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Propeller-performance charts for transport airplanes

Description: The preliminary selection of a propeller on the basis of cruising and take-off performance for application to transport airplanes at flight Mach numbers up to 0.8 can be accomplished by the use of charts and methods presented. The charts are of sufficient scope to permit a fairly rapid evaluation of the propeller performance for engine power ratings of 1,000 to 10,000 horsepower. The method is presented primarily in the interest of propeller-noise abatement.
Date: July 1, 1953
Creator: Gilman, Jean, Jr

Propeller problems

Description: This report tries to give a comprehensive survey of the most important propeller problems such as the shape of propellers and the effect of atmospheric conditions on propeller performance.
Date: December 1, 1928
Creator: Betz, A.

Propeller rotation noise due to torque and thrust

Description: Sound pressure of the first four harmonics of rotation from a full-scale two-blade propeller were measured and are compared with values calculated from theory. The comparison is made (1) for the space distribution with constant tip speed and (2) for fixed space angles with variable tip speed. A relation for rotation noise from an element of radius developed by Gutin is given showing the effect of number of blades on the rotation noise.
Date: January 1, 1940
Creator: Deming, Arthur F

Propeller scale effect and body interference

Description: This note shows that the main part of the discrepancy between full flight propeller performance and the performance of models in a wind tunnel is due to a scale effect, and that a minor part is caused by body interference. Analyses are made of propeller performances on several standard airplanes, and the actual brake horsepower compared with the power as calculated from model test data. The calculated power is based on that absorbed by a wind tunnel propeller model which is geometrically similar to the full scale propeller and is operating under the same ratio of V/nD.
Date: September 1, 1925
Creator: Weick, Fred E.

Propeller tests on airplanes

Description: In order to determine the efficiency of a propeller as accurately as possible, its revolution speed, thrust and power absorbed must be measured during flight. Unfortunately, these measurements can only be made with very complicated equipment. To surmount this problem the testers contented themselves with approximate results obtainable in two or three hours of flight.
Date: July 1, 1922
Creator: Senouque, A

Propeller tests to determine the effect of number of blades at two typical solidities

Description: Propellers with equal total blade area, but with different numbers, were tested at Stanford University. The tests show generally that, for equal total blade area, propellers with the larger number of blades absorb the greater power and, provided hubs have equal drag, develop the higher efficiency. It is shown that the differences found are in agreement, qualitatively, with what might be predicted from simple blade-element theory.
Date: April 1, 1939
Creator: Lesley, E. P.

Propeller tip flutter

Description: The present report is limited to a case of tip flutter recognized by experience as being important. It is the case where outside interferences force vibrations upon the propeller. Such interferences may be set up by the engine, or they may be the result of an unsymmetrical field of flow.
Date: September 1, 1932
Creator: Liebers, Fritz

Propellers in yaw

Description: It was realized as early as 1909 that a propeller in yaw develops a side force like that of a fin. In 1917, R. G. Harris expressed this force in terms of the torque coefficient for the unyawed propeller. Of several attempts to express the side force directly in terms of the shape of the blades, however, none has been completely satisfactory. An analysis that incorporates induction effects not adequately covered in previous work and that gives good agreement with experiment over a wide range of operating conditions is presented. The present analysis shows that the fin analogy may be extended to the form of the side-force expression and that the effective fin area may be taken as the projected side area of the propeller.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Ribner, Herbert S

The proper combination of lift loadings for least drag on a supersonic wing

Description: Lagrange's method of undetermined multipliers is applied to the problem of properly combining lift loadings for the least drag at a given lift on supersonic wings. The method shows the interference drag between the optimum loading and any loading at the same lift coefficient to be constant. This is an integral form of the criterion established by Robert T. Jones for optimum loadings. The best combination of four loadings on a delta wing with subsonic leading edges is calculated as a numerical example. The loadings considered have finite pressures everywhere on the plan form. Through the sweepback range the optimum combination of the four nonsingular loadings has about the same drag coefficient as a flat plate with leading-edge thrust.
Date: January 1, 1956
Creator: Grant, Frederick C

Properties and preparation of ceramic insulators for spark plugs

Description: Report describes in detail the preliminary experiments which were made on the conductivity of spark-plug insulators in order to develop a satisfactory comparative method for testing various spark-plug materials. Materials tested were cements, porcelain, feldspar, and quartz.
Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Silsbee, F B; Honaman, R K; Fonseca, E L; Bleininger, A V & Staley, H F

Properties of Glasses in Some Ternary Systems Containing BaO and SiO2

Description: Report discussing the glass forming regions in six ternary oxide systems containing BaO, Si02, and a third oxide. The properties of the resulting glasses were measured and the results reported. The data on refractive indices, dispersions, and specific volumes were evaluated by computer methods in an attempt to identify "substructures" containing the cations present in the glasses.
Date: September 1973
Creator: Cleek, Given W. & Babcock, C. L.