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Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR): Controversies for the 108th Congress

Description: This report discusses one major element of the energy debate in the 108th Congress, which has been whether to approve energy development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in northeastern Alaska, and if so, under what conditions, or whether to continue to prohibit development to protect the area's biological resources. The Refuge is an area rich in fauna, flora, and commercial oil potential. Current law forbids energy leasing in the Refuge.
Date: November 1, 2004
Creator: Corn, M. L.; Gelb, Bernard A. & Baldwin, Pamela
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stream Catalog of Eastern Section of Ketchikan Management District of Southeastern Alaska

Description: From abstract: This report contains information about part of Southeastern Alaska salmon streams is cataloged from the voluminous records of the Fisheries Research Institute of the University of Washington, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Alaska Salmon Industry, and Alaska Department of Fish and Game, and other agencies.
Date: April 1959
Creator: Martin, John Wilson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stream Catalog of Southeastern Alaska, Regulatory District Nos. 3 and 4

Description: From introduction: The pink salmon of Southeastern Alaska are an important fishery resource that appear in more than 1,100 known spawning streams. Information on each stream is presented by a stream description and, when available, a map and escapement record.
Date: August 1963
Creator: Orrell, Russell F.; Rosier, Carl & Simpson, Lyle R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alaska Rural and Native Villages Program

Description: This document is the Office of Wastewater Management's (OWM) Grant Guidelines for the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Alaska Rural and Native Villages Program.
Date: unknown
Creator: United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Wastewater Management.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Report on the Ketchikan Mining District, Alaska, with an Introductory Sketch of the Geology of Southeastern Alaska

Description: From introduction: Since 1898 the United States Geological Survey has been carrying on a systematic investigation of the mineral resources of Alaska.As the northern mining districts of southeastern Alaska had already been the subject of an investigation by Dr. Becker in 1895,a and as the Ketchikan district was being rapidly developed, it was decided to spend the greater part of the short season in the Ketchikan district and in the fall to make a more hasty reconnaissance of the northern belt, in order to obtain a general familiarity with the region and, if possible, to establish some correlations. This plan was carried out, and the results of the work are embodied in the following report.
Date: 1902
Creator: Brooks, Alfred Hulse
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Reconnaissance of the Northwestern Portion of Seward Peninsula, Alaska

Description: From introduction: In response to an urgent demand by the public, the Geological Survey, in 1900, undertook a topographic and geologic reconnaissance of the southern half of the Seward Peninsula.( The area mapped embraced the more important gold fields of the peninsula. The topographic map made in 1900 included the drainage of Bering Sea from Cape Darby to Port Clarence, the southern drainage of Grantley Harbor and Imuruk Basin, and the northern drainage of Norton Sound. A geologic reconnaissance was also made of the York mining district and of part of the Kuzitrin drainage.
Date: 1902
Creator: Collier, Arthur J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Platinum Deposits of the Goodnews Bay District, Alaska

Description: From abstract: Platinum placers were discovered in 1926 in a small area south of Goodnews Bay, in southwestern Alaska. Beginning in 1927, the placers were worked for 7 years by small-scale mining methods; in later years dragline excavators and a dredge were utilized. These deposits are important, not only because they are of high grade but because they are the only commercial source of platinum metals in the United States. This report details the deposits in this district.
Date: 1976
Creator: Mertie, John Beaver, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental Geochemical Studies of Selected Mineral Deposits in Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska

Description: From abstract: Environmental geochemical investigations took place in Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve (WRST), Alaska, between 1994 and 1997. Areas studied include the historic Kennecott stratabound copper mines and mill area; the historic mines and mill in the Bremner district, where gold was produced from polymetallic veins; the sporadically active gold placer mines at Gold Hill; the undisturbed, unmined porphyry copper-molybdenum deposits at Orange Hill and Bond Creek; and the historic mines and mill at Nabesna, where gold-bearing iron skarn deposits were exploited. The cooperative study between the U.S. Geological Survey and the National Park Service focused on identifying and characterizing geochemical signatures associated with these mineralized areas. Sample media included surface water, bedload sediment, rock, mine waste, and mill tailings samples.
Date: 2000
Creator: Eppinger, Robert G.; Briggs, Paul H.; Rosenkrans, Danny S. & Ballestrazze, Vanessa
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Real-Time Monitoring of Field Measurements for Mine Design: Greens Creek Mine, Admiralty Island, Alaska

Description: Abstract: Researchers at the U.S. Bureau of Mines conducted field investigations at the Greens Creek Mine in southeast Alaska for the purpose of validating computer design of mining methods and assessing real-time monitoring capabilities. The field study required the application of new technology because of the remoteness of the study site, the need for timely acquisition of data, and a limited budget for instruments and data acquisition. Various sensors were installed to monitor rock mass deformation and strain, temperature, SO gas emissions, and blasting. Data were collected through a distributed personal computer network and high-speed modems. These readings were used to develop visualization models of underground metal mining operations and drift-and-fill mining and real-time graphics displays of ground conditions. Results of the field tests showed that it is possible to gather, process, visualize, and verify mine designs on a real-time basis.
Date: 1996
Creator: Orr, T. J. & Beus, Michael J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lode Deposits of Eureka and Vicinity, Kantishna District, Alaska

Description: From abstract: The Kantishna mining district is about 90 miles west of McKinley Park station on the Alaska Railroad. The part of the district covered by this report comprises an area of about 72 square miles in the form of a strip 6 miles wide and 13 miles long. The bedrock is mainly a metamorphic series of rocks which within the area has been differentiated into a quartz-muscovite schist and a calcareous faces that ranges from limestone to chlorite schist. A few small dikes of quartz porphyry and diabase intrude the schist. The general structure trends N. 700 E., and from an axis that extends from Eldorado Creek northeastward to Spruce Peak the schistosity dips to the northwest and southeast. It is along this axis that the heaviest mineralization has occurred.
Date: 1933
Creator: Wells, Francis G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Past Placer-Gold Production from Alaska

Description: "To the end of 1930 Alaska, according to the records of the Geological Survey, had produced placer gold to the value of $258,962,000 from mines widely scattered throughout its length and breadth. The distribution of the placers from which the gold was recovered has been stated in more or less detail in the annual summaries published by the Geological Survey on the mineral industry of Alaska and also in its more complete reports on many of the individual mining districts. Although these summaries and reports have furnished information regarding the larger regions, they have not always given specific details regarding the smaller districts. Furthermore, there has been no recent attempt to assemble and publish in one place the scattered statistics regarding the placer-gold production by years and by regions and districts. The purpose of the present report is to set forth in condensed but comprehensive form a summary of the placer-gold production of Alaska so far as it can be determined from the available official records."
Date: 1933
Creator: Smith, Philip S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Curry District, Alaska

Description: From abstract: The Curry district lies on the south flank of the Alaska Range, on the southeast side of Mount McKinley. Most of it is west of the Alaska Railroad. The eastern portion can be easily reached from several points along the railroad route, but the western portion is much more difficult of access, owing to the numerous glacial streams and the rugged topography. The relief of the area is great, the elevation ranging from 500 feet along the Chulitna River to 20,300 feet at Mount McKinley. The Chulitna River, a tributary of the Susitna River, drains the larger part of the area described. It flows in a broad valley in the eastern part of the district, and here the maximum relief is about 3,000 feet. The western part of the district is very rugged, with numerous peaks over 6,000 feet in elevation which have sheer slopes and almost unscalable pinnacles. Winding down through this maze of rugged mountains are four major valley glaciers-Eldridge, Buckskin, Ruth, and Tokichitna-and many tributary and smaller glaciers. Practically the entire district, with the exception of the higher peaks and ridges, has been glaciated. Timber grows along the main streams and extends to an elevation of 2,000 feet, but a large portion of the district lies above that elevation.
Date: 1934
Creator: Tuck, Ralph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lode Deposits of the Fairbanks District, Alaska

Description: From abstract: To help the mining industry of Alaska and to assist in the development of the mineral resources of the Territory have been the prime motives of the Geological Survey's investigations in Alaska during the past 35 years, in which nearly one half of the Territory has been covered by its reconnaissance and exploratory surveys. It was natural, therefore, that the Alaska Railroad, when it undertook intensive consideration of the problem of finding tonnage that would increase its revenues, should look to the Geological Survey to supply technical information as to the known mineral deposits along its route and to indicate what might be done to stimulate a larger production of minerals and induce further mining developments and prospecting that would utilize its service.
Date: 1933
Creator: Hill, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Core Drilling for Coal in the Moose Creek Area, Alaska

Description: From abstract: The Moose Creek area is in the western part of the Matanuska Valley, in south-central Alaska, about 165 miles by railroad north of the coast at Seward. Coal deposits in the valley have been known since the early 1890's, and there have been producing mines since 1916, but the annual production is only about 40,000 tons, or less than one-third of the total amount consumed in the Territory. Early in 1931 Congress authorized the investigation of mineral resources in areas tributary to the Alaska Railroad, which is Government owned and operated, for the purpose of stimulating development and hence increasing the traffic and revenue of the railroad. The technical work of carrying on these studies was entrusted by Col. O. F. Ohlson, general manager of the railroad, to the United States Geological Survey. One of the investigations undertaken was that of the Moose Creek area, where small coal mines are in operation. Difficulties have been encountered in these mines, owing to the faulted character of the formation, which causes unproductive work in mining and also produces a large percentage of fine coal, which is unsuitable for sale in distant markets. Field examination indicated that more favorable mining conditions might be found somewhat farther west. Core drilling was therefore done in 1932, in order to learn if workable beds of coal were present that might he mined at less cost and produce a better product than the present mines for competitive sale in markets of the Pacific coast.
Date: 1934
Creator: Waring, Gerald A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Notes on the Geology of the Alaska Peninsula and the Aleutian Islands

Description: Abstract: During the spring of 1932 an opportunity was offered by the United States Navy for a geologist to accompany an expedition organized to make a reconnaissance of the western part of Alaska Peninsula and the Aleutian Islands. This expedition visited several localities the geology of which was little known. It was found, as had already been expected, that the islands west of Unimak Pass are composed mainly of basic volcanic lavas and fragmental materials, into which have later been injected dikes, sills, and considerable masses of intrusive rocks, some of which are of acidic types and of granitic texture. These westward islands are bordered both to the north and south by depressions 2,000 fathoms or more in depth, and the islands have apparently been built up from that depth by the ejection and extrusion of volcanic materials since early Tertiary time. No rocks of proved pre-Tertiary age were seen, and the only sedimentary materials present may well have been derived from the erosion of the volcanic islands after they were built up above sea level. On the Alaska Peninsula pre-Tertiary sediments through which the volcanic materials broke to the surface are abundantly present. There is evidence that all the larger islands and the higher portions of the peninsula were severely glaciated during Pleistocene time. Each of the larger islands was the center of ice accumulation and dispersal, and the present topography, except upon recently active volcanic cones, shows strongly the effects of glacial sculpture.
Date: 1934
Creator: Capps, Stephen R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reconnaissance for Uranium in the Lost River Area, Seward Peninsula, Alaska

Description: Abstract: Reconnaissance for uranium in the Lost River area, Seward Peninsula, Alaska, during the 1951 field season revealed the presence of minor amounts of radioactive material in mineralized portions of rhyolitic dikes and in a small iron-enriched zone in limestone. The dikes contain as much as 0.01 percent equivalent uranium locally and average 00005 percent equivalent uranium. The radioactive material occurs as a secondary hematitic coating of the dike rock. The iron-enriched zone has an average content of about 0.06 percent equivalent uranium with the radioactive material occuring in limonite, hematite, goethite, and mimetite. The radioactivity of these minerals is due to the presence of uranium as an impurity. No uranium deposits of economic importance were found.
Date: June 1952
Creator: White, Max Gregg & West, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Occurrence of Zeunerite at Brooks Mountains, Seward Peninsula, Alaska

Description: Abstract: Zeunerite occurs near the surface of a granite stock on the southwest flank of Brooks Mountain, Alaska. The largest deposit is at the Foggy Day prospect where zeunerite is disseminated in hematite which partially or totally fills openings and vugs in a highly oxidized lensshaped body of pegmatitic granite and to a minor extent in openings and cracks in the weathered granite enclosing the lens. Although a few specimens from the pegmatitic lens contain as high as 2.1 percent equivalent uranium, the overall average content of the lens rock is between 0.1 and 0.2 percent equivalent uranium and about 0.07 percent equivalent uranium for both the lens material and the surrounding zeunerite-bearing granite.
Date: June 1952
Creator: West, Walter S. & White, Max Gregg
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Trace Elements Reconnaissance on the South Fork of Quartz Creek, Northeastern Seward Peninsula, Alaska

Description: Abstract: Two uranium-bearing minerals, uranothorianite and thorite (?), were found in the stream gravels of the main branch of the South Fork of Quartz Creek, a tributary of the Kiwalik River. Although the bedrock source of the minerals was not located, the radioactive material was traced in slope wash well above the stream gravel. A detailed investigation of the area with more sensitive counters might reveal the source of the minerals and localities where the minerals are sufficiently concentrated to be minable.
Date: May 1950
Creator: Killeen, P. L. & White, Max Gregg
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiometric Examination of Rock Specimens from Mount McKinley, Alaska

Description: Abstract: A suite of 50 rock specimens, collected by the 1947 Washburn Mount McKinley Expedition, was scanned radiometrically. The maximum radioactivity observed in any one of the specimens was about twice background. Radiometric analyses of the most radioactive samples show that a sample of vein quartz coated with manganese oxide contains 0.009 percent equivalent uranium and that the maximum equivalent uranium content of granitic rock types is .004 percent. The radioactivity of the manganese-stained quartz is probably due to traces of uranium in the manganese mineral, whereas that of the granitic rocks is due to radioactive accessory minerals.
Date: February 1951
Creator: Matzko, John J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department