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Flight Measurements of the Directional Stability and Control of a P-51D Airplane with a Horn-Balanced Rudder as Compared with Previously Tested Vertical-Tail Configurations

Description: At the request of the Air Materiel Command, Army Air Forces, flight tests were conducted on a P-5lD-20-NA (AAF No. 44-63826) airplane equipped with a horn-balanced rudder. This rudder was fitted with an unbalancing tab as was the original product fan rudder. Tests were made both with the unbalancing tab in operation and with the unbalancing tab locked. The modification to the original vertical tail consisted of removing the cap from the top of the fin and adding 1.91 square feet of area to the rudder as the horn balance and 0.82 square foot of area to the top of the rudder aft of the hinge line. A comparison of the directional stability and control characteristics of the P-51D airplane with three different vertical-tail configurations - the horn balance, original production, and extended tail (with unbalancing tab locked) configurations are presented herein. The tests of the horn-balanced rudder were conducted at the Langley Laboratory in 1945. The tests of the original-tail configuration were previously conducted at the Ames Aeronautical Laboratory. Tests of the extended-tail configuration were conducted at the Langley Laboratory and are reported.
Date: December 3, 1946
Creator: Mungall, Robert G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ditching Tests of a 1/9-Size Model of the Army P-38 Airplane in Langley Tank No. 2 and at the Outdoor Catapult

Description: A dynamically similar model of the Army P-38 airplane was tested to determine the best way to land this airplane on the water and to determine its probable ditching performance. The tests consisted of ditching the model at various landing attitudes, flap settings, speeds, weights, and conditions of simulated damage. The model was ditched in calm water from the tank towing carriage and a few ditching were made in both calm and rough water at the outdoor catapult. The performance of the model was determined by making visual observations, by recording lengths of run and time histories of decelerations, and by taking motion pictures of the ditchings.
Date: December 3, 1946
Creator: Jarvis, George A. & Cederborg, Gibson A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Investigation of the Knock-Limited Performance of a Triptane Blend, a Toluene Blend, and 28-R Fuel in an R-1830-75 Engine

Description: Knock-limited performance data were obtained for three fuels on an R-1830-75 engine in a B-24D airplane at engine speeds of 1800, 2250, and 2600 rpm, a spark advance of 25 degrees B.T.C., and carburetor-air temperatures of 85 F for 1800 and 2250 rpm and 100 F for 2600 rpm. The test fuels were a blend of 80 percent 28-R plus 20 percent triptane (leaded to 4.5 ml TEL/gal), a blend of 80 percent 28-R plus 15 percent toluene (leaded to 4.5 ml TEL / gal), and 28-R fuel. The knock-limited manifold pressure of the toluene blend depreciated more in the lean region than the triptane blend or 28-R fuel. The knock-limited brake horsepower for the triptane blend varied from 16 to 25 percent higher than 28-R in the lean region and 18 to 30 percent higher in the rich region. The knock-limited brake horsepower of the toluene blend was approximately 15 percent higher than that of 28-R in the rich region and varied from 2 to 10 percent higher in the lean region. Knock limits of the triptane blend and 28-R fuel tested in the R-1830-75 engine agreed with limits for the same fuels determined with the R-1830-94 engine for engine speeds of 1800 and 2250 rpm.
Date: September 3, 1946
Creator: Blackman, Calvin C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department