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1/N

Description: There exist families of field theories with symmetry group SO(N) (or SU(N)) that become simpler as N becomes larger. More precisely, the solutions to these theories possess an expansion in powers of 1/N. This expansion is the subject of these lectures. The 1/N expansion can be used to analyze model field theories. The 1/N expansion is developed for phi/sup 4/ theory and applied to two two-dimensional models with similar combinatoric structures, the Gross-Neveu model and the CP/sup N-1/ model. These models display (in the leading 1/N approximation) such interesting phenomena as asymptotic freedom, dynamical symmetry breaking, dimensional transmutation, and non-perturbative confinement. It is possible that the 1/N expansion, with N the number of colors, might fruitfully be applied to quantum chromodynamics. Unfortunately, it is not possible to make a decisive test of the approximation, because no one knows how to compute even the first term in the expansion in closed form. However, it is possible to argue that this first term, whatever its detailed form, has many properties that are also shared by the real world, and which are otherwise underived from field theory. These include the saturation of scattering amplitudes by an infinite number of narrow resonances, the essential feature of dual-resonance models. (RWR)
Date: March 1, 1980
Creator: Coleman, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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2-mm microwave interferometer

Description: A 2-mm microwave interferometer has been developed, and phase shift measurements have been made on the Baseball II experiment. The interferometer system employs a 140-GHz receiver for double down conversion of the plasma signal to a 60-MHz, IF frequency. The 140-GHz references signal is also down-converted and compared with the plasma signal to provide the desired phase change of the signal passing through the plasma. A feedback voltage from a 60-MHz discriminator to a voltage-controlled oscillator in the receiver provides frequency stability of the 60-MHz IF signals.
Date: March 1, 1977
Creator: Futch, A. H. & Mortensen, W. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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3-D Cavern Enlargement Analyses

Description: Three-dimensional finite element analyses simulate the mechanical response of enlarging existing caverns at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). The caverns are located in Gulf Coast salt domes and are enlarged by leaching during oil drawdowns as fresh water is injected to displace the crude oil from the caverns. The current criteria adopted by the SPR limits cavern usage to 5 drawdowns (leaches). As a base case, 5 leaches were modeled over a 25 year period to roughly double the volume of a 19 cavern field. Thirteen additional leaches where then simulated until caverns approached coalescence. The cavern field approximated the geometries and geologic properties found at the West Hackberry site. This enabled comparisons are data collected over nearly 20 years to analysis predictions. The analyses closely predicted the measured surface subsidence and cavern closure rates as inferred from historic well head pressures. This provided the necessary assurance that the model displacements, strains, and stresses are accurate. However, the cavern field has not yet experienced the large scale drawdowns being simulated. Should they occur in the future, code predictions should be validated with actual field behavior at that time. The simulations were performed using JAS3D, a three dimensional finite element analysis code for nonlinear quasi-static solids. The results examine the impacts of leaching and cavern workovers, where internal cavern pressures are reduced, on surface subsidence, well integrity, and cavern stability. The results suggest that the current limit of 5 oil drawdowns may be extended with some mitigative action required on the wells and later on to surface structure due to subsidence strains. The predicted stress state in the salt shows damage to start occurring after 15 drawdowns with significant failure occurring at the 16th drawdown, well beyond the current limit of 5 drawdowns.
Date: March 1, 2002
Creator: EHGARTNER, BRIAN L. & SOBOLIK, STEVEN R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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3-D Nonlinear Calculations of Resistive Tearing Modes

Description: Recent numerical calculations of the evolution of resistive tearing modes have been central to the understanding of magnetohydrodynamic activity and disruptions in tokamaks. The nonlinear, 3-D, initial-value computer code RSF has provided many of these results. This code assumes cylindrical geometry with a Fourier series representation in the two periodic coordinates and a finite-difference representation in the radial direction. This choice makes RSF considerably more accurate and efficient than previous codes.
Date: March 1, 1981
Creator: Hicks, H. R.; Holmes, J. A.; Lee, D. K.; Carreras, B. & Waddell, B. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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3-D nonlinear evolution of MHD instabilities

Description: The nonlinear evolution of ideal MHD internal instabilities is investigated in straight cylindrical geometry by means of a 3-D initial-value computer code. These instabilities are characterized by pairs of velocity vortex cells rolling off each other and helically twisted down the plasma column. The cells persist until the poloidal velocity saturates at a few tenths of the Alfven velocity. The nonlinear phase is characterized by convection around these essentially fixed vortex cells. For example, the initially centrally peaked temperature profile is convected out and around to form an annulus of high temperature surrounding a small region of lower temperature. Weak, centrally localized instabilities do not alter the edge of the plasma. Strong, large-scale instabilities, resulting from a stronger longitudinal equilibrium current, drive the plasma against the wall. After three examples of instability are analyzed in detail, the numerical methods and their verification are discussed.
Date: March 1, 1977
Creator: Bateman, G.; Hicks, H. R. & Wooten, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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6 GeV synchrotron x-ray source: Conceptual design report. Supplement A - characteristics of the insertion devices for the 6 GeV synchrotron source

Description: Historically, synchrotron radiation (SR) has been obtained primarily from bending-magnet (BM) sources. These continuous sources of electromagnetic radiation have contributed in a major way to our understanding of the structure and dynamics of biological, chemical and material systems. During the past few years, newer sources of SR based on sophisticated periodic magnetic structures, called insertion devices (IDs), have been developed. The electromagnetic radiation from these IDs can be used as a very versatile probe in scientific and technological research which is far superior to that based on a BM source.
Date: March 1, 1986
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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6 GeV synchrotron x-ray source: Conceptual design report. Supplement B - conceptual design of proposed beam lines for the 6 GeV light source

Description: In this document, preliminary conceptual designs are presented for ten sample beamlines for the 6 GeV Light Source. These beamlines will accommodate investigations in solid-state physics, materials science, materials technology, chemical technology, and biological and medical sciences. In future, the designs will be altered to include new developments in x-ray optics and hardware technologies. The research areas addressed by the samples beamlines are as follows: Topography and Radiography/Tomography (section 2); Inelastic Scattering with Ultrahigh Energy Resolution (Section 3); Surface and Bulk Studies Using High Momentum Resolution (Section 4); Inelastic Scattering from Charge and Spin (Section 5); Advanced X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Studies (Section 6); Small Angle X-Ray Scattering Studies (Section 7); General Purpose Scattering for Materials Studies (Section 8); Multiple-Energy Anomalous-Dispersion Studies of Proteins (Section 9); Protein Crystallography (Section 10); Time- and Space-resolved X-Ray Spectroscopy (Section 11); Medical Diagnostic Facility (Section 12); and Transuranium Research Facility (Section 13). The computer systems to be used on the beamlines are also discussed in Section 14 of this document.
Date: March 1, 1996
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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30 MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage stabilizing coil. Final report for construction

Description: This report covers Phase II, Fabrication and Delivery of the 30 MJ Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Stabilizing Coil. A history of the manufacturing and assembly phase of the magnet is presented. Major problems and solutions are summarized, and illustrations of the major operations are provided. The Quality Assurance program is described with a listing of all nonconformance reports. Design documentation is provided, including a Design Document Index, monthly progress reports, and a list of papers given on the project. Appendices to the report contain copies of released and revised design calculations, test reports, assembly procedure, and nonconformance reports and engineering dispositions.
Date: March 1, 1983
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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40 CFR 265 interim-status ground-water monitoring plan for the 2101-M pond

Description: This report outlines a ground-water monitoring plan for the 2101-M pond, located in the southwestern part of the 200-East Area on the Hanford Site in south-central Washington State. It has been determined that hazardous materials may have been discharged to the pond. Installation of an interim-status ground-water monitoring system is required under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act to determine if hazardous chemicals are moving out of the pond. This plan describes the location of new wells for the monitoring system, how the wells are to be completed, the data to be collected, and how those data can be used to determine the source and extent of any ground-water contamination from the 2101-M pond. Four new wells are planned, one upgradient and three downgradient. 35 refs., 12 figs., 9 tabs.
Date: March 1, 1989
Creator: Chamness, M.A.; Luttrell, S.P. & Dudziak, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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40 CFR 265 interim status indicator-evaluation ground-water monitoring plan for the 216-B-63 trench

Description: This document outlines a ground-water monitoring plan for the 216-B-63 trench located in the northeast corner of the 200-East Area on the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. It has been determined that hazardous materials (corrosives) were disposed of to the trench during past operations. Installation of an interim-status ground-water monitoring system is required to determine whether hazardous chemicals are leaching to the ground water from beneath the trench. This document summarizes the existing data that are available from near the 216-B-63 trench and presents a plan to determine the extent of ground-water contamination, if any, derived from the trench. The plan calls for the installation of four new monitoring wells located near the west end of the trench. These wells will be used to monitor ground-water levels and water quality immediately adjacent to the trench. Two existing RCRA monitoring wells, which are located near the trench and hydraulically upgradient of it, will be used as background wells. 46 refs., 15 figs., 12 tabs.
Date: March 1, 1989
Creator: Bjornstad, B.N. & Dudziak, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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42-inch diameter producer stream gas clean-up system mathematical model

Description: The purpose of this work is to develop a computer simulation program that will expedite the development and aid in the optimization and scale-up of the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) low-Btu coal gasifier system. The gasifier system includes the METC low-Btu fixed-bed gasifier and the producer gas clean-up system. The producer Gas Clean-Up System Simulation Program, the subject of this report, develops the mathematical models and computational procedures for the material balance calculation around each of the seven major process units that constitute the METC producer gas clean-up system: gas cyclone, humidifier, electrostatic precipitator, hydrolysis unit, direct cooler, Stretford process, and final wash tower.
Date: March 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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94-1 Research and development project lead laboratory support. Status report, July 1, 1996--September 30, 1996

Description: This document reports status and technical progress for Los Alamos 94-1 Research and Development projects. Updated schedule charts are shown in the appendix. This is the fourth status report published for Los Alamos National Laboratory 94-1 Research and Development Project Support. The Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE/EM) funds these projects in order to support the storage or disposal of legacy plutonium and plutonium-bearing materials resulting from weapons production throughout the DOE complex. This document also serves as an end-for-year review of projects and positions the program for FY97.
Date: March 1, 1997
Creator: Rink, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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100 Area soil washing bench-scale test procedures

Description: This document describes methodologies and procedures for conducting soil washing treatability tests in accordance with the 100 Area Soil Washing Treatability Test Plan (DOE-RL 1992, Draft A). The objective of this treatability study is to evaluate the use of physical separation systems and chemical extraction methods as a means of separating chemically and radioactively contaminated soil fractions from uncontaminated soil fractions. These data will be primarily used for determining feasibility of the individual unit operations and defining the requirements for a system, or systems, for pilot-scale testing.
Date: March 1, 1993
Creator: Freeman, H. D.; Gerber, M. A.; Mattigod, S. V. & Serne, R. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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100 Area soil washing bench-scale test procedures

Description: This document describes methodologies and procedures for conducting soil washing treatability tests in accordance with the 100 Area Soil Washing Treatability Test Plan (DOE-RL 1992, Draft A). The objective of this treatability study is to evaluate the use of physical separation systems and chemical extraction methods as a means of separating chemically and radioactively contaminated soil fractions from uncontaminated soil fractions. These data will be primarily used for determining feasibility of the individual unit operations and defining the requirements for a system, or systems, for pilot-scale testing.
Date: March 1, 1993
Creator: Freeman, H. D.; Gerber, M. A.; Mattigod, S. V. & Serne, R. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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100 areas technical activities report engineers, February, 1951

Description: This report is a monthly progress report for the 100 Area of the Hanford Reservation, covering work by the plant assistance group and engineering development group. It summarizes activities of these groups in support of the production reactors in this area.
Date: March 1, 1951
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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200 Area treated effluent disposal facility operational test report

Description: This document reports the results of the 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (200 Area TEDF) operational testing activities. These completed operational testing activities demonstrated the functional, operational and design requirements of the 200 Area TEDF have been met.
Date: March 1, 1995
Creator: Crane, A.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A 200-Watt Conduction-Cooled Reactor Power Supply for Space Application

Description: The limited supply of relatively long-half-life isotopes having a reasonably high power density and the low conversion efficiencies obtainable with thermoelectric devices have so far limited the power output of isotope-fueled sources of electric power to several tens of watts. In addition, the high cost of the available isotopes results in a very large expense for isotope-fueled generators producing several hundred watts. It appears that a small, minimumweight, conduction-cooled reactor is an attractive alternate to the isotope-fueled power supplies in the 200-w size range. The proposed reactor is a small, high-density fast core of U/sup 233/ surrounded by a beryllium reflector. This approach, generally speaking, gives a reactor that is more compact and of lighter weight than can be obtained with a moderated system having a softer neutron spectrum. In the reactor design, the path of heat flow is from the core to the inner reflector and then to the thermoelements in close contact with the inner reflector. The reject heat flowing from the thermoelement cold junctions enters the outer pontion of the reflector, which acts as the heat sink and conducts the reject heat to the large, circular, tapered-fin radiator which is attached to the reflector. Survey physics calculations for various reactor systems fueled with U/sup 235/, U/sup 233/, and Pu/sup 239/ are reported. Some limits imposed on the system design by the thermoelectric generator are discussed, and the problem of radiator design for the space environment is treated in some detail. No attempt is made to present a detailed final design of the power supply; rather, the report is restricted to a general delineation of the limits imposed by various parameters and a resulting final conclusion as to the performance limits of small conduction-cooled reactors in this size range. (auth)
Date: March 1, 1963
Creator: MacFarlane, D. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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216-S-1 and S-2 mixed-fission-product crib-characterization study

Description: The 216-S-1 and 2 crib is an underground structure that was used for the disposal of radioactively contaminated liquid waste at the Hanford Site. The crib received acidic, intermediate level, mixed fission-product waste solutions from 1952 to 1956. The 1980 status of radioactive contaminants in the sediment beneath the crib was investigated. The results indicate that the radionuclide distributions are stable, with no evidence of significant translocations found since the late 1960's.
Date: March 1, 1982
Creator: Van Luik, A. E. & Smith, R. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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241-SX Fan driver sheave replacement

Description: This SD documents revision of CVI 17443 which changes the type of motor sheaves driving the K1 fans in SX farm. This revision documents changing the driver (motor) sheave from a variable pitch to a fixed sheave. The drive sheave is changed in response to a recommendation from the Equipment Condition Monitoring Group. Changing the variable pitch sheave to a fixed pitch sheave is expected to reduce the vibration of the fan which will prolong the life of the equipment.
Date: March 1, 1995
Creator: Filkowski, R.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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241-SY-101 strain concentration factor development via nonlinear analysis. Volume 1 of 1

Description: The 241-SY-101 waste storage tank at the Hanford-Site has been known to accumulate and release significant quantities of hydrogen gas. An analysis was performed to assess the tank`s structural integrity when subjected to postulated hydrogen deflagration loads. The analysis addressed many nonlinearities and appealed to a strain-based failure criteria. The model used to predict the global response of the tank was not refined enough to confidently predict local peak strains. Strain concentration factors were applied at structural discontinuities that were based on steel-lined reinforced-concrete containment studies. The discontinuities included large penetrations, small penetrations, springline geometries, stud/liner connections, and the {1/2} inch to 3/8 inch liner thickness transition. The only tank specific strain concentration factor applied in the evaluation was for the {1/2} inch to 3/8 inch liner thickness change in the dome. Review of the tank drawings reveals the possibility that a 4 inches Sch. 40 pipe penetrates the dome thickness transition region. It is not obvious how to combine the strain concentration factors for a small penetration with that of a thickness transition to arrive at a composite strain concentration factor. It is the goal of this effort to make an approximate determination of the relative significance of the 4 inch penetration and the {1/2} inch to 3/8 inch thickness transition in the 241-SY-101 dome geometry. This is accomplished by performing a parametric study with three general finite-element models. The first represents the thickness transition only, the second represents a 4 inch penetration only, and the third combines the thickness transition with a penetration model.
Date: March 1, 1997
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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300 Area dangerous waste tank management system: Compliance plan approach. Final report

Description: In its Dec. 5, 1989 letter to DOE-Richland (DOE-RL) Operations, the Washington State Dept. of Ecology requested that DOE-RL prepare ``a plant evaluating alternatives for storage and/or treatment of hazardous waste in the 300 Area...``. This document, prepared in response to that letter, presents the proposed approach to compliance of the 300 Area with the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act and Washington State`s Chapter 173-303 WAC, Dangerous Waste Regulations. It also contains 10 appendices which were developed as bases for preparing the compliance plan approach. It refers to the Radioactive Liquid Waste System facilities and to the radioactive mixed waste.
Date: March 1, 1996
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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300 Area steam plant replacement, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington: Environmental assessment

Description: Steam to support process operations and facility heating is currently produced by a centralized oil-fired plant located in the 300 Area and piped to approximately 26 facilities in the 300 Area. This plant was constructed during the 1940s and, because of tis age, is not efficient, requires a relatively large operating and maintenance staff, and is not reliable. The US Department of Energy is proposing an energy conservation measure for a number of buildings in the 300 Area of the Hanford Site. This action includes replacing the centralized heating system with heating units for individual buildings or groups of buildings, constructing new natural gas pipelines to provide a fuel source for many of these units and constructing a central control building to operate and maintain the system. A new steel-sided building would be constructed in the 300 Area in a previously disturbed area at least 400 m (one-quarter mile) from the Columbia River, or an existing 300 Area building would be modified and used. This Environmental Assessment evaluates alternatives to the proposed actions. Alternatives considered are: (1) the no action alternative; (2) use of alternative fuels, such as low-sulfur diesel oil; (3) construction of a new central steam plant, piping and ancillary systems; (4) upgrade of the existing central steam plant and ancillary systems; and (5) alternative routing of the gas distribution pipeline that is a part of the proposed action. A biological survey and culture resource review and survey were also conducted.
Date: March 1, 1997
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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300 Area VOC Program Slug Test Characterization Results for Selected Test/Depth Intervals for Wells 399-2-5, 399-3-22, and 399-4-14

Description: Multiple, stress-level slug tests were performed at selected test/depth intervals within wells 399-2-5, 399-3-22, and 399-4-14 as part of the 300 Area volatile organic compound characterization program at the Hanford Site in Washington State. The temporary test screen lengths were characterized as the boreholes were advanced to their final drill depths and before their completion as monitor-well facilities. Following well completion, slug tests were performed in the final, completed well-screen sections. The objectives of the slug tests were to provide the vertical distribution of hydraulic conductivity with depth at these locations and to support selection of the final well screen-depth interval for each of these monitor-well facilities.
Date: March 1, 2008
Creator: Newcomer, Darrell R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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300 Area waste acid treatment system closure plan. Revision 1

Description: This section provides a description of the Hanford Site, identifies the proposed method of 300 Area Waste Acid Treatment System (WATS) closure, and briefly summarizes the contents of each chapter of this plan.
Date: March 1, 1996
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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