Search Results

open access

Special Collections Spanish Translation Pilot Project

Description: This report documents the Special Collections Spanish Translation Pilot Project funded by the Dean's Innovation Grant. The final report describes the project purpose, activities, budget, outcomes and best practices, and program continuity.
Date: December 14, 2021
Creator: Parker, Jaimi; Judkins, Julie & Knighton, Maia
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Trans Accessible Libraries Initiative (TALI)

Description: This report documents the Trans Accessible Libraries Initiative (TALI) project funded by the Dean's Innovation Grant. The final report briefly describes the project scope, activities, budget, outcomes, best practices, and project continuity.
Date: December 20, 2021
Creator: Leuzinger, Julie & Condrey, Coby
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Handling Techniques for Rubidium

Description: Experience in handling and purifying rubidium metal, prior to high-temperature corrosion testing, has been obtained. Some of the physical and chemical properties of this metal are listed. Distillation and filtration experiences are described, and the analysis of samples following such purification procedures are given. Stripping procedures following corrosion testing are discussed briefly. Results of preliminary corrosion experiments indicate that Inconel in a satisfactory container material for boiling rubidium at temperatures up to 1520°F.
Date: December 18, 1955
Creator: McCoy, H.E., Jr. & Hoffman, E. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Relative Biological Hazards of Radiations Expected in Homogeneous Reactors TBR and HPR

Description: An evaluation of the relative health hazards of radioisotopes produced in nuclear reactors is reported. The most important hazards were indicated to be I131, the Sr90 - Y90 chain, the Ce144 -Pr144 chain, Sr 89, the Ba140-La40 chain, Y91, the Zr95-Nb95 chain, Pr143, La140 , and Pa233. The most critical body organs affected by air-borne contamination are the thyroid gland, the bone marrow, the lungs, and the gastrointestinal tract. Where possible, continuous daily removal of gaseous and solid fission products from the reactor environment can be shown to permit very significant reductions in the total hazards. Homogeneous reactors, such as the Thermal Breeder Reactor and the Homogeneous Plutonium Producer Reactor, specifically studied in this report, are designed with daily removal cycles and may be considered potentially safer than heterogeneous reactors.
Date: December 2, 1955
Creator: Arnold, E. D. & Gresky, A. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Analytical Chemistry Division Semiannual Progress Report For Period Ending October 20, 1955

Description: The development of ionic methods for the determination of corrosive products in the highly radioactive Homogeneous Reactor (HR) fuels has been of major interest in the work of the Ionic Analyses Laboratory. Methods for the spectrophotometric determination of aluminum and for the polarographic determination of iron in HR fuels have been developed. The polarographic determination of molybdenum in uranyl sulfate solutions was studied. A polarographic method for the determination of zinc was developed. A fluorometric method for the determination of microgram amounts of fluoride was studied. Three organic reagents were investigated as precipitants for microgram quantities of zirconium in HR fuel. The automatic photometric titration technique was applied to the determination of thorium and of sulfate. A method was developed for the ion-exchange separation and potentiometric titration of cobalt. The ultraviolet absorption spectra of technetium and rhenium were studied.
Date: December 27, 1955
Creator: Kelley, M. T.; Susana, C. D. & Rooen, H. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Biology Progress Report for Period Ending August 15, 1955

Description: Progress report of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Biology Division providing updates on various projects, experiments, and other work. This report includes a summary of scholarly output from the division and departmental activities in: cytology and genetics, microbial protection and recovery, mammalian recovery, mammalian genetics and development, pathology and physiology, microbiology, biochemistry, enzymology and photosynthesis, plant biochemistry, general physiology, and biophysics.
Date: December 12, 1955
Creator: Hollaender, Alexander; Carson, Stanley F. & Sleughter, E. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Products Produced in Batch Neutron Irradiation of Thorium

Description: Calculated data and graphs describing the effects of batch thermal-neutron irradiation of thorium, the usual method of operation of heterogeneous reactors, are presented. The buildup and decay of U233, Pa233, other heavy isotopes, and fission products are considered on the basis of best available cross-section and fission-yield data. The effects of these irradiation products on the Thorex chemical separation process are indicated briefly.
Date: December 27, 1955
Creator: Gresky, A. T. & Arnold, E. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Effect of Acidity and Reducing Agents on Ruthenium Solvent Extraction by Tributyl Phosphate in the 25 Process

Description: Results of tracer studies suggest that, in tributyl phosphate extraction processes designed to recover and purify fissionable material, minimum ruthenium extraction should be obtained from feeds at least 2 M in nitric acid or at least 1 M acid-deficient. Ruthenium decontamination was decreased by preheating the feed and increased by pretreatment with reducing agents. A pretreatment using 0.06 M ferrous ion and 0.5 M urea with 1 hr simmering at 85°C should increase ruthenium decontamination about 10-fold in the 25 process. If other process considerations dictate the use of a low-acid feed, decontamination from ruthenium may be improved by using 3 M nitric acid as the scrubbing solution. Apparently, the scrubbing process is quite time-dependent; a solvent holdup time of about 15 min may be needed in the scrub section for maximum decontamination.
Date: December 15, 1954
Creator: Flanary, J. R. & Frashier, L. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Magnetic Measurement of AGS Experimental Magnets

Description: This is a preliminary report on the magnetic measurements taken to date on the AGS experimental magnets. It mainly summarizes the results which were necessary for the setting up of the proton separated beam in August 1961. A few curves on information obtained since then are included. When the study is finished, a complete report on all phases of the work, including the methods used, will be forthcoming.
Date: December 26, 1961
Creator: Danby, Gordon T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Computations for AGS Experimental Beams: Description of Computer Program

Description: Description of a computer program which optimizes the locations and strengths of magnets for experimental beams at the Brookhaven AGS written for the IBM 7090 computer. Layout, method, and routines are given particular attention, and representative data cards are shown.
Date: December 15, 1961
Creator: Baker, Winslow F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Non-Linear Bunch Motion at Transition

Description: A summary of the dynamic behavior of the proton bunches in the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) has been given previously. In these reports, the usual linearization of the differential equations involved has been made and the theory was restricted to well bunched beams. The linearized approach is no longer valid at transition where the actual phase angle of the bunch can differ appreciably for a short time from the stable phase angle Φ₀. In this report the non-linearity of the differential equations for phase oscillations will no longer be neglected. At transition the beam is slow enough so that the electronics of the bootstrap system can be considered as being ideal and the radius servo loop can be characterized by one time constant. Under these assumptions the analysis can be carried out in a two-dimensional phase plane. The essential new result will be the short existence of a stable equilibrium point for the bunch motion not coinciding with Φ₀. The results here derived have been tested experimentally and at least a qualitative agreement was found. However, the conclusions are no more valid if debunching takes place since we have still neglected the finite bunch width.
Date: December 4, 1961
Creator: Hahn, Harald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Theory of Alpha Decay of Spheroidal Nuclei

Description: Abstract. Various effects of spheroidal nuclear distortion on the alpha decay process are considered theoretically. Differential equations governing alpha decay in the region beyond the maximum nuclear radius are derived. They consist of ordinary radial Schrodinger equations for alpha decay to various nuclear states with the addition of quadrupole interaction terms coupling the various equations. The significance of wave amplitudes of various angular momentum alpha groups as Fourier components of the total wave function is pointed out, and experimental alpha decay rate data for even-even nuclei are discussed in these terms.
Date: December 10, 1953
Creator: Rasmussen, John O., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Class of Shocks With Uniform Pressure

Description: If a piston with constant velocity moves into a shock tube containing material at rest and at uniform density, the result is well known and trivial. The shock propagates with uniform speed, the state and speed of the material behind the shock is constant. One can ask if similar flows exist for cylindrical of spherical symmetry. Quickly one rules out the possibility of a solution which retains all the properties of this trivial solution. One asks if there are any solutions such that the material behind the shock is not accelerated. Indeed, there are. In the following, it is shown that for a y-law gas, there is a family of densities such that if a piston moves into the material with uniform velocity, the material behind the shock is not accelerated. Further, these are the only densities with this property. In the case of planar symmetry, the trivial case mentioned above is a member of the family, as is to be expected.
Date: December 1963
Creator: Hardy, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Determination of the Nucleon-Nucleon Elastic Scattering Matrix : I. Phase Shift Analysis of Experiments Near 140 MEV

Description: A phase shift analysis is an attempt to translate experimental measurements (observables) into well-determined scattering amplitudes, since these are the quantities that can be readily compared with theoretical predictions, In this sense, the phase shift analysis should contain as little theory as possible. The scattering amplitudes (or phase shifts) constitute an experimental statement, and the phase shift analysis should logically be done by the experimental groups who measure the observables.
Date: December 6, 1963
Creator: MacGregor, Malcolm. H. (Malcolm Herbert), 1926-2019; Arndt, R. A. & Dubow, A. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Influence of Low Concentrations of Crystal Defects on Thermal Annealing of Recoil Br82 in Hexabromoethane

Description: When the nucleus of an atom in a crystalline solid undergoes radiative neutron capture there is disruption of the crystal in the vicinity of the event due to energetic processes accompanying the nuclear transformation. This local disruption has been termed a "hot-zone" or "displacement spike". The chemical state of a transformed recoil atom immediately following transformation is unknown. Within a microsecond the "hot zone" has cooled sufficiently to "freeze" the recoil atom into a stable (or metastable) chemical state. A fraction of the metastable recoil atoms can undergo thermal annealing reactions, and the chemical nature of the metastable state can sometimes be inferred from annealing data. It is characteristic of these reactions that the recoil atoms tend to be reincorporated into the parent chemical form.
Date: December 20, 1962
Creator: Collins, Kenneth E. & Harbottle, Garman
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Metabolism of Fission Products in Man: Marshallese Experience

Description: Information on the metabolism of fission products in man has been obtained largely from studies carried out with parenterally-administered soluble salts of radioisotopes administered in medical treatment or in tracer studies. The recent development of the whole-body gamma spectrometer with its highly sensitive detection system has been of considerable value in extending these studies by providing data on very low levels of isotopes in man over long periods of time.
Date: 1962-12-7
Creator: Cohn, S. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Radiation Effects on Cell Renewal Systems

Description: Much of the early work in radiation biology was predicted on the assumption that radiation effects could be understood in terms of a single mechanism. This "single mechanism" was studied on appropriate biological test objects that could be developed into biological dosimeters. Attempts were made to assess the properties of "the" biological effects from the relations of "biological dose" (skin dose, bean dose, fly dose, etc.) to physical parameters of irradiation. Notwithstanding the rigidity of this approach, some useful generalizations emerged. During the past 20 years or so, it has become increasingly obvious that ionizing radiations may affect living systems in different ways, and that what is true in one cell, tissue, or species and in one set of circumstances does not necessarily apply to another situation. Accordingly, the search for a single mechanism was replaced by dedicated application to specific detail. In consequence, we now know a great deal about the fine structure of some radiation effects, and there is once again a tendency to formulate generalizations. This paper will attempt to analyze the mechanism of a well-defined syndrome that arises in certain cell systems after a single dose of ionizing radiation. Our attention will be directed mainly to those systems in which cell production and loss are in dynamic equilibrium.
Date: December 7, 1962
Creator: Patt, Harvey M. & Quastler, Henry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Some Specific Considerations of the Potential Hazards of Heavy Primary Cosmic Rays

Description: The radiation of the Van Allen belts and the solar flares consists primarily of electrons and protons, the biological effects of which are reasonably well known. However, there is a very small component of the galactic cosmic rays which consists of stripped atomic nuclei of atoms as heavy as iron. The biological effects of such particles have not been extensively investigated because it is impossible to produce them in the laboratory with an energy high enough to use for mammalian experiments. Consequently it has been necessary to approach the problem by indirect methods.
Date: December 7, 1962
Creator: Curtis, Howard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Plant Fructose-1,6-Diphosphatases

Description: Several important metabolic processes in plants involve the conversion of triose phosphate to hexose monophosphate. These include the synthesis of carbohydrates from precursors such as pyruvate and acetyl-coenzyme A, the reductive pentose phosphate cycle of photosynthesis, and the oxidative pentose phosphate cycle. This conversion cannot be accomplished solely by glycolytic enzymes because of the irreversible nature of phosphofructokinase. Racker and Schroeder (1958) have suggested two possible enzymic pathways for the formation of fructose 6-phosphate from triose phosphate. The most direct route is via a phosphate specific for the phosphates attached to carbon-1 of FDP. A combination of aldolase, transaldolase and sedoheptulose diphosphates may provide an alternative pathway.
Date: December 7, 1962
Creator: Saillie, Robert M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

A Comparison of OH- Motions in Brucite and Micas

Description: Despite similar atomic arrangement, Brucite (Mg(OH)2) and phlogopite (KMg3(OH)2(Al,Si3)O10) present striking difference in their infrared spectra. A single absorption band is observed in phlogopite whence brucite possesses a total of 15 bands on both sides of the fundamental. A comparison of the hydroxides with micas provides supporting evidence that the complexity of the hydroxide spectra is due to interactions between neighboring hydroxyl groups. Each mineral contains a layer of magnesium ions possessing trigonal symmetry. Both minerals contain hydroxyl ion is located in such a way that it is in contract with three magnesium ions.
Date: December 7, 1962
Creator: Boutin, Henri & Bassett, William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Gamma-Irradiated Ferrocene

Description: The object of this study was to determine the nature of the free radicals induced in ferrocene by Co60 gamma rays. The irradiations were carried out on the powder at 77°K and on the single crystals at 193°K. The variation of the splitting factor, g, of the signals observed when the single crystals were oriented at different angles relative to the external magnetic field direction, indicated the existence of three types of resonance peaks. It was possible to correlate these variations with the molecular orientations in the crystal unit cell and with the spatial arrangement of the molecular orbitals. Taking into account the spectral changes observed after thermal annealing of the crystal, the existence of the following free radicals has been suggested: 1) a straight molecule-ferricinium ion, 2) a bent molecule-ferricinium ion, and 3) a cyclopentadienyl radical with four protons, the fifth having been transferred to the iron atom. A signal with a cylindrically symmetric g tensor, observed at 77°K, has been assigned to another radical but its nature was not fully established.
Date: December 7, 1962
Creator: Saito, Eiichi
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Fabrication of a Plutonium Helix for a Doppler Experiment

Description: A helix constructed of plutonium was made to test the Doppler temperature effect in ZPR-III. The helix, 1 inch in diameter and 6-1/4 inches long, contained 240 grams of delta-phase plutonium alloy encapsulated in titanium tubing. Four plutonium rods were extruded, joined together, and pushed into a titanium tube. This tube was swaged tightly over the plutonium rod, and the assembly was wound into a coil. Electrical leads to the coil were made by swaging copper tubing over the ends of the coil. The helix was tested by cycling about 500 times between 50°C and 190°C. The coil was heated with a current of 130 amperes and cooled with a blast of chilled helium. (1) Several helices of uranium(2) were cycled during the same tests. Despite the severity of the thermal cycles, the helices were undamaged.
Date: December 1958
Creator: Dunworth, R. J.; Rhude, H. V. & Kelman, L. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

A laboratory Ivestigation of the Fluorination of Crude Uranium Tertrafluoride

Description: Ore concentrates have been converted directly to crude uranium tetrafluoride by hydrogen reduction and hydrofluorination in fluidized-bed reactors. Small-scale laboratory experiments demonstrated that this process can be extended to the production of crude uranium hexafluoride through fluorination of the uranium tetrafluoride in a fluidized bed. The satisfactory temperature range for the reaction lies between 300°C and 600°C. At 450°C the fluorine utilization is between 50 and 80 per cent. With excess fluorine, over 99 per cent of the uranium is volatilized from the solid material. The fluidization characteristics of certain materials are improved by the addition of an inert solid diluent to the bed.
Date: December 1957
Creator: Sandus, O. & Steunenberg, R. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Chemical Engineering Division Summary Report July, August, and September, 1957

Description: Development work continued on a fused salt process for the recovery of uranium from zirconium-matrix fuel alloys. The fuel is dissolved in a sodium fluoride-zirconium fluoride melt at 600°C by hydrogen fluoride sparging. The melt is then sparged with fluorine gas which volatilizes the dissolved uranium as the hexafluoride. The final decontamination and purification of the uranium hexafluoride are accomplished by fractional distillation. The testing of graphite as a container material for the hydrofluorination step was continued. Additional thermal cycling experiments were performed, using a helium sparge in equimolar sodium fluoride-zirconium fluoride melt at 600°C. The extent of penetration of the fused salt into the graphite was determined. No mechanical degradation was present. Dimensional change data were also obtained for graphite vessels in which the fused salt was sparged with hydrogen fluoride.
Date: December 1957
Creator: Lawroski, Stephen; Rodger, W. A.; Vogel, R. C. & Munnecke, V. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Back to Top of Screen