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Temporary Protected Status: Overview and Current Issues

Description: This report discusses Temporary Protected Status (TPS) which is offered to nationals of designated countries who due to civil unrest, natural disasters, and armed conflicts cannot safely return home. This report begins by situating TPS in the context of humanitarian responses to migration. Another form of blanket relief from removal--Deferred Enforced Departure (DED)--is also described, as is the historical use of these relief mechanisms. The report then provides data on the countries currently designated for TPS, including the conditions that have contributed to their designation. Past legislation to provide lawful permanent resident status to certain TPS-designated foreign nationals is also described, and the report concludes with examples of activity in the 115th Congress related to TPS.
Date: November 2, 2017
Creator: Wilson, Jill H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Arms Shipments to Iran

Description: This report provides background and examines key questions in regards to the shipments of arms to Iran and the subsequent diversion of funds to Nicaraguan guerrillas by the Reagan Administration.
Date: April 3, 1987
Creator: Preece, Richard M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Agricultural Trade in a U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)

Description: As part of its overall trade strategy, the Bush Administration over the last year began negotiating bilateral free trade area (FTA) agreements with four regional blocs or countries. Negotiations on a U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) involving Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua began in late January 2003 and are currently scheduled to conclude this December. While negotiators have reportedly made progress in a number of areas, efforts to formulate a framework for handling agricultural trade have been slow.
Date: October 31, 2003
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues

Description: When civil unrest, violence, or natural disasters erupt in spots around the world, concerns arise over the safety of nationals from these troubled places who are in the United States. Provisions exist in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) to offer temporary protected status (TPS) or relief from removal under specified circumstances. The United States currently provides TPS to nationals from seven countries: Burundi, El Salvador, Honduras, Liberia, Nicaragua, Somalia, and Sudan. Under the INA, the executive branch grants TPS. Congress, however, has also granted TPS legislatively, and legislation pertaining to TPS has received action in the 110th Congress.
Date: September 30, 2008
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Ester, Karma
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues

Description: This report is a brief overview of current policies regarding temporary protected status (TPS), which is relief from removal under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). It includes information about humanitarian migrants, temporary protected status, other blanket forms of relief, nationalities receiving protections, and issues with TPS, as well as recent legislation.
Date: January 12, 2015
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa; Ester, Karma & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Afro-Latinos in Latin America and Considerations for U.S. Policy

Description: This report reviews and analyzes the situation, concerns, and activities of Afro-descendants in the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking nations of Latin America. It then discusses current U.S. foreign aid programs, as well as multilateral initiatives, that have directly or indirectly assisted Afro-Latinos. The report concludes with a discussion of potential policy options that have been proposed should the United States elect to provide further support for Afro-Latinos.
Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Seelke, Claire Ribando
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[News Clip: Nicaragua]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story.
Date: July 19, 1979, 6:00 p.m.
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[News Clip: Encounter]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story.
Date: July 27, 1979, 6:00 p.m.
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues

Description: When civil unrest, violence, or natural disasters erupt in spots around the world, concerns arise over the safety of foreign nationals residing in the United States who are from these troubled places. Provisions exist in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) to offer temporary protected status (TPS) or relief from removal under specified circumstances. A foreign national who is granted TPS receives a registration document and an employment authorization for the duration of TPS. The United States currently provides TPS or deferred enforced departure (DED) to over 300,000 foreign nationals from a total of eight countries: El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, Somalia, Sudan, and most recently Southern Sudan and Syria.
Date: April 2, 2012
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Ester, Karma
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[News Script: Hughes stocks]

Description: Script from the WBAP-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, relating a news story about a meeting with Howard Hughes to discuss an offering of stocks.
Date: 1972-10-27T24:00:00
Creator: WBAP-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

War Powers Litigation Initiated by Members of Congress Since the Enactment of the War Powers Resolution

Description: This report summarizes the eight cases initiated by Members of Congress in which final rulings were reached, which concerned U.S. military activities in El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Grenada; military action taken during the Persian Gulf conflict between Iraq and Iran; U.S. activities in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait (prior to the congressional authorization); U.S. participation in NATO's action in Kosovo and Yugoslavia; and U.S. military action in Libya.
Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[View of Lake Nicaragua]

Description: Photograph of a view of Lake Nicaragua. An individual can be seen rowing a canoe on the lake. A few small patches of land are present on the lake.
Date: [1969..]
Creator: Parlee, Lorena M.
Location Info:
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Building damaged by an earthquake]

Description: Photograph of a multi-story building that was damaged by the 1972 Managua earthquake. Multiple automobiles are parked in the streets near the building. This earthquake had a magnitude of 6.2 and hit the capital of Nicarauga on Saturday, December 23 of 1972.
Date: [1972..1980]
Creator: Parlee, Lorena M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Dock at Lake Nicaragua]

Description: Photograph of a dock on Lake Nicaragua. A few boats can be seen out on the water. A silhouette of mountains is visible in the distance. Lake Nicaragua is the largest lake in Central America.
Date: [1969..]
Creator: Parlee, Lorena M.
Location Info:
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[León Cathedral in Nicaragua]

Description: Photograph of León Cathedral in León, Nicaragua. The cathedral is also known as "Cathedral-Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary." The Baroque style cathedral was consecrated in 1860, and the construction of the cathedral began in 1747.
Date: [1969..]
Creator: Parlee, Lorena M.
Location Info:
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Lake Managua]

Description: Photograph of a view of Lake Managua in Nicaragua. The lake is surrounded by land that is covered in lush greenery. A white building can be seen in the distance on the right side of the image.
Date: [1969..]
Creator: Parlee, Lorena M.
Location Info:
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Busy street in Granada, Nicaragua]

Description: Photograph of a busy street in Granada, Nicaragua. A horse carriage and multiple buildings are traveling down the street. A building with curved archways and columns can be seen on the left side of the street.
Date: [1969..]
Creator: Parlee, Lorena M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Van parked on a road]

Description: Photograph of a van parked on a road in Nicaragua. The side of the road is surrounded by lush greenery. The van is parked nearby Lake Nicaragua, which is not visible in the photograph.
Date: [1969..]
Creator: Parlee, Lorena M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Dirt road in the Port of Corinto]

Description: Photograph of a dirt road in Corinto, Nicaragua. A row of buildings can be seen on the right of the road with automobiles parked in front of them. On the opposite side of the road, a large metal building, a water tower, and trucks are visible. Individuals are crossing the street and standing near the buildings.
Date: [1969..]
Creator: Parlee, Lorena M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
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