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Cretaceous Deposits of the Eastern Gulf Region and Species of Exogyra from the Eastern Gulf Region and the Carolinas
Description: From object and scope of the work: This paper is intended as a brief statement of the results of stratigraphic and paleontologic investigations made by the writer during recent years in the Cretaceous areas of the eastern Gulf region.
Creator: Stephenson, Lloyd William
Description: From introduction: This report describes the character, origin, age, and extent of deposits of pyroclastic flows and lahars that were formed at Mount St. Helens before 1980, and their stratigraphic relations to other rocks and deposits of volcanic and glacial origin.
Creator: Crandell, Dwight Raymond
Description: From introduction: The U.S. Geological Survey has selected and assembled sets of photographs that illustrate numerous types of geologic features in the United States. This catalog lists these special sets of photographs that are available for purchase and describes the features illustrated. One reduced photograph from each set is shown on the back pages of this catalog to assist the purchaser in his selection.
Creator: Geological Survey (U.S.)
Environmental Geochemical Studies of Selected Mineral Deposits in Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska
Description: From abstract: Environmental geochemical investigations took place in Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve (WRST), Alaska, between 1994 and 1997. Areas studied include the historic Kennecott stratabound copper mines and mill area; the historic mines and mill in the Bremner district, where gold was produced from polymetallic veins; the sporadically active gold placer mines at Gold Hill; the undisturbed, unmined porphyry copper-molybdenum deposits at Orange Hill and Bond Creek; and the historic mines and mill at Nabesna, where gold-bearing iron skarn deposits were exploited. The cooperative study between the U.S. Geological Survey and the National Park Service focused on identifying and characterizing geochemical signatures associated with these mineralized areas. Sample media included surface water, bedload sediment, rock, mine waste, and mill tailings samples.
Creator: Eppinger, Robert G.; Briggs, Paul H.; Rosenkrans, Danny S. & Ballestrazze, Vanessa
The Flora of the New Albany Shale: Part 1. Diichnia Kentuckiensis, a New Representative of the Calamopityeae
Description: Abstract: A new genus of the Cycadofilicales, Diichnia, is described from the New Albany shale, of late Devonian age, in central Kentucky. The one known species, which is based on stem material showing internal structure, belongs in the family Calamopityeae. Foundation for the generic segregation is seen in the double leaf truce of the genotype, D. kentuckiensis, in contrast with the originally single trace in other known representatives of the family.
Creator: Read, Charles B.
Description: The principal result of the investigations upon which this report is based is the determination within narrow limits of the preglacial depth of the Yosemite Valley and of other facts concerning its preglacial development which permit fairly definite estimates of the proportionate shares of work performed by stream and by glacier. The investigations comprise a detailed survey of the glacial and geomorphologic features of the Yosemite region and an equally intensive study of its rock formations, supplemented by reconnaissance work of both kinds in adjoining parts of the Sierra Nevada.
Creator: Matthes, François E.
Description: From abstract: For Project Gnome, part of the Plowshare Program to develop peaceful uses for nuclear energy, a nuclear device was detonated December 10, 1961, underground in rack salt of the Permian Salado Formation southeast of Carlsbad, New Mexico. The Geological Survey's investigations on behalf of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission provided basic geologic and geophysical information needed to define preshot and postshot geologic and hydrologic conditions at and near the site. This report describes the geology of the site, some physical and chemical properties of the rocks, and the known effects of the nuclear detonation on the rocks of the site.
Creator: Gard, Leonard Meade, Jr.
The Geological Importance of the Lime-Secreting Algae With a Description of a New Travertine-Forming Organism
Description: This report describes the geologic importance of the lime-secreting algae.
Creator: Howe, Marshall A.
Description: Summary: In May and June 1936 Dr. C. S. Piggot of the Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, took a series of 11 deep-sea cores in the North Atlantic Ocean between the Newfoundland banks and the banks off the Irish coast.
Creator: Bradley, Wilmot H.
Description: From introduction: This survey was the first systematic work undertaken in this geologic province since the Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel, in 1869, and was the first detailed geologic examination of a wide area in the Wasatch Range. Hence, an unusual amount of general geologic work in the region surrounding the special field was required to establish fundamental geologic facts.
Creator: Boutwell, J. M.
Geology and Water Resources of the Northern Portion of the Black Hills and Adjoining Regions in South Dakota and Wyoming
Description: Introduction: this paper, which supplements the report on the geology and water resources of the southern half of the Black Hills, published in 1901, is the result of studies made at intervals during the years 1899 to 1907.
Creator: Darton, Nelson Horatio
Description: Report describing the geology of Long Island based on surveys and research conducted 1903-1905, with a particular emphasis on glacial deposits and formations from the Pleistocene epoch. It includes a broad discussion, with tabular summaries.
Creator: Fuller, Myron L.
Description: From introduction: The main purpose of the field investigations on which this paper is based was to determine the structure of the mountains. The geologic formations were therefore studied, and sufficient data were obtained to construct a combined areal and structural map.
Creator: Reeves, Frank
Description: From abstract: The Santa Monica Mountains lie only a few miles northwest of the city of Los Angeles and comprise one of the prominent structural features that adjoin the Los Angeles Basin, one of the most prolific oil-producing districts of California. Even though the eastern part of these mountains may yield no oil, information concerning the rock types, structural character, and detailed geologic history of this area should be of value to petroleum geologists. The area described in this report, which lies between Topanga Canyon on the west and the Los Angeles River on the east, presents a section of varied rock types including coarsely crystalline plutonic rocks, basic and acidic intrusive and pyroclastic rocks, metamorphic slate and schist, and a wide assortment of sedimentary rocks.
Creator: Hoots, H. W.
Description: From Abstract: "This report deals with an area of 425 square miles in the western part of Texas, immediately south of the New Mexico line. The report describes the geology of the area, that is, the nature of its rocks, tectonics, and surface features, and the evidence that they give as to the evolution of the area through geologic time. Incidental reference is made to the geology of surrounding regions in order to place the area in its environment."
Creator: King, Philip B.
Description: From introduction: The history of glaciation in Alaska offers a fascinating field for study. Because of the remarkable development and easy accessibility of valley and piedmont glaciers in the coastal mountains, Alaska has long been popularly conceived as a land of ice and snow, a concept that is only slowly being corrected. To the student of glaciation, however, Alaska affords a unique opportunity to observe the formation, movement, and dissipation of the many living glaciers, to examine the results of glacial erosion on a gigantic scale, and to discover and work out the sequence of Pleistocene events as shown by the topographic forms in both glaciated and unglaciated areas and by the deposits left by ice and water during earlier stages of glaciation.
Creator: Capps, Stephen R.
Description: From Outline of the Report: The Alleghany district, in the southern part of Sierra County, Calif., has long been famous for the high-grade gold ore of its quartz veins. The oldest rocks of the district (pp. 6-17) are of sedimentary and volcanic origin and correspond to part of the Calaveras formation as mapped in the Colfax and Downieville folios of the Geologic Atlas of the United States. These rocks are divided into five formations, of which three-the Blue Canyon, Relief, and Cape Horn formations follow the definitions laid down by Lindgren in the Colfax folio, and two-the Tightner and Kanaka formations-are new units required by the more detailed nature of the present study. It is thought possible that a conglomerate which forms the basal part of the Kanaka formation is of glacial origin. Intrusions of gabbro and more basic rocks, the latter now completely serpentinized, crop out over nearly half the area in which pre-Tertiary rocks are exposed. Small granitic dikes of later age than the basic intrusives are found in the western part of the district. Overlying and largely concealing the older rocks are auriferous gravel of Eocene and Miocene age, andesitic breccia of probable Miocen age, basalt flows of probable Pleistocene age, and minor amounts of Pleistocene and Recent gravel.
Creator: Ferguson, Henry G. & Gannett, Roger W.
Description: From introduction: The purposes of this exploration are to determine routes, to locate water holes, and to select areas where detailed geologic study could profitably be undertaken.
Creator: Gregory, Herbert E. & Moore, Raymond C.
Description: More than nine-tenths of the Upper Cretaceous rocks in northeastern Wyoming are fine-grained shales, mudstones, and calcareous marls. A comparative study of the mineralogy, chemical and mechanical composition, density and porosity, fissility, and lamination of samples of these rocks discloses several relations that throw light on the geologic history and structural deformation of the region, and perhaps on its oil and gas possibilities.
Creator: Rubey, William Walden
Description: From abstract: Mafic and ultramafic xenoliths in the Western United States are present in volcanic rocks ranging from lamprophyric to dacitic in composition and are found in every major tectonic province from the Coast ranges from California to the Great Plains. Xenoliths from 68 localities are described here, but new localities are being discovered, and much remain to be learned about their distribution with respect to the tectonic and geophysical framework of the Western United States.
Creator: Wilshire, Howard Gordon; Meyer, C. E.; Nakata, John K.; Calk, L. C.; Shervais, John W.; Nielson, J. E. et al.
Description: This is a report on the middle triassic marine invertebrate faunas of North America.
Creator: Smith, James Perrin
Description: From introduction: The fossil plants described in the present report were collected at the north end of Grand Coulee during the summer of 1927 by Messrs. T. A. Bonser, F. A. Roberts, and Walter Bruce, of Spokane, and F. W. McCann, of Coulee City. The locality is in the big bend of the Columbia River near the northern boundary of Grant County, Wash., about 85 miles west of the plant-bearing Latah sediments around Spokane. The outcrop in Grand Coulee is about the same distance east of the crest of the Cascade Mountains, about 100 miles northeast of the plant beds at Ellensburg, which are of approximately the same age, and some 200 miles west of beds in Idaho yielding a similar flora and assigned to the Payette formation by Knowlton and others.
Creator: Berry, Edward Wilber
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