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Nepal: Political Developments and Bilateral Relations with the United States

Description: This report concerns the political developments and bilateral relations of Nepal with the United States. Nepal has been described as a yam between two boulders. Nepal's geopolitical status as a small, landlocked buffer state situated between two Asian giants - India and China - has severely constrained its foreign policy and trade options. Although Nepal has sought to maintain friendly relations with both neighbors, its cultural, linguistic, religious and economic ties with India historically h… more
Date: October 23, 2008
Creator: Vaughn, Bruce
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Freshwater Under Threat: South Asia

Description: This report focuses on three major South Asian river basins: the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna River Basin, the Helmand River Basin, and the Indus River Basin. The authors use a composite Water Vulnerability Index based on development pressures, ecology, and other factors, to demonstrate the vulnerability of the river basins.
Date: unknown
Creator: Babel, Mukland S. & Wahid, Shahriar M.
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

China-India Border Tensions at Doka-La

Description: This report discusses border disputes between China and India in the Himalayas and the recent dispute at Doka La over China extending a road into disputed territory between Bhutan and China.
Date: August 9, 2017
Creator: Vaughn, Bruce
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of Arpo ritual song

Description: Before the Arpo rituals, Mr. Karma Wangdi performs a song about royalty in Kongü stating that his body and possessions (sword, helmet, belt, boots, body armor, bow, and arrow) belong to King Gaser Gyalpo.
Date: June 18, 2022
Duration: 1 minute 23 seconds
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Demonstration of Nêpo appeasement rituals

Description: Mr. Karma Wangdi demonstrates the Bon ritual ceremonies used to appease Nêpo, a local ghost or spirit who steals the life force of humans. The name Nêpo is Dakpa for 'guest'. He can be appeased by raising prayer flags using mugwort and offering wine. Also present were Gajay and Wangdi's grandchildren. Partial time-aligned transcription and translation into English.
Date: 2022-06/2023-06~
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Demonstration of Nêpo appeasement rituals

Description: Mr. Karma Wangdi demonstrates the Bon ritual ceremonies used to appease Nêpo, a local ghost or spirit who steals the life force of humans. The name Nêpo is Dakpa for 'guest'. He can be appeased by raising prayer flags using mugwort and offering wine. Also present were Gajay and Wangdi's grandchildren. Time-aligned translation into English.
Date: 2022-06/2023-06~
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Demonstration of Nêpo appeasement rituals

Description: Mr. Karma Wangdi demonstrates the Bon ritual ceremonies used to appease Nêpo, a local ghost or spirit who steals the life force of humans. The name Nêpo is Dakpa for 'guest'. He can be appeased by raising prayer flags using mugwort and offering wine. Also present were Gajay and Wangdi's grandchildren.
Date: June 19, 2022
Duration: 1 minute 37 seconds
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Conversation and demonstration of Nêpo appeasement rituals

Description: After a casual conversation, Mr. Karma Wangdi demonstrates the Bon ritual ceremonies used to appease Nêpo, a local ghost or spirit who steals the life force of humans. He appeases Nêpo, asking him to divert life's obstacles. Partial time-aligned transcription and translation into English.
Date: 2022-06/2023-06~
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Demonstration of Nêpo appeasement rituals

Description: Mr. Karma Wangdi demonstrates the Bon ritual ceremonies used to appease Nêpo, a local ghost or spirit who steals the life force of humans. The name Nêpo is Dakpa for 'guest'. He can be appeased by raising prayer flags using mugwort and offering wine. Also present were Gajay and Wangdi's grandchildren.
Date: June 19, 2022
Duration: 1 minute 37 seconds
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Description of Tshong Tshongma appeasement rituals

Description: Mr. Karma Wangdi describes the Bon ritual ceremonies used to appease Tshong Tshongma, the most sacred mountain in Eastern Bhutan. It is accessible only for four months per year due to local customs and myths. At over 4000m, Tshong Tshongma is a very important deity, especially to the people in its vicinity. They appease Tshong Tshongma before making offerings to the other local deities by raising three flags, burning three units of incense, and offering wine. When someone is seriously ill near … more
Date: 2022-06/2023-06
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Description of Tshong Tshongma appeasement rituals

Description: Mr. Karma Wangdi describes the Bon ritual ceremonies used to appease Tshong Tshongma, the most sacred mountain in Eastern Bhutan. It is accessible only for four months per year due to local customs and myths. At over 4000m, Tshong Tshongma is a very important deity, especially to the people in its vicinity. They appease Tshong Tshongma before making offerings to the other local deities by raising three flags, burning three units of incense, and offering wine. When someone is seriously ill near … more
Date: 2022-06/2023-06
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Description of Tshong Tshongma appeasement rituals

Description: Mr. Karma Wangdi describes the Bon ritual ceremonies used to appease Tshong Tshongma, the most sacred mountain in Eastern Bhutan. It is accessible only for four months per year due to local customs and myths. At over 4000m, Tshong Tshongma is a very important deity, especially to the people in its vicinity. They appease Tshong Tshongma before making offerings to the other local deities by raising three flags, burning three units of incense, and offering wine. When someone is seriously ill near … more
Date: June 19, 2022
Duration: 7 minutes 38 seconds
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Performance of the Arpo dance ritual, part 8

Description: 'Arpo' is a generic term for the naked dance ritual practiced in Chema village, Trashiyangtse, Bhutan. Mr. Karma Wangdi is well-known for his efforts to sustain these rituals in Chema village. In this recording, he is concluding the dance with praise to the father, mother, son, and daughter, as well as the feast, the auspicious day, and to the people gathered for the dance ritual.
Date: June 19, 2022
Duration: 2 minutes 47 seconds
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Description of Tshong Tshongma appeasement rituals

Description: Mr. Karma Wangdi describes the Bon ritual ceremonies used to appease Tshong Tshongma, the most sacred mountain in Eastern Bhutan. It is accessible only for four months per year due to local customs and myths. At over 4000m, Tshong Tshongma is a very important deity, especially to the people in its vicinity. They appease Tshong Tshongma before making offerings to the other local deities by raising three flags, burning three units of incense, and offering wine. When someone is seriously ill near … more
Date: June 19, 2022
Duration: 7 minutes 38 seconds
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Performance of the Arpo dance ritual, part 8

Description: 'Arpo' is a generic term for the naked dance ritual practiced in Chema village, Trashiyangtse, Bhutan. Mr. Karma Wangdi is well-known for his efforts to sustain these rituals in Chema village. In this recording, he is concluding the dance with praise to the father, mother, son, and daughter, as well as the feast, the auspicious day, and to the people gathered for the dance ritual.
Date: June 19, 2022
Duration: 2 minutes 47 seconds
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Performance of the Arpo dance ritual, part 11

Description: 'Arpo' is a generic term for the naked dance ritual practiced in Chema village, Trashiyangtse, Bhutan. Mr. Karma Wangdi is well-known for his efforts to sustain these rituals in Chema village. In this recording, he is sings about the mythical king Ling, known as Gäser Gyelpo. Ling is travelling eastward to Hör, a mythical demonic kingdom.
Date: June 19, 2022
Duration: 2 minutes 12 seconds
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Performance of the Arpo dance ritual, part 11

Description: 'Arpo' is a generic term for the naked dance ritual practiced in Chema village, Trashiyangtse, Bhutan. Mr. Karma Wangdi is well-known for his efforts to sustain these rituals in Chema village. In this recording, he is sings about the mythical king Ling, known as Gäser Gyelpo. Ling is travelling eastward to Hör, a mythical demonic kingdom.
Date: June 19, 2022
Duration: 2 minutes 12 seconds
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Performance of the Arpo dance ritual, part 5

Description: 'Arpo' is a generic term for the naked dance ritual practiced in Chema village, Trashiyangtse, Bhutan. Mr. Karma Wangdi is well-known for his efforts to sustain these rituals in Chema village. In this recording, he is asking the divine being again to fulfill his wishes: "May I have the best of everything?" The stanza is repeated before and after the sword dance.
Date: June 19, 2022
Duration: 38 seconds
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Performance of the Arpo dance ritual, part 5

Description: 'Arpo' is a generic term for the naked dance ritual practiced in Chema village, Trashiyangtse, Bhutan. Mr. Karma Wangdi is well-known for his efforts to sustain these rituals in Chema village. In this recording, he is asking the divine being again to fulfill his wishes: "May I have the best of everything?" The stanza is repeated before and after the sword dance.
Date: June 19, 2022
Duration: 40 seconds
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Performance of the Arpo dance ritual, part 4

Description: 'Arpo' is a generic term for the naked dance ritual practiced in Chema village, Trashiyangtse, Bhutan. Mr. Karma Wangdi is well-known for his efforts to sustain these rituals in Chema village. In this recording, he is asking the divine being to fulfill his wishes: "May I have the best of everything?"
Date: June 19, 2022
Duration: 45 seconds
Creator: Tshewang, Tashi
Partner: UNT College of Information
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