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Aeronautic instruments

Description: The development of aeronautic instruments. Vibrations, rapid changes of the conditions of flight and of atmospheric conditions, influence of the air stream all call for particular design and construction of the individual instruments. This is shown by certain examples of individual instruments and of various classes of instruments for measuring pressure, change of altitude, temperature, velocity, inclination and turning or combinations of these.
Date: February 1924
Creator: Koppe, H & Everling, E

Aeronautic insurance

Description: The problem of insuring the emerging commercial aeronautic industry is detailed. The author also motes that a complete solution cannot be obtained until the necessary statistics are compiled.
Date: March 1922
Creator: Neal, Erik

Aeronautical education and research at the Swiss Institute of Technology in Zurich

Description: Progress in the scientific and practical fields of aviation has caused the Swiss Institute of Technology to organize lectures and practical training courses in all three branches of aeronautics and to found centers of scientific research, laboratories, etc., in order to supply the government and industries with scientifically and technically trained engineers.
Date: April 1931
Creator: Karner, L & Ackeret, J

Air admixture to exhaust jets

Description: From Introduction: "The problem of thrust increase for jet engines by air mixture to the exhaust jet was introduced into aviation techniques by the suggestions of Melot (ref.1). Due to a too general interpretation of several theoretical investigations of A. Busemann (ref.2), so far no practical use has been made of these suggestions. The following considerations show that, in the case of low-pressure mixing according to Melot's suggestions, probably no thrust increase of technical significance will occur for the flight speeds of interest (however, the low-pressure mixture is highly promising for ground test setups and for special power plants of relatively slow sea and land vehicles."
Date: July 1953
Creator: Sanger, Eugen

Air-flow experiments

Description: This report describes the apparatus used to take air-flow photographs. The photographs show chiefly the spiral course of the lines of flow near the tip of the wing. They constitute therefore a visual presentation of the phenomena covered by airfoil theory.
Date: May 1924
Creator: Wieselsberger, C

Air forces and air-force moments at large angles of attack and how they are affected by the shape of the wing

Description: From Summary: "The present report is, in the first place, a compilation of the test results now available from wing tests up to angles of attack 90^o. Reports are also given of tests with monoplane and auxiliary wings in the Gottingen wind tunnel for the purpose of plotting a steadily rising curve of the normal force as a foundation of the angle of attack."
Date: July 1930
Creator: Fuchs, Richard & Schmidt, Wilhelm

Air reactions to objects moving at rates above the velocity of sound with application to the air propeller

Description: From Discussion: "To meet these unusual conditions three sets of ball-bearings were employed and arranged in tandem, thereby reducing their speeds by the ratio of the number of sets used, as shown in Fig.3. This proved to be a complete success. The results obtained in experiments with a two-blade, 4 foot propeller of series 2, are given in Fig. 9."
Date: November 1922
Creator: Reed, S. Albert

Air transport

Description: I purpose (sic) in this paper to deal with the development in air transport which has taken place since civil aviation between England and the Continent first started at the end of August 1919. A great deal of attention has been paid in the press to air services of the future, to the detriment of the consideration of results obtained up to the present.
Date: January 1, 1924
Creator: Page, F Handley

Air transport by gliders : some technical observations

Description: This short analysis may be useful in determining the real tactical possibilities of "glider trains" and in adopting the course to be followed in possible studies of these questions. In this analysis most prominent are: (a) the power required for the train in level flight; (b) its speed; (c) climb; and (d) the type of airplane best suited for towing as well as design requirements for transport gliders.
Date: June 1, 1941
Creator: Stepniewski, Wieslaw

Air-water analogy and the study of hydraulic models

Description: From Summary: "The author first sets forth some observations about the theory of models. Then he established certain general criteria for the construction of dynamically similar models in water and in air, through reference to the perfect fluid equations and to the ones pertaining to viscous flow. It is, in addition, pointed out that there are more cases in which the analogy is possible than is commonly supposed."
Date: July 1, 1953
Creator: Supino, Giulio

Airfoil Theory at Supersonic Speed

Description: A theory is developed for the airfoil of finite span at supersonic speed analogous to the Prandtl airfoil theory of 1918-1919 for incompressible flow. In addition to the profile and induced drags, account must be taken at supersonic flow of still another drag, namely, the wave drag, which is independent of the wing aspect ratio. Both wave and induced drags are proportional to the square of the lift and depend on the Mach number, that is, the ratio of flight to sound speed. In general, in the case of supersonic flow, the drag-lift ratio is considerably less favorable than is the case for incompressible flow. Among others the following examples are considered: 1) lifting line with constant lift distribution (horseshoe vortex); 2) computation of wave and induced drag and the twist of a trapezoidal wing of constant lift density; 3) computation of the lift distribution and drag of an untwisted rectangular wing.
Date: June 1939
Creator: Schlichting, H

Airplane drag

Description: It has been less well understood that the induced drag (or, better said, the undesired increase in the induced drag as compared with the theoretical minimum calculated by Prandtl) plays a decisive role in the process of taking off and therefore in the requisite engine power. This paper seeks to clarify the induced drag.
Date: December 1929
Creator: Topfer, Carl

Airplane flight in the stratosphere

Description: This brief survey of the problems encountered in high-altitude flight deals in particular with the need for high lift coefficient in the wings, large aspect ratios in the wings, and also the problem of hermetically sealing the cabin.
Date: February 1932
Creator: De Caria, Ugo