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Nanotechnology: Small Matters

Description: The primary objective of this project was to engage members of the public in an active and balanced deliberative discussion about the social, ethical, legal, environmental, and policy issues arising from nanotechnologies. A second but equally important objective was to interest members of the public in learning more about science and technology and nanotechnology specifically by understanding how it will affect their lives. The objectives were met through a series of electronic and face-to-face citizen forums conducted in conjunction with three Fred Friendly Seminars being taped on the University of California, Berkeley campus in partnership with Lawrence Hall of Science (this forum was conducted in partnership with the St. Louis Science Center); the Boston Museum of Science in Boston, MA; and the State Museum of South Carolina in Columbia, South Carolina. The topical area for each forum paralleled the content of the Fred Friendly Seminars series being taped at each location, but specific topics/issues were drawn from the concerns and interests of the communities. The three topical areas included Environmental Impact (St. Louis), Privacy vs. Security (Boston), and Health and Enhancement (Columbia). The PI and project leader worked with the local science centers to identify stakeholder groups, such as academic, corporate and government scientists; environmental advocates; business leaders; science and technology journalists; and public policy makers within each community. Representatives from each group along with members of the general public were invited to participate in a series of on line and in person deliberations that were designed to provide basic information about the science, its potential benefits and risks, and avenues for public participation in policy formulation. On line resources were designed and managed by ScienceVIEW at Lawrence Hall of Science and Earth & Sky, Inc. The activities at each site were evaluated by Inverness Research Associates to assess whether ...
Date: June 30, 2008
Creator: Needham, Cynthia
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental Impacts of Synthetic Based Drilling Fluids

Description: This report covers the observed environmental impacts of synthetic based drilling fluids (SBF) that are used in deepwater oil drilling. It is found that SBF tends to accumulate in the sediment which tends to exhibit low toxicity and effects the living organisms in various ways.
Date: August 2000
Creator: Neff, J. M.; McKelvie, S. & Ayers, R.C., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual Report on the Environment, the Sound Material-Cycle Society and the Biodiversity 2009

Description: The white paper on comprehensive environmental policy describes the role of Japan's economy in a sound global environment. In the first part, the report describes current the environmental conditions of the Earth and of Japan, human activities in Japan and overseas, their environmental impacts, and the pathway to the environmental century. The second part of the white paper reports on various measures.
Date: November 2009
Creator: [Japan] Ministry of the Environment
Partner: UNT Libraries

Photovoltaics Promise...The Federal Role: National Center for Photovoltaics PV FAQs (Fact sheet)

Description: The ''photovoltaic promise'' is that this solar technology is good for our nation's energy supply, good for our environment, good for our economy, and good for our future. This FAQ sheet briefly discusses details in each of these four areas. It also explains the federal role in solar electricity, specifically, the U.S. Department of Energy's PV Program, whose twofold purpose is to accelerate the development of PV as a global energy option and to assure U.S. technology and global market leadership.
Date: June 1, 1998
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Akzo Nobel Morris Plant Implements a Site-Wide Energy Efficiency Plan

Description: Akzo Nobel's Surface Chemistry plant in Morris, Illinois, implemented an energy efficiency plan, which included a plant-wide energy efficiency assessment. The assessment revealed opportunities to save an estimated$1.2 million per year in operating and energy costs, reduce environmental impacts, and improve production capacity.
Date: January 1, 2003
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

User Instructions for the Systems Assessment Capability, Rev. 0, Computer Codes Volume 2: Impact Modules

Description: One activity of the Department of Energy?s Groundwater/Vadose Zone Integration Project is an assessment of cumulative impacts from Hanford Site wastes on the subsurface environment and the Columbia River. Through the application of a system assessment capability (SAC), decisions for each cleanup and disposal action will be able to take into account the composite effect of other cleanup and disposal actions. The SAC has developed a suite of computer programs to simulate the migration of contaminants (analytes) present on the Hanford Site and to assess the potential impacts of the analytes, including dose to humans, socio-cultural impacts, economic impacts, and ecological impacts. The general approach to handling uncertainty in the SAC computer codes is a Monte Carlo approach. Conceptually, one generates a value for every stochastic parameter in the code (the entire sequence of modules from inventory through transport and impacts) and then executes the simulation, obtaining an output value, or result. This document provides user instructions for the SAC codes that generate human, ecological, economic, and cultural impacts.
Date: December 1, 2001
Creator: Eslinger, Paul W. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Arimescu, Carmen (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Kanyid, Beverly A. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)) & Miley, Terri B. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

GeoPowering the West: Geothermal Energy--The Bountiful, Clean Energy Source for the West

Description: General brochure outlining benefits and activities of DOE Geothermal Technologies Program GeoPowering the West project. The U.S. Department of Energy GeoPowering the West (GPW) project increases awareness of how geothermal energy will enhance local economies and strengthen our nation's energy security while minimizing environmental impact. Working in cooperative effort with the American geothermal industry, power producers and suppliers, industrial consumers, residential end-users, tribes, and federal, state, and local officials, GPW provides technical support, guidance, information, and assistance to states and local communities to explore and develop their own geothermal energy resources. GPW goals are to double the number of states generating geothermal electricity to eight by 2006, and to supply heat or power needs to seven million Western homes and businesses by 2015.
Date: September 1, 2002
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Safety of Photovoltaics: National Center for Photovoltaics PV FAQs (Fact Sheet)

Description: This FAQ sheet explains that photovoltaic technologies are safe. They have far fewer risks and environmental impacts than conventional sources of energy. Nonetheless, there are some environmental, safety, and health challenges associated with making, using, and disposing of solar cells. This sheet discusses the safety of today's technologies of silicon, amorphous silicon, copper indium diselenide, and cadmium telluride.
Date: June 1, 1999
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Highlighting High Performance: Department of Environmental Protection; Cambria Office Building, Ebensburg, Pennsylvania

Description: The 36,000-square-foot Cambria Office building in Ebensbug, Pennsylvania houses the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection. Designers of the energy-efficient building used integrated design to minimize energy use and pollution created in the production of the materials they used, and reduced the overall pollution and environmental impact the building will create over its lifetime. The building also employs daylighting and renewable energy technologies.
Date: October 1, 2001
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department