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9-11 Commission Hearing #1, April 1, 2003, Part 1

Description: Recording of the first public hearing held by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States on April 1, 2003 at the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House. This hearing specifically addresses the topics of borders, money, and transportation; law enforcement, domestic intelligence, and homeland security; and immediate response to the attacks. This section includes testimony on the topic of borders, money, and transportation security from representatives of the U.S. Department of Justice, Boies, Schiller, & Flexner LLP, and the U.S. General Accounting Office. It also includes a question and answer session.
Date: April 1, 2003
Duration: 1 hour 2 minutes 31 seconds
Creator: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
captions transcript

9-11 Commission Hearing #1, April 1, 2003, Part 3

Description: Recording of the first public hearing held by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States on April 1, 2003 at the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House in New York City.This hearing specifically addresses the topics of borders, money, and transportation; law enforcement, domestic intelligence, and homeland security; and immediate response to the attacks. This section includes testimony from representatives of RAND, the Markle Foundation, and the ANSER Institute on the topic of law enforcement, domestic intelligence, and homeland security, in addition to a question and answer session.
Date: April 1, 2003
Duration: 1 hour 2 minutes 43 seconds
Creator: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
captions transcript

9-11 Commission Hearing #1, April 1, 2003, Part 4

Description: Recording of the first public hearing held by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States on April 1, 2003 at the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House in New York City.This hearing specifically addresses the topics of borders, money, and transportation; law enforcement, domestic intelligence, and homeland security; and immediate response to the attacks. This section includes the question and answer session on law enforcement, domestic intelligence, and homeland security.
Date: April 1, 2003
Duration: 34 minutes 02 seconds
Creator: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
captions transcript

9-11 Commission Hearing #1, April 1, 2003, Part 5

Description: Recording of the first public hearing held by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States on April 1, 2003 at the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House in New York City.This hearing specifically addresses the topics of borders, money, and transportation; law enforcement, domestic intelligence, and homeland security; and immediate response to the attacks.This section begins the testimony from representatives of the Arlington County Fire Department, the American Society of Civil Engineers, and the New York Department of Design and Construction on the topic of immediate response to the 9/11 attacks.
Date: April 1, 2003
Duration: 11 minutes 42 seconds
Creator: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
captions transcript

9-11 Commission Hearing #1, April 1, 2003, Part 6

Description: Recording of the first public hearing held by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States on April 1, 2003 at the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House in New York City.This hearing specifically addresses the topics of borders, money, and transportation; law enforcement, domestic intelligence, and homeland security; and immediate response to the attacks.This section continues the question and answer session on the topic of the immediate response to the attacks.
Date: April 1, 2003
Duration: 2 minutes 26 seconds
Creator: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
captions transcript

9-11 Commission Hearing #3, July 9, 2003, Part 2

Description: Recording of the third public hearing held by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States on July 9, 2003 at the Russell Senate Office Building in Washington, D.C. The one-day session focused on "Terrorism, al Qaeda, and the Muslim World." This section includes the second panel on States and Terrorism, and the third panel on The Challenge within the Muslim World with testimony from experts on transnational terrorism.
Date: April 1, 2003
Duration:
Creator: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Accurate Synchronization Between Short Laser Pulse and Electron Bunch by Using HGHG Output at 266nm as Photocathode Laser for RF Gun.

Description: Synchronization between seed laser pulse and electron bunch to below 50 fs is a critically important issue in carrying out cascading HGHG stages to achieve intense temporally coherent x-ray FEL. The single stage HGHG experiment in the IR and recently in UV region has achieved significant success. Hence the next step, to demonstrate the cascading of 2 stages of HGHG becomes crucially important in confirming the viability of this scheme. Based on our experiences at DUVFEL during the HGHG experiment, we can measure the time jitter between the electron bunch and the RF phase before compression to a high precision of order of 50 fs. Without the compression, this is equal to the time jitter between the laser and the RF phase. An analysis of this measurement suggests that it is possible to use a fast feedback system to reduce the jitter significantly. However, during the successful HGHG experiment at 266 nm recently, we realized that there is a simpler way to achieve highly accurate synchronization. Here we describe the method.
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Yu, L. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

ACHIEVING NEW SOURCE PERFORMANCE STANDARDS (NSPS) EMISSION STANDARDS THROUGH INTEGRATION OF LOW-NOx BURNERS WITH AN OPTIMIZATION PLAN FOR BOILER COMBUSTION

Description: The objective of this project is to demonstrate the use of an Integrated Combustion Optimization System to achieve NO{sub x} emissions levels in the range of 0.15 to 0.22 lb/MMBtu while simultaneously enabling increased power output. The project consists of the integration of low-NO{sub x} burners and advanced overfire air technology with various process measurement and control devices on the Holcomb Station Unit 1 boiler. The project includes the use of sophisticated neural networks or other artificial intelligence technologies and complex software that can optimize several operating parameters, including NO{sub x} emissions, boiler efficiency, and CO emissions. The program is being performed in three phases. In Phase I, the boiler is being equipped with sensors that can be used to monitor furnace conditions and coal flow to permit improvements in boiler operation. In Phase II, the boiler will be equipped with burner modifications designed to reduce NO{sub x} emissions and automated coal flow dampers to permit on-line fuel balancing. In Phase III, the boiler will be equipped with an overfire air system to permit deep reductions in NO{sub x} emissions to be achieved. Integration of the overfire air system with the improvements made in Phases I and II will permit optimization of the boiler performance, output, and emissions. During this reporting period, efforts were focused on Phase I and Phase II activities. The furnace sensors were procured and installed in February 2003. Baseline testing was performed following the sensor installation. The low-NO{sub x} burner modifications, the coal flow dampers, and the coal flow monitoring system were procured and installed during a boiler outage in March 2003. Process design activities were performed to support design of the equipment installed and to develop specifications for the overfire air system. The overfire air system preliminary engineering design was initiated.
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Penrod, Wayne & Moyeda, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Acoustic Detecting and Locating Gas Pipe Line Infringement Quarterly Report: Number 3

Description: The West Virginia University natural gas transmission line leak detection research is only considering using readily available 1/2 inch pipeline access ports for the detection of leak generated signals. The main problem with leak signals is the low signal to noise ratio. One of the acoustic signals associated with gas escaping through a leak is only temporary and is in the form of a rarefaction wave originating when the leak is formed. Due to pipeline friction, over distance such a step function transitions to a ramp function. The ability to identify a leak by pipeline monitoring and signal processing depends a great deal on the quality and signal to noise ratio of the characteristics of the detectors used. Combinations of sensing devices are being used for the WVU sensor package and are contained in a removable sensor housing. The four sensors currently installed are a 1/2 inch 3 Hz-40 Khz microphone, an audible range moving coil sensor, a piezo-electric pressure transducer, and the WVU designed floating 3 inch diameter diaphragm to detect flow transient induced pressure ramp type signals. The WVU diaphragm sensor, which is currently under development, uses the same diaphragm principle as a high quality capacitance type microphone, but utilizes aerodynamic signal amplification. This type of amplification only amplifies the ramp-signal itself, not the random pipeline noise.
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Loth, John L.; Morris, Gary J.; Palmer, George M.; Guiler, Richard & Mehra, Deepak
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Advanced Gasification-Based Fuel Conversion and Electric Energy Production System Progress Report

Description: The objective of this project is the development and commercial demonstration of an advanced biomass gasification-based power generation system at Boise Cascade Corporation's pulp and paper mill in DeRidder, Louisiana. The advanced power generation system is intended to meet the immediate needs of the forest products industry for highly efficient and environmentally friendly electricity and steam generation systems utilizing existing wood waste as the primary fuel resource. The novel system is based on three advanced technology components: GTI's RENUGAS{reg_sign} and 3-stage solid fuels combustion technologies coupled with one of the power generation approaches used in DOE's HIPPS program. Phase 1 of the project is a technical and economic evaluation of the system at the DeRidder site. A Continuation Application will be submitted at the conclusion of Phase 1 for authorization to proceed to testing and design in Phase 2. Phase 2 includes pilot-scale verification of selected system components and preparation of a detailed engineering design and cost estimate for retrofit of the advanced power system at the DeRidder mill. Phase 3 will complete procurement and construction of the system at the DeRidder site along with all required permitting activities. Phase 4 of the project will included plant commissioning, startup and demonstration operations. Design information for the Gasification Island was completed during the quarter. Two vendor quotations were received for the bark/hog fuel dryers. A final layout plan for the major equipment was developed and submitted to DeRidder for review and approval. The Institute of Paper Science and Technology (IPST) completed a subcontract for a laboratory study on VOC emissions from wood waste drying using bark from the DeRidder mill. Samples of DeRidder's lime mud and green liquor dregs were collected and analyzed in GTI's laboratory. It was determined that lime mud is far too fine to be utilized as inert …
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Rabovitser, Joseph & Bryan, Bruce
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

ADVANCED, LOW/ZERO EMISSION BOILER DESIGN AND OPERATION

Description: This document reviews the work performed during the quarter January-March 2003. The main objectives of the project are: To demonstrate the feasibility of the full-oxy combustion with flue gas recirculation on Babcock & Wilcox's 1.5MW pilot boiler, To measure its performances in terms of emissions and boiler efficiency while selecting the right oxygen injection strategies, To perform an economical feasibility study, comparing this solution with alternate technologies, and To design a new generation, full oxy-fired boiler. The main objective of this quarter was to initiate the project, primarily the experimental tasks. The contractor and its subcontractors have defined a working plan, and the first tasks have been started. Task 1 (Site Preparation) is now in progress, defining the modifications to be implemented to the boiler and oxygen delivery system. The changes are required in order to overcome some current limitations of the existing system. As part of a previous project carried out in 2002, several changes have already been made on the pilot boiler, including the enrichment of the secondary and tertiary air with oxygen or the replacement of these streams with oxygen-enriched recycled flue gas. A notable modification for the current project involves the replacement of the primary air with oxygen-enriched flue gas. Consequently, the current oxygen supply and flue gas recycle system is being modified to meet this new requirement. Task 2 (Combustion and Emissions Performance Optimization) has been initiated with a preliminary selection of four series of tests to be performed. So far, the project schedule is on-track: site preparation (Task 1) should be completed by August 1st, 2003 and the tests (Task 2) are planned for September-October 2003. The Techno-Economic Study (Task 3) will be initiated in the following quarter.
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Marin, Ovidiu & Chatel-Pelage, Fabienne
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES FOR STRIPPER GAS WELL ENHANCEMENT

Description: As part of Task 1 in Advanced Technologies for Stripper Gas Well Enhancement, Schlumberger Data & Consulting Services (DCS) joined with two Appalachian Basin producers, Great Lakes Energy Partners, LLC, and Belden & Blake Corporation to develop methodologies for identification and enhancement of stripper wells with economic upside potential. These industry partners previously provided us with data for more than 700 wells in northwestern Pennsylvania. Phase 1 goals of this project are to develop and validate methodologies that can quickly and cost-effectively identify wells with enhancement potential. We have enhanced and streamlined our software, and we are using the final version of our new Microsoft{trademark} Access/Excel programs. During the last quarter of 2002, we received additional data for approximately 2,200 wells from Great Lakes. This information pertains to their Cooperstown field located in northwestern Pennsylvania. We recognized approximately 130 potential remediation candidates, and Great Lakes' personnel are currently reviewing this list for viable remediation. This field has provided a rigorous test of our software and analytical methods. We have processed all the information provided to us including the Cooperstown data. Great Lakes also provided supplemental data listing the original operator of the wells. We are also determining whether a statistically significant number of underperformers correlate to specific operators and/or their associated completion/stimulation methods. In addition, the DOE has reviewed a draft version of a final report.
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: MacDonald, Ronald J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Advanced Technology for Predicting the Fluid Flow Attributes of Naturally Fractured Reservoirs From Quantitative Geologic Data and Modeling

Description: This report summarizes the work carried out during the period of September 29, 2000 to September 28, 2001 under DOE Research Contract No. DE-FC26-00BC15308. Our goal is to establish an integrated methodology of fractured reservoir characterization and show how that can be incorporated into fluid flow simulation. We have made progress in the characterization of mineral infilling of natural fractures. The main advancement in this regard was to recognize the strong interplay between diagenetic and mechanical processes. We accomplished several firsts in documenting and quantifying these processes, including documenting the range of emergent threshold in several formations and quantifying the internal structures of crack-seal bridges in fractures. These results will be the basis for an appreciation of fracture opening and filling rates that go well beyond our original goals. Looking at geochemical modeling of fracture infilling, our theoretical analysis addressed the problem of calcite precipitation in a fracture. We have built a model for the deposition of calcite within a fracture. The diagenetic processes of dissolution and partial cementation are key controls on the creation and distribution of natural fractures within hydrocarbon reservoirs. Even with extensive data collection, fracture permeability still creates uncertainty in reservoir description and the prediction of well performance. Data on the timing and stages of diagenetic events can provide explanation as to why, when and where natural fractures will be open and permeable. We have been pursuing the fracture mechanics testing of a wide range of rocks, particularly sandstone using a key rock property test that has hitherto not been widely applied to sedimentary rocks. A major accomplishment in this first year has been to identify sample suites available in the core repository at the University of Texas that represent a wide range of diagenetic alteration and to begin to test these samples. The basis for …
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Olson, Jon E.; Lake, Larry W. & Laubach, Steve E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advisory Committee on Online Access and Security

Description: In December 1999 the Federal Trade Commission established the Advisory Committee on Online Access and Security. The purpose of the Advisory Committee was to provide advice and recommendations to the Commission regarding implementation of certain fair information practices by domestic commercial Web sites. In particular, the Advisory Committee addressed providing online consumers reasonable access to personal information collected from and about them and maintaining adequate security for that information. In accordance with its Charter, the Advisory Committee submitted its Final Report to the Commission on May 15, 2000, and was terminated on May 31, 2000.
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Federal Trade Commission Advisory Committee on Online Access and Security
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Afghanistan: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Description: The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Alkaline-Surfactant-Polymer Flooding and Reservoir Characterization of the Bridgeport and Cypress Reservoirs of the Lawrence Field

Description: Feasibility of alkaline-surfactant-polymer flood for the Lawrence Field in Lawrence County, Illinois is being studied. Two injected formulations are being designed; one for the Bridgeport A and Bridgeport B reservoirs and one for Cypress and Paint Creek reservoirs. Fluid-fluid and coreflood evaluations have developed a chemical solution that produces incremental oil in the laboratory from the Cypress and Paint Creek reservoirs. A chemical formulation for the Bridgeport A and Bridgeport B reservoirs is being developed. A reservoir characterization study is being done on the Bridgeport A, B, & D sandstones, and on the Cypress sandstone. The study covers the pilot flood area and the Lawrence Field.
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Pitts, Malcolm; Damm, Ron & Seyler, Bev
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Analysis of the ZnTe:Cu Contact on CdS/CdTe Solar Cells: Preprint

Description: We report on the recent use of cathodoluminescence (CL) to probe the depth-dependent changes in radiative recombination that occur in CdTe devices during ZnTe:Cu contacting procedures. These types of CL measurements may be useful to assist in linking impurity diffusion (e.g., Cu) from the contact with depth-dependent variation in electrical activation within the CdTe layer. Variable-energy CL suggests that diffusion from the ZnTe:Cu contact interface may assist in reducing donors levels in the CdTe bulk, and thereby yield p-type material in the region near the contact. CL analysis near abrupt metal discontinuities provides estimates of diffusion lengths for carriers associated with both excitonic and donor-to-acceptor pair recombination. Finally, CL measurements at increasing excitation levels (i.e., increasing electron-beam current) provides estimates of the defect state density, as well as providing evidence that discrete multiple defect bands may exist in CdTe prior to contacting.
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Gessert, T. A.; Romero, M. J.; Dhere, R. G. & Asher, S. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Barrier to Trap Filling CuIn1-xGaxSe2: Preprint

Description: Voltage pulses of variable length were applied to CuIn1-xGaxSe2/CdS (0< x< 1) junction solar cells. The resulting transient capacitance emission signal was recorded for several minutes. The amplitude of the capacitance emission signal increased linearly with the log of pulse time. These data do not follow the standard model for trap capture and emission of carriers. Instead they follow a simple electrostatic model based on electrostatic charging of traps.
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Young, D. L.; Ramanathan, K.; Contreras, M.; Abushama, J. & Crandall, R. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Biocatalytic Desulfurization Project Quarterly Report

Description: Research activities in the second quarter have largely been a continuation of efforts previously described in the first quarterly report as well as a degree of redirection of effort as a result of discussions during the first quarterly meeting held in San Diego. Chemical synthesis efforts have been refined and are currently being used to support generation of substrates for evaluation and evolution of enzymes for their oxidation. Analysis of the sulfur species in Petro Star diesel, CED extract and refinement of the speciation data is nearly complete. Molecular biology efforts continue with the cloning, expression and characterization of the DszA and DszC proteins as well as the flavin reductases to support regeneration of the essential FMN cofactors. In addition, we have initiated an evolution effort for the extension and improvement of DszA enzyme activity using Diversa's Gene Site Saturation Mutagenesis (GSSM{trademark}) technology. To support the evolution effort as well as of characterization of enzyme activities on a variety of substrates, a high-throughput mass spectroscopy-based assay has been developed. Two selection/screen strategies for the discovery and evolution of biocatalyst enzyme have been developed and are being evaluated for performance using gene libraries constructed from known biodesulfurization strains and environmental libraries.
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Bonde, Steven E. & Nunn, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Bioremediation and Biodegradation: Current Advances in Reducing Toxicity, Exposure and Environmental Consequences

Description: Topics discussed at the conference included Approaches to Overcome Bioavailability Limitations in Bioremediation; New Discoveries in Microbial Degradation of Persistent Environmental Contaminants; Biological Activity and Potential Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation; New Methods to Monitor and Assess the Effectiveness of Remediation Processes; and Strategies for Remediation of Mixed Contaminants. The United States has thousands of hazardous waste sites, most of which are a legacy of many decades of industrial development, mining, manufacturing and military activities. There is considerable uncertainty about the health risks of these sites, such as a lack of understanding about the spectrum of health effects that could result from exposure to hazardous substances and the unique toxicity of these substances to children or the developing fetus. In addition to these kinds of knowledge gaps, the fate and transport of hazardous wastes in soil, surface water and ground water are poorly understood, making it difficult to predict exposures. Moreover, cleaning up hazardous wastes has proven costly and difficult; thus, there is a need for advanced technologies to decrease or eliminate contamination from soil, surface water, and ground water. Since biodegradative processes and bioremediation solutions form a large part of the current science and technology directed at treatment of environmental contaminants at hazardous waste sites, and since there has been an explosion of cutting-edge basic research in these areas over the past several years, it was an opportune time for a meeting of this type. Representatives from the EPA as well as many of the other Federal agencies that helped fund the conference were also in attendance, providing an opportunity for discussions from the regulatory perspective of hazardous site remediation, as well as from the scientific discovery side.
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Kukor, J. J. & Young, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The BNL ASTD Field Lab - Near - Real - Time Characterization of BNL Stockpiled Soils to Accelerate Completion of the EM Chemical Holes Project

Description: As of October 2001, approximately 7,000 yd{sup 3} of stockpiled soil remained at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) after the remediation of the BNL Chemical/Animal/Glass Pits disposal area. The soils were originally contaminated with radioactive materials and heavy metals, depending on what materials had been interred in the pits, and how the pits were excavated. During the 1997 removal action, the more hazardous/radioactive materials were segregated, along with, chemical liquids and solids, animal carcasses, intact gas cylinders, and a large quantity of metal and glass debris. Nearly all of these materials have been disposed of. In order to ensure that all debris was removed and to characterize the large quantity of heterogeneous soil, BNL initiated an extended sorting, segregation, and characterization project directed at the remaining soil stockpiles. The project was co-funded by the Department of Energy Environmental Management Office (DOE EM) through the BNL Environmental Restoration program and through the DOE EM Office of Science and Technology Accelerated Site Technology Deployment (ASTD) program. The focus was to remove any non-conforming items, and to assure that mercury and radioactive contaminant levels were within acceptable limits for disposal as low-level radioactive waste. Soils with mercury concentrations above allowable levels would be separated for disposal as mixed waste. Sorting and segregation were conducted simultaneously. Large stockpiles (ranging from 150 to 1,200 yd{sup 3}) were subdivided into manageable 20 yd{sup 3} units after powered vibratory screening. The 1/2-inch screen removed almost all non-conforming items (plus some gravel). Non-conforming items were separated for further characterization. Soil that passed through the screen was also visually inspected before being moved to a 20 yd{sup 3} ''subpile.'' Eight samples from each subpile were collected after establishing a grid of four quadrants: north, east, south and west, and two layers: top and bottom. Field personnel collected eight 100-gram samples, …
Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Bowerman, B. S.; Adams, J. W.; Heiser, J.; Kalb, P. D. & Lockwood, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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