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Chemical stockpile emergency preparedness program (CSEPP) recovery plan workbook.

Description: The Recovery Plan Workbook is designed for use by U.S. Army chemical installations and state and local authorities who participate in the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP). The workbook includes a model recovery plan that provides a template for preparation of an integrated CSEPP recovery plan. The workbook also provides background, explanatory, and reference materials to aid planners. The model plan provides a general example and framework for planning but is not complete without input from the local CSEPP community. Each chemical stockpile location has site-specific needs, resources, and organizational differences that will shape recovery planning. Therefore, the purpose of the model plan, in part, is to raise questions that installation, state, and local planners will have to answer to develop a site-specific recovery plan. It is recommended that a single, overarching recovery plan be developed to coordinate the activities of the installation, state, and local jurisdictions at a given site. As stated in Planning Guidance for the CSEPP, Appendix M, ''The reentry/restoration plan should be integrated and coordinated among the Army installation and other state and local jurisdictions in the IRZ and PAZ.'' The integrated approach is more efficient from a planning perspective (compared to separate, parallel plans for each jurisdiction) and will facilitate coordination among the organizations. To be effective, many aspects of recovery must also be coordinated. For example, if several jurisdictions submit competing requests to the Army for monitoring services, confusion might result, and some important monitoring activities might be delayed. A coordinated plan would ensure that monitoring is conducted in proper order of priority. A single integrated recovery plan can be designed to accommodate the decision-making prerogatives of all included organizations. Jurisdiction-specific annexes may be appropriate in some cases to accommodate the unique needs of particular jurisdictions.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Lerner, K.; Yantosik, G.; Vasco, M.B. & Motz, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Parallel performance of the XL Fortran random{_}number intrinsic function on Seaborg

Description: The Fortran intrinsic function random{_}number is shown to perform very poorly when simultaneously called from 16 tasks per node on NERSC's IBM SP Seaborg in its default runtime configuration. Setting the runtime option intrinthds=16 improves runtime performance significantly and gives good results for all possible numbers of tasks per node. It is speculated that the cause of the problem is the creation of an excessive number of threads in the default configuration. It is noted that these threads appear to be created by default, without specifying a ''thread-safe'' compiler or other user interaction.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Gerber, Richard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Accelerated Characterization of Polymer Properties

Description: This report describes the efforts to develop a suite of microanalysis techniques that can rapidly measure a variety of polymer properties of industrial importance, including thermal, photo-oxidative, and color stability; as well as ductility, viscosity, and mechanical and antistatic properties. Additional goals of the project were to direct the development of these techniques toward simultaneous measurements of multiple polymer samples of small size in real time using non-destructive and/or parallel or rapid sequential measurements, to develop microcompounding techniques for preparing polymers with additives, and to demonstrate that samples prepared in the microcompounder could be analyzed directly or used in rapid off-line measurements. These enabling technologies are the crucial precursors to the development of high-throughput screening (HTS) methodologies for the polymer additives industry whereby the rate of development of new additives and polymer formulations can be greatly accelerated.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Wroczynski, R.; Brewer, l.; Buckley, D.; Burrell, M. & Potyrailo, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High Energy Physics Division semiannual report of research activities July 1, 2002 - December 31, 2002.

Description: This report describes the research conducted in the High Energy Physics Division of Argonne National Laboratory during the period of July 1 through December 31, 2002. Topics covered here include experimental and theoretical particle physics, advanced accelerator physics, detector development, and experimental facilities research. Lists of Division publications and colloquia are included.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Spinka, H. M.; Nodulman, L. J.; Goodman, M. C.; Repond, J.; Ayres, D. S.; Proudfoot, J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Continuation Report

Description: OAK B262 In the first 8 months of this grant, the PI and his team have developed new hydrogenation catalysts for CO2 fixation, screened a series of ligands for their ability to dissolve in CO2, and invented a new and environmentally benign system for recovering and recycling homogeneous catalysts using CO2 and liquid polymers. The team has also begun work on two projects: (a) the evaluation of the effect of secondary interactions between ligands and CO2 on the insertion of CO2 into M-H bonds, and (b) the design and testing of promoters or catalysts for the insertion of CO2 into C-H bonds. Ongoing research is primarily focusing on these last two projects.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Jessop, Philip G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Shape Optimization for DIII-D Advanced Tokamak Plasmas

Description: The advanced tokamak program on DIII-D is targeting the full integration of high-beta and high-bootstrap/noninductive current fraction for long-pulse lengths and the high confinement consistent with these features. Central to achieving these simultaneously is access to the highest ideal beta limits possible to maximize the headroom for experimental operation with RWM control. A study of the ideal-MHD stability is done for plasmas modeled after DIII-D advanced tokamak plasmas, varying the plasma elongation, triangularity, and outboard squareness. The highest beta(sub)N limits reach 6-7 for the n=1 kink mode for all elongation, outer squareness values, and plasma triangularity equals 0.8.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Kesse, C. E.; Ferron, J. R.; Greenfield, C. M.; Menard, J. E. & Taylor, T. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Current Drive in a Ponderomotive Potential with Sign Reversal

Description: Noninductive current drive can be accomplished through ponderomotive forces with high efficiency when the potential changes sign over the interaction region. The effect can practiced upon both ions and electrons. The current drive efficiencies, in principle, might be higher than those possible with conventional radio-frequency current-drive techniques, since different considerations come into play.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Fisch, N. J.; Rax, J. M. & Dodin, I. Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An Advanced Fracture Characterization and Well Path Navigation System for Effective Re-Development and Enhancement of Ultimate Recovery From the Complex Monterey Reservoir of South Ellwood Field, Offshore California, Quarterly Report: April - June 2003

Description: Venoco Inc, intends to re-develop the Monterey Formation, a Class III basin reservoir, at South Ellwood Field, Offshore Santa Barbara, California. Well productivity in this field varies significantly. Cumulative Monterey production for individual wells has ranged from 260 STB to 8,700,000 STB. Productivity is primarily affected by how well the well path connects with the local fracture system and the degree of aquifer support. Cumulative oil recovery to date is a small percentage of the original oil in place. To embark upon successful re-development and to optimize reservoir management, Venoco intends to investigate, map and characterize field fracture patterns and the reservoir conduit system. State of the art borehole imaging technologies including FMI, dipole sonic and cross-well seismic, interference tests and production logs will be employed to characterize fractures and micro faults. These data along with the existing database will be used for construction of a novel geologic model of the fracture network. Development of an innovative fracture network reservoir simulator is proposed to monitor and manage the aquifer's role in pressure maintenance and water production. The new fracture simulation model will be used for both planning optimal paths for new wells and improving ultimate recovery. In the second phase of this project, the model will be used for the design of a pilot program for downhole water re-injection into the aquifer simultaneously with oil production. Downhole water separation units attached to electric submersible pumps will be used to minimize surface fluid handling thereby improving recoveries per well and field economics while maintaining aquifer support. In cooperation with the DOE, results of the field studies as well as the new models developed and the fracture database will be shared with other operators. Numerous fields producing from the Monterey and analogous fractured reservoirs both onshore and offshore will benefit from the …
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Horner, Steve & Ershaghi, Iraj
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Zonal Flow Dynamics and Size-scaling of Anomalous Transport

Description: Nonlinear equations for the slow space-time evolution of the radial drift wave envelope and zonal flow amplitude have been self-consistently derived for a model nonuniform tokamak equilibrium within the coherent 4-wave drift wave-zonal flow modulation interaction model of Chen, Lin, and White [Phys. Plasmas 7 (2000) 3129]. Solutions clearly demonstrate turbulence spreading due to nonlinearly enhanced dispersiveness and, consequently, the device-size dependence of the saturated wave intensities and transport coefficients.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Chen, Liu; White, Roscoe B. & Zonca, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Letter on intent to build an off-axis detector to study {nu}{sub mu}{yields}{nu}{sub e} oscillations with the NuMI neutrino beam. Version 6.0

Description: The question of neutrino masses is of fundamental importance. Neutrino oscillations seem to be the only tool available to us to unravel the pattern of neutrino masses and, perhaps, shed some light on the origin of masses in general. The NuMI neutrino beam line and the MINOS experiment represent a major investment of US High Energy Physics in the area of neutrino physics. the forthcoming results could decisively establish neutrino oscillations as the underlying physics mechanism for the atmospheric {nu}{sub {mu}} deficit and provide a precise measurement of the corresponding oscillation parameters, {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2} and sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 23}. This, however, is just a beginning of a long journey into uncharted territories. The key to these new territories is the detection of {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations associated with the atmospheric {nu}{sub {mu}} deficit, controlled by the little known mixing angle sin{sup 2}2{theta}{sub 13}. A precise measurement of the amplitude of these oscillations will enable a determination of the pattern of the mass hierarchy of neutrinos. If the solar neutrino experiments determine that the value {Delta}m{sub 12}{sup 2} is in the range of 10{sup -5}-10{sup -4} eV{sup 2} then the measurement of the CP violation in the neutrino sector may well be within our reach. The full potential of the NuMI neutrino beam can be exploited by complementing the MINOS detector, under construction, with a new detector(s) placed at some off-axis position and collecting data in parallel with MINOS. The first phase of the proposed program includes a new detector, optimized for {nu}{sub e} detection, with a fiducial mass of the order os 20 kton and exposed to neutrino and antineutrino beams. In a five year run its sensitivity to the {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations will be at least a factor of ten beyond the current …
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Ayres, D.; Goodman, M.; Guarino, V.; Joffe-Minnor, T.; Reyna, D.; Talaga, R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CERTS: Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions - Research Highlights

Description: Historically, the U.S. electric power industry was vertically integrated, and utilities were responsible for system planning, operations, and reliability management. As the nation moves to a competitive market structure, these functions have been disaggregated, and no single entity is responsible for reliability management. As a result, new tools, technologies, systems, and management processes are needed to manage the reliability of the electricity grid. However, a number of simultaneous trends prevent electricity market participants from pursuing development of these reliability tools: utilities are preoccupied with restructuring their businesses, research funding has declined, and the formation of Independent System Operators (ISOs) and Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) to operate the grid means that control of transmission assets is separate from ownership of these assets; at the same time, business uncertainty, and changing regulatory policies have created a climate in which needed investment for transmission infrastructure and tools for reliability management has dried up. To address the resulting emerging gaps in reliability R&D, CERTS has undertaken much-needed public interest research on reliability technologies for the electricity grid. CERTS' vision is to: (1) Transform the electricity grid into an intelligent network that can sense and respond automatically to changing flows of power and emerging problems; (2) Enhance reliability management through market mechanisms, including transparency of real-time information on the status of the grid; (3) Empower customers to manage their energy use and reliability needs in response to real-time market price signals; and (4) Seamlessly integrate distributed technologies--including those for generation, storage, controls, and communications--to support the reliability needs of both the grid and individual customers.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Eto, Joseph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Advanced Flue Gas Conditioning as a Retrofit Upgrade to Enhance Pm Collection From Coal-Fired Electric Utility Boilers, Quarterly Technical Report: April-June 2003

Description: The U.S. Department of Energy and ADA Environmental Solutions are engaged in a project to develop commercial flue gas conditioning additives. The objective is to develop conditioning agents that can help improve particulate control performance of smaller or under-sized electrostatic precipitators on utility coal-fired boilers. The new chemicals will be used to control both the electrical resistivity and the adhesion or cohesivity of the fly ash. There is a need to provide cost-effective and safer alternatives to traditional flue gas conditioning with SO{sub 3} and ammonia. This quarterly report summarizes project activity for the period April-June, 2003. In this period there was limited activity and no active field trials. Results of ash analysis from the AEP Conesville demonstration were received. In addition, a site visit was made to We Energies Presque Isle Power Plant and a proposal extended for a flue gas conditioning trial with the ADA-51 cohesivity additive. It is expected that this will be the final full-scale evaluation on the project.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Baldrey, Kenneth E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Field Test Program for Long-Term Operation of a COHPAC System for Removing Mercury From Coal-Fired Flue Gas, Quarterly Technical Report: April - June 2003

Description: With the Nation's coal-burning utilities facing the possibility of tighter controls on mercury pollutants, the U.S. Department of Energy is funding projects that could offer power plant operators better ways to reduce these emissions at much lower costs. Sorbent injection technology represents one of the simplest and most mature approaches to controlling mercury emissions from coal-fired boilers. It involves injecting a solid material such as powdered activated carbon into the flue gas. The gas phase mercury in the flue gas contacts the sorbent and attaches to its surface. The sorbent with the mercury attached is then collected by the existing particle control device along with the other solid material, primarily fly ash. During 2001 ADA Environmental Solutions (ADA-ES) conducted a full-scale demonstration of sorbent-based mercury control technology at the Alabama Power E.C. Gaston Station (Wilsonville, AL). This unit burns a low-sulfur bituminous coal and uses a hot-side electrostatic precipitator (ESP) in combination with a Compact Hybrid Particulate Collector (COHPAC) baghouse to collect fly ash. The majority of the fly ash is collected in the ESP with the residual being collected in the COHPAC baghouse. Activated carbon was injected between the ESP and COHPAC units to collect the mercury. Short-term mercury removal levels in excess of 90% were achieved using the COHPAC unit. The test also showed that activated carbon was effective in removing both forms of mercury: elemental and oxidized. However, a great deal of additional testing is required to further characterize the capabilities and limitations of this technology relative to use with baghouse systems such as COHPAC. It is important to determine performance over an extended period of time to fully assess all operational parameters. The project described in this report focuses on fully demonstrating sorbent injection technology at a coal-fired power generating plant that is equipped with a …
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Bustard, Jean; Lindsey, Charles; Brignac, Paul; Starns, Travis; Sjostrom, Sharon & Millar, Tom
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Advanced Cuttings Transport Study Quarterly Technical Report: April-June 2003

Description: This Quarter has been divided between running experiments and the installation of the drill-pipe rotation system. In addition, valves and piping were relocated, and three viewports were installed. Detailed design work is proceeding on a system to elevate the drill-string section. Design of the first prototype version of a Foam Generator has been finalized, and fabrication is underway. This will be used to determine the relationship between surface roughness and ''slip'' of foams at solid boundaries. Additional cups and rotors are being machined with different surface roughness. Some experiments on cuttings transport with aerated fluids have been conducted at EPET. Theoretical modeling of cuttings transport with aerated fluids is proceeding. The development of theoretical models to predict frictional pressure losses of flowing foam is in progress. The new board design for instrumentation to measure cuttings concentration is now functioning with an acceptable noise level. The ultrasonic sensors are stable up to 190 F. Static tests with sand in an annulus indicate that the system is able to distinguish between different sand concentrations. Viscometer tests with foam, generated by the Dynamic Test Facility (DTF), are continuing.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Reed, Troy; Miska, Stefan; Takach, Nicholas; Ashenayi, Kaveh; Pickell, Mark; Volk, Len et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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METHANE DE-NOX FOR UTILITY PC BOILERS

Description: During the current quarter, pilot-scale testing with the modified air nozzle version of the PC burner was completed with PRB coal at the Riley Power Inc. (RPI) test facility. A total of 8 different burner configurations were tested utilizing various burner air nozzle arrangements in place of the burner air channels. It was found that with the arrangements tested, a stable flame could not be maintained at coal feed rates above 100 lb/h. While it is felt that the air nozzle approach can ultimately be used effectively, in the interest of holding to the current project schedule it was decided to proceed with the balance of the project using the air channel design. The pilot-scale PC burner was therefore restored to the air-channel configuration and benchmark testing with PRB coal to confirmed previous operating results. A series of tests was then conducted with PRB and West Virginia caking coal to evaluate modifications to the gas combustor configuration and operation for improved performance with caking coal. Continuous operation was achieved with caking coal up to 50 lb/h vs. the full load target of 150 lb/h. Impingement and deposition of partially devolatilized coal occurred at various points within the combustor when the caking coal feed was increased above 50 lb/h. The 100 MMBtu/h commercial-scale prototype design was started with coal burner design input from both RPI and VTI. Based on typical burner installation layout considerations, it was that the preheat combustor should be oriented horizontally on the axial centerline of the coal burner. Accordingly, work was begun to relocate the pilot gas combustor to this orientation so that the pilot results with caking coal will be directly applicable to the preferred 100 MMBtu design. Inspection and repair of the 100 MMBtu/h Coal Burner Test Facility (CBTF) was initiated by RPI and as …
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Bryan, Bruce; Rabovitser, Joseph; Nester, Serguei & Wohadlo, Stan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HORIZON SENSING (PROPOSAL NO.51)

Description: Real-time horizon sensing on continuous mining (CM) machines is becoming an industry tool. Installation and testing of production-grade Horizon Sensor (HS) systems has been ongoing this quarter at Monterey Coal Company (ExxonMobil), Mountain Coal Company West Elk Mine (Arch), Deserado Mining Company (Blue Mountain Energy), and The Ohio Valley Coal Company (TOVCC). Monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing. All horizon sensor components have finished MSHA (U.S.) and IEC (International) certification.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Stolarczyk, Larry G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Regeneration Heat Exchange

Description: The original project goals were to establish the viability of the proposed gas turbine regenerator concept by performing the following tasks: (1) Perform detailed design of a working model of the regenerator concept. (2) Construct a ''bench-top'' model of the regenerator concept based upon the detail design. (3) Test the bench-top model and gather data to support the concept's viability. The project funding was used to acquire the tools and material to perform the aforementioned tasks.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Lin, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Application of high powered lasers to drilling and completing deep walls.

Description: High powered laser rock drilling was studied as a revolutionary method for drilling and completing deep gas and oil wells. The objectives of this 2002 to 2003 fiscal year research were to study the concept that large diameter holes can be created by multiple overlapping small beam spots, to determine the ability of lasers to drill rock submerged to some depth in water, to demonstrate the possibilities of lasers for perforating application, and to determine the wavelength effects on rock removal. Laser technology applied to well drilling and completion operations is attractive because it has the potential to reduce drilling time, create a ceramic lining that may eliminate the need for steel casing, provide additional monitor-on-drilling laser sensors and improve well performance through improved perforation. The results from this research will help engineering design on a laser-based well drilling system.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Reed, C. B.; Xu, Z.; Parker, R. A.; Gahan, B. C.; Batarseh, S.; Graves, R. M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effect of Wiggler insertions on the single-particle dynamics of the NLC main damping rings

Description: As they are expected to occupy a large portion of the lattice, wiggler insert ions will introduce significant linear and nonlinear perturbations to the single-particle dynamics in the NLC Main Damping Rings (MDR). The nonlinearities are of particular concern as a sufficiently large Dynamic Aperture (DA) is required for high injection efficiency. The main content of this report is a study of the wigglers impact on the DA of the NLC-MDR latest lattice design. The particle dynamics is modeled by transfer maps calculated by integration through the wiggler fields. For field representation we employed a 3D multipole expansion derived from the field data that were obtained with the aid of a magnet design code. Additional contents of this paper include an investigation of a simplified model of wiggler consisting of a sequence of standard magnet elements (where thin octupoles are used to represent the dominant nonlinearities) and the suggestion of a possible correction scheme to compensate the wiggler nonlinearities.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Venturini, Marco
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES AND ANALYTICAL CAPABILITIES FOR VISION 21 ENERGY PLANTS

Description: This is the eleventh Quarterly Technical Report for DOE Cooperative Agreement No: DE-FC26-00NT40954. The goal of the project is to develop and demonstrate a software framework to enable virtual simulation of Vision 21 plants. During the last quarter much progress was made in software development. The CO wrapper for the integration of Alstom Power proprietary code INDVU was upgraded to CO V1.0.0 and was successfully integrated with an Aspen Plus flowsheet. The V21-Controller and the Fluent CO wrapper were upgraded to CO V.1.0.0, and the testing and debugging of the upgraded V21-Controller was completed. Two Aspen Plus analysis tools (sensitivity analysis and optimization) were successfully tested in an integrated simulation. Extensive testing of the integrated software was continued. A list of suggested enhancements was given to the software development team. Work on software documentation was started. Work on preparing the release version progressed: Several enhancements were made in the V21-Controller and the Fluent Configuration Wizard GUIs. Work to add persistence functionality to the V21-Controller was started. During the last quarter good progress was made in software demonstration. Demo Case 1 simulations were completed. This case, a conventional steam cycle with a CFD model representing the boiler module, was successfully demonstrated at 9 distinct load points from 33 MW to 19 MW. Much progress was made with Demo Case 2. Work on adding a CO wrapper to the HRSGSIM code was completed, and integrated simulations with the HRSGSIM code were conducted. The CFD heat exchanger model for Demo Case 2 was calibrated with HRSGSIM results. An Advisory Board meeting was held in Manchester, NH on May 6 during the Fluent Users Group Meeting. The preparation of the project final report was started.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Osawe, Maxwell; Syamlal, Madhava; Thotapalli, Krishna & Zitney, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ADVANCED OIL RECOVERY TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVED RECOVERY FROM SLOPE BASIN CLASTIC RESERVOIRS, NASH DRAW BRUSHY CANYON POOL, EDDY COUNTY, NM

Description: The overall objective of this project is to demonstrate that a development program based on advanced reservoir management methods can significantly improve oil recovery at the Nash Draw Pool (NDP). The plan includes developing a control area using standard reservoir management techniques and comparing its performance to an area developed using advanced reservoir management methods. Specific goals are (1) to demonstrate that an advanced development drilling and pressure maintenance program can significantly improve oil recovery compared to existing technology applications and (2) to transfer these advanced methodologies to oil and gas producers in the Permian Basin and elsewhere throughout the U.S. oil and gas industry.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Murphy, Mark B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Physical and Liquid Chemical Simulant Formulations for Transuranic Waste in Hanford Single-Shell Tanks

Description: CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. (CH2M HILL) is in the process of identifying and developing supplemental process technologies to accelerate the tank waste cleanup mission. A range of technologies is being evaluated to allow disposal of Hanford waste types, including transuranic (TRU) process wastes. Ten Hanford single-shell tanks (SSTs) have been identified whose contents may meet the criteria for designation as TRU waste: the B-200 series (241-B-201, -B-202, -B 203, and B 204), the T-200 series (241-T-201, T 202, -T-203, and -T-204), and Tanks 241-T-110 and -T-111. CH2M HILL has requested vendor proposals to develop a system to transfer and package the contact-handled TRU (CH-TRU) waste retrieved from the SSTs for subsequent disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). Current plans call for a modified ''dry'' retrieval process in which a liquid stream is used to help mobilize the waste for retrieval and transfer through lines and vessels. This retrieval approach requires that a significant portion of the liquid be removed from the mobilized waste sludge in a ''dewatering'' process such as centrifugation prior to transferring to waste packages in a form suitable for acceptance at WIPP. In support of CH2M HILL's effort to procure a TRU waste handling and packaging process, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) developed waste simulant formulations to be used in evaluating the vendor's system. For the SST CH-TRU wastes, the suite of simulants includes (1) nonradioactive chemical simulants of the liquid fraction of the waste, (2) physical simulants that reproduce the important dewatering properties of the waste, and (3) physical simulants that can be used to mimic important rheological properties of the waste at different points in the TRU waste handling and packaging process. To validate the simulant formulations, their measured properties were compared with the limited data for actual TRU waste samples. PNNL …
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Rassat, Scot D.; Bagaasen, Larry M.; Mahoney, Lenna A.; Russell, Renee L.; Caldwell, Dustin D. & Mendoza, Donaldo P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Description: This report details the information related to Country-of-Origin labeling for foods.
Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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