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THE FERRITE BIASING SYSTEM FOR THE RADIO FREQUENCY CAVITIES OF THE PRINCETON-PENNSYLVANIA 3 Bev PROTON SYNCHROTRON

Description: A description is given of the ferrite biasing system for the four tuned radio frequency cavities of the synchrotron. Each ferrite loaded double cavity has a single turn bias winding which is driven to a peak current of 13,500 amperes by a push-pull transformer arrangement. There is automatic tap changing of the transformer to accommodate the variable impedance load (for power considerations). The programming and frequency response of the system have to be such that each cavity can operate as the reso nant circuit of a self tracking radio frequency amplifier over the frequency range 6.5 to 30 Mc at the 20 cps repetition rate of the synchrotron. Between acceleration cycles it is necessary to program the ferrite to a given magnetic state, near that of maximum radio frequency permeability. (auth)
Date: August 29, 1962
Creator: Rees, G.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Radiation Leakage Survey of the Shield of the Nuclear Ship Savannah

Description: A detailed 4urvey of the radiation from the N.S. Savannah shield was made. The study was accomplished with the reactor at its full power of 69 Mw during a cruise of 2821 miles. The results of the detailed shield survey show that the design dose rate of 0.5 rem/yr for passenger spaces is not exceeded in any region to which passengers have access. ln the area restricted to crew access the design dose rate of 5.0 rem/yr is nowhere exceeded except in a small region on D'' deck in a room to which entry can readily be controlled. Specifications for cargohold dose rates, 0.5 rem/yr at 1/5 full power, are satisfactorily met. Additional data obtained include measurements of special points for comparison with dose rates predicted in design calculations, and an experiment examining the result of loss of water from the Savannah's subreactor shield tanks. Predicted dose rates were conservatively higher than the dose rates measured, and the result of the water-loss experiment showed that even with a total emptying of the tanks a safe condition exists only a few feet from the shield. (auth)
Date: August 29, 1962
Creator: Blizard, E.P.; Blosser, T.V. & Freestone, R.M. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fair Trial and Free Press

Description: This report discusses the two constitutional rights, right to a fair trial and right to fair press, which collides with various degree of intensity and urgency primarily in the area of publicity before and during a criminal trial, and discusses some recent major cases, regulations and some proposed solutions.
Date: November 29, 1968
Creator: Zafren, Daniel Hill
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HEAD-END TREATMENT OF LOW LEVEL WASTES PRIOR TO FOAM SEPARATION

Description: Calcium-magnesium precipitation apparatus was used to reduce the concentrations of these elements in ORNL tap water, used as a substitute for waste water of low level of radioactivity, prior to strontium removal by foam separation. With and without alkali and flocculator chambers and with a stirred sludge of ratio height to diameter equal to 1/1 to ~4/1, use of 5 x 10/sup -3/ M each of NaOH and Na/sub 2/CO/sub 3/ and 2 ppm Fe/sup 3+/ reduced the dissolved Ca + Mg concentrations to 1 to 2 ppm as calcium. Simultaneously, a strontium DF of 20 to 200 was achieved, and, by adding Grundite clay in the proportion ~0.5 1b/ 1000 gal, a cesium DF of 10 to 40 was achieved. (auth)
Date: May 29, 1962
Creator: Schonfeld, E. & Davis, W. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Superclean coal-water slurry combustion testing in an oil-fired boiler

Description: The Pennsylvania State University is conducting a superclean coal-water slurry (SCCWS) program for the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania with the objective of determining the capability of effectively firing SCCWS in an industrial boiler designed for oil. Penn State has entered into a cooperative agreement with DOE to determine if SCCWS (a fuel containing coal with less than 3.0 wt.% ash and 0.9 wt.% sulfur) can effectively be burned in an oil-designed industrial boiler without adverse impact on boiler rating, maintainability, reliability, and availability. The project will provide information on the design of new systems specifically configured to fire these clean coal-based fuels.
Date: May 29, 1992
Creator: Miller, B.G.; Poe, R.L.; Morrison, J.L.; Xie, Jianyang; Walsh, P.M.; Schobert, H.H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SM-1A PROJECT--TECHNICAL MANUAL: CHEMISTRY

Description: A manual is given of the equipment and procedures used in the Army Reactor (SM-1A) to control the water purity and makeup. In addition to a description of the primary purification control system, a discussion is presented of the water chemistry control procedures for the auxiliary systems (e.g., the spent-fuel pit, the shield tank, and the waste disposal system). (T.F.H.)
Date: September 29, 1960
Creator: Chupak, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Improved Sample Bonding and Emission With Tantalum Surface Ionization Filaments

Description: Techniques for conditioning of Ta filaments for improved bonding and emission with a Ta metal powder-Ta/sub 2/O/sub 5/ mixture are described. A porous Ta metal layer is deposited which restricts sample to the filament. Metal- oxide ion emission is enhanced with additional Ta/sub 2/O/sub 5/ to the porous layer. Reduction of fractionation through action of liquid Ta/sub 2/O/sub 5/ is discussed in particular for Sr+ emission. Use of conditioned filaments for rapid U concentration analysis with a single-filament mass spectrometer is emphasized. (auth)
Date: June 29, 1962
Creator: Goris, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ELECTROLYTIC DISSOLUTION OF NUCLEAR FUELS. PART I. ZIRCONIUM IN HCl- METHANOL

Description: The electrolytic dissolution of zirconium in HCl-methanol was studied as a function of potential, solution composition, and temperature. The dissolution is characterized by two regions. At high potentials the zirconium is electropolished and complete dissolution is achieved. At low potentials the current is an exponential function of the potential (Tafel behavior). In this region a small amount of finely divided alpha -zirconium which is insoluble in HCl-methanol separates from the bulk metal. The energy of activation for the corrosion reaction (0.0 volt) is 16.5 kcal/mole; in the electropolishing region (1.0 volt) the activation energy is 7.7 kcal/mole. A broad solvent capability for metallic reactor fuels is offered by the HCl-methanol medium since, in addition to zirconium, stainless steel is also dissolved electrolytically while uranium and aluminum dissolve chemically. Other process implications are discussed. (auth)
Date: December 29, 1961
Creator: Aylward, J. R.; Whitener, E. M. & Hahn, H. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Data report of a pretest analysis of soil-structure interaction and structural response in low-amplitude explosive testing (50 KG) of the heissdampfreaktor (HDR)

Description: This report describes a three-dimensional nonlinear TRANAL finite element analysis of a nuclear reactor subjected to ground shaking from a buried 50 kg explosive source. The analysis is a pretest simulation of a test event which was scheduled to be conducted in West Germany on 3 November 1979.
Date: November 29, 1979
Creator: Vaughan, D.K.; Sandler, I.; Rubin, D.; Isenberg, J. & Nikooyeh, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High-Temperature Reactions of Type 304 Stainless Steel in Low Concentrations of Carbon Dioxide and Carbon Monoxide

Description: Compatibility studies of type 304 stainless steel in helium containing low concentrations of CO and CO/sub 2/ were conducted. The oxidation rates were insensitive to impurity concentrations between 0.0006--0.3 vol% in the temperature range 400--1000 deg C when P/sub co2/P/sub co/ was less than 0.66. Ratios above this value resulted initially in a slow oxidation rate, but was followed by an accelerated attack. The incubation period for the break-away varied with the P/sub co2//P/sub co/ ratio and the pressure of the two gases. The oxidation reactions proceeded through a selective depletion of chromium from the alloy which increased the carbon solubility and depletion of nickel which led to the transformation of austenite to ferrite. Parabolic reaction rates were observed for the formation of the protective oxides. Arrhenius plots of rate constants versus 1/T indicated the presence of several oxides which was confirmed by other methods. Carburization or decarburization reactions occurred coincidentally with oxidation and depended upon temperature and (P/sub CO/)/sup 2/ /P/sub CO2/ and the P/sub co2//P /sub CO/. Neither was detected below 600 deg C. Between 600--900 deg C, only carburization occurred and appeared to be mainly dependent on the temperature. Above 900 deg C, both carburization and decarburization occurred depending upon the (P/sub co/)/sup 2//P/sub co2/ and the P/sub co2//P/sub co/. The interactions of the oxidizing and carburization reactions resulted in carbon maxima at a (P/sub co/)/sup 2//P/sub co2/ ratio of 0.227. The results indicate that it may be impractical or unnecessary to reduce impurity gases to levels which do not cause surface reactions. It is concluded that undesirable oxidation and carburization reactions can be eliminated by controlling the ratios of the impurity gases. (auth)
Date: August 29, 1962
Creator: Inouye, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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FLUX DISTRIBUTIONS AND LEAKAGE CURRENTS FOR SRE, P-16

Description: BS>Two-group, two-region criticality calculations were made for 10 and 11 ft diameter tanks. The 10 ft tank required a core radius of 102 cm and the 11 ft tank a core radius of 95 cm for criticality. In the calculations, the fluxes were assumed to go to zero at the edge oi the graphite reflector. The fast group of the two-group calculation was broken down into 3 fast groups. The leakage out of the core and reflector for the 4 energy groups is given. (M.C.G.)
Date: January 29, 1954
Creator: Balent, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effects of dimensionality and boundary conditions on thermal calculations. [Underground repository]

Description: We consider several aspects of the thermal modeling of an underground nuclear waste repository. These are the long term temperature response due to different ground surface boundary conditions, the effects of treating the three-dimensional problem in 2-D, and the consequences of using a constant power load rather than decaying power typical of radioactive waste. Our approach is superposition in time and space of the appropriate analytic solutions.
Date: September 29, 1980
Creator: Thorson, L.D. & Montan, D.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Uganda: Current Conditions and the Crisis in North Uganda

Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Uganda, which have long been ravaged by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), an armed rebel group backed by the government of Sudan. In particular, the report focuses on largely unsuccessful Ugandan efforts to resolve the conflict with the LRA, as well as talks with the U.S. under the Bush Administration and the recent suicide bombings in Kampala, Uganda, in July 2010.
Date: April 29, 2011
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2011, FY2012, and Beyond

Description: The federal budget is central to Congress's ability to exercise its "power of the purse." Over the last several fiscal years the imbalance between spending and revenues has grown as a result of the economic downturn and policies enacted in response to financial turmoil. In FY2010, the last completed fiscal year, the U.S. government spent $3,456 billion (23.8% of GDP) and collected $2,162 billion in revenue (14.9% of GDP), resulting in a budget deficit of $1,294 billion (8.9% of GDP).
Date: April 29, 2011
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Reducing the Budget Deficit: The President's Fiscal Commission and Other Initiatives

Description: This report discusses why the federal government's fiscal path is unsustainable and provides an overview of proposals of selected groups that have published detailed recommendations on how to return the federal budget to a sustainable course.
Date: April 29, 2011
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Tested method to minimize plutonium assay discrepancies between laboratories

Description: Plutonium assay differences are frequently observed between laboratories exchanging plutonium dioxide powders. These differences are commonly the result of chemical changes and/or nonhomogeneities in sampled materials. The irregularities are often caused by moisture absorption during sampling, packaging, shipment, and storage of the materials. A method is proposed which eliminates the effects of chemical change in samples, particularly moisture absorption, and minimizes sampling error. A nondestructive thermal watts/gram test on every preweighed sampled and total dissolution of these samples for chemical assay are the primary features which make this method effective. Because this method minimizes the error related to exchange material, it is possible to design an interlaboratory exchange program which demonstrates the assay capabiliies of the participants. In an experiment performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of this method, three PuO/sub 2/ batches of varying isotopic composition were synthesized at Mound to be used in the exchange tess. Powder sample aliquots from each batch were weighed directly into their vials under controlled atmospheric conditions. Calorimetric heat measurements were made on each vial to test homogeneity and verify sample weight. Six vials of each batch were chemically assayed at Mound and six at NBL (New Brunswick Laboratory). Both laboratories chose controlled-potential coulometry as the chemical assay technique because of its demonstrated precision and accuracy. Total dissolution of preweighed exchange samples eliminated the need for laborious and usually futile heating to return the material to its original condition. The mean chemical assay values obtained by Mound and NBL agree to within 0.01% for each of the compositions tested. Testing of both chemical assay and calorimetric data revealed no sampling error throughout the experiment.
Date: January 29, 1982
Creator: Seiler, R. J.; Goss, R. L.; Rodenburg, W. W. & Rogers, D. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Reasons for the termination of, and DOE losses in, a geothermal demonstration powerplant project

Description: The 50-megawatt Baca geothermal demonstration powerplant project, located in northern New Mexico, was the Department of Energy's (DOE's) initial effort to demonstrate geothermal powerplant technology. The project, started in 1978, was believed to have a high probability of success, and its cost was to be shared equally with the industry participants. GAO's review showed that the project was terminated in January 1982 because sufficient geothermal steam to operate the powerplant could not be obtained. The early termination resulted in DOE paying a disproportionate share - $45 million, or 64% - of the $70 million spent on the project because it had paid the majority of the powerplant-related costs at that time. However, a portion of these costs may be recovered through the sale of powerplant equipment. DOE indicated that it learned lessons from this experience and will act to prevent these problems from occurring on other projects.
Date: September 29, 1983
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential issues for Congress on the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), a relatively inexpensive Navy surface combatant equipped with modular "plug-and-fight" mission packages. The Navy's proposed FY2012 budget requests funding for the procurement of four LCSs. Current issues for Congress concerning the LCS program include changes or potential changes to the composition of LCS mission modules announced by the Navy in January 2011, the combat survivability of the LCS, and hull cracking on LCS-1. Congress's decisions on the LCS program could affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Date: April 29, 2011
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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