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Comparison of REXCO Code Predictions with SRI SM-2 Experimental Results

Description: This report deals with the REXCO-code predictions of the SRI SM-2 test. Two calculations were performed with the REXCO-HEP code: one used the pressure history of the core detonation products as input and the other the pressure-volume relations of the detonation products as input. The other inputs of the computer analysis are the vessel and the core-barrel dimensions and boundary conditions, the constitutive equations of the vessel and the core barrel materials, and the equation of state for the coolant. The REXCO-predicted well deformations, pressure loadings, and dynamic strain histories at various gauge positions are compared with the experimental data. Results of the comparisons are discussed.
Date: August 1978
Creator: Chang, Y. W. & Gvildys, J.

Comparison of the AMDAHL 470V/6 and the IBM 370/195 Using Benchmarks

Description: Six groups of jobs were run on the IBM 370/195 at the Applied Mathematics Division (AMD) of Argonne National Laboratory using the current production versions of OS/MVT 21.7 and ASP 3.1. The same jobs were then run on an AMDAHL 470V/6 at the AMDAHL manufacturing facilities in Sunnyvale, California, using the identical operating systems. Performances of the two machines are compared. Differences in the configurations were minimized. The memory size on each machine was the same, all software which had an impact on run times was the same, and the I/O configurations were as similar as possible. This allowed the comparison to be based on the relative performance of the two CPU's. As part of the studies preliminary to the acquisition of the IBM 195 in 1972, two of the groups of jobs had been run on a CDC 7600 by CDC personnel in Arden Hills, Minnesota, on an IBM 360/195 by IBM personnel in Poughkeepsie, New York, and on the AMD 360/50/75 production system in June, 1971.
Date: March 1976
Creator: Snider, D. R.; Midlock, J. L.; Hinds, A. R. & Engert, D. E.

A Comparison of the IBM 370/168 MODEL 3 with the Amdahl 470V/6 and the IBM 370/195 Using Benchmarks

Description: As part of the studies preliminary to the acquisition of additional computing capability at Argonne National Laboratory, six groups of jobs were run on the IBM 370/195 at the Applied Mathematics Division of Argonne National Laboratory, on an Amdahl 470V/6 at the Amdahl manufacturing facilities in Sunnyvale, California, and on an IBM 370/168 MODEL 3 at the IBM Field Support Center in Gaithersburg, Maryland. This report compares the performance of the IBM 370/168 MOD 3 with that of the other two machines. Differences in machine configurations were minimized. The memory size of each machine was identical, the I/O configurations were as similar as possible, and the same versions of OS/MVT 21.7 and ASP 3.1 were used on all three machines. This allowed the comparison to be based on the relative performance of the three CPUs.
Date: April 1977
Creator: Snider, D. R.; Midlock, J. L. & Hinds, A. R.

Comparisons of Finite-Element Code Calculations to Hydrostatically Loaded Subassembly-Duct Experiments

Description: The Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) core structure consists of a matrix of hexagonal subassembly ducts. Evaluation of the safety aspects of the core structure requires that reliable computational procedures be available to predict the deformation response of the subassembly configuration to postulated local energy releases. Finite-element computer codes have been developed to calculate deflections and strains of a hexcan subassembly wrapper subjected to internal and external dynamic pressure loadings over a wide range of material-property conditions. An experimental and analytical program has been undertaken to validate and extend the codes for describing the core structural mechanics under reactor operating conditions, including, in particular, descriptions of possible subassembly-to-subassembly damage propagation. This report describes results of the first phase of the experimental program in which single hexcan sections were internally and externally hydrostatically pressurized out-of-pile at room temperature. The experimental data are compared with calculations from a two-dimensional finite-element structural-dynamics code, STRAW. Some additional comparisons were also made with calculations from a three-dimensional code, SADCAT. The correlations obtained between the computations and the hydrostatic experimental results were sufficiently good to validate the STRAW code and proceed to the next phase of the program involving the dynamic structural response.
Date: January 1977
Creator: Ash, J. E. & Marciniak, T. J.

Computation of the Weight Function from a Stress Intensity Factor

Description: A simple representation for the crack-face displacement is employed to compute a weight function solely from stress intensity factors for a reference loading configuration. Crack face displacements given by the representation are shown to be in good agreement with analytical results for cracked tensile strips, and stress intensity factors computed from the weight function agree well with those for edge cracks in half planes, radial cracks from circular holes, and radially cracked rings. The technique involves only simple quadrature and its efficacy is demonstrated by the example computations. The weight function for a corner crack in an LMFBR hexagonal sub-assembly duct is constructed from stress-intensity-factor results for the uniformly over-pressurized case, and it is shown how this may be used to determine the stress intensity factors.
Date: October 1977
Creator: Petroski, H. J. & Achenbach, J. D.

Computer-Code Formulation for Three-Dimensional HEXCAN Response Coupled with Internal Hydrodynamics

Description: A procedure is described for the dynamic analysis of a fast-reactor hexagonal subassembly. The internals of the fuel subassembly are treated by an axisymmetric hydrodynamic code REXCO-HT which, among other properties, possesses a model of an MFCI pressure source. The housing of the fuel subassembly is handled by the SADCAT code, which is based on a triangular finite element in three-dimensional space. The code is used to illustrate the discrepancies involved if the hexcan is modeled by a cylinder of the same thickness. A study is also made of the reduction of cylinder thickness such that the same final cylindrical deformation can be predicted. A discussion in arriving at such an equivalence is offered.
Date: March 1976
Creator: Marchertas, A. H. & Julke, R. T.

Computer Modeling of Ground-Water Availability in the Pootatuck River Valley, Newtown, Connecticut

Description: From abstract: A hydrologic analysis based on available data, test drilling, seismic refraction profiling, and the stream-aquifer connection was performed using a digital computer model. The report presents its findings on the quality and availability of the ground and surface water of the Pootatuck River Valley in Connecticut.
Date: July 1978
Creator: Haeni, F. P. & Handman, Elinor H.

Computer Simulation Model of the Pleistocene Valley-Fill Aquifer in Southwestern Essex and Southeastern Morris Counties, New Jersey

Description: From purpose and scope: The purpose of the present study by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Division of Water Resources of the New Jersey of Environmental Protection is to make a quantitative hydrologic analysis of the known buried valley-fill aquifer in southwestern Essex and southeastern Morris County Counties in order to provide water-resources planners with the hydrologic bases to plan ground-water development and to allocate available water.
Date: May 1976
Creator: Meisler, Harold

Computers, Health Records, and Citizen Rights

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Standards over studies on the benefits of computerized record-keeping. Medical records were chosen for the studies, and they also focus on patient privacy and rights. This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Westin, Alan F.; Baker, Michael A.; Annas, George J.; Silberberg, Richard; Broder, Jamie; Isbell, Florence et al.

A Concept for the Development of Long-Term Management Plans for Aquatic Plant Control: Final Report

Description: Abstract: This paper describes a general concept that will serve as a basis for developing well-conceived aquatic plant management plans, as well as a step-by-step guide for implementing measures for long-term aquatic plant control while giving proper consideration to their potential long-term effects on the environment.
Date: June 1977
Creator: Sanders, Dana R. & Decell, Joseph Lewis

Concrete and Rock Core Tests, Major Rehabilitation of Starved Rock Lock and Dam, Illinois Waterway, Chicago District, Phase I, Rehabilitation: Final Report

Description: Abstract: Drilling for laboratory testing of concrete and foundation rock was carried out for the U. S. Army Engineer District, Chicago, as part of a major rehabilitation program at the Starved Rock Lock and Dam.
Date: September 1978
Creator: Stowe, Richard L.; Pavlov, Barbara A. & Wong, Ging S.

Condition Survey: Altus Air Force Base, Oklahoma

Description: "The purpose of this report is to present the results of a condition survey performed at Altus Air Force Base (AAFB), Oklahoma, during 14-17 May 1972. The three major areas of interest considered in this condition survey were the structural condition of the primary airfield pavements, the condition of pavement repairs and the types of maintenance materials that have been used at this airfield, and any detrimental effects of frost to the pavement facilities" (p. 1).
Date: April 1973
Creator: Jackson, Ralph D.

Condition Survey: Beale Air Force Base, California

Description: The purpose of this report is to present the results of a condition survey performed at Beale Air Force Base (BAFB), California, during 4-7 November 1972. The two major areas of interest considered in this condition survey were the structural condition of the primary airfield pavements and the condition of pavement repairs and the types of maintenance materials that have been used at this airfield.
Date: April 1973
Creator: Vedros, Philip J.

Condition Survey: Biggs Army Airfield, Fort Bliss, Texas

Description: "The purpose of this report is to present the results of an inspection performed at Biggs Army Airfield (BAAF), Fort Bliss, Texas, during January 1972. The inspection was limited to visual observations, and no tests were conducted on any of the pavement facilities. A layout of the airfield is shown in plate 1" (p. 1).
Date: March 1973
Creator: Vedros, Philip J. & Jackson, Ralph D.

Condition Survey: Carswell Air Force Base, Texas

Description: The purpose of this report is to present the results of a condition survey performed at Carswell Air Force Base (CAFB), Texas, during 16-19 December 1972. The two major areas of interest considered in this survey were the structural condition of the primary airfield pavements and the condition of pavement repairs and the types of maintenance materials that have been used at this airfield.
Date: June 1973
Creator: Jackson, Ralph D.

Condition Survey: Castle Air Force Base, California

Description: The purpose of this report is to present the results of a condition survey performed at Castle Air Force Base (CAFB), California, during 8-10 November 1972. The two major areas of interest considered in this condition survey were the structural condition of the primary airfield pavements and the condition of pavement repairs and the types of maintenance materials that have been used at this airfield.
Date: April 1973
Creator: Vedros, Philip J.

Condition Survey: Dyess Air Force Base, Texas

Description: "The purpose of this report is to present the results of a condition survey performed at Dyess Air Force Base (DAFB), Texas, during 11-14 December 1972. The two major areas of interest considered in this condition survey were the structural condition of the primary airfield pavements, and the condition of pavement repairs and the types of maintenance materials that have been used at this airfield" (p. 1).
Date: June 1973
Creator: Jackson, Ralph D.

Condition Survey: Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota

Description: "The purpose of this report is to present the results of a condition survey performed at Ellsworth Air Force Base (EAFB), South Dakota, during 6-9 April 1972. The three major areas of interest considered in this condition survey were the structural condition of the primary airfield pavements, the condition of pavement repairs and the types of maintenance and materials that have been used at this airfield, and any detrimental effects of frost to the pavement facilities" (p. 1).
Date: April 1973
Creator: Vedros, Philip J.

Condition Survey: Forbes Air Force Base, Kansas

Description: "The purpose of this report is to present the results of a condition survey performed at Forbes Air Force Base (FAFB), Kansas, during 1-6 May 1972. The three major areas of interest considered in this condition survey were the structural condition of the primary airfield pavements, the condition of pavement repairs and the types of maintenance materials that have been used at this airfield, and any evidence of detrimental effects of frost action to the pavement facilities" (p. 1).
Date: June 1973
Creator: Jackson, Ralph D.