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Propellers in yaw

Description: It was realized as early as 1909 that a propeller in yaw develops a side force like that of a fin. In 1917, R. G. Harris expressed this force in terms of the torque coefficient for the unyawed propeller. Of several attempts to express the side force directly in terms of the shape of the blades, however, none has been completely satisfactory. An analysis that incorporates induction effects not adequately covered in previous work and that gives good agreement with experiment over a wide range of operating conditions is presented. The present analysis shows that the fin analogy may be extended to the form of the side-force expression and that the effective fin area may be taken as the projected side area of the propeller.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Ribner, Herbert S

The proper combination of lift loadings for least drag on a supersonic wing

Description: Lagrange's method of undetermined multipliers is applied to the problem of properly combining lift loadings for the least drag at a given lift on supersonic wings. The method shows the interference drag between the optimum loading and any loading at the same lift coefficient to be constant. This is an integral form of the criterion established by Robert T. Jones for optimum loadings. The best combination of four loadings on a delta wing with subsonic leading edges is calculated as a numerical example. The loadings considered have finite pressures everywhere on the plan form. Through the sweepback range the optimum combination of the four nonsingular loadings has about the same drag coefficient as a flat plate with leading-edge thrust.
Date: January 1, 1956
Creator: Grant, Frederick C

Properties and preparation of ceramic insulators for spark plugs

Description: Report describes in detail the preliminary experiments which were made on the conductivity of spark-plug insulators in order to develop a satisfactory comparative method for testing various spark-plug materials. Materials tested were cements, porcelain, feldspar, and quartz.
Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Silsbee, F B; Honaman, R K; Fonseca, E L; Bleininger, A V & Staley, H F

Properties of Glasses in Some Ternary Systems Containing BaO and SiO2

Description: Report discussing the glass forming regions in six ternary oxide systems containing BaO, Si02, and a third oxide. The properties of the resulting glasses were measured and the results reported. The data on refractive indices, dispersions, and specific volumes were evaluated by computer methods in an attempt to identify "substructures" containing the cations present in the glasses.
Date: September 1973
Creator: Cleek, Given W. & Babcock, C. L.

Properties of High-Temperature Ceramics and Cermets: Elasticity and Density at Room Temperature

Description: From Introduction: "The present paper contains detailed descriptions of the methods used in calculating both the elastic constants and the statistical parameters. These detailed descriptions have been included for two reasons: (1) To leave no doubt as to the exact procedure, and (2) to act as a guide to other workers who might wish to make similar determinations."
Date: March 1, 1960
Creator: Lang, S. M.

Properties of low-aspect-ratio pointed wings at speeds below and above the speed of sound

Description: Low-aspect-ratio wings having pointed plan forms are treated on the assumption that the flow potentials in planes at right angles to the long axis of the airfoils are similar to the corresponding two-dimensional potentials. For the limiting case of small angles of attack and low aspect ratios the theory brings out the following significant properties: (1) The lift of a slender, pointed airfoil moving in the direction of its long axis depends on the increase in width of the sections in a downstream direction. Sections behind the section of maximum width develop no lift. (2) The spanwise loading of such an airfoil is independent of the plan form and approaches the distribution giving a minimum induced drag. (3) The lift distribution of a pointed airfoil travelling point-foremost is relatively unaffected by the compressibility of the air below or above the speed of sound. A best of a triangular airfoil at a Mach number of 1.75 verified the theoretical values of lift and center of pressure.
Date: January 1, 1946
Creator: Jones, Robert T.

Properties of special types of radiators

Description: This report discusses the general performance characteristics of three special classes of radiators: those with flat plate water tubes, fin and tube types, and types that whistle in an air stream. Curves and tables show the performance of representative radiators of each class and compare the flat plate and whistling types. Empirical equations are given for estimating the performance of flat plate radiators of various dimensions. This report also contains a brief discussion, with curves, showing the effect of yawing on the properties of a radiator.
Date: January 1, 1921
Creator: Parsons, S R