UNT Libraries Government Documents Department - 53 Matching Results

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The aerodynamic wind vane and the inherent stability of airplanes

Description: Report discussing the design of the wind vane described rests on the following line of reasoning: An airplane, originally in equilibrium about its C.G. is assumed to be deflected from this position through an angle (delta)i, the variation (delta)i being so sudden that the path of the C.G. and the airplane speed do not change while it is taking place. The aerodynamic forces acting on the wings, tail surfaces, fuselage, etc., which, as a whole, exerted a zero moment (M(sub G) = 0) about the center of gravity at the instant of equilibrium, now exert a moment M(sub G) not equal to 0.
Date: February 1931
Creator: Lapresle, A

Aeronautical education and research at the Swiss Institute of Technology in Zurich

Description: Progress in the scientific and practical fields of aviation has caused the Swiss Institute of Technology to organize lectures and practical training courses in all three branches of aeronautics and to found centers of scientific research, laboratories, etc., in order to supply the government and industries with scientifically and technically trained engineers.
Date: April 1931
Creator: Karner, L. & Ackeret, J.

Airplane Landing Gear

Description: This report presents an investigation of the design and construction of various types of landing gears. Some of the items discussed include: chassises, wheels, shock absorbers (rubber disk and rubber cord), as well as oleopneumatic shock absorbers. Various types of landing gears are also discussed such as the Messier, Bendix, Vickers, and Bleriot.
Date: July 1931
Creator: Maiorca, Salvatore

Clerget 100 hp heavy-oil engine

Description: A complete technical description of the Clerget heavy-oil engine is presented along with the general characteristics. The general characteristics are: 9 cylinders, bore 120 mm, stroke 130 mm, four-stroke cycle engine, rated power limited to 100 hp at 1800 rpm; weight 228 kg; propeller with direct drive and air cooling. Moving parts, engine block, and lubrication are all presented.
Date: January 1, 1931
Creator: Leglise, Pierre

Combined pitching and yawing motion of airplanes

Description: This report treats the following problems: The beginning of the investigated motions is always a setting of the lateral controls, i.e., the rudder or the ailerons. Now, the first interesting question is how the motion would proceed if these settings were kept unchanged for some time; and particularly, what upward motion would set in, how soon, and for how long, since therein lie the dangers of yawing. Two different motions ensue with a high rate of turn and a steep down slope of flight path in both but a marked difference in angle of attack and consequently different character in the resultant aerodynamic forces: one, the "corkscrew" dive at normal angle, and the other, the "spin" at high angle.
Date: May 1931
Creator: Baranoff, A. V. & Hopf, L.

The Dangerous Flat Spin and the Factors Affecting It

Description: This report deals first with the fundamental data required for the investigation. These are chiefly the aerodynamic forces and moments acting on an airplane in a flat spin. It is shown that these forces and moments depend principally on the angle of attack and on the rotation about the path axis, and can therefore either be measured in a wind tunnel or calculated from wind-tunnel measurements of lift, drag and moment about the leading edge of the wing of an airplane model at rest.
Date: July 1931
Creator: Fuchs, Richard & Schmidt, Wilhelm

The Dangerous Sideslip of a Stalled Airplane and Its Prevention

Description: This investigation covers only that phase of airplane accidents which are the result of sideslip. We examine the circumstances under which this occurs, study the behavior of present-day airplane types (monoplane, conventional and staggered biplane) therein and endeavor to find a solution whereby this danger may be avoided.
Date: September 1931
Creator: Fuchs, Richard & Schmidt, Wilhelm

Determination of Resistance and Trimming Moment of Planing Water Craft

Description: This report presents a new theory which makes it possible to interpret the resistance and the trimming moment for any loading of a planing aircraft when these values are given for one load. This application of the new theory forms the basis of the present paper. Derivations of various conversion formulas are given as well as numerous examples.
Date: May 1931
Creator: Schröder, P.

The development, design and construction of gliders and sailplanes

Description: This report explains and details the history of glider design and construction through the impetus of the Rhon Sailplane contests. Some of the topics considered include: whether the longitudinal stability (dynamic and static) is sufficient in the tailless typo and a consideration that the structural weight of sweptback wings would be greater than that of a corresponding normal wing.
Date: September 1931
Creator: Lippisch, A.

Development of a non-autorotative airplane capable of steep landing

Description: In the following we develop a non-autorotating monoplane wing. The conditions imposed on such a wing, aside from its freedom from autorotation,with respect to its polars and its construction, are taken into account as far as possible. It is indicated that the autorotation characteristics of a wing are dependent upon the speed of air flow as well as on the angle of yaw. This report postulates the knowledge of the behavior of certain conventional wings of different chords and cambers with respect to their air loads at large angles of attack.
Date: December 1, 1931
Creator: Schmidt, Wilhelm

Downwash measurements behind wings with detached float

Description: This investigation, which was made in the small wind tunnel having a diameter of 1.2 m (3.94 feet), embraced three wing models, behind which, at various angles of attack between 0 and 60 degrees, the static pressure and the total pressure along vertical lines (perpendicular to the direction of the undisturbed wind and to the wing span) were measured. The location of these vertical lines are indicated in Figure 1. Moreover, the wing polars were determined by the customary three-component measurements. For testing the pressure field, a Pitot tube and a static probe, both of 2 mm (0.08 in.) in diameter, were mounted 40 mm (1.57 in.) apart on the end of a shaft 1 m (39.37 in.) long.
Date: August 1931
Creator: Petersohn, E.

Effect of stabilizing forces on turbulence

Description: The appearance of expressed discontinuity layers in the free atmosphere, where a warm air mass flows over a cold mass without perceptible intermingling forms the basis of the present report. In these experiments an air stream is to be blown between a water-cooled and a vapor-heated plate. According to what preceded it is anticipated that the exchange will be enhanced. Because these experiments had to be made at relatively low air speeds so as to let the lifting forces become effective, it first required a study of the test methods, and so we have not yet proceeded beyond the preliminary tests on the most suitable hot-wire connections and thermocouples for recording speed and temperature.
Date: June 1931
Creator: Prandtl, L.

Effect of Viscosity in Speed Measurements With Double-Throat Venturi Tubes

Description: In order to clarify the viscosity effect some experiments were made in the Gottigen low-pressure tunnel with the Bruhn double-throat Venturi tube. This type of tunnel makes it possible to vary the pressure and thereby the density within wide limits and consequently, to examine the viscosity effect. This, however, did not impair the results because pressure and temperature were determined at different periods.
Date: August 1931
Creator: Peters, H.

Elmira soaring contest, 1930

Description: This report details the Elmira, New York soaring contest of 1930 and provides up-current maps, experiences in piloting, distance flights, and a few details on glider design.
Date: March 1931
Creator: Schempp, Martin H; Herrick, Jack & Hirth, Wolfram K E

Experiments With Airplane Brakes

Description: This report begins by examining the forces on the brake shoes. For the determination of the load distribution over the shoes it was assumed that the brake linings follow Hooke's law, are neatly fitted and bedded in by wear. The assumption of Hooke's law, that is, the proportionality between compression of the lining and the absorption of force, is fulfilled to a certain extent for the loading, as becomes apparent from the load tests described further on. But there is a material discrepancy at unloading.
Date: September 1931
Creator: Michael, Franz

Fire Prevention on Aircraft

Description: The following discussion is at first restricted to the light-oil engines now in use. We shall consider how far it is possible to reduce fire hazards by changes in the design of the engines and carburetors and in the arrangement of the fuel pipes.
Date: July 1931
Creator: Kühn, Fritz

Flat Sheet Metal Girders With Very Thin Metal Web. Part 1: General Theories and Assumptions

Description: The object of this report was to develop the structural method of sheet metal girders and should for that reason be considered solely from this standpoint. The ensuing methods were based on the assumption of the infinitely low stiffness in bending of the metal web. This simplifies the basis of calculations to such an extent that many questions of great practical importance can be examined which otherwise cannot be included in any analysis of the bending stiffness of the buckled plate. This report refers to such points as the safety in buckling of uprights to the effect of bending flexibility of spars, to spars not set parallel, etc.
Date: February 1931
Creator: Wagner, Herbert

Flat Sheet Metal Girders With Very Thin Metal Web. Part 2: Sheet Metal Girders With Spars Resistant to Bending - Oblique Uprights - Stiffness

Description: "Noting that the stiffness of the girder increases very rapidly as Beta increases, the result can be summed up as follows: When the cross stress preponderates in one direction and when the web plate is to be given the dimensions commensurate to its stresses, it is advisable (regardless of any ensuing structural difficulties) to set the uprights at about Beta = 120 degrees, thereby lowering the weight of the plate wall 15 percent (in contrast to Beta = 90 degrees), and raising the stiffness 55 percent. But, when the cross stresses alternate and are approximately of the same intensity in both directions, or, if the web plate thickness is determined by other structural reasons, then Beta = 90 degrees should be chosen" (p. 1).
Date: February 1931
Creator: Wagner, Herbert

Flat Sheet Metal Girders With Very Thin Metal Web. Part 3: Sheet Metal Girders With Spars Resistant to Bending - the Stress in Uprights - Diagonal Tension Fields

Description: This report continues the work presented in NACA-TM 605 and expands the scope to include the change in specific number of wrinkles from direction x to z, so that b and f become variable in direction z. Moreover, it seems likely that b and f increase from the edge toward the center if the sheet is infinitely thin.
Date: February 1931
Creator: Wagner, Herbert

Flutter in Propeller Blades

Description: This report considers two different explanations for propeller breaks caused by propeller flutter. The two possibilities are combined vibrations of the blade, similar to those of the wings, which develop by absorbing energy from the air stream and converting it into vibrations without the aid of any periodic external disturbance. The other possibility examined is forced vibrations, which are produced in every structure by periodically variable impulses. Such vibrations are especially dangerous when the disturbing impulses which cause them have a frequency equal to the natural frequency of the system.
Date: October 1931
Creator: Seewald, Friedrich

The Frictionless Flow in the Region Around Two Circles

Description: This investigation attempts to surpass the boundaries of pure mathematical interest in that it possesses as an example, a flow investigation in a multiply-connected region. Then the results appear to be carried out by means of an appropriate conformal representation of the region around two chosen closed curves. Thus we have the basis of an exact plane theory of the biplane.
Date: June 1931
Creator: Lagally, M.