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THE (5-PHENYL-2-OXAZOLYL)PYRIDINES AS FLUORESCENT pH INDICATORS. AN APPLICATION TO CHEMICAL RADIATION DOSIMETRY

Description: The three isomeric (5-phenyl-2-oxazolyl)pyridines have been shown to be sensitive fluorescent pH indicators which show a pronounced change to increased visible fluorescence as the pH is lowered. Absorption and fluorescence spectral data and pK values are given. Selective excitation of fluorescence from the conjugate acid in the presence of the free base was found possible. The sensitivity of the 4-isomer was demonstrated to be adequate for determining the small amounts of acid produced in certain chemical dosimeter systems. (auth)
Date: August 1, 1958
Creator: Ott, D.G.

100-Mw Nuclear Power Plant Utilizing a Sodium Cooled, Graphite Moderated Reactor

Description: The conceptual design of a 100 Mw(e) nuclear power plant is described. The plant utilized a sodium-cooled graphite-moderated reactor with stainless- steel clad. slightiy enriched UO/sub 2/ fuel. The reactor is provided with three main coolant circuits, and the steam cycle has three stages of regenerative heating. The plant control system allows automatic operation over the range of 20 to 100% load, or manual operation at all loads. The site, reactor, sodium systems, reactor auxiliaries, fuel handling, instrumentation, turbine-generator, buildings. and safety measures are described. Engineering drawings are included. (W.D.M.)
Date: February 28, 1958

450-Mev/C K$sup -$ and /Anti p/ Beams at the Northwest Target Area of the Bevatron Separated by the Coaxial Velocity Spectrometer

Description: Enriched beams of 450 Mev/c K/sup -/ mesons and antiprotons have been produced by separation with the coaxial static electromagnetic velocity spectrometer. Characteristics of the final separated beams as observed in the 15- inch hydrogen bubble chamber are given together with a detailed description of the beam optics and apparatas. (auth)
Date: June 1, 1958
Creator: Horwitz, N.; Murray, J.J.; Ross, R.R. & Tripp, R.D.

Accelerations in transport-airplane crashes

Description: From Introduction: "A study of crash-impact survival in light airplanes is reported in references 1 and 2. A similar study for fighter airplanes is reported in reference 3. This report discusses crash-impact survival in transport airplanes."
Date: February 1958
Creator: Preston, G Merritt & Pesman, Gerard J

ACCIDENTAL DISPERSION OF REACTOR POISONS AND THE CONTROLLED DISTANCE REQUIRED

Description: Two types of hypothetical reactor catastrophe are considered. In the first of these, the Boiling Accident,'' it is assumed that a fraction of the radioactive material in a reactor is released to the atmosphere at a steady rate over a period of hours. In the second, the Puff Accident,'' it is assumed that the release of the radioactive material takes place instantaneously.'' The following concepts are used as measures of the hazard existing outside the controlled plant area. Danger Distance,'' defined as that distance beyond which the fission product cloud becomes so dilute that it cannot cause death; Probabiiity of Death per Capita per Accident,'' which is a measure of the hazard to any individual; and Expectation Number of Deaths per Accident.'' which is a statistical measure of the hazard to the entire off-site populace. Three mechanisms for each type of catastrophe were considered: direct irradiation from the fission product cloud, inhalation of the air in the cloud, and rainout from the cloud followed by irradiation from the ground. Failout is not considered. for it requires that a very energetic explosion be assumed. It is concluded that the size of the plant should be set by the hazard of irradiation from the low- lying poison cloud produced in the boiling accident. A formula is proposed that permits the calculation of the controiled area that should exist around any reactor. Inversion and average meteoroiogy are analyzed in terms of their effect on off-site hazard. The same theory, utilizing the concepts of the probabiiity of death and the expectation number of deaths, is useful in estimating the hazard in the event a tank of H/sub 2/S, SO/sub 2/. or Cl ruptures. releasing to the atmosphere great quantities of gaseous poison. This problem is treated briefly at the end of the report. It ...
Date: March 1, 1958
Creator: Menegus, R.L. & Ring, H.F.

Accidental Radiation Excursion at the Y-12 Plant, June 16, 1958: Final Report

Description: This report describes the circumstances leading to the accident, attempts to reconstruct the nuclear reactivity conditions, and reviews the dosimetric means and results which were used to help determine the exposure of affected employees.
Date: September 12, 1958
Creator: Patton, F. S.; Bailey, J. C.; Callihan, A. D.; Googin, J. M.; Jasny, G. R.; McAlduff, H. J. et al.

Acoustic, thrust, and drag characteristics of several full-scale noise suppressors for turbojet engines

Description: From Introduction: " Considerable analytical and experimental research has been done to find means of reducing the noise levels of the turbojet transports. Noise levels can be decreased by engine redesign to reduce the jet-exit velocity (ref. 1), proper flight-climb techniques (ref. 2), and the use of noise-suppression exhaust nozzles (refs. 3 to 5). The present report is concerned with the last method."
Date: April 1958
Creator: Ciepluch, Carl C; North, Warren J; Coles, Willard D & Antl, Robert J

THE ACTIVITY OF THE FISSION PRODUCTS OF U$sup 23$$sup 5$

Description: Energy distributions and energy release rates of fission product gammas and energy release rates of the fission product betas are presented in tabular and graphical form, and the computation methods are outlined in detail. The data given for beta and gamma decay rates pertain directly to the thermal fission of U/ sup 235/. The possible effects of neutron energy spectra, other than thermal, and neutron flux level upon the fission product decay rates were examined, and the results are reported. The importance of bremsstrahlung caused by beta particles from fission products and the effect of photoneutron production due to the photonuclear reactions of the fission product gammas with D or Re were studied. Methods of evaluating these effects in the reactor are briefly described. (J.E.D.)
Date: October 31, 1958
Creator: Knabe, W.E. & Putnam, G.E.

AN ADVANCED ENGINEERING TEST REACTOR

Description: A concpept for an advanced enineering test reactor is described. Thpe results of various investigations with regard to alternative design possibilitipes are presented. Retailed information is given rearding the nuclear and enineering calculations. (W.D.M.)
Date: March 15, 1958
Creator: Leyse, C.F.; Bertelson, P.C.; Chmielewski, W.S.; Delicate, W.S.; Francis, T.L.; Kornfeld, M.J. et al.

ADVANCES IN THE PHYSICAL METALLURGY OF URANIUM AND ITS ALLOYS

Description: A general survey is presented of information in the uranium alloy field. Emphasis is centered on alpha uranium-rich alloys of special interest as uranium- base fuel element materials. The systems treated include uranium-molybdenum, uranium-silicon, uraniumzirconium, uranium-niobium, and uranium-zirconiumniobium (high uranium compositions). The uraniumfissium alloys are discussed in relation to their projected applications as fast reactor fuels. Equilibrium diagrams, transformation kinetics, and other pertinent data are presented for the uranium plus fissium'' element systems, e.g., uranium-ruthenium, uranium-rhodium, uraninum-palladium, and uraniummolybdenum-ruthenium. The properties covered include constitution phase diagrams, metallographic structure, physical and mechanicaly properties, transformation kinetics, crystallographic structure, thermal cycling, ad irradiation stability (where pertinent). Correlations between microstructure, heat treatment, and dimensional stability are emphasized, with particular reference to the U-2 wt.% Zr, U-5 wt.% Zr, and 1 1/2 wt.% Nb alloys. A discussion of the role of alloying and heattreatment in improving the dimensionaly stability and corrosion resistance of uraaium is presented, and an evaluation is made of the present status in attaining these objectives. (auth)
Date: October 31, 1958
Creator: Chiswik, H.H.; Dwight, A.E.; Lloyd, L.T.; Nevitt, M.V. & Zegler, S.T.

AEC HOT CELLS AND RELATED FACILITIES

Description: Shielded enclosures equipped with viewing devices and remote-hauling equipment for use in experiments and processes involving radioactivity are referred to as hot cells. The hot cell includes the biological shield enclosing the working space, viewing devices, special ventilating equipment, and special equipment for use in the hot cells, such as manipulators, cranes, machine tools, and measuriag devices. A hot cave is the same as a hot cell. A junior hot cave is a small-sized hot cave. A summary is presented of pertinent data on hot cells in use at various AEC installations. (C.H.)
Date: May 1, 1958
Creator: Fosdick, E.R.

Aerodynamic characteristics at a Mach number of 6.8 of two hypersonic missile configurations, one with low-aspect-ratio cruciform fins and trailing-edge flaps and one with a flared afterbody and all-movable controls

Description: Report discussing an investigation to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of hypersonic missile configurations with cruciform trailing-edge flaps with all-movable control surfaces. The all-movable controls were found to produce much larger values of trim lift and normal acceleration than the trailing-edge-flap configuration.
Date: August 4, 1958
Creator: Robinson, Ross B. & Bernot, Peter T.

Aerodynamic characteristics at a Mach Number of 6.8 of two hypersonic missile configurations, one with low-aspect-ratio cruciform fins and trailing-edge flaps and one with a flared afterbody and all-movable controls

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the aerodynamic characteristics in pitch at a Mach number of 6.8 of hypersonic missile configurations with cruciform trailing-edge flaps and all-movable control surfaces. Testing indicated that all-movable controls on the flared-afterbody model should be capable of producing much larger values of trim lift and of normal acceleration than the trailing-edge-flap configuration. Some of the configurations tested include body alone, body with 5 degree fins and trailing-edge flaps, and body with 10 degree flare and all-movable controls.
Date: August 4, 1958
Creator: Robinson, Ross B. & Bernot, Peter T.

Aerodynamic characteristics at Mach numbers from 2.5 to 3.5 of a canard bomber configuration designed for supersonic cruise flight

Description: Report presenting an investigation of a canard-type configuration designed for supersonic cruise flight in the Unitary Plan wind tunnel. Tests were conducted over a range of angles of attack and angles of sideslip. Results regarding the effect of forebody configuration, effects of Reynolds number and transition, effect of canard and elevon deflection, and effect of vertical surfaces are provided.
Date: September 10, 1958
Creator: Carmel, Melvin M.; Kelly, Thomas C. & Gregory, Donald T.

Aerodynamic characteristics of a 45 deg swept wing fighter airplane model and aerodynamic loads on adjacent stores and missiles at Mach numbers of 1.57, 1.87, 2.16, and 2.53

Description: Report discussing tests to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a model of a 45 degree swept-wing fighter airplane and to determine the loads on attached stores and detached missiles. An investigation into aileron-spoiler effectiveness, aileron hinge moments, and the effects of wing modifications of aerodynamic characteristics was also carried out at various Mach numbers. Results are presented, but caution is provided in regards to extrapolating results from the model onto a full-scale aircraft.
Date: June 24, 1958
Creator: Oehman, Waldo I. & Turner, Kenneth L.