UNT Libraries Government Documents Department - 49 Matching Results

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The Aerodynamic Forces on Slender Plane- and Cruciform-Wing and Body Combinations

Description: From Introduction: "Since these results were not applicable to the present problem, a theoretical analysis of the aerodynamic properties of slender wing-body combinations was undertaken. The results of this investigation were first reported in reference 5 and were later extended in reference 6 to include cruciform-wing and body combinations. The present report summarizes and extends the theory and results previously presented in these references."
Date: 1950?~
Creator: Spreiter, John R.

Analysis of spanwise temperature distribution in three types of air-cooled turbine blade

Description: From Summary: An approximate method for determining the allowable stress-limited blade-temperature distribution is included, with brief accounts of a method for determining the maximum allowable effective gas temperatures and the cooling-air requirements. Numerical examples that illustrate the use of the various temperature-distribution equations and of the nondimensional charts are also included.
Date: March 1, 1950
Creator: Livingood, John N. B. & Brown, W. Byron

Analysis of temperature distribution in liquid-cooled turbine blades

Description: From Summary: "This report presents analytical methods for computing temperature distributions in liquid-cooled turbine blades, or in simplified shapes used to approximate sections of the blade. The individual analyses are first presented in terms of their mathematical development. Nondimensional charts to simplify some temperature-distribution calculations are also given."
Date: October 27, 1950
Creator: Livingood, John N. B. & Brown, W. Byron

Analysis of thrust augmentation of turbojet engines by water injection at compressor inlet including charts for calculating compression processes with water injection

Description: From Summary: "Curves are presented that show the theoretical performance of the augmentation method for various amounts of water injected and the effects of varying flight Mach number, altitude, ambient-air temperature, ambient relative humidity, compressor pressure ratio, and inlet-diffuser efficiency. Numerical examples, illustrating the use of the psychrometric chart and the Mollier diagram in calculating both compressor-inlet and compressor-outlet conditions when water is injected at the compressor inlet, are presented."
Date: June 1, 1950
Creator: Wilcox, E. Clinton & Trout, Arthur M.

Analysis of Turbulent Free-Convection Boundary Layer on Flat Plate

Description: "With the use of Karman's integrated momentum equation for the boundary layer and data on the wall-shearing stress and heat transfer in forced-convection flow, a calculation was carried out for the flow and heat transfer in the turbulent free-convection boundary layer on a vertical flat plate. The calculation is for a fluid with a Prandtl number that is close to 1. A formula was derived for the heat-transfer coefficient that was in good agreement with experimental data in the range of Grashof numbers from 10sup10 to 10sup12" (p. 1).
Date: July 12, 1950
Creator: Eckert, E. R. G. & Jackson, Thomas W.

Automatic control systems satisfying certain general criterions on transient behavior

Description: "An analytic method for the design of automatic controls is developed that starts from certain arbitrary criterions on the behavior of the controlled system and gives those physically realizable equations that the control system can follow in order to realize this behavior. The criterions used are developed in the form of certain time integrals. General results are shown for systems of second order and of any number of degrees of freedom. Detailed examples for several cases in the control of a turbojet engine are presented" (p. 207).
Date: October 11, 1950
Creator: Boksenbom, Aaron S. & Hood, Richard

Blockage Corrections for Three-Dimensional-Flow Closed-Throat Wind Tunnels, With Consideration of the Effect of Compressibility

Description: "Theoretical blockage corrections are presented for a body of revolution and for a three-dimensional unswept wing in a circular or rectangular wind tunnel. The theory takes account of the effects of the wake and of the compressibility of the fluid, and is based on the assumption that the dimensions of the model are small in comparison with those of the tunnel throat. Formulas are given for correcting a number of the quantities, such as dynamic pressure and Mach number, measured in wing-tunnel tests. The report presents a summary and unification of the existing literature on the subject" (p. 771).
Date: 1950
Creator: Herriot, John G.

Blockage Corrections for Three-Dimensional-Flow Closed-Throat Wind Tunnels, with Consideration of the Effect of Compressibility

Description: "Theoretical blockage corrections are presented for a body of revolution and for a three-dimensional, unswept wing in a circular or rectangular wind tunnel. The theory takes account of the effects of the wake and of the compressibility of the fluid, and is based on the assumption that the dimensions of the model are small in comparison with those of the tunnel throat. Formulas are given for correcting a number of the quantities, such as dynamic pressure and Mach number, measured in wind tunnel tests" (p. 771).
Date: 1950
Creator: Herriot, John G.

Comparison between theory and experiment for wings at supersonic speeds

Description: This paper presents a critical comparison made between experimental and theoretical results for the aerodynamic characteristics of wings at supersonic flight speeds. As a preliminary, a brief, nonmathematical review is given of the basic assumptions and general findings of supersonic wing theory in two and three dimensions. Published data from two-dimensional pressure-distribution tests are then used to illustrate the effects of fluid viscosity and to assess the accuracy of linear theory as compared with the more exact theories which are available in the two-dimensional case. Finally, an account is presented of an NACA study of the over-all force characteristics of three-dimensional wings at supersonic speed.
Date: May 3, 1950
Creator: Vincenti, Walter G.

A comparison of theory and experiment for high-speed free-molecule flow

Description: A comparison is made of free-molecule-flow theory with the results of wind-tunnel tests performed to determine the drag and temperature-rise characteristics of a transverse circular cylinder. The measured values of the cylinder center-point temperature confirmed the salient point of the heat-transfer analysis which was the prediction that an insulated cylinder would attain a temperature higher than the stagnation temperature of the stream. Good agreement was obtained between the theoretical and the experimental values for the drag coefficient.
Date: September 12, 1950
Creator: Stalder, Jackson R.; Goodwin, Glen & Creager, Marcus O.

Determination of plate compressive strengths at elevated temperatures

Description: The results of local-instability tests of h-section plate assemblies and compressive stress-strain tests of extruded 75s-t6 aluminum alloy, obtained to determine flat-plate compressive strength under stabilized elevated temperature conditions, are given for temperatures up to 600 degrees F. The results show that methods available for calculating the critical compressive stress at room temperature can also be used at elevated temperatures if the applicable compressive stress-strain curve for the material is given.
Date: 1950
Creator: Heimerl, George J. & Roberts, William M.

Effect of aspect ratio on the air forces and moments of harmonically oscillating thin rectangular wings in supersonic potential flow

Description: This report treats the effect of aspect ratio on the air forces and moments of an oscillating flat rectangular wing in supersonic potential flow. The linearized velocity potential for the wing undergoing sinusoidal torsional oscillations simultaneously with sinusoidal vertical translations is derived in the form of a power series in terms of a frequency parameter. The series development is such that the differential equation for the velocity potential is satisfied to the required power of the frequency parameter considered and the linear boundary conditions are satisfied exactly. The method of solution can be utilized for other plan forms, that is, plan forms for which certain steady-state solutions are known.
Date: January 6, 1950
Creator: Watkins, Charles E.

Effect on longitudinal stability and control characteristics of a Boeing B-29 airplane of variations in stick-force and control-rate characteristics obtained through use of a booster in the elevator-control system

Description: A longitudinal stability and control characteristics of a Boeing B-29 airplane have been measured with a booster incorporated in the elevator-control system. Tests were made to determine the effects on the handling qualities of the test airplane of variations in the pilot's control-force gradients as well as the effects of variations in the maximum rate of control motion supplied by the booster. The results of the control-rate investigation indicate that large airplanes may have satisfactory handling qualities with the booster adjusted to give much lower rates of control motion than those normally used by pilots.
Date: April 12, 1950
Creator: Mathews, Charles W.; Talmage, Donald B. & Whitten, James B.

The effects of variations in Reynolds number between 3.0 x 10sub6 and 25.0 x 10sub6 upon the aerodynamic characteristics of a number of NACA 6-series airfoil sections

Description: Results are presented of an investigation made to determine the two-dimensional lift and drag characteristics of nine NACA 6-series airfoil section at Reynolds numbers of 15.0 x 10sub6, 20.0 x 10sub6, and 25.0 x 10sub6. Also presented are data from NACA Technical Report 824 for the same airfoils at Reynolds numbers of 3.0 x 10sub6, 6.0 x 10sub6, and 9.0 x 10sub6. The airfoils selected represent sections having variations in the airfoil thickness, thickness form, and camber. The characteristics of an airfoil with a split flap were determined in one instance, as was the effect of surface roughness. Qualitative explanations in terms of flow behavior are advanced for the observed types of scale effect.
Date: 1950
Creator: Loftin, Laurence K., Jr. & Bursnall, William J.

Elastic and plastic buckling of simply supported solid-core sandwich plates in compression

Description: From Summary: "A solution is presented for the problem of the compressive buckling of simply supported, flat, rectangular, solid-core sandwich plates stressed either in the elastic range or in the plastic range. Charts for the analysis of long sandwich plates are presented for plates having face materials of 24S-T3 aluminum alloy, 76S-T6 Alclad aluminum alloy, and stainless steel. A comparison of computed and experimental buckling stresses of square solid-core sandwich plates indicates fair agreement between theory and experiment."
Date: 1950
Creator: Seide, Paul & Stowell, Elbridge Z.

Equations and Charts for the Rapid Estimation of Hinge-Moment and Effectiveness Parameters for Trailing-Edge Controls Having Leading and Trailing Edges Swept Ahead of the Mach Lines

Description: "Existing conical-flow solutions have been used to calculate the hinge-moments and effectiveness parameters of trailing-edge controls having leading and trailing edges swept ahead of the Mach lines and having streamwise root and tip chords. Equations and detailed charts are presented for the rapid estimation of these parameters. Also included is an approximate method by which these parameters may be corrected for airfoil-section thickness" (p. 937).
Date: September 8, 1950
Creator: Goin, Kennith L.

Experimental investigation of the effect of vertical-tail size and length and of fuselage shape and length on the static lateral stability characteristics of a model with 45 degree sweptback wing and tail surfaces

Description: An investigation was made to determine the effects of vertical-tail size and length and of fuselage shape and length on the static lateral stability characteristics of a model with wing and vertical tails having the quarter-chord lines swept back 45 degrees. The results indicate that the directional instability of the various isolated fuselages was about two-thirds as large as that predicted by classical theory.
Date: June 5, 1950
Creator: Queijo, M. J. & Wolhart, Walter D.

Experiments to Determine Neighborhood Reactions to Light Airplanes With and Without External Noise Reduction

Description: "The work reported was part of a program of experimentation with external noise reduction on light airplanes. This particular study was in effect a byproduct survey conceived to utilize already available equipment and personnel to further the findings of the original research and to determine reactions in populated neighborhoods to light aircraft with and without noise-reduction equipment. The findings indicate that at the 10 sites within and about metropolitan Boston the degree of noise reduction previously found to be aerodynamically and structurally feasible did eliminate substantially all neighborhood objections to noise per se" (p. 1155).
Date: May 5, 1950
Creator: Elwell, Fred S.

Flutter of a uniform wing with an arbitrarily placed mass according to a differential-equation analysis and a comparison with experiment

Description: A method is presented for the calculation of the flutter speed of a uniform wing carrying an arbitrarily placed concentrated mass. The method, an extension of recently published work by Goland and Luke, involves the solution of the differential equations of motion of the wing at flutter speed and therefore does not require the assumption of specific normal modes of vibration. The order of the flutter determinant to be solved by this method depends upon the order of the system of differential equations and not upon the number of modes of vibration involved. The differential equations are solved by operational methods, and a brief discussion of operational methods as applied to boundary-value problems is included in one of two appendixes. A comparison is made with experiment for a wing with a large eccentrically mounted weight and good agreement is obtained. Sample calculations are presented to illustrate the method; and curves of amplitudes of displacement, torque, and shear for a particular case are compared with corresponding curves computed from the first uncoupled normal modes.
Date: 1950
Creator: Runyan, Harry L. & Watkins, Charles E.

Formulas for the Supersonic Loading, Lift, and Drag of Flat Swept-Back Wings With Leading Edges Behind the Mach Line

Description: "The method of superposition of linearized conical flows has been applied to the calculation of the aerodynamic properties, in supersonic flight, of thin flat, swept-back wings at an angle of attack. The wings are assumed to have rectilinear plan forms, with tips parallel to the stream, and to taper in the conventional sense. The investigation covers the moderately supersonic speed range where the Mach lines from the leading-edge apex lie ahead of the wing" (p. 1147).
Date: March 15, 1950
Creator: Cohen, Doris

Free-Space Oscillating Pressures Near the Tips of Rotating Propellers

Description: "The theory is given for calculating the free-space oscillating pressures associated with a rotating propeller, at any point in space. Because of its complexity this analysis is convenient only for use in the critical region near the propeller tips where the assumptions used by Gutin to simplify his final equations are not valid. Good agreement was found between analytical and experimental results in the tip Mach number range 0.45 to two, three, four, five, six, on eight-blade propellers and for a range of tip clearances from 0.04 to 0.30 times the propeller diameter" (p. 785).
Date: 1950
Creator: Hubbard, Harvey H. & Regier, Arthur A.

A General Integral Form of the Boundary-Layer Equation for Incompressible Flow With an Application to the Calculation of the Separation Point of Turbulent Boundary Layers

Description: "A general integral form of the boundary-layer equation, valid for either laminar or turbulent incompressible boundary-layer flow, is derived. By using the experimental finding that all velocity profiles of the turbulent boundary layer form essentially a single-parameter family, the general equation is changed to an equation for the space rate of change of the velocity-profile shape parameter. The lack of precise knowledge concerning the surface shear and the distribution of the shearing stress across turbulent boundary layers prevented the attainment of a reliable method for calculating the behavior of turbulent boundary layers" (p. 1067).
Date: May 22, 1950
Creator: Tetervin, Neal & Lin, Chia Chiao

General method and thermodynamic tables for computation of equilibrium composition and temperature of chemical reactions

Description: From Summary: "A rapidly convergent successive approximation process is described that simultaneously determines both composition and temperature resulting from a chemical reaction. This method is suitable for use with any set of reactants over the complete range of mixture ratios as long as the products of reaction are ideal gases. An approximate treatment of limited amounts of liquids and solids is also included. This method is particularly suited to problems having a large number of products of reaction and to problems that require determination of such properties as specific heat or velocity of sound of a dissociating mixture."
Date: January 26, 1950
Creator: Huff, Vearl N.; Gordon, Sanford & Morrell, Virginia E.

Generalization of Boundary-Layer Momentum-Integral Equations to Three-Dimensional Flows Including Those of Rotating System

Description: "The Navier-Stokes equations of motion and the equation of continuity are transformed so as to apply to an orthogonal curvilinear coordinate system rotating with a uniform angular velocity about an arbitrary axis in space. A usual simplification of these equations as consistent with the accepted boundary-layer theory and an integration of these equations through the boundary layer result in boundary-layer momentum-integral equations for three-dimensional flows that are applicable to either rotating or nonrotating fluid boundaries. These equations are simplified and an approximate solution in closed integral form is obtained for a generalized boundary-layer momentum-loss thickness and flow deflection at the wall in the turbulent case" (p. 1).
Date: November 1, 1950
Creator: Mager, Artur