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Aerodynamic characteristics at subcritical and supercritical Mach numbers of two airfoil sections having sharp leading edges and extreme rearward positions of maximum thickness

Description: From Introduction: "A 12-percent-chord-thick wedge section and a reversed NACA 0012 section were chosen for these tests as they are representative of sections having no boat tailing and appreciable boat tailing (i.e., blunt and rounded trailing edges, respectively), and the results of this investigation are compared with those obtained from a previous investigation of the NACA 0012 section. Conclusions are drawn regarding the relative merits of the two unconventional sections and the conventional section in transonic speed range."
Date: November 6, 1947
Creator: Eggers, A J , Jr

Aerodynamic characteristics at subsonic and supersonic Mach numbers of a thin triangular wing of aspect ratio 2 II : maximum thickness at midchord

Description: The lift, drag, and pitching-moment characteristics of a triangular wing, having an aspect ratio of 2 and a symmetrical double-wedge profile of 5-percent-chord maximum thickness at midchord, have been evaluated from wind-tunnel tests at Mach numbers from 0.50 to 0.975 and from 1.09 to 1.49 and at Reynolds numbers ranging from 0.67 to 0.85 million. The lift, drag, and pitching-moment coefficients of the triangular wing with a leading-edge sweepback of approximately 63 degrees did not exhibit the irregular variations with Mach number at high subsonic and low supersonic Mach numbers that are characteristic of unswept wings. The lift-curve slope increased steadily with Mach number below unity and declined slowly beyond the Mach number of 1.13. A substantial rise in the minimum drag coefficient occurred between Mach numbers of 0.95 and 1.20 with an associated reduction in the maximum lift-drag ratio. The aerodynamic center shifted rearward toward the centroid of area of the wing with increasing Mach number below 0.975; whereas above 1.09 it coincided with the centroid.
Date: December 3, 1948
Creator: Walker, Harold J & Berggren, Robert E

Aerodynamic characteristics at transonic speeds of a 69 degree delta wing with a triangular plan-form control having a skewed hinge axis and an overhang balance : transonic-bump method

Description: From Introduction: "Presented in this paper are the results of an investigation of a semispan model of a delta wing with 60^o sweepback at the leading edge which was equipped with a large triangular control having an overhang balance mounted on a skewed hinge axis. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a delta wing with a control which was designed to provide aerodynamic balance at zero control deflection based on the span load distribution of reference 1."
Date: February 6, 1951
Creator: Wiley, Harleth G

Aerodynamic characteristics at transonic speeds of a tapered 45 degree sweptback wing of aspect ratio 3 having a full-span flap type of control with overhang balance : transonic-bump method

Description: From Introduction: "This paper presents the aerodynamic characteristics of low-aspect-ratio sweptback wing having a full-span flap type of control employing an overhanging balance of 50 percent of the flap chord.The main purpose of this investigation was to determine if overhang balances are an effective means of reducing the hinge moments of flap type of controls at transonic speeds."
Date: January 25, 1952
Creator: Lockwood, Vernard E & Hagerman, John R

The aerodynamic characteristics at transonic speeds of an all-movable, tapered, 45 degree sweptback, aspect-ratio-4 tail deflected about a skewed hinge axis and equipped with an inset unbalancing tab

Description: From Introduction: "The present investigation presents the lift and moment characteristics of an aspect-ratio-4.0 tail, sweptback 45^o at the quarter-chord line and pivoted about an axis sweptback 55.5^o and passing through the leading edge of the root-chord line."
Date: September 29, 1953
Creator: Watson, James M

The aerodynamic characteristics at transonic speeds of an all-movable, tapered, 45 degrees sweptback, aspect-ratio-4 tail surface deflected about a skewed hinge axis

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of the present paper was to determine whether the characteristics about a skewed axis could be predicted from data about the normal angle-of-attack axis, and whether such a configuration offered any aerodynamic advantages over the conventional hinge location normal to the pane of symmetry."
Date: July 3, 1952
Creator: Hammond, Alexander D & Watson, James M

Aerodynamic Characteristics in Pitch and Sideslip at High Subsonic Speeds of a 1/14-Scale Model of the Grumman XF104 Airplane with Wing Sweepback of 42.5 Degrees

Description: An investigation has been made at high subsonic speeds of the aerodynamic'characteristics in pitch and sideslip of a l/l4-scale model of the Grumman XF10F airplane with a wing sweepback angle of 42.5. The longitudinal stability characteristics (with the horizontal tail fixed) indicate a pitch-up near the stall; however, this was somewhat alleviated by the addition of fins to the side of the fuselage below the horizontal tail. The original model configuration became directionally unstable for small sideslip angles at Mach numbers above 0.8; however, the instability was eliminated by several different modifications.
Date: 1953~
Creator: Kuhn, Richard E. & Draper, John W.

The Aerodynamic Characteristics in Pitch of a 1/15-Scale Model of the Grumman F11F-1 Airplane at Mach Numbers of 1.41, 1.61, and 2.01, TED No. NACA DE 390

Description: Tests have been made in the Langley 4- by 4-foot supersonic pressure tunnel at Mach numbers of 1.41, 1.61, and 2.01 to determine the static longitudinal stability and control characteristics of various arrangements of the Grumman F11F-1 airplane. Tests were made of the complete model and various combinations of its component parts and, in addition, the effects of various body modifications, a revised vertical tail, and wing fences on the longitudinal characteristics were determined. The results indicate that for a horizontal-tail incidence of -10 deg the trim lift coefficient varied from 0.29 at a Mach number of 1.61 to 0.23 at a Mach number of 2.01 with a corresponding decrease in lift-drag trim from 3.72 to 3.15. Stick-position instability was indicated in the low-supersonic-speed range. A photographic-type nose modification resulted in slightly higher values of minimum drag coefficient but did not significantly affect the static stability or lift-curve slope. The minimum drag coefficient for the complete model with the production nose remained essentially constant at 0.047 throughout the Mach number range investigated.
Date: May 23, 1956
Creator: Driver, Cornelius

Aerodynamic characteristics in pitch of a series of cruciform-wing missiles with canard controls at a Mach number of 2.01

Description: From Introduction: "This paper presents the results of tests made at a Mach number of 2.01 to determine the effect of body length on the longitudinal characteristics (zero roll angle) for five complete configurations as well as for the bodies alone, the bodies plus wings, and the bodies plus canard surfaces. The experimental results are compared with some simple theoretical estimates."
Date: October 30, 1953
Creator: Spearman, M. Leroy

Aerodynamic characteristics including effects of wing fixes of a 1/20-scale model of the Convair F-102 airplane at transonic speeds

Description: From Introduction: "Results from the tests in the Langley 4- by 4-foot supersonic pressure tunnel at Mach numbers of 1.61 and 2.01 are presented in reference 1. Reported herein are results obtained from the tests in the Langley 8-foot transonic tunnel of the model with no control deflections at Mach numbers 0.6 to 1.12 for angles of attack up to 34^o
Date: March 18, 1954
Creator: Osborne, Robert S & Wornom, Dewey E

Aerodynamic characteristics including pressure distribution of a fuselage and three combinations of the fuselage with swept-back wings at high subsonic speeds

Description: From Introduction: "The wings were tested in combination with fuselage similar to the one used in the 7- by 10-foot wind-tunnel investigations. The results are reported herein and are compared with results for three similar model wings on the transonic bump (references 1, 2, and 3)."
Date: February 6, 1951
Creator: Sutton, Fred B & Martin, Andrew