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Petrographical Investigations of the Salt Wash Sediments, Annual Technical Report: 1954

Description: Abstract: This report consists of four parts, the first three being descriptions of investigations compiled in the period October 1st, 1953 to April 1st, 1954; the fourth part is a summary of progress of the research based on our entire investigations completed prior to April 1st, 1954. The first part comprises a set of preliminary experiments investigating the mineral composition of the sandstones in thin sections, in an attempt to differentiate barren from ore-bearing sandstones. It appears that there are more rock-fragments and particularly more volcanic rock fragments in the ore zone (zone 4, Well C, Bull Canyon). In addition, silica cement appears to be associated with ore and carbonate cement with barren sediments. The second part details the investigation of the mudstones of the Bull Canyon Wells . A mixed layer lattice "illite" and a kaolin mineral are the most prominent in "normal" mudstones. Dye tests suggest there are differences between the clay minerals in the sandstone matrix of the ore zone and barren zone. In addition, the mudstone zones appear to differ in the response to the dye tests. The third part of the report details the bulk density determinations for cores from well B. The results confirm our conclusions based on bulk density investigations of cores from well C. Finally in the summary of progress of the research, Part IV of the report, guides to ore are suggested and the differences between ore bearing sediments and barren sediments are summarized. The hypothesis of genesis which best fits the observations is also described.
Date: April 1954
Creator: Griffiths, John C.; Cochran, J. A.; Groff, D. W. & Kahn, James Steven