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Alloys of Uranium with Zirconium, Chromium, Columbium, Vanadium, and Molybdenum

Description: Abstract: Information on five uranium binary alloy systems has been surveyed. These systems are the alloys of uranium with zirconium, chromium, columbium, vanadium, and molybdenum. The equilibrium diagrams are discussed, and where available, data have been included on diffusion studies, cladding experiments, and mechanical properties.
Date: June 19, 1952
Creator: Saller, Henry A. & Rough, Frank A.

The Ammonium Carbonate Pressure Leaching of Uranium Ores Proposed as Feed to the Pilot Plant at Grand Junction, Colorado : Progress Report

Description: From introduction: This is Progress report BMI-282, the first of a series covering the operation of the pressure-leaching towers for the extraction of uranium by an ammonium carbonate leach...This report discusses the data obtained from tests run to show the effects of such variables as the amount of air and carbon dioxide passed through the pulp, temperature, pressure, and concentration of ammonium carbonate and ammonium bicarbonate in the leach solution on the extraction of uranium.
Date: June 15, 1955
Creator: Wheeler, C. M.; Langston, B. G. & Stephens, F. M.

An Application of the Concepts of Particle Packing to the Consolication of Silicon Carbide Powders

Description: From introduction: Silicon carbide is being considered as a basis material for nonmetallic fuel elements because of its high thermal conductivity, low nuclear cross section, high resistance to thermal rupture, and high degree of stability at high temperature in air. A requirement of the fuel elements is that they be thin and have as low porosity as possible. One shape of element under consideration is 0.050 to 0.070 inch thick by a few inches in width and breadth.
Date: August 15, 1952
Creator: Harman, Cameron G.; Shinn, J. & Wagner, H. E.

Aqueous Corrosion of Uranium Fuel-Element Cores Containing 0 to 20 w/o Zirconium

Description: Abstract: A description is given of the design and operation of a windowed autoclave system employed in the study of corrosion by pressurized hot water. The device has been used to obtain time-lapse motion pictures of the swelling and rupture of deliberately defected zirconium-clad uranium specimens. A method is described by which corrosion rates were calculated from pressure and temperature measurements. A typical set of pictures taken during a test is presented, and corrosion rates are reported for uranium-0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 w/o zirconium alloys subjected subjected to 600 F water.
Date: January 7, 1957
Creator: Grieser, Daniel R. & Simons, Eugene M.

Carbide coatings on graphite

Description: From abstract: "A Method has been developed for the uniform coating of graphite tubes with carbides of niobium, tantalum, and zirconium by thermal composition of their respective halide vapors."
Date: 1957
Creator: Blocher, J. M., Jr.; Ish, Carl J.; Leiter, Don P.; Plock, Layne F. & Campbell, Ivor E.

Centrifugal Casting of Aluminum-Uranium Alloys

Description: "Centrifugal-casting techniques were investigated as a method of producing hollow cylindrical extrusion billets of aluminum-35 w/o uranium. Among the variables evaluated were melt temperature, mold and pouring-spout configurations, mold speed, and method of pouring. With the equipment employed it was found that the best castings were produced stilizing a pouring temperature of 2400 F, a heavy-walled steel cylinder rotating between 700 to 900 rpm for the mold and bottom-pouring technique employing a retractable pouring spout. Sound, nonporous billets 26 in. long and 5 in. in diameter were produced with a yield after machining of over 75 per cent of the original charge. The major losses occurred in the pouring spout-and-cup assembly. This loss is relatively unaffected by the casting length; and, therefore, coatings of greater length than 26 in. should results in even greater recoveries.
Date: July 20, 1959
Creator: Daniel, Norman E.; Foster, Ellis L. & Dickerson, Ronald F.

Centrifugal casting of plate-type fuel elements

Description: From introduction: "Centrifugal casting appeared to be the only method by which the intricate shape could be produced in a cold mold. With this in mind, a program was initiated for the purpose of determining the feasibility of centrifugally casting plates of uranium-5 w.o chromium and uranium-2 w/o zirconium."
Date: November 10, 1955
Creator: Saller, Henry A.; Dickerson, Ronald F. & Murr, William E.

Characterization of Inclusion in Dingot Uranium

Description: Abstract: The nonmetallic inclusions in both as-reduced and fabricated dingot uranium have been studied for comparison with those in ingot uranium. Special attention was paid to the hydride for the purpose of determining the amount and distribution in the various types of uranium. The types and distribution of other inclusions were also studied. It was found that the dingot uranium was of a higher quality than ingot uranium and was comparable to as-reduced derby uranium on the basis of over-all inclusion count. The hydrogen content in dingot uranium, however, was found to be appreciably higher than in either ingot or derby uranium.
Date: January 11, 1957
Creator: Cheney, Donald M. & Dickerson, Ronald F.

The Cladding of Delta-Phase Zirconium Hydride

Description: Abstract: A study has been made of the cladding of solid and powdered delta-phase zirconium hydride is both red and flat shapes with stainless steel. The program included investigations of metallurgical bonding, both with and without the sore of metallic barrier materials. Types 304 and 347 stainless steel were used for cladding material. The intermediate barrier-layer materials used were niobium, molybdenum, a combination of copper and molybdenum, and a combination of copper and niobium. The pressure-bonding techniques, involving the use of gas pressure at elevated temperatures, was employed in this study. Variable times and temperatures with a constant pressure of 10,000 poi were utilized by produce bonding. In this study, the best results were archived is cladding delta-phase zirconium hydride directly with Types 304 or 347 stainless steel. Good bonds were obtained by pressure bonding at 1600 F for 3 or 4 hr subsequent to pressure bonding at 1900 F for 1 to 2 hr at a pressure of 10,000 poi. Partial bonding was achieved between niobium and zirconium hydride and molybdeum and girconium hydride.
Date: December 27, 1957
Creator: Paprocki, Stan J.; Hodge, Edwin S. & Boyer, Charles B.

Composition of vapors from boiling nitric acid solutions

Description: From abstract: "The composition of vapors from aqueous nitric acid solutions boiling at 200 mm mercury total pressure is established for solutions containing between - and 67.5 w/o nitric acid. The volatility characteristics of low concentrations of chloride in the same concentration range of nitric acid have been measured in solutions boiling at 200 mm mercury. The effects of chloride concentration and pressure of boiling are evaluated. A spectrophotometric method of the determination of chloride in nitric acid solutions is described."
Date: February 9, 1955
Creator: Crooks, R. C.; Wilson, R. Q.; Bearse, A. E. & Filbert, Robert B.

Corrosion of thorium and uranium during long-term storage

Description: From introduction: "The over-all objective of the present study was to determine the nature and extent of the present study was to determine the nature and extent of the corrosion of these materials under a variety of such storage conditions and to determine the ability of several potential protective coatings to retard this corrosion."
Date: April 10, 1962
Creator: Stephan, Elmer F.; Miller, P. D. & Fink, Frederick W.