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1.1-meter bore, 8-Tesla test facility

Description: The design and fabrication of a 1.1-m bore superconducting coil for an 8- T facility at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory are discussed. This facility will provide the backing field required for testing large multifilamentary Nb$sub 3$Sn coils as part of the superconductor development program at Livermore. The magnet measures 1.85 m o.d., is 1.5 m in length, and is solenoid wound in four separate modules. Total cold weight of the assembly is 18,000 Kg. A NbTi superconductor is used throughout with a gradation of current density within the magnet to provide complete cryostatic stability. The preliminary design of a large 3500-A multifilamentary Nb$sub 3$Sn insert magnet is also included. Together, the backing coil and insert magnets are designed to produce a 12-T central field in a 0.4m bore. The ''equal area'' theory of cryostatic stability is applied in the design of both magnet systems and is discussed in detail. A large open-mouth cryostat is used and measures 2 m in diameter and 3.7 m in length. Details of Dewar design and the refrigeration requirements are included. (auth)
Date: November 19, 1975
Creator: Nelson, R.; Cornish, D.; Zbasnik, J.; Sackett, S. & Taylor, C.

1.06 μm 150 psec laser damage study of diamond turned, diamond turned/ polished and polished metal mirrors

Description: Using a well characterized 1.06 μm 150 ps glass laser pulse the damage characteristics for diamond turned, diamond turned/ polished, and polished copper and silver mirrors less than 5 cm diameter were studied. Although most samples were tested with a normal angle of incidence, some were tested at 45$sup 0$ with different linear polarization showing an increase in damage threshold for S polarization. Different damage mechanisms observed will be discussed. Laser damage is related to residual surface influences of the fabrication process. First attempts to polish diamond turned surfaces resulted in a significant decrease in laser damage threshold. The importance of including the heat of fusion in the one dimensional heat analysis of the theoretical damage threshold and how close the samples came to the theoretical damage threshold is discussed. (auth)
Date: July 24, 1975
Creator: Saito, T. T.; Milam, D.; Baker, P. & Murphy, G.

2$sup 0$K vacuum pumping system for Baseball II

Description: A vacuum pumping system that provides a cryo surface for condensing and freezing of H/sub 2/ gas is described. A closed-loop vacuum system was designed and built at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory to pump down the neutralizer LH/sub e/ dewar with a volurae of 350 l and the lambda point dewar with a LH/sub e/ volume of 250 l. Both of these dewars can be pumped down simultaneously or one at a time. 100% of the H/sub e/ gas is recovered free of contaminations. The vacuum pump can handle 340 SCFM of gas. The LH/sub e/ dewars are pumped down below the lambda point. This condition reduces the LH/sub e/ container wall temperature to 2.1 deg K giving a base pressure of 10/sup -13/ torr for H/sub 2/ gas/sup 2/. To attain a stable condition the LH /sub e/ baths are puuped down to 33 torr or lower to give a surface temperatare of about 2/sup 0/K/sup 3/. The Baseball II helium factlity is a close loop system. The H/sub e/ gas is recovered from all the LH/sub e/ usage point. This gas is accumulated in one of the two 8000 cu ft inflatable gas bags. The gas from the gas bags is compressed into storage tanks at 1800 psig. The gas is purified to 99.99999% and it is liquified at a rate of 100 liquid liters per hour. (auth)
Date: August 20, 1973
Creator: Denhoy, B.S.

4-inch sample recovery canisters, Test Model D series. Final report, September 1969--May 1970

Description: Six tests were conducted on 4-Inch Test Model D Closures to develop an improved closure for the redesigned Sandia Recovery Canister (SRC). The first three closures tested used variations of the high explosive (HE) design used on the previous Model B (Second) Series (P64283). The last three units tested used variations of the HE design used in the Midi Mist Event SRC.
Date: 1970
Creator: Goode, P. L. & Neff, G. W.

14'' x 17'' film recorder for computer-enhanced scans

Description: Physician acceptance of computer-enhanced radionuclide scan results, presented in the form of small Polaroid pictures, has been very limited for a number of subjective reasons. A new recorder was designed and constructed that presents the results of computer augmented scans through a medium that is quite familiar to doctors, the standard 14 in. x 17 in. x-ray film. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Morris, A. C., Jr.; Barclay, T. R.; Akin, T. E.; Hansard, M. C.; Gibbs, W. D. & Modzelewski, C. U.

15 MeV neutron damage in Cu and Nb

Description: An investigation was made of high-energy neutron damage in Cu and Nb irradiated with approximately 15 MeV neutrons at the Oak Ridge Isochronous Cyclotron. The neutrons were generated by bombarding a thick Be target with 40- MeV deuterons resulting in a high energy neutron spectrum broadly peaked at 15 MeV. Single crystals of Cu and Nb were irradiated at room temperature to fluences of approximately 2 x 10$sup 17$ n/cm$sup 2$. The resulting loop-type defect clusters in the crystals were characterized using x-ray diffuse scattering and transmission electron microscopy. The cluster size distributions were found to be generally similar to those characteristic of fission neutron irradiations in these materials and no multiple clusters or sub-clusters were observed. Additional comparisons with fission reactor irradiations in Cu and Nb indicate that the retained displacement damage in these crystals is approximately 3 times greater for the high-energy neutrons than for an equivalent fluence of fission neutrons. This result is consistent with detailed damage energy calculations for the Be(d,n) neutron spectrum. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1975
Creator: Roberto, J. B.; Narayan, J. & Saltmarsh, M. J.

19 mm ballistic range: a potpourri of techniques and recipes

Description: The expansion of ballistic gun range facilities at LLL has introduced state-of-the-art diagnostic techniques to glovebox-enclosed ballistic guns systems. These enclosed ballistic ranges are designed for the study of one- dimensional shock phenomena in extremely toxic material such as plutonium. The extension of state-of-the-art phtographic and interferometric diagnostic systems to glovebox-enclosed gun systems introduces new design boundaries and performance criteria on optical and mechanical components. A technique for experimentally evaluating design proposals is illustrated, and several specific examples (such as, target alignment, collateral shrapnel damage, and soft recovery) are discussed. (auth)
Date: September 23, 1975
Creator: Carpluk, G.T.