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1991 Technical progress report of the University of South Carolina`s High Energy Physics Group, February 1990--July 1991

Description: The high energy physics group at the University of South Carolina includes five teaching faculty members, one research faculty member, and five graduate students. Profs. Childers, Darden, and Wilson devote most of their research effort to Fermilab experiment E789, which is designed to observe charmless two-body decays of b-flavored mesons and baryons. Prof. Wilson works on Fermilab experiment E687 which studies charm physics in the wide-band photon beam. Profs. Rosenfeld and Wang participate in the AMY collaboration, which studies electron-positron interactions using the TRISTAN collider at KEK. Prof. Rosenfeld and one student collaborate with personnel from KEK and INS, Tokyo, on an experiment to detect a 17 keV neutrino in the {beta}-decay spectrum of {sup 63}Ni. Members of the group also participate in Fermilab Proposal P803 which will search for the oscillation of muon neutrino to tau neutrino with sensitivity better than a factor of 40 than previously achieved and in Superconducting Super Collider activities which include the development of an imaging preradiator. A brief discussion is given on progress made for each program.
Date: December 31, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Prospects for HERMES-spin structure studies at HERA

Description: HERMES (HERA Measurement of Spin), is a second generation experiment to study the spin structure of the nucleon by using polarized internal gas targets in the HERA 35-GeV electron storage ring. Scattered electrons and coincident hadrons will be detected in an open geometry spectrometer which will include particle identification. Measurements are planned for each of the inclusive structure functions, g{sub 1},(x), g{sub 2}(x), b{sub 1}(x) and A(x), as well as the study of semi-inclusive pion and kaon asymmetries. Targets of hydrogen, deuterium and {sup 3}He will be studied. The accuracy of data for the inclusive structure functions will equal or exceed that of current experiments. The semi-inclusive asymmetries will provide a unique and sensitive probe of the flavor dependence of quark helicity distributions and properties of the quark sea. Monte Carlo simulations of HERMES data for experiment asymmetries and polarized structure functions are discussed.
Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Jackson, H.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

First results with the Microball and Gammasphere

Description: The Microball, an improved 4{pi} multi-detector array, was used recently in conjunction with Gammasphere in three experiments. Highlights of the first results are presented here. The Microball consists of 95 CsI(T{ell}) scintillation detectors with individual Si photodiode readout, arranged in 9 rings. In these first experiments the Microball performed as designed, but the results in new physics exceeded the authors` expectations. They can say with certainty that by its powerful channel selection the Microball enhanced the performance of Gammasphere by one full coincidence fold. This was possible for all exit channels involving charged particle emission, with increasing performance benefit as one progressed to lighter reaction systems. They summarize the essential characteristics of the Microball and give some performance benchmarks. A detailed description of the Microball is given.
Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Sarantites, D.G.; Hua, P.F. & LaFosse, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Integrated readout electronics for the PbWO{sub 4} photon spectrometer

Description: The PbWO{sub 4} calorimeter of the ALICE detector is designed to detect the prompt photons to provide direct information on the partonic, early phases of the heavy-ion interaction. The goal is to measure all the photons over a large enough solid angle to reconstruct both {pi}{sup 0}`s and {eta}`s. A proposed readout system for the ALICE PbWO{sub 4} photon spectrometer is presented. In one proposed implementation, light will be detected from each end of the crystals by PIN photodiodes and this signal will be amplified by charge-sensitive amplifiers. The 73,728 channel readout system will accept the preamplifier signals and deliver digitized data to the data collection modules. A readout board will consist of 8-channel, custom front-end chips which form energy and timing signals, and board-level control and communication circuits. Many of the subcircuits proposed for this spectrometer have been developed for use in other applications. The performance of these circuits is shown.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Simpson, M.L.; Alley, G.T. & Awes, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Panel discussion on the future of hadron spectroscopy

Description: This contribution addresses two of the questions which were submitted to the panel on future developments in light hadron spectroscopy. Specifically, these were the extent to which glueball spectroscopy should be explored and how far it is appropriate to continue experimental studies of the light hadron spectrum. The authors suggest that at a minimum three particular glueball states should be identified, that hybrids should also be identified, and that experiments on hadrons should continue for as long as the theoretical community remains unable to predict their outcome.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Barnes, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theoretical aspects of light meson spectroscopy

Description: In this pedagogical review the authors discuss the theoretical understanding of light hadron spectroscopy in terms of QCD and the quark model. They begin with a summary of the known and surmised properties of QCD and confinement. Following this they review the nonrelativistic quark potential model for q{anti q} mesons and discuss the quarkonium spectrum and methods for identifying q{anti q} states. Finally, they review theoretical expectations for non-q{anti q} states (glueballs, hybrids and multiquark systems) and the status of experimental candidates for these states.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Barnes, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Composite particle production in relativistic Au+Au collisions at AGS: First results from the E866 forward spectrometer @ 2, 4, and 10.8 A{center_dot}GeV

Description: Particle spectra were measured for Au + Au collisions at 2, 4, and 10. 8 A{center_dot}GeV using the E866 spectrometers. Recent results on proton emission and composite particle production form the E866 forward spectrometer data taken in 1994 together with the first results from the 1995/6 AGS running period are presented. Preliminary results indicate a decrease in the coalescence scaling coefficient with increasing projectile energy and centrality.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Ashktorab, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pion-pion correlations in Au+Au collisions at AGS energy

Description: Pion-pion correlation functions have been measured in Au+Au collisions at 10.8 GeV/c per nucleon by the E877 collaboration. The width of the peak in the correlation function for identical pions, which is related to the source size, shows a dependence on pion momenta and on the orientation of the reaction plane.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Miskowiec, D. & Collaboration, The E877
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High energy ion collisions. Final technical report, December 14, 1995--March 17, 1997

Description: This grant supported one year of work on Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions at the University of New Mexico. The Principal Investigator, an Adjunct Associate Professor at UNM, recruited a student (Mikhail Kopytine), sent him to CERN for several months to participate in the final data taking period of the NA44 experiment at CERN, then initiated analysis of the data collected during the run. A Hewlett-Packard workstation was purchased and Mr. Kopytine performed calibration, software development, and data analysis using it. A collaboration between Los Alamos National Laboratory and other faculty members at the University of New Mexico was begun, with the goal of working closely together on the PHENIX experiment for RHIC. At this time, a close collaboration continues, centered around the Muon tracking detectors for PHENIX. Station 1 of the tracking system is under construction at UNM, while stations 2 and 3 are the responsibility of LANL. The following accomplishments were made: (1) Participation in final data taking period of NA44; (2) Work on commissioning of aerogel Cerenkov trigger and performed offline analysis to demonstrate its performance; (3) Calibration of the uranium calorimeter in NA44 in preparation for Data Summary Tape production; (4) An optimized DST production for tapes with single pion, kaon, and proton triggers for Pb+Pb collisions was performed; (5) Analysis of pion and kaon distributions and production cross sections from Pb+Pb collisions; and (6) Participation in MVD development meetings and contributed to planning of the analysis software for MVD.
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Jacak, B.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pion and kaon correlations in high energy heavy-ion collisions. Annual report, April 1, 1995--March 31, 1996

Description: Data analysis is in progress for recent experiments performed by the NA44 collaboration with the first running of 160 A GeV {sup 208}Pb-induced reactions at the CERN SPS. Identified singles spectra were taken for pions, kaons, protons, deuterons, antiprotons and antideuterons. Two-pion interferometry measurements were made for semi-central-triggered {sup 208}Pb + Pb collisions. An upgraded multiple-particle spectrometer allows high statistics data sets of identified particles to be collected near mid-rapidity. A second series of experiments will be performed in the fall of 1995 with more emphasis on identical kaon interferometry and on the measurement of rare particle spectra and correlations. Modest instrumentation upgrades by TAMU are designed to increase the trigger function for better impact parameter selection and improved collection efficiency of valid events. An effort to achieve the highest degree of projectile-target stopping is outlined and it is argued that an excitation function on the SPS is needed to better understand reaction mechanisms. Analysis of experimental results is in the final stages at LBL in the EOS collaboration for two-ion interferometry in the 1.2 A GeV Au+Au reaction, taken with full event characterization.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Wolf, K.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

University of Virginia High Energy Physics Group. Final performance report, June 1, 1989--January 31, 1994

Description: The US Department of Energy Contracts for 1989 covered the initial year of the University of Virginia High Energy Physics Group. The first proposal was submitted in the fall of 1988 and the first allocation of funding was received in June 1989. This first contract which covered the time period June 1, 1989--January 31, 1990 was in the amount of $186,000 and covered UVa HEP group operations and equipment during that period. At that point, a regular contract year was established and two subsequent contracts were issued for February 1, 1990--January 31, 1991 and February 1, 1991--January 31, 992 with awards of $280,000 and $580,000, respectively. The funding between June, 1989 and January, 1992 covered the activities of both the UVa Theory Group (Task A) and the UVa HEP Experimental Group (Task B). Expenditures of all above funds was completed by January 31, 1994. In this time period, certain initial things were accomplished using the operating funds provided by DOE and the seed funds ($2.2 million over the period). There were three main areas of activities, the building of the University of Virginia HEP infrastructure (construction of lab space, computer facilities, electronic shop, machine shop and office space), the hiring of personnel (faculty, post docs, and students) and the physics activities of the group. Much of the physics program of the experimental group revolved around the study of production and decay of heavy flavor. A list of technical papers generated by their work is provided.
Date: December 31, 1994
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High energy collider physics. Final report

Description: With the demise of the Superconducting Supercollider (SSC) Project, there was great concern that the technological developments for that accelerator and its associated detectors might well be lost in the aftermath. In the case of scintillating fiber tracking, such as not been the case. During the period 1990--1993, several tracking technologies were under development for SDC, including Scintillating Fiber Tracking, Straw-tubes, and Microstrip Gas Chambers. In summer 1990, several members of the Fiber Tracking Group (FTG) proposed the use of Scintillating Fiber Tracking to the D0 experiment at Fermilab. This proposal was accepted, and D0 now is building a 75,000 fiber channel tracking detector with readout via Visible Light Photon Counters (VLPC) which were devices pioneered by the SDC Fiber Tracking Group. In addition, all the preshower detectors for D0 also make use of fiber readout (in this case waveshifting fibers) and VLPC for photosensing. In February 1993, a full 7 months prior to cancellation of the SSC project by Congress, the SDC experiment rejected scintillating fiber tracking for further development. Fortunately for all concerned, the D0 experiment had already embraced this technology, so this important detector concept could be further developed, refined, and utilized for physics experimentation. In early 2000, data will be taken with the D0 fiber tracker to study Top Quarks, Beauty Particles, Electroweak Physics, QCD phenomena, and to search for new phenomena. The University of Notre Dame has played a fundamental and seminal role in the development and implementation of this detector technology. R. Ruchti has served as cospokesman of the Fiber Tracking Group since its inception in 1989, and has been a pioneer of fiber tracking technology since 1980. In addition, at least one other experiment at Fermilab, E835, has utilized scintillating fibers with VLPC readout to study Charmonium in proton-antiproton collisions using a gas-jet ...
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Ruchti, R.C.; Biswas, N.N. & Wayne, M.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The BNL rare kaon decay program

Description: The rare kaon decay program at Brookhaven National Laboratory is reviewed. Results from the last round of experiments are briefly discussed. The three experiments currently collecting data are described. Prospects for future experiments are discussed.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Littenberg, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spin physics with the PHENIX detector system

Description: The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has extended its scope to cover spin physics using polarized proton beams. The major goals of the spin physics at RHIC are elucidation of the spin structure of the nucleon and precision tests of the symmetries. Sensitivities of the spin physics measurements with the PHENIX detector system are reviewed.
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Saito, N. & Collaboration, PHENIX
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charm decays and high energy photoproduction. Final report, April 1994--May 1997

Description: This project involved continued participation by the Physics Department at the Mayaguez Campus of the University of Puerto Rico (UPR) in high energy physics experiments carried out at Fermilab. The UPR is a member of the E831 collaboration which includes Fermilab and leading US, Italian, Brazilian and Korean universities. E831 is an upgrade to the E687 spectrometer with the goal of a tenfold increase in the statistics for the study of the photoproduction and decay of charmed particles. This spectrometer has been significantly upgraded to maintain and expand its capabilities even at considerably higher beam intensities. E687 completed its last data run in January 1992. Approximately 100,000 charm events were fully reconstructed from this data and results of the analysis have appeared in several publications. The UPR has been participating in E687 since 1985 when the experiment was in its early stages of construction. A grant from the DOE Division of High Energy Physics (starting in April 1994) and another from the DOE EPSCoR Program (starting in October 1994) allowed a considerable increase in the activities of the UPR group. Given the group`s capable performance, the responsibilities assigned to it by the collaboration have increased to the point where they now include four major detectors in E831. All four detectors were ready on time for the start of the E831 run in July 1996. This is a remarkable performance if one considers that there is only one senior member in the group and that the students are all MS or undergraduate students. The group has also been active in the development of simulation, data acquisition and analysis software.
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Lopez, A.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental studies of rare K{sup +} decays

Description: Experiment E865 at the BNL AGS is a search for the lepton number violating decay K{sup +} {r_arrow} {pi}{sup +}{mu}{sup +}e{sup {minus}} with an expected sensitivity of 3 {times} 10{sup {minus}12}. The experimental apparatus involves a magnetic spectrometer with two Cerenkov counters, a calorimeter and a muon detector for particle identification. In addition, other rare K{sup +} decays are studied. The experiment has been collecting data since 1995, and preliminary results are presented.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Appel, R.; Atoyan, G.S. & Bassalleck, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hadron collider physics. Final report, February 1, 1991--January 31, 1994

Description: This report contains summaries of work accomplished for Task A1 and A2 (Hadron Collider physics) and Task B. During the first half of the contract period work for Task A1 was focused on the design and implementation of both the D0 detector high voltage system and Level 1 muon trigger. During the second half the emphasis shifted to data analysis. For the major project of Task A2, OPAL, they have recorded and analyzed over one million decays of the Z{sup 0} boson. They began participating in the RD5 experiment at the CERN SPS to study muon tracking in high energy collisions. The LSND experiment at LAMPF recorded physics data in the fall of 1993 and expects to report analysis results at upcoming conferences. In this three year period, the theory task, Task B, completed a number of projects, resulting in over 40 publications. The main emphasis of the research is on a better understanding of the fundamental interactions of quarks and leptons, and the possibility of physics beyond the standard model.
Date: December 31, 1994
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interesting aspects of the STAR detector and physics program

Description: The Solenoidal Tracker At RHIC (STAR) is a large acceptance collider detector scheduled to begin operation at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in the fall of 1999. Simply stated, the physics goals of STAR are, (1) to study the behavior of strongly interacting matter at high energy density; (2) to search for signatures of a deconfined partonic phase of matter; and (3) to study the importance of spin as a fundamental property of QCD interactions and measure the spin-dependent parton distributions (gluon, valence quark, sea quark) of the proton. The detector design and methods of accomplishing the physics goals are addressed in this report.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Hallman, T.J. & Collaboration, STAR
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Systematics of mid-rapidity E{sub T} and multiplicity distributions in nucleus and nucleon collisions at AGS energies

Description: In the period 1986--1992, the E802 Collaboration at the BNL-AGS made systematic measurements of transverse energy (E{sub T}) emission in an electromagnetic calorimeter (PbGl) which covered the pseudorapidity interval 1.25 {le} {eta} {le} 2.50 and half the azimuth (where mid-rapidity for these energies is y{sub cm}{sup N N} {approx_equal} 1.6 - 1.7 depending the species). The other half of the azimuth was occupied by a 25 msr magnetic spectrometer with full particle identification. Runs were also taken with two different full-azimuth configurations of the PbGl, covering 1.25 {le} {eta} {le} 2.44, and also 1.3 {le} {eta} {le} 2.4. It was noticed that the shapes of the upper edges of the E{sub T} distributions, as represented for example by the p parameter in a gamma distribution fit, seemed to vary with the solid angle of the configuration. To systematically investigate this effect, the A-dependence and pseudorapidity-interval ({delta}{eta}) dependence of E{sub T} distributions in the half-azimuth electromagnetic calorimeter were measured for p+Be, p+Au, O+Cu, Si+Au and Au+Au collisions.
Date: December 31, 1998
Creator: Tannenbaum, M.J. & Collaboration, E802
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The DHG sum rule measured with medium energy photons

Description: The structure of the nucleon has many important features that are yet to be uncovered. Of current interest is the nucleon spin-structure which can be measured by doing double-polarization experiments with photon beams of medium energies (0.1 to 2 GeV). One such experiment uses dispersion relations, applied to the Compton scattering amplitude, to relate measurement of the total reaction cross section integrated over the incident photon energy to the nucleon anomalous magnetic moment. At present, no single facility spans the entire range of photon energies necessary to test this sum rule. The Laser-Electron Gamma Source (LEGS) facility will measure the double-polarization observables at photon energies between 0.15--0.47 MeV. Either the SPring8 facility, the GRAAL facility (France), or Jefferson Laboratory could make similar measurements at higher photon energies. A high-precision measurement of the spin-polarizability and the Drell-Hearn-Gerasimov sum rule is now possible with the advent of high-polarization solid HD targets at medium energy polarized photon facilities such as LEGS, GRAAL and SPring8. Other facilities with lower polarization in either the photon beam or target (or both) are also pursuing these measurements because of the high priority associated with this physics. The Spin-asymmetry (SASY) detector that will be used at LEGS has been briefly outlined in this paper. The detector efficiencies have been explored with simulations studies using the GEANT software, with the result that both charged and uncharged pions can be detected with a reasonable efficiency (> 30%) over a large solid angle. Tracking with a TPC, which will be built at LEGS over the next few years, will improve the capabilities of these measurements.
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Hicks, K.; Ardashev, K. & Babusci, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental studies of elementary particle interactions at high energies. Summary technical progress report

Description: This is a report of the research activities of the Experimental High Energy Physics group of The Rockefeller University. As this is an annual progress report, the emphasis is on last year`s research activities. However, since it is the last of a series of 5 such reports to be submitted to the DOE under the present 5 year contract, an effort has been made to provide comprehensive coverage of the research activities of the group throughout the contract period. In the past 5 years, the research program encompassed three major areas: the UA-6 experiment at CERN, the CDF experiment at Fermilab, and several SSC projects. The UA-6 experiment studies direct-{gamma} and J/{Psi} production in pp and {bar p}p interactions at {radical}s = 22.5 GeV.4. In the CDFF experiment the authors have concentrated in the area of small angle physics, where the objective has been to measure the elastic, diffractive and total cross sections, and to provide an absolute calibration of the machine luminosity. The SSC research projects related to two experiments: The Solenoidal Detector Collaboration and the ``low p{sub T} physics`` experiment.
Date: March 31, 1992
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department