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MiniBooNE Neutrino Physics at the University of Alabama

Description: This report summarizes the activities conducted by the UA group under the auspices of the DoE/EPSCoR grant number DE--FG02--04ER46112 since the date of the previous progress report, i.e., since November 2005. It also provides a final report of the accomplishments achieved during the entire period of this grant (February 2004 to January 2007). The grant has fully supported the work of Dr. Yong Liu (postdoctoral research assistant -- in residence at Fermilab) on the MiniBooNE reconstruction and particle identification (PID) algorithms.
Date: April 27, 2007
Creator: Stancu, Ion
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pion correlations and calorimeter design for high energy heavy ion collisions. Progress report

Description: Data analysis is in progress for recent experiments performed by the NA44 collaboration with the first running of 160 A GeV {sup 208}Pb-induced reactions at the CERN SPS. Identified singles spectra were taken for pions, kaons, protons, deuterons, antiprotons and antideuterons. Two-pion interferometry measurements were made for semi-central-triggered {sup 208}Pb + Pb collisions. An updated multi-particle spectrometer allows high statistics data sets of identified particles to be collected near mid-rapidity. A second series of experiments will be performed in the fall of 1995 with more emphasis on identical kaon interferometry and on the measurement of rare particle spectra and correlations. Modest instrumentation upgrades by TAMU are designed to increase the trigger function for better impact parameter selection and improved collection efficiency of valid events. An effort to achieve the highest degree of projectile-target stopping is outlined and it is argued that an excitation function on the SPS is needed to better understand reaction mechanisms. Analysis of experimental results is in the final stages at LBL in the EOS collaboration for two-pion interferometry in the 1.2 A GeV Au + Au reaction, taken with full event characterization.
Date: April 1, 1997
Creator: Wolf, K.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Searches with taus at the Tevatron

Description: We discuss tau identification techniques at hadron colliders, and present the measurements and the searches performed so far. We report on top quark pair production in the decay channel containing at least one tau lepton. Also, we present results dedicated to searches for new particles, with taus in the final state. We present a search for the charged Higgs boson in the tau decay channel, as well as for the leptoquark family containing tau leptons. Finally, we indicate the capabilities of detecting and triggering on tau leptons in the future collider run.
Date: April 29, 1999
Creator: Gallinaro, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment at the AGS. Physics design report

Description: The authors present a design for a multi-detector long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment at the BNL AGS. It has been approved by the BNL-HENP-PAC as AGS Experiment 889. The experiment will search for oscillations in the {nu}{sub {mu}}, disappearance channel and the {nu}{sub {mu}} {leftrightarrow} {nu}{sub e} appearance channel by means of four identical neutrino detectors located 1, 3, 24, and 68km from the AGS neutrino source. Observed depletion of the {nu}{sub {mu}} flux (via quasi-elastic muon neutrino events, {nu}{sub {mu}}n {yields} {mu}{sup {minus}}p) in the far detectors not attended by an observed proportional increase of the {nu}{sub e} flux (via quasi-elastic electron neutrino events, {nu}{sub e}n {yields} e{sup {minus}}p) in those detectors will be prima facie evidence for the oscillation channel {nu}{sub {mu}} {leftrightarrow} {nu}{sub {tau}}. The experiment is directed toward exploration of the region of the neutrino oscillation parameters {Delta}m{sup 2} and sin{sup 2}2{theta}, suggested by the Kamiokande and IMB deep underground detectors but it will also explore a region more than two orders of magnitude larger than that of previous accelerator experiments. The experiment will run in a mode new to BNL. It will receive the fast extracted proton beam on the neutrino target approximately 20 hours per day when the AGS is not filling RHIC. A key aspect of the experimental design involves placing the detectors 1.5 degrees off the center line of the neutrino beam, which has the important advantage that the central value of the neutrino energy ({approx} 1 GeV) and the beam spectral shape are, to a good approximation, the same in all four detectors. The proposed detectors are massive, imaging, water Cherenkov detectors similar in large part to the Kamiokande and IMB detectors. The design has profited from their decade-long experience, and from the detector designs of the forthcoming SNO and SuperKamiokande ...
Date: April 1, 1995
Creator: Beavis, D.; Carroll, A.; Chiang, I. & Collaboration, E889
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CP violation at CDF

Description: A major goal of experimental particle physics over the next decade is to measure the sides and angles of the Unitarity triangle redundantly, and as precisely as possible. Overconstraining the triangle will test the Cabbibo-Kobayashi-Maskawa model of quark mixing. The CDF collaboration, due to begin a second run in March 2001 with major upgrades to both the accelerator and the detector, will study the angle {beta} using B{sup 0} decays, the angle {gamma} using B{sup 0} and B{sub s}{sup 0} decays, and a side of the triangle through the observation of B{sub s}{sup 0}--{bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} mixing. Projected sensitivities are driven mostly by previous measurements using data from the first run. One highlight of the Run I B physics program is a measurement of the CP violating parameter sin 2{beta} = 0.79{sub {minus}0.44}{sup +0.41}, based on a tagged sample of 400 B{sup 0} decays in the mode B{sub 0}/{bar B}{sup 0} {r_arrow} J/{psi}K{sub s}{sup 0}. The technology of flavor tagging, used here as well as in numerous B{sup 0}-{bar B}{sup 0} mixing analyses in run I, is crucial and will be augmented in Run II with better particle identification capabilities. Exclusive all-hadronic final states will enter the data sample in Run II through a new displaced track trigger.
Date: April 16, 2001
Creator: Boudreau, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A recipe for the construction of confidence limits

Description: In this note, the authors present the recipe recommended by the Search Limits Committee for the construction of confidence intervals for the use of D0 collaboration. In another note, currently in preparation, they present the rationale for this recipe, a critique of the current literature on this topic, and several examples of the use of the method. This note is intended to fill the need of the collaboration to have a reference available until the more complete note is finished. Section 2 introduces the notation used in this note, and Section 3 contains the suggested recipe.
Date: April 12, 2000
Creator: al., Iain A Bertram et
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Overview of the GEM muon system cosmic ray test program at the SSCL

Description: Muon track resolution exceeding 75-{mu}m per plane is one of the main strengths of the GEM detector design, and will be crucial in searches for Higgs Bosons, heavy Z-Bosons, technicolor, and supersymmetry. Achieving this resolution coal requires improved precision in muon chambers and their alignment. A cosmic ray test stand known as the Texas Test Rio, (TTR) has been created at the SSCL for studying candidate GEM muon chamber technologies. Test results led to selecting Cathode Strip Chambers (CSC) as the GEM muon system baseline chamber technology.
Date: April 1, 1993
Creator: Milner, E.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proceedings of the workshop on triggering and data acquisition for experiments at the Supercollider

Description: This meeting covered the following subjects: triggering requirements for SSC physics; CDF level 3 trigger; D0 trigger design; AMY trigger systems; Zeus calorimeter first level trigger; data acquisition for the Zeus Central Tracking Detector; trigger and data acquisition aspects for SSC tracking; data acquisition systems for the SSC; validating triggers in CDF level 3; optical data transmission at SSC; time measurement system at SSC; SSC/BCD data acquisition system; microprocessors and other processors for triggering and filtering at the SSC; data acquisition, event building, and on-line processing; LAA real-time benchmarks; object-oriented system building at SSC; and software and project management. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.
Date: April 1, 1989
Creator: Donaldson, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Particle identification in ultrarelativistic nuclear collisions

Description: The role of particle identification (PID) in both fixed-target and colliding-beam studies of ultrarelativistic nuclear (URN) collisions is examined. The demands placed on the PID systems by peculiarities of URN collisions, such as large multiplicities and the need for simultaneous measurement of a number of observables, are discussed. A variety of PID techniques are reviewed, with emphasis on their applicability and efficiency in the environment of such collisions. Two examples of PID as incorporated into existing fixed-target nuclear-beam experiments are presented. 18 refs., 5 figs.
Date: April 1, 1986
Creator: DiGiacomo, N.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Search for the. Lambda. sub b baryon at CDF

Description: The {Lambda}{sub b} baryon has been observed recently by UA1 through its decay {Lambda}{sub b} {yields} J/{psi}{Lambda}{degrees}. Although CDF finds twice as many J/{psi} and observes {Lambda}{degrees} decays, no evidence for an {Lambda}{sub b} signal is seen. The UA1 data supports a lower than expected production P{sub T} for the {Lambda}{sub b}, and therefore, a lower pion P{sub T}, below the observation threshold of CDF. This result suggests that UA1 and CDF are probably not inconsistent, but also that the production models are not quite right.
Date: April 1, 1992
Creator: Gauthier, A. (Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tutorial on neural network applications in high energy physics: A 1992 perspective

Description: Feed forward and recurrent neural networks are introduced and related to standard data analysis tools. Tips are given on applications of neural nets to various areas of high energy physics. A review of applications within high energy physics and a summary of neural net hardware status are given.
Date: April 1, 1992
Creator: Denby, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The LASS (Larger Aperture Superconducting Solenoid) spectrometer

Description: LASS is the acronym for the Large Aperture Superconducting Solenoid spectrometer which is located in an rf-separated hadron beam at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. This spectrometer was constructed in order to perform high statistics studies of multiparticle final states produced in hadron reactions. Such reactions are frequently characterized by events having complicated topologies and/or relatively high particle multiplicity. Their detailed study requires a spectrometer which can provide good resolution in momentum and position over almost the entire solid angle subtended by the production point. In addition, good final state particle identification must be available so that separation of the many kinematically-overlapping final states can be achieved. Precise analyses of the individual reaction channels require high statistics, so that the spectrometer must be capable of high data-taking rates in order that such samples can be acquired in a reasonable running time. Finally, the spectrometer must be complemented by a sophisticated off-line analysis package which efficiently finds tracks, recognizes and fits event topologies and correctly associates the available particle identification information. This, together with complicated programs which perform specific analysis tasks such as partial wave analysis, requires a great deal of software effort allied to a very large computing capacity. This paper describes the construction and performance of the LASS spectrometer, which is an attempt to realize the features just discussed. The configuration of the spectrometer corresponds to the data-taking on K and K interactions in hydrogen at 11 GeV/c which took place in 1981 and 1982. This constitutes a major upgrade of the configuration used to acquire lower statistics data on 11 GeV/c K p interactions during 1977 and 1978, which is also described briefly.
Date: April 1, 1986
Creator: Aston, D.; Awaji, N.; Barnett, B.; Bienz, T.; Bierce, R.; Bird, F. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Particle identification using dE/dx in the Mark II detector at the SLC

Description: The central drift chamber in the Mark II detector at the SLAC Linear Collider has been instrumented with 100-MHz Flash-ADCs. Pulse digitization provides particle identification through the measurement of average ionization loss in the chamber. We present the results of a study of system performance and outline the systematic corrections that optimize resolution. The data used are from a short test run at PEP with one-third of the FADCs installed and an extensive cosmic ray sample with the fully instrumented chamber. 11 refs., 9 figs.
Date: April 1, 1989
Creator: Boyarski, A.; Coupal, D.P.; Feldman, G.J.; Hanson, G.; Nash, J.; O'Shaughnessy, K.F. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Triggering and data acquisition aspects of SSC tracking

Description: Possible conceptual designs for wire chamber tracking systems which meet the requirements for radiation damage and rates in the SSC environment are discussed. Computer simulation studies of tracking in such systems are presented. Results of some preliminary pattern recognition studies are given. Implications for data acquisition and triggering are examined. 15 refs., 14 figs., 3 tabs.
Date: April 1, 1989
Creator: Hanson, G.G.; Niczyporuk, B.B. & Palounek, A.P.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of track segment and vertex finding with neural networks

Description: Feed forward neural networks have been trained, using back-propagation, to find the slopes of simulated track segments in a straw chamber and to find the vertex of tracks from both simulated and real events in a more conventional drift chamber geometry. Network architectures, training, and performance are presented. 12 refs., 7 figs.
Date: April 1, 1990
Creator: Denby, B.; Lessner, E. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA)) & Lindsey, C.S. (Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames, IA (USA))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of the AFS vertex detector at the CERN ISR

Description: The central detector of the Axial Field Spectrometer (AFS) is a cylindrical drift chamber using a bicycle-wheel geometry. Its design has been optimized for jet-like events with high track densities. This is accomplished through a high degree of azimuthal segmentation (4/sup 0/ sectors) with up to 42 space points per track, using measurements of drift time and charge division. Particle identification in the non-relativistic region is obtained by (dE/dx) sampling. The detector is operated in an inhomogeneous magnetic field at event rates of typically 5 x 10/sup 5/ collisions per second. Preliminary results will be presented on the detector performance achieved after one year of operation at the ISR.
Date: April 28, 1981
Creator: Botner, O.; Burkert, V. & Cockerill, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Test beam results for silicon microstrip detectors with VLSI read-out

Description: A telescope consisting of three silicon microstrip detectors has been tested in a high energy positron beam at SLAC. Each detector has trips with 25 micron pitch and is read out by two 128-channel NMOS integrated circuits (''Microplex''). Results on the signal-to-noise ratio, spatial resolution, and two-track separation are given.
Date: April 1, 1986
Creator: Adolphsen, C.; Litke, A.; Schwarz, A.; Turala, M.; Lueth, V.; Breakstone, A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coherent pion processes in nuclear collision. [Cross section instabilities, signatures, pion field]

Description: The calculations indicating that pionic instabilities could occur during nuclear collisions are reviewed and specific dynamical effects of such instabilities are discussed. Then experimental signatures of pionic instabilities are considered. The single nucleon inclusive cross section as well as the pion multiplicity distribution are shown not to be sensitive to such instabilities. In particular, no copious pion production is expected. Finally, it is discussed how ..pi../sup -/..pi../sup -/ inclusive cross section can be used as a sensitive tool to measure the degree of coherence of the pion field in nuclear collisions.
Date: April 1, 1978
Creator: Gyulassy, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department