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Adsorbent clays: their distribution, properties, production, and uses

Description: From Abstract: "This bulletin is a summary of present knowledge of the adsorbent or bleaching clays-their distribution, field and laboratory identification, physical and chemical properties, uses, quality, and value. Problems in the drying, treating with acids, and washing are discussed, and methods of testing and rating decolorizing efficiency are described."
Date: 1943
Creator: Nutting, P. G.

Aluminous Lateritic Soil of the Republic of Haiti, W.I.

Description: From abstract: Aluminous lateritic soil containing as much as 50 percent of alumina (A120) Is found in several places in the Republic of Haiti. The largest deposits are on the Rochelois Plateau southwest of Miragoane on the Southern Peninsula. Mapping and drilling of the deposits indicate fifteen million long tons in place (dried basis). It is estimated that a minimum of 10 million long tons of this reserve is recoverable. The average chemical composition of this material is as follows: A1203, 46.8 percent; SiO2, 3.4 percent; T1O2, 2.8 percent; Fe20, 21.9 percent ; P206, 0.6 percent ; MnO5, 0.5 percent ; and loss on ignition, 24.1 percent. Other localities in which similar lateritic soil occurs are Beaumont in the Massif de la Hotte ; the vicinity of Savane Zombi in the Massif de la Selle ; and Savane Terre Rouge on the plateau northwest of Gonaives. In none of these regions were large deposits found.
Date: 1948
Creator: Goldich, Samuel S. & Bergquist, Harlan R.

Antimony Deposits of El Antimonio District Sonora, Mexico

Description: From introduction: This is one of a series of detailed studies of the antimony deposits of Mexico, which were investigated by the United States Geological Survey and the Instituto de Geologia de Mexico. The investigation was part of a cooperative program sponsored by the Interdepartmental Committee for Scientific and Cultural Cooperation, under the auspices of the Department of State.
Date: 1949
Creator: White, Donald Edward & Guiza, Reinaldo

Antimony Deposits of the Stampede Creek Area, Kantishna District, Alaska

Description: From abstract: The Stampede Creek area lies about 120 miles southwest of Fairbanks, Alaska. It is most readily accessible by air during the summer and by tractor road during the winter. Since 1936 approximately 2,400 tons of shipping-grade antimony ore and concentrates, containing about 1,300 tons of metallic antimony, have been produced at the Stampede mine. The mine was closed down in the spring of 1941, principally because of the high cost of transportation. The area is underlain largely by metamorphosed rocks of the Birch Creek schist. The schist has been warped and crumpled into many broad, open folds which strike northeast and also plunge to the northeast. The Stampede mine is in the schistose quartzite member of the Birch Creek schist.
Date: 1942
Creator: White, Donald Edward

The Ashland Coal Field, Rosebud, Powder River, and Custer Counties, Montana

Description: From introduction: The detailed information concerning the coal deposits of the Ashland field set forth in this report has been obtained in the course of an investigation that has been conducted both as a part of the United States Geological Survey's general systematic study of western coal lands and as an aid in the administration of the public lands. With the information obtained on the location of outcrops, the number, distribution, and thickness of coal beds, the accessibility of the coal, and the thickness of the overburden, the public lands of the region are classified as to their coal value; coal-bearing lands are differentiated from noncoal-bearing lands; and the administration of the coal-land leasing law is facilitated.
Date: 1932
Creator: Bass, N. Wood

Boundaries, areas, geographic centers and altitudes of the United States and the several states, with a brief record of important changes in their territory

Description: From Forward: "The first edition of the record setting forth the history of the boundaries of the United States and the several States and Territories was prepared by Henry Gannett, assisted by Franklin G. Butterfield, and was published as Bulletin 13 of the United States Geological Survey in 1885. The present bulletin is a revision and enlargement of Bulletin 226 and includes additional matter incidentally connected with boundaries."
Date: 1923
Creator: Douglas, Edward M.

Carnotite-Bearing Sandstone in Cedar Canyon, Slim Buttes, Harding County, South Dakota

Description: From abstract: Carnotite-bearing sandstone and claystone have been found in the Chadron formation of the White River group of Oligocene age in the southern part of the Slim Buttes area, Harding County, S. Dak. The carnotite is an efflorescent yellow coating on lenticular silicified sandstone. Locally, the mineralized sandstone contains 0.23 percent uranium. The uranium and vanadium ions are believed to have been derived from the overlying mildly radioactive tuffaceous rocks of the Arikaree formation of Miocene age. Analyses of water from 26 springs issuing from the Chadron and Arikaree formations along the margins of Slim Buttes show uranium contents of as much as 200 parts per billion. Meteoric water percolating through tuffaceous rocks is thought to have brought uranium and other ions into environments in the Chadron formation that were physically and chemically favorable for the deposition of carnotite.
Date: 1955
Creator: Gill, James R. & Moore, George William

Chromite and quicksilver deposits of the Del Puerto area, Stanislaus County, California

Description: From Introduction: "The present report is based on 10 weeks of field work from mid-November 1940 until late January 1941, and 4 days in May 1941. An area of 5 1/2 square miles in and about Del Puerto Canyon was mapped on a scale of 600 feet to 1 inch, and two small areas in the vicinity of the Adobe Canyon and Black Bart chromite mines were mapped on a scale of 200 feet to 1 inch."
Date: 1942
Creator: Hawkes, H. E., Jr.; Wells, Francis G. & Wheeler, D. P., Jr.

Chromite Deposits of Red Bluff Bay and Vicinity, Baranof Island, Alaska

Description: From introduction: The Red Bluff Bay area was examined briefly for the Geological Survey by John C. Reed and others in 1939. During the summer of 1941 the writers, with R. E. L. Rutledge, mapped this area on a scale of 1:12,000, and examined the serpentine masses in the interior during the course of reconnaissance trips into the surrounding region.
Date: 1942
Creator: Guild, Philip White & Balsley, James R., Jr.

Coal Deposits of the Santa Clara District Near Tonichi, Sonora, Mexico

Description: From abstract: The Santa Clara coal district is 7 to 10 kilometers west of Tonichi, a small town on the Rio Yaqui, in southeastern Sonora, Mexico. Tonichi was the terminus of a branch railroad from Corral until May 1945, when the end of the line was removed. The coal deposits were developed by the Southern Pacific Railroad from the 1890's until about 1911, when the mines were abandoned, partly because the coal was found unsuitable for use in locomotives. Other coal deposits, near Los Bronces and San Javier, west of the Santa Clara district, were mined for a number of years to provide coal for a silver smelter at San Javier which was abandoned sometime during the 1920's. Since 1942 the Santa Clara deposits have been reopened; through 1945 about 50,000 tons of coal had been shipped, at first to the Boleo copper smelter at Santa Rosalia, Baja California, and more recently to Guadalajara, Jalisco, for the manufacture of calcium carbide.
Date: 1949
Creator: Wilson, Ivan F. & Rocha, Victor S.

Contributions to Economic Geology: 1904

Description: From letter of transmittal: The report contains 63 contributions from 37 members of the Survey who have been engaged more or less continuously throughout the year in economic work, together with brief statements by the geologists in charge of the section of metalliferous ores and the section of nonmetalliferous economic minerals, of the extent and character of the economic work being carried on in the Survey.
Date: 1905
Creator: Emmons, Samuel Franklin & Hayes, C. W.

A Cooperative Investigation of Precision and Accuracy in Chemical, Spectrochemical and Modal Analysis of Silicate Rocks

Description: From foreword: This bulletin is the second of the series "Contributions to Geochemistry" which was begun in 1946 with Bulletin 950, "Contributions to Geochemistry, 1942-45". This series is the successor to earlier ones, also published as U. S. Geological Survey Bulletins, "Report of work done in the Division of Chemistry and Physics" (1879-1893), "Contributions to chemistry and mineralogy from the laboratory of the United States Geological Survey" (1900), "Contributions to mineralogy from the United States Geological Survey" (1905), and "Mineralogical Notes" (1911-16).
Date: 1951
Creator: Fairbairn, H. W.

The Coso Quicksilver District, Inyo County, California

Description: From abstract: The Coso quicksilver district, which is in the Coso Range, Inyo County, Calif., produced 231 flasks of quicksilver between 1935 and 1939. The quicksilver mineral, cinnabar, was not recognized in the district until 1929, although the hot springs near the deposits have been known since about 1875...The granitic rock on which much of the sinter rests is considerably altered. The cinnabar was deposited as films and grains in open spaces in the sinter, during one stage in a sequence of hot spring activities that still continues. The amount of sinter in the district is estimated to be about 1,800,000 tons. Although the greater part of this does not contain much cinnabar, the total quantity of such material is large enough to be of interest as a low-grade ore.
Date: 1943
Creator: Ross, Clyde P. & Yates, Robert G.

Criteria for Outlining Areas Favorable for Uranium Deposits in Parts of Colorado and Utah

Description: Abstract: Most of the uranium deposits in the Uravan and Gateway mining districts are in the persistent upper sandstone stratum of the Salt Wash member of the Morrison formation. Areas in which this stratum is predominantly lenticular have been differentiated from areas in which the stratum is predominantly nonlenticular. The most favorable ground for uranium deposits is in areas of lenticular sandstone where the stratum is underlain by continuous altered greenish-gray mudstone. Ore is localized in scour-and-fill sandstone beds within favorable areas of lenticular sandstone. Regional control of the movement of ore-bearing solutions in the principal ore-bearing sandstone zone is indicated by belts of discontinuously altered mudstone transitional in a northerly and southerly direction from an area of unaltered mudstone to areas of continuously altered mudstone ; and an area of unaltered mudstone in which no ore deposits are found and an increase in size, number, and grade of ore deposits from areas of discontinuously altered to continuously altered mudstone. Discrete regional patterns of ore deposits and altered mudstone are associated with Tertiary structures; where these structures and favorable host rocks occur in juxtaposition, regional controls appear to have localized ore deposits.
Date: 1955
Creator: McKay, E. J.

The Crystal Cavities of the New Jersey Zeolite Region

Description: From abstract: The crystal cavities present in the mineral complex of the New Jersey traprock region have long excited the interest of mineralogists. In 1914 Fenner made the first detailed and comprehensive study of these cavities and suggested that babingtonite was the original mineral. Soon after this anhydrite was found occupying parts of some of the cavities at one of the quarries. At this time, too, Wherry concluded that glauberite was the original mineral of some of the cavities because of his studies of similar crystal cavities in Triassic shale at different places.
Date: 1932
Creator: Schaller, Waldemar T.

The Eastern Front of the Bitterroot Range, Montana

Description: From abstract: The origin of the gneissic rocks on the eastern border of the Idaho batholith in the Bitterroot Range, near Hamilton, Mont., has long been in dispute. Lindgren regarded these rocks as the product of stresses related to a normal fault along the front of the range with an eastward dip of about 150. He thought both the hanging wall and the footwall had moved, with a total displacement along the fault plane of at least 20,000 feet. The faulting was believed to have been so recent as to be a major factor in the present topography. Langton appears to accept the concept of faulting but to regard the gneissic rocks as formed much earlier from a granitic rock that was more silicic and older than the Idaho batholith.
Date: 1952
Creator: Ross, Clyde P.

Economic Geology of the Independence Quadrangle, Kansas

Description: From introduction: The aim of this paper is to present the substance of what is known concerning the distribution, occurrence, and development of the oil and gas of the quadrangle, and to note briefly the more important industries growing out of these natural resources or depending on them within the territory considered.
Date: 1906
Creator: Schrader, Frank C. & Haworth, Erasmus