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Oral History Interview with Robert A. Lawyer, August 31, 1997

Description: Interview with Robert A. Lawyer, an anesthetist and Army veteran of the Vietnam War. In the interview, Lawyer recalls memories from when he served as an Army nurse in Vietnam. He discusses what it was like working in the field, and includes details concerning living accommodations, operating room experiences, battle casualties, American relations with Vietnamese civilians, the treatment of prisoners-of-war, entertainment, and recreational activities. Lawyer also recollects memories of Nurse training at the Bellevue Hospital in New York City, Tet Offensive, and his assignment to the 3rd Field Hospital in Saigon, South Vietnam. He explains what it was like adjusting after the war was over.
Date: August 31, 1997
Creator: Houser-Hess, Lucinda & Lawyer, Robert A.

Oral History Interview with Jose Gonzales, July 4, 1997

Description: Interview with Jose Gonzalez, an anesthetist and Army veteran of the Vietnam War. In the interview, Gonzalez describes his experiences while serving as an Army nurse in Vietnam. Gonzalez discusses what life was like during his assignment to the 24th Evacuation Hospital, and includes details concerning relationships between doctors and nurses, morale, American relations with Vietnamese civilians, recreational activities, entertainment, and his Bronze Star award. He also recalls the adjustments that both he and many of his comrades dealt with post-Vietnam, and shares his attitudes toward the war.
Date: July 4, 1997
Creator: Houser-Hess, Lucinda & Gonzalez, Jose

The Letters of Captain Edward P. Jaeger to Mrs. Elizabeth Pierce Jaeger 1968-1969

Description: Transcript of recorded letters sent by Captain Edward P. Jaeger (Ed) to his wife, Elizabeth Jaeger (Libby) while stationed in South Vietnam as part of the U.S. Army Medical Corps. He discusses both personal and military topics including plans for having children; future personal financial planning; racial tensions and Black Power activities; shopping for civilian consumer goods; renovation of the Officer's Club; physicians’ negative attitudes about serving in Vietnam; procurement of medical supplies; holiday celebrations; planning for a post-Vietnam cross- country vacation in the U.S. and Canada; personnel problems; comments about various senior officers; procurement of captured enemy equipment for use as trading items and gifts; comments about the Paris peace negotiations for ending the war; planning for a leave in Hawaii with his wife and parents; personnel morale problems; discipline problems among enlisted personnel; preparation for leaving Vietnam and the Army; comments about student unrest and anti-war demonstrations in the U.S.
Date: August 1, 1998

Oral History Interview with William Dunphy, August 31, 1997

Description: Interview with William Dunphy, an anesthetist and Army veteran from the Vietnam War. In the interview, Dunphy describes some of his experiences while serving as an Army nurse during the Vietnam War. Dunphy discusses what it was like working at the Army hospital in Saigon, Vietnam, and includes details that concern general living accommodations, hospital facilities, relationships between doctors and nurses, work schedules, alcohol abuse by military personnel, drug problems, and American relations with Vietnamese civilians. He also recalls post-war adjustments and a rest and recuperation trip to Hawaii.
Date: August 31, 1997
Creator: Houser-Hess, Lucinda & Dunphy, William

Oral History Interview with Darrell Harrington, July 5, 1997

Description: Interview with Darrell Harrington, an anesthetist and Army veteran of the Vietnam War. In the interview, Harrington describes his experiences while serving as an Army nurse, and includes details on his assignments to Chu Lai, Da Nang, and the 91st Evacuation Hospital in An Khe. Harrington also discusses the treatment of wounded troops and enemy soldiers, relationships between doctors and nurses, general morale problems, and recreational activities. He recalls his return to the States on thirty-day leave as well as post-Vietnam adjustments and his attitudes toward the war.
Date: July 5, 1997
Creator: Houser-Hess, Lucinda & Harrington, Darrell

Oral History Interview with Sam Blomberg, September 1, 1997

Description: Interview with Sam Blomberg, an anesthetist and Army veteran from the Vietnam War. In the interview, Blomberg describes his experiences while serving as an Army nurse in Vietnam. Blomberg discusses his assignment to the 3rd Field Hospital in Saigon, Vietnam, and includes details concerning the provision of immunization shots to Vietnamese orphans, general living conditions, his social life, and the "Vietnamization" of the war. Blomberg recalls the post-war adjustments that many veterans dealt with, and the effect that the war had on his later life.
Date: September 1, 1997
Creator: Houser-Hess, Lucinda & Blomberg, Sam

Oral History Interview with Carl Horton, August 31, 1997

Description: Interview with Carl Horton, an operating room nurse and Vietnam Army veteran. In the interview, Horton describes his experiences while serving as an Army nurse during the Vietnam War. He goes in depth about his assignments, which include Yokohama, Japan and Dong Tam and Can Tho with the 3rd Surgical Hospital. Horton also discusses living accommodations, hospital facilities, American relations with the South Vietnamese military personnel and civilians, "short time" and out-processing, leisure time, and recreational activities. He also discusses the adjustments that he had to make after the war was over and his continuing work with the Veterans Administration.
Date: August 31, 1997
Creator: Houser-Hess, Lucinda & Horton, Carl

The Letters of Captain Edward P. Jaeger to Mr. and Mrs. Edward F. Jaeger 1968-1969

Description: Transcript of recorded letters sent by Captain Edward P. Jaeger (Ed) to his parents while stationed in South Vietnam as part of the U.S. Army Medical Corps. He discusses both personal and military topics including a chronicle of his departure for Vietnam; description of Vietnamese village life and culture; assignment to the 17th Field Hospital at An Khe; physical description of facilities at 17th Field Hospital; his responsibilities as medical supply officer; descriptions of and comments about unit personnel; problems in procuring medical supplies; problems with drunkenness among personnel; enemy mortar attacks; discipline problems; his institution of reforms in the medical supply operations; effects of constant changeovers in unit command; remodeling of the Officer's Club; leisure time and recreational activities; racial tensions; comments about U S domestic politics; personal financial matters; planning for a leave in Hawaii with his wife, Elizabeth, and parents; drug problems among personnel; comments about the anti-war movement in the States; description of Cam Ranh Bay and the military facilities there; medical supplies and black marketeering; description of the medical depot supply system; future civilian employment plans; transfer to Qui Nhon to the 67th Evacuation Hospital; comments about the Paris peace negotiations for ending the war; interest in stateside sports; comments about the doctors and nurses; comments about the Army's decorations and commendations policies; plans for leaving Vietnam and separation from the Army.
Date: August 1, 1998

Oral History Interview with Thomas A. Chipman, May 21, 1999

Description: Interview with Thomas A. Chipman, who is a World War II veteran and restaurant business owner from Hill City, Kansas. In the interview, Chipman discusses his experiences as a medic and driver in the European Theatre during the war. He describes what basic training and his induction into the Army was like, and also talks a little bit about when he was sent to the Pennsylvania Military College to earn a degree in engineering. Chipman recollects when his battalion was transported to England and France in order to fight in several battles that included the Battle of the Bulge. He describes what it was like to stay in Europe, and includes details such as the attitudes toward battlefield carnage, the evacuation and transport of the dead and wounded, the capture of German prisoners-of-war, and civilian refugees. Chipman reminisces of the German surrender and his return to the United States, where he started a restaurant business career.
Date: May 21, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Chipman, Thomas A.

Oral History Interview with Floyd Taylor, June 26, 1998

Description: Interview with Dr. Floyd Taylor, a surgeon and World War II Army veteran. In the interview, Dr. Taylor discusses his experiences as a member of the 2nd Auxiliary Surgical Group, with which he traveled to North Africa, Italy, and France during the war. He recalls several memorable happenings concerning his career, including his induction into the U.S. Army Medical Department, his assignment to the Surgical Hospital, the formation of the Auxiliary Surgical Group, his encounter with Time correspondent Jack Belden, and the Winter Line Campaign. Dr. Taylor also discusses several of his assignments while serving in the war, including the Mayo Clinic, the Massachusetts General Hospital, the invasion of Italy and Salerno, the Anzio-Nettuno invasion, and his travels across the Atlantic to Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. He explains his role in the compilation and publication of the War Department publication entitled, Surgery in World War II (Volume II): General Surgery. Dr. Taylor goes into more detail about the many procedures he practiced as a surgeon on the battlefield, and discusses penicillin use, the value of penicillin on the black market, the use of colostomies, field X-ray facilities, blood replacement treatment, and the treatment of specific injuries such as abdominal and flesh wounds.
Date: June 26, 1998
Creator: Taylor, Floyd

Oral History Interview with Larry Canfield, February 22, 1992

Description: Interview with Larry Canfield, a veteran army nurse from Pennsylvania. This interview contains his experiences as an army nurse in Vietnam. It includes his assignment to the 93rd Evacuation Hospital, 935th Medical Detachment, Long Binh. Living conditions, morale problems, recreation, medical treatment of enemy POWs, and racial problems are discussed.
Date: February 22, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Canfield, Larry

Oral History Interview with C. G. Hausser, March 8, 1992

Description: Interview with C. G. Hausser, an army veteran and nurse. This interview includes his experiences as a nurse in Vietnam, 1970-71. He recounts: assignment to 12th Evacuation Hospital, Cu Chi; camp routine; treatment of battle wounds; morale; Viet Cong prisoners; communication with family; transfer to Quang Tri; and stateside adjustments.
Date: March 8, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Hausser, C. G.

Oral History Interview with John M. Evans, Jr., March 7, 1992

Description: Interview with John M. Evans, Jr., an army veteran and nurse from Berwick, Pennsylvania. Herein he recounts his experiences as a nurse in Vietnam, 1969-70. Included: his assignment to a convalescent center, Cam Ranh Bay; attack by enemy sapper team, August, 1969; morale and drug problems; living conditions; recreation; and readjustment to stateside life.
Date: March 7, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Evans, John M., Jr.

Oral History Interview with Dick Hooper, May 25, 1992

Description: Interview with Dick Hooper, veteran army nurse from Mount Zion, Illinois. The interview recounts his experiences as a nurse and anesthetist in Vietnam, 1969-70. His civilian and military educations are covered, as well as his experiences with the 18th Surgical Hospital at Camp Evans, Quang Tri City, battle casualties, social life, and relations with the Vietnamese. Also included are his personal thoughts about U.S. involvement in Vietnam.
Date: May 25, 1992
Creator: Houser, Cindy & Hooper, W. Richard (Dick)

Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal.
Date: October 12, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Balch, Jean

Oral History Interview with Eugene L. Crumling, May 18, 1999

Description: Interview with Eugene L. Crumling, bartender and former professional ballplayer. The interview includes Crumling's personal experiences about being a professional baseball player in the U.S. during World War II. Crumling talks about his semi-pro baseball career in the late 1930s and early 1940s, the origin of his nickname, signing his first professional contract, life in the minor leagues during wartime, his draft classification as 4-F, his employment in defense-related work during the off-seasons, contrasts between life in the minors and life in the majors, individual Cardinals players, his first game and his first, and only, hit in the majors, the remainder of his minor league career, and his personal thoughts about the reserve clause, player strikes, modern-day salaries, and expansion.
Date: May 28, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Crumling, Eugene L.

Oral History Interview with Leslie W. Bray, Jr., March 3, 1999

Description: Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Leslie W. Bray, Jr. The interview includes Bray's personal experiences about the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, youth during the Great Depression, flight training, being designated as the commander of the 16th Combat Cargo Squadron, stationing at Sylhet, India as part of his assignment to the CBI Theater, supplying the British 14th Army in Burma, flying difficulties due to weather conditions, various transfers, and flying "The Hump." Bray also talks about his early aspirations to become an aviator, initial failures to pass the Air Forces physical examination, his assignment to Troop Carrier Command, flying C-47s with the 1st Troop Carrier Group, his appointment as assistant group operations officer for the 10th Troop Carrier Group, Air Force School of Applied Tactics, the training of replacement units at various Air Force installations, the deactivation of the 16th Combat Cargo Squadron, and his postwar Air Force career and retirement as a general officer.
Date: March 3, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bray, Leslie W., Jr.

Oral History Interview with Wilbur H. Ford, November 18, 1999

Description: Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Wilbur H. Ford. The interview includes Ford's personal experiences about being a B-17 pilot in the European Theater during World War II, training, transferring to the Army Air Force from the Army, flight training, B-17 transition training, and crew training. Ford also talks about his assignment to the 401st Bomb Group, enemy flak, the highlights of his nine missions over Germany, battle damage to his plane, the Dresden raid, returning to the States, and transition training in B-29s for transfer to the Pacific Theater.
Date: November 18, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ford, Wilbur H.

Oral History Interview with James Driver, March 21, 1999

Description: Interview with Navy veteran James Driver. The interview includes Driver's personal experiences about being a dive-bomber and fighter pilot during the Pacific Theater during World War II, various phases of training, dive-bomber training, having convoy escort duty off New Hebrides, the neutralization of Rabaul, transferring to fighter planes, flying combat air patrol off the carrier USS Hancock, providing cover for the Marine landings on Okinawa, combat against kamikazes, engagements against enemy fighters and kamikazes on the last day of the war, locating and dropping supplies to prisoner-of-war camps in Japan, and returning to the States. The interview includes an appendix with a letter written by Driver.
Date: March 21, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Driver, James