The average current, over many repeated measurements, was compared to the current produced in nitrogen and its previously published W-value of 36.39 +- 0.04 eV/ion pair. The resulting W-values were (in eV/ion pair): 26.29 +- 0.05 for argon, 29.08 +- 0.03 for methane and 30.72 +- 0.04 for T.E. gas, which had an analyzed composition of 64.6% methane, 32.4% CO/sub 2/, and 2.7% nitrogen. Although the methane and argon values agree within 0.1% with previously published values, the value for T.E. is 1.2% lower than the single previously reported value.
Date: June 1, 1976
Creator: Krieger, G L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Issues in the future supply of electricity to the Northeast. [1985 and 2000]

Description: This assessment of the problems of the electric sector is part of the BNL study on the Energy Future of the Northeast. Topics covered by the issue papers include the potential supply of energy to the Northeast from coal, oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas, nuclear power, municipal waste, solar energy, and wind power, and the demand for energy in the Northeast from the industrial, transportation, and residential and commercial sectors. This paper compares energy demand projections derived in other parts of the Northeast Energy Perspectives Study to current utility projections; discusses major technical issues in capacity forecasting, including system load factors, outage rates, scale economies, unit sizes, and generation mix planning; discusses major siting constraints faced by each type of generation in the Northeast; and prepares preliminary forecasts of the number and type of new generation facilities necessary by 1985 and 2000, and an analysis of the implications for regional siting policy. (MCW)
Date: June 1, 1976
Creator: Meier, P.M.; McCoy, T.H. & Rahman, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

TFTR ultrahigh-vacuum pumping system incorporating mercury diffusion pumps

Description: The TFTR vacuum vessel will have a system of four 61 cm diameter mercury diffusion pumps to provide a base pressure in the 10/sup -8/ to 10/sup -9/ Torr range as well as a low impurity level within the vessel. The system, called the Torus Vacuum Pumping System (TVPS), will be employed with the aid of an occasional 250/sup 0/C bakeout in situ as well as periodic applications of aggressive discharge cleaning. The TVPS is an ultrahigh-vacuum (UHV) system using no elastomers as well as being a closed system with respect to tritium or any tritiated gases. The backing system employing approximately 75 all-metal isolation valves is designed with the features of redundancy and flexibility employed in a variety of ways to meet the fundamental requirements and functions enumerated for the TVPS. Since the design, is one which is a modification of the conceptual design of the TVPS, those features which have changed are discussed. Calculations are presented for the major performance parameters anticipated for the TVPS and include conductances, effective pumping speeds, base pressures, operating parameters, getter pump parameters, and calculations of time constants associated with leak checking. Modifications in the vacuum pumping system for the guard regions on the twelve bellows sections are presented so that it is compatible with the main TVPS. The bellows pumping system consists of a mechanical pump unit, a zirconium aluminum getter pump unit and a residual gas analyzer. The control and management of the TVPS is described with particular attention given to providing both manual and automatic control at a local station and at the TFTR Central Control. Such operations as testing, maintenance, leak checking, startup, bakeout, and various other operations are considered in some detail. Various aspects related to normal pulsing, discharge cleaning, non-tritium operations and tritium operations are also taken ...
Date: June 1, 1976
Creator: Sink, D. A. & Sniderman, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

GRAY: a program to calculate gray-body radiation heat-transfer view factors from black-body view factors

Description: Program GRAY is written to perform the matrix manipulations necessary to convert black-body radiation heat-transfer view factors to gray-body view factors as required by thermal analyzer codes. The black-body view factors contain only geometric relationships. Program GRAY allows the effects of multiple gray-body reflections to be included. The resulting effective gray-body factors can then be used with the corresponding fourth-power temperature differences to obtain the net radiative heat flux. The program is written to accept a matrix input or the card image output generated by the black-body view factor program CNVUFAC. The resulting card image output generated by GRAY is in a form usable by the TRUMP thermal analyzer.
Date: June 14, 1976
Creator: Wong, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

User's manual for CNVUFAC, the general dynamics heat-transfer radiation view factor program

Description: CNVUFAC, the General Dynamics heat-transfer radiation veiw factor program, has been adapted for use on the LLL CDC 7600 computer system. The input and output have been modified, and a node incrementing logic was included to make the code compatible with the TRUMP thermal analyzer and related codes. The program performs the multiple integration necessary to evaluate the geometric black-body radiaton node to node view factors. Card image output that contains node number and view factor information is generated for input into the related program GRAY. Program GRAY is then used to include the effects of gray-body emissivities and multiple reflections, generating the effective gray-body view factors usable in TRUMP. CNVUFAC uses an elemental area summation scheme to evaluate the multiple integrals. The program permits shadowing and self-shadowing. The basic configuration shapes that can be considered are cylinders, cones, spheres, ellipsoids, flat plates, disks, toroids, and polynomials of revolution. Portions of these shapes can also be considered.
Date: June 25, 1976
Creator: Wong, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear Physics Laboratory 1976 annual report. [Nuclear Physics Laboratory, Univ. of Washington]

Description: Laboratory activities for the period spring, 1975 to spring, 1976 are described. The emphasis of the work can be discerned from the chapter headings: accelerator development; ion source development; instrumentation, detectors, research techniques; computer and computing; atomic physics; nuclear astrophysics; fundamental symmetries in nuclei; nuclear structure; radiative capture measurements and calculations; scattering and reactions; reactions with polarized protons and deuterons; heavy-ion elastic and inelastic scattering; heavy-ion deeply inelastic and fusion reactions; heavy ion transfer and intermediate structure reactions; medium-energy physics; and energy studies. Research by users and visitors is also described; and laboratory personnel, degrees granted, and publications are listed. Those summaries having significant amounts of information are indexed individually. (RWR)
Date: June 1, 1976
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of the fuel-conservation potential of truck aerodynamic-drag-reduction devices

Description: A study of commercially available and prototype aerodynamic drag reduction devices which can be retrofitted onto this nation's trucks to achieve significant fuel savings by 1980 was conducted. The results of the study are presented in seven sections. An overview of the basic study results is given in the Summary Section, and a brief introduction to the general nature of the truck drag problem and the study scope is contained in Section 1. Section 2 provides a more detailed discussion of the aerodynamic drag problem and the characteristics of specific retrofit aerodynamic drag reduction devices which are in the production or prototype status. The results of a survey of fleet owners utilizing aerodynamic drag reduction devices and their experience with regard to fuel savings and operational factors are given in Section 3. Section 4 contains the results of economic analyses made to determine the cost-benefit effects of drag reduction devices. An analysis of the US truck population to which such drag reduction devices may be applicable and the fuel savings potential attendant to their use is given in Section 5. The significant elements of a program structured to encourage the utilization of aerodynamic drag reduction devices on trucks are defined in Section 6.
Date: June 30, 1976
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Finite-Element Analysis of a Thick-Wall Tube Containing a Crater-Like Surface Flaw

Description: A three-dimensional finite-element elastic analysis is carried out for a thick-wall tube (as sued in typical LMFBR steam generators) that contains a surface flaw in the form of a paraboloid of revolution. Effects of the depth and aspect ratio of the flaw on the stress distribution and stress concentration in the tube are explored.
Date: June 1976
Creator: Majumdar, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reactivity and Power Shape Control : Theory and Numerical Applications

Description: An optimization method, based on linear programming, has been developed which determines the enrichment distribution in a multizone reactor such that the desired power distribution is achieved at BOL, as well as the poison distribution during reactor operation such that the reactor is kept critical and the desired power distribution is retained. For the numerical implementation of the method, the CYPRUS code has been written. Results of the application of the method are presented and input specifications for the use of the code are described.
Date: June 1976
Creator: Tzanos, Constantine P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fuel Dynamics Loss-of-Flow Test L3 : Final Report

Description: The behavior of FTR-type, mixed-oxide, pre-irradiated, ''intermediate-power-structure'' fuel during a simulation of an FTR loss-of-flow accident was studied in the Mark-IIA integral TREAT loop. Analysis of the data reported here leads to a postulated scenario (sequence and timing) of events in the test. This scenario is presented, together with the calculated timing of events obtained by use of the SAS code.
Date: June 1976
Creator: Fischer, A. K.; Lo, R. K. & Barts, E. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theory of Ionization by Electron Collisions

Description: The problem of calculating comprehensive sets of cross sections for ionization of atoms and molecules is reviewed. Emphasis is put on targets that are already ionized and lower-energy collisions for which the incident electron must be treated on a par with target electrons. The physical circumstances are discussed in which perturbation methods should be adequate, and special investigations are recommended to identify the relevant ranges of parameters more precisely and dependably. A new R-matrix approach is outlined which should permit rather simple, approximate, but dependable calculations when the perturbation methods fail.
Date: June 1976
Creator: Fano, Ugo & Inokuti, Mitio
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department