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Some notes on gasoline-engine development

Description: Experiments were carried out using a special engine with small glass windows and a stroboscope to record various aspects of engine performance. Valve position, supercharging, and torque recoil were all investigated with this experimental apparatus.
Date: July 1, 1927
Creator: Ricardo, H R
Item Type: Report

Some principles governing the establishment of meteorological stations along air routes

Description: The organization of a meteorological service for an air route involves the solution of two distinct problems: distribution and grouping of meteorological stations and communications. Experience gained in the establishment of two lines, Paris-Warsaw and Constantinople-Bucharest enables us to establish certain principles, which may be of interest to note here.
Date: March 1, 1922
Creator: Aujames, P
Item Type: Report

Some Principles Governing the Production of Oil Wells

Description: From Introduction: "The report discusses some of the fundamental factors governing oil production, taking up first the conditions affecting the amount of oil in the oil sand, then those factors that control the rate of production of oil wells, and then discusses several related problems, most of which deal particularly with the effect of the production of one well on that of another."
Date: 1921
Creator: Beal, Carl H. & Lewis, J. O.
Item Type: Report

Some problems on the lift and rolling moment of airplane wings

Description: This report deals with the application of the airfoil and twisted wing theory to the calculation of the lift and rolling moment of airplane wings. Most of the results arrived at are strictly true only for wings of elliptic plan form. The investigation aims to give some indications of the accuracy with which the results can be applied to the wing forms in actual use.
Date: January 1, 1925
Creator: Scarborough, James B
Item Type: Report

Some remarks concerning soaring flight

Description: The publication of the following details is due to the desire of the editor to have the problems of soaring flight treated on the occasion of the Rhone Soaring Flight Contest.
Date: October 1, 1921
Creator: Prandtl, L
Item Type: Report

Some tables of the factor of apparent additional mass

Description: This note, prepared for publication by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, is a collection of the tables of the factor of apparent mass that have been published up to now. The theory of the motion of solids in a perfect fluid is of the greatest value for the study of most aerodynamic problems, and the additional apparent mass of an immersed solid is the most important characteristic for such theoretical numerical computations. It will therefore be helpful to have the most important values of the apparent mass - for some elementary cases - collected in a convenient form.
Date: July 1, 1924
Creator: Munk, Max M.
Item Type: Report

The spacing of orifices for the measure of pressure distributions

Description: The following report has been prepared for publication by the NACA. Suitable locations of orifices for the measurement of pressure distributions have been discussed. Tables are given for quickly laying out these locations and for quickly and easily computing the resultant air forces from the result of the measurements.
Date: January 1, 1926
Creator: Munk, Max M.
Item Type: Report

The span as a fundamental factor in airplane design

Description: Previous theoretical investigations of steady curvilinear flight did not afford a suitable criterion of "maneuverability," which is very important for judging combat, sport and stunt-flying airplanes. The idea of rolling ability, i.e., of the speed of rotation of the airplane about its X axis in rectilinear flight at constant speed and for a constant, suddenly produced deflection of the ailerons, is introduced and tested under simplified assumptions for the air-force distribution over the span. This leads to the following conclusions: the effect of the moment of inertia about the X axis is negligibly small, since the speed of rotation very quickly reaches a uniform value.
Date: September 1, 1928
Creator: Lachmann, G
Item Type: Report

Spark plug defects and tests

Description: The successful operation of the spark plug depends to a large extent on the gas tightness of the plug. Part 1 of this report describes the method used for measuring the gas tightness of aviation spark plugs. Part 2 describes the methods used in testing the electrical conductivity of the insulation material when hot. Part 3 describes the testing of the cold dielectric strength of the insulation material, the resistance to mechanical shock, and the final engine test.
Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Silsbee, F B; Loeb, L B; Sawyer, L G; Fonseca, E L; Dickinson, H C & Agnew, P G
Item Type: Report

The sparking voltage of spark plugs

Description: This report has been prepared in order to collect and correlate into convenient and useful form the available data on this subject. The importance of the subject lies in the fact that it forms the common meeting ground for studies of the performance of spark generators and spark plugs on the one hand and of the internal combustion engines on the other hand. While much of the data presented was obtained from various earlier publications, numerous places were found where necessary data were lacking, and these have been provided by experiments in gasoline engines at the Bureau of Standards.
Date: January 1, 1925
Creator: Silsbee, F B
Item Type: Report

Special propeller protractor

Description: A special protractor was designed and built with a view towards supplying a simple, inexpensive, practical, portable instrument for making measurements to detect propeller warpage under practically all conditions, without the use of auxiliary equipment, and without having to remove the propeller from the airplane. A detailed description is given of the protractor. Techniques for measuring are described. Directions are given on how to use the protractor to set detachable blade-type propellers on an airplane.
Date: January 1, 1928
Creator: Heim, A M
Item Type: Report

Specializing for record-breaking

Description: This report seeks to determine what constitutes airplane performance and what line should be followed in seeking to break records if the designer is given a free hand.
Date: February 1, 1924
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Item Type: Report

Speed limits of aircraft

Description: This paper is restricted to the question of attainable speed limits and attacks the problem from different angles. Theoretical limits due to air resistance are presented along with design factors which may affect speed such as wing loads, wing areas, wing section shifting, landing speeds, drag-lift ratios, and power coefficients.
Date: May 1923
Creator: Everling, E
Item Type: Report

Speed measurements made by Division "A" of the airplane director

Description: The various speeds of an airplane can only be measured in horizontal flight, since there are no means for measuring the angle of ascent or descent. The measurements must be corrected for the density of the air. This is obtained by simultaneous pressure and temperature measurements during flight. Calculation from the mean yearly values in accordance with Everling's suggestion can only be considered an approximation, since the distribution of pressure and temperature in the individual strata at different altitudes undergoes such large variations that the yearly mean gives inaccurate values. Thermographs of the present form are useless for temperature measurements of an airplane. In altitude data, the following are to be distinguished: the height above the earth, the barometric altitude, and the altitude corresponding to the yearly mean air density. Variometers are not suited for the mechanical control of high altitude flight.
Date: July 1, 1923
Creator: Heidelberg, V & Hoelzel, A
Item Type: Report

Sphere drag tests in the variable density wind tunnel

Description: The air forces on a twenty-centimeter sphere were measured after it had been rebuilt as an open throat type. The results from tests made at widely different densities and airspeeds and also on a smaller sphere are given.
Date: August 1, 1929
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N.
Item Type: Report

Spindled and hollow spars

Description: The most usual method of arriving at the maximum amount of spindling or hollowing out permissible in the case of any particular spar section is by trial and error, a process which is apt to become laborious in the absence of good guessing - or luck. The following tables have been got out with the object of making it possible to arrive with certainty at a suitable section at the first attempt.
Date: October 1926
Creator: Blyth, J. D.
Item Type: Report

Spiral tendency in blind flying

Description: The flight path followed by an airplane which was being flown by a blindfolded pilot was observed and recorded. When the pilot attempted to make a straight-away flight there was a tendency to deviate from the straight path and to take up a spiral one.
Date: August 1, 1929
Creator: Carroll, Thomas & Mcavoy, William H
Item Type: Report

Spontaneous combustion of hydrogen

Description: It is shown by the author's experiments that hydrogen which escapes to the atmosphere through openings in the system may burn spontaneously if it contains dust. Purely thermal reasoning can not account for the combustion. It seems to be rather an electrical ignition. In order to determine whether the cause of the spontaneous ignition was thermo-chemical, thermo-mechanical, or thermo-electrical, the experiments in this paper were performed.
Date: March 4, 1922
Creator: Pothmann, PH & Nusselt, Wilhelm
Item Type: Report

Spray penetration with a simple fuel injection nozzle

Description: The purpose of the tests covered by this report was to obtain specific information on the rate of penetration of the spray from a simple injection nozzle, having a single orifice with a diameter of 0.015 inch when injecting into compressed gases. The results have shown that the effects of both chamber and fuel pressures on penetration are so marked that the study of sprays by means of high-speed photography or its equivalent is necessary if the effects are to be appreciated sufficiently to enable rational analysis. It was found for these tests that the negative acceleration of the spray tip is approximately proportional to the 1.5 power of the instantaneous velocity of the spray tip.
Date: January 1, 1926
Creator: Miller, Harold E & Beardsley, Edward G
Item Type: Report

Stability equations for airship hulls

Description: In the text are derived simple formulae for determining, directly from the data of wind tunnel tests of a model of an airship hull, what shall be the approximate character of oscillation, in pitch or yaw, of the full-scale airship when slightly disturbed from steady forward motion. (author).
Date: January 1, 1926
Creator: Zahm, A. F.
Item Type: Report

Stability of airplanes

Description: The author attempts to correct the misconception that piloting an airplane requires extraordinary skill and balance. He also tries to show that airplanes are extremely stable in flight. Some of the major points covered in this article include: automatic pilots, airplanes designed to be stable, and the reliance on mathematics to help in designing stable aircraft.
Date: May 1, 1922
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Item Type: Report

Stability of the parachute and helicopter

Description: This report deals with an extension of the theory of stability in oscillation to the case of aircraft following a vertical trajectory, and particularly to the oscillations of parachutes.
Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Batemen, H
Item Type: Report