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Electron Optical Studies of Low-Pressure Gases

Description: From Abstract: "This document is the final report of research carried on in the Electron Physics Section of the National Bureau of Standards during the period from February 1, 1955 to March 1962 in developing an electron optical method for the visualization of low-pressure gas flow."
Date: August 16, 1963
Creator: Marton, L.; Schubert, David C. & Mielczarek, S. R.

Energy Dissipation by Fast Electrons

Description: Report discussing the energy dissipated by fast electrons at different distances from monoenergetic electron sources, for plane perpendicular and point isotropic sources including tabulations and a summary of the theoretical methods and data utilized, and a table of spatial moments.
Date: September 10, 1959
Creator: Spencer, L. V.

An Engineering Method for Calculating Protection Afforded by Structures Against Fallout Radiation

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of the paper is to discuss the assumptions and the reasoning by which the calculations described in the Engineering Manual were derived from the data in [1]. The relevant curves from [1] are given in Appendix A and the technical charts from the Engineering Manual are given in appendix B."
Date: July 2, 1964
Creator: Eisenhauer, Charles

Evaluating the Impact of Securities Regulation on Venture Capital Markets

Description: Report providing a detailed and analytical assessment of the economic techniques used by researchers to evaluate the efficiency of capital markets. The application of these techniques to that portion of the capital market which supplies venture funds to small, technology-based firms is emphasized. The primary elements of such analysis are the "efficient market ' hypothesis" and the "capital asset pricing model." The empirical analogue of the latter is commonly referred to as the market model."
Date: June 1980
Creator: Barth, James R.; Cordes, Joseph J. & Tassey, Gregory

An Experimental Study of Phase Variations in Line-of-Sight Microwave Transmissions

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this report is to present an analysis of time variations in: (1) the phase (relative to a stable phase reference) if a 9414 Mc/s signal transmitted over this path, referred to hereafter as single-path phase data; (2) the phase observed at one receiving antenna relative to that observed at an adjacent antenna, referred to as phase difference data; (3) atmospheric refractivity as recorded by a microwave refractometer located at the Haleakala terminal; (4) the wind velocity at both ends of the path, and (5) surface atmospheric refractivity measured at 5 stations located on or near the path."
Date: November 1, 1961
Creator: Norton, K. A.; Herbstreit, J. W.; Janes, H. B.; Hornberg, K. O.; Peterson, C. F.; Barghausen, A. F. et al.

Experimental Transition Probabilities for Spectral Lines of Seventy Elements: Derived from the NBS Tables of Spectral-line Intensities

Description: From introduction: "The goal of the work was to provide lists of the principal lines of the elements generally observed under ordinary conditions in arc spectra, together with their relative intensities on a true scale of relative energy."
Date: July 20, 1962
Creator: Corliss, Charles H. & Bozman, William R.

Fire Tests of Precast Cellular Concrete Floors and Roofs

Description: From Abstract: "The results of an investigation of lightweight, precast cellular concrete planks are given. Fire tests were made of two floor and five roof specimens made up of these planks. Variables, included density of the cellular concrete, thickness and span of the planks, reinforcement, and cover for the latter."
Date: April 12, 1962
Creator: Ryan, J. V. & Bender, E. W.

The First Spectrum of Hafnium (HF I)

Description: Report continuing W. K. Meggers' previous analysis in LS-coupling. This coupling is not rigorous in Hf I, and many intervals are irregular. Consequently, the levels are given also in numerical order with the even and odd levels presented in separate tables. The long line lists are given in two Appendices: Appendix A contains the observed Zeeman data for the individual lines, 531 in all; Appendix B consists of the complete line list of observed and classified lines. By far the greater part of the analysis is that of Meggers.
Date: July 1976
Creator: Meggers, William F. & Moore, Charlotte E.

A Gage Block Measurement Process Using Single Wavelength Interferometry

Description: Report describing the interferometric measurement process using a laser light source and a Kosters type gage block interferometer. Continuous evaluation and refinement of the process is aided by statistical treatment and control chart techniques. All error sources, both random and systematic, are evaluated and the process is maintained in a state of statistical control.
Date: December 1975
Creator: Beers, John S.

Geometrical Considerations and Nomenclature for Reflectance

Description: Report issued by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards discussing specifications of reflectance and proposed nomenclature. As stated in the introduction, "this monograph presents a unified approach to the specification of reflectance in relation to the beam geometry of both the incident and the reflected flux in any reflectometer or in any application of measured reflectance data" (p. 1). This report includes illustrations.
Date: October 1977
Creator: Nicodemus, F. E.; Richmond, J. C.; Hsia, J. J.; Ginsberg, I. W. & Limperis, T.

Geometrical Considerations and Nomenclature for Reflectance

Description: Report presenting a unified approach to the specification of reflectance, in terms of both incident- and reflected- beam geometry. Nomenclature to facilitate this approach is proposed. Nomenclature for categorizing and specifying reflectance quantities for a variety of different beam configurations (both incident and reflected beams) is described, and all are defined and interrelated in terms of the bidirectional reflectance-distribution function. The conditions under which the formalism can be applied, including situations involving considerable sub-surface scattering, are carefully established. The entire treatment is limited to the domain of classical geometrical-optics radiometry and does not take into account interference and diffraction phenomena, such as are frequently encountered with highly coherent radiant flux.
Date: October 1977
Creator: Nicodemus, F. E.; Richmond, J. C.; Hsia, J. J.; Ginsberg, I. W. & Limperis, T.

Graphical Recoupling of Angular Momenta

Description: Report presenting a diagrammatic method for solving angular momentum recoupling problems. It is shown that a few graphical elements with a set of rules for their use lead to the solution of many types of recoupling problems in an intuitive and systematic way. Several examples are given together with exercises to develop the reader's facility with the method.
Date: October 1973
Creator: Lehman, D. R. & O'Connell, J. S.

Hearing Aids

Description: From Abstract: "This publication contains information, useful to the hard of hearing, on several topics relating to hearing and hearing aids. This publication represents an extensive revision of NBS Circular 534, Hearing Aids. It includes new material based upon research conducted at the National Bureau of Standards during the intervening years."
Date: October 1970
Creator: Corliss, Edith L. R.

Heat Treatment and Properties of Iron and Steel

Description: From Abstract: "This Monograph has been prepared to give an understanding of heat treatment principally to those unacquainted with this subject. This Monograph has been prepared to answer such inquiries and to give in simplified form a working knowledge of the basic theoretical and practical principles involved in the heat treatment of iron and steel."
Date: October 3, 1960
Creator: Digges, Thomas G. & Rosenberg, Samuel J.

Heat Treatment and Properties of Iron and Steel

Description: From Abstract: "This Monograph is a revision of the previous NBS Monograph 18. Its purpose is to provide an understanding of the heat treatment of iron and steels, principally to those unacquainted with this subject. The basic principles involved in the heat treatment of these materials are presented in simple form." From Introduction: "This Monograph has been prepared to answer such inquires and to give in simplified form a working knowledge of the basic theoretical and practical principles involved in the heat treatment of iron and steel."
Date: November 1, 1966
Creator: Digges, Thomas G.; Rosenberg, Samuel J. & Geil, Glenn W.

A High-Dispersion Spectral Analysis of the Ba II Star HD 204075 (ζ Capricorni)

Description: Report discussing a double differential curve of growth analysis for the Ba II star S Capricorni. Both the sun and � Virginis (G9 II-III) were used as comparison stars. The observational material consists of equivalent widths, central depths, and half-widths for 1100 spectral lines measured on direct-intensity tracings of plates obtained by J. L. Greenstein at the coude focus of the 200-in telescope. The plates cover the spectral regions 3880-4825 A and 5100-6720 A at reciprocal dispersions of 2.3 and 3.4 A/mm, respectively. Atmospheric abundances have been derived for 37 elements.
Date: March 1971
Creator: Tech, Jack L.

Hydrogen Stark Broadening Calculations With the Unified Classical Path Theory

Description: Report discussing the case of upper and lower state interaction introduced by a unified theory using a more compact tetradic notation. The general result is then applied to the Stark broadening of hydrogen. The thermal average of the time development operator for upper and lower state interaction is presented. A simple technique for evaluating the Fourier transform of the thermal average has been developed. The final calculations based on the unified theory and on the one-electron theory are compared with measurements in the high and low electron density regime.
Date: May 1970
Creator: Vidal, C. R.; Cooper, J. & Smith, E. W.

Ideal Gas Thermodynamic Functions and Isotope Exchange Functions for the Diatomic Hydrides, Deuterides, and Tritides

Description: From Abstract: "This Monograph contains a consistent set of tables of thermodynamic properties of a large number of diatomic hydrides, deuterides, and tritides, for the ideal gas state at one atmosphere pressure. In addition to the thermodynamic properties of the molecular gases, the tables also include thermodynamic properties for chemical reactions involving the isotopic exchange of hydrogen."
Date: May 29, 1961
Creator: Haar, Lester; Friedman, Abraham S. & Beckett, Charles W.

Influence of a Sector Ground Screen on the Field of a Vertical Antenna

Description: Report show the field of a short vertical antenna on a homogeneous ground is modified by the presence of a metallic screen. The screen is taken in the form of a circular disk and a concentric sector. The modification of the field is expressed in the form of surface integrals over the disk and the sector. Extensive numerical results for these basic integrals are given and a number of applications are illustrated.
Date: April 15, 1963
Creator: Wait, James R. & Walters, Lillie C.

Infrared Spectroscopy of Carbohydrates: A Review of the Literature

Description: Report presenting of survey of the literature on the infrared spectroscopy of carbohydrates in order to assemble and systematize information in this field. Discusses principles and instrumentation, sampling techniques, comparison of samples, and the interpretation of the spectra. In addition, examples are discussed of the use of infrared spectra for qualitative and quantitative purposes and in the determination of structure. Special techniques are briefly described.
Date: June 1968
Creator: Tipson, R. Stuart

Interactions of High Energy Particles With Nuclei

Description: Report discussing elastic scattering and diffractive production processes induced in nuclear targets by high energy projectiles. Special attention is paid to the interaction of high energy hadrons and photons. The common features of all these processes are emphasized throughout the article: The multiple scattering and shadowing processes inside of the target nuclei. An effort is made to develop a unified way of treating nuclear interactions of particles which are either hadrons or exhibit some hadronic components in such interactions.
Date: September 1975
Creator: Czyz, Wieslaw

International Practical Temperature Scale of 1948: Text Revision of 1960

Description: Report is a text revision of the International Temperature Scale of 1948; the numerical values of temperatures remain the same. The adjective "Practical" was added to the name by the International Committee on Weights and Measures. The scale continues to be based upon six fixed and reproducible equilibrium temperatures to which values have been assigned, and upon the same interpolation formulas relating temperatures to the indications of specified measuring instruments. Some changes have been made in the text to make the scale more reproducible than its predecessor. The triple point of water, with the value 0.01 ºC replaces the former ice point as a defining fixed point of the scale. It is also recommended that the zinc point, with the value 419.505 ºC, be used instead of the sulfur point. The recommendations include new information that has become available since 1948.
Date: September 8, 1961
Creator: Stimson, H. F.