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Airborne Radioactivity Surveys for Phosphate in Florida

Description: Introduction: Deposits of phosphate in Florida, located beyond the limits of known producing areas, have been reported by prospectors and mining companies. Much of the information has been based upon prospecting and exploration which was undertaken many years ago and as a result the published data relating to the occurrence of these deposits are fragmentary, and few details relating to specific locations and extent are available.
Date: August 1953
Creator: Moxham, Robert Morgan

Carnotite Resources of San Miguel Bench, Montrose County, Colorado

Description: Abstract: San Miguel bench includes about 4 square miles in the southern part of T. 48 N., R. 17 W., New Mexico principal meridian, Montrose County, Colorado. Production of carnotite ore from the area has been about 15, 000 short tons having an estimated average graderof 0. 31 percent U3O8,and 1. 6 percent V2 05 Nearly all of the carnotite deposits occur in a single-continuous sandstone bed near the top of the Salt Wash member of the Jurassic Morrison formation. These deposits consist chiefly of sandstone impregnated with uranium- and vanadium-bearing minerals. They are irregular tabular-shaped masses ranging in size from a few short tons to 30, 000 short tons or more of minable carnotite ore. During the period November 27, 1951, to April 17, 1953, the U. S. Geological Survey drilled 309 holes totaling 92, 194 feet on the San Miguel bench. Reserves total about 43, 000 short tons of material 1 foot or more thick and contain 0,.10 percent or more U30 or 1. 0 percent or more V205. Of these reserves 3, 300 short tons occur in private land. These reserves are in ten deposits found by Geological Survey drilling. Potential reserves (reserves based on geologic evidence only) are predicted to total about 15, 000 short tons, averaging 0.30 percent U308 and 1.6 percent V2 05 No additional exploration drilling in the San Miguel bench is planned by the Geological Survey. Some drilling by private enterprise is recommended.
Date: September 1955
Creator: Alvord, Donald C.

Carnotite Resources of the Legin Group Area, San Miguel County, Colorado

Description: From abstract: The Legin group area comprises five privately owned claims, nine Government claims, and some public land. The area is in parts of secs. 28 and 29, T. 43 N., R. 19 W., New Mexico principal meridian, San Miguel County, Colo. It is about 45 miles from the Government mill at Monticello, Utah, and 50 miles from the Vanadium Corporation of America mill at Naturita, Colo. The Legin group area has yielded a total production of more than 18,000 short tons of carnotite ore that averaged 0.32 percent U30 and 2.5 percent V 205 . Most of this production was accomplished during the years from 1935 to 1944, and from 1949 to October 1951.
Date: July 1952
Creator: Bell, Henry

Control Chart Method Applied to Errors in Radioactive Counting

Description: Abstract: The Control Chart statistical methods, developed by Showhart for the control of quality of manufactured products, are applied to the control of Geiger-Miller counting instruments. Experiments are reported to show the use to the Control Chart method for detecting disturbances in instrumental behavior and for detecting radioactive effects so weak that they are near the limit of detection of the instruments. As a corollary, the control chart can be used to reduce to its practical limit the time required for tests.
Date: February 22, 1947
Creator: Schlecht, W. G.

The Copper and Uranium Deposits of the Coyote District, Mora County, New Mexico

Description: From abstract: The copper and uranium-vanadium deposits of the Coyote district, Mora County, N. Mex., are confined to the lower 2,000 feet of the Sangre de Cristo formation of Pennsylvanian and Permian age. A narrow belt of deposits in steeply dipping or overturned rocks extends for 7 miles along Coyote Creek south of Guadalupita. Earlier studies showed that the copper deposits contained uranium, but both the reserves and the uranium content of the copper-bearing shale are too low to permit the recovery of uranium. However, small, commercial grade uranium deposits have been discovered in sandstone.
Date: December 1954
Creator: Tschanz, Charles M.; Laub, D. C. & Fuller, G. W.

Description of Core from Atomic Energy Commission Drill Hole Number 1, Project Gnome, Eddy County, New Mexico

Description: From abstract: Drilling at the Project GNOME site, which is in the approximate center of sec. 34, T. 23 S., R. 30 E., NMPM, was undertaken in August and September 1958 by the W-W Drilling Company. The purpose of drilling this hole, which is at the precise location of the proposed shaft, was to determine (1) the lithologic and water-bearing characteristics of the rocks of Cenozoic, Mesozoic, and Paleozoic age that lie above the salt-bearing sequence in the Salado formation; (2) the depth to the top of the unleached salt and associated evaporites in the Salado formation; and (3) the local details of the salt-bearing sequence in the Salado formation.
Date: October 1958
Creator: Moore, George William

Distribution and Origin of Phosphate in the Land-Pebble Phosphate District of Florida

Description: From abstract: The land-pebble phosphate district of Florida is a part of the Gulf Coastal Plain. The geologic formations cropping out in the district are the Miocene Hawthorn, Pliocene Bone Valley, and Pleistocene terrace sands. The Bone Valley formation consists of a lower strongly phosphatic unit and an upper less phosphatic unit. This paper is concerned principally with the lower unit, which contains the bulk of the minable phosphate deposits of the district.
Date: June 1952
Creator: Cathcart, James B. & Davidson, David F.

Domestic Phosphate Deposits

Description: From abstract: Incomplete but recently partly revised estimates indicate the presence of about 10 billion tons of phosphate deposits in the Urited States that is minable under present economic conditions. Deposits too lean in quality or thickness to compete with those in the western and southeastern fields probably contain tens of billions of tons.
Date: November 1952
Creator: McKelvey, V. E.; Cathcart, James Bachelder; Altschuler, Z. S.; Swanson, Rowena W. & Lutz, Katharine

Engineering Geology Bearing on Harbor Site Selection Along the Northwest Coast of Alaska from Nome to Point Barrow

Description: From abstract: This report describes geologic and oceanographic factors relevant to the selection of a site in northwestern Alaska, at which an experimental harbor can be created by the explosion of a nuclear device. Part I describes the results of a preliminary survey of the entire coastal and offshore region between Nome and Point Barrow: Part II consists of a more detailed evaluation of the Cape Thompson-Cape Seppings area; and Part III is a theoretical consideration of the effect of the ocean upon the temperature and distribution of permafrost. The report is based entirely upon the study of published and unpublished reports, field notes, and maps, interviews with the few geologists who have visited the region, and the interpretation of aerial photographs.
Date: April 1958
Creator: Péwé, Troy Lewis; Hopkins, David Moody & Lachenbruch, Arthur H.

Forty-Niner, King Solomon Ridge, and West End Claims Near Clancy, Jefferson County, Montana

Description: Abstract: Secondary minerals of the uranite group occur in dense quartz veins and in altered aplitic granite along and near the crest of the east-trending ridge about one mile west of Clancy, Montana. Brief examination suggests that the radioactive minerals are erratically distributed, but a more thorough study of the area will be made by the Geological Survey during the coming field season.
Date: August 1950
Creator: Klepper, M. R.

Gamma-Radioactivity Investigations at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada: Interim Report, February 1960 to July 1961

Description: Abstract: As a part of continuous geologic and geophysical investigations at the Nevada Test Site, gamma-radioactivity measurements are being made in tunnels and drill holes to determine semiquantitatively the natural gamma radioactivity of geologic formations and the distribution of nuclear-explosion-produced radioisotopes.
Date: October 1962
Creator: Bunker, C. M. & Shutler, Marvin D.

Gamma-Radioactivity Investigations Related to Waste Disposal, Jackass Flats, Nevada Test Site

Description: From introduction: Under the general supervision of the Health Division of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, the U.S. Geological Survey is participating in geologic and hydrologic studies of the tile field constructed in Jackass Flats in the southwestern part of the Nevada Test Site as related to waste disposal, M. D. Shutler rendered valuable assistance in obtaining and evaluating portions of the data in this report. These investigations were done on behalf of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and were supported by the Division of Reactor Development and by the Albuquerque Operations Office.
Date: September 1962
Creator: Bunker, C. M. & Bradley, W. A.

Geochemistry of Beryllium

Description: From abstract: This is a review, with annotated bibliography, of the mode of occurrence of the element beryllium. It is not a list of specific ore deposits, but a summary of the types of the types of minerals and rocks in which beryllium has been reported to occur. In addition, the unpublished spectrographic studies of the Geological Survey on mill products are summarized, and data are given on domestic production and reserves and on foreign production.
Date: June 1946
Creator: Fleischer, Michael & Cameron, E. N.