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Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the Opening Characteristics, Drag, and Stability of Several Hemispherical Parachutes

Description: An investigation has been conducted to determine the opening characteristics of several hemispherical parachutes and to study the influence of the parachute design variables on these opening characteristics. The effects of design variables on the drag and stability characteristics of the parachutes were also evaluated. The tests were made in the Langley 20-foot free-spinning tunnel and in the Langley 300 MPH 7 by 10-foot tunnel.
Date: October 7, 1948
Creator: Scher, Stanley E. & Gale, Lawrence J.

Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the Republic F-105 Inlet with Various Modifications at Mach Numbers 1.41, 1.81, and 2.01

Description: A 1/13-scale Republic F-105 wing-root inlet configuration in which inlet components were varied was tested in the Langley 4- by 4-foot supersonic pressure tunnel at Mach numbers of 1,41, 1.81, and 2,01 corresponding to Reynolds numbers per foot of 4,19 X 10(exp 6) , 3.74 X 10(exp 6) , and 3.46 x 10(exp 6) respectively. Angles of attack ranged from -4 deg to 15 deg and a few configurations were tested in a sideslip range from -8 deg to 4 deg. Inlet performance and engine-face flow distortions as affected by pitch, sideslip, inlet-lip sweep, contraction ratio, boundary-layer control, and engine bypass are presented and discussed,.
Date: January 1, 1957
Creator: Robins, A. Warner

Wind-tunnel tests of a model of a wingless fin-controlled missile to obtain static stability and control characteristics through a range of Mach numbers from 0.5 to 0.88

Description: An investigation at medium to high subsonic speeds has been conducted in the Langley low-turbulence pressure tunnel to determine the static stability and control characteristics and to measure the fin normal forces and moments for a model of a wingless fin-controlled missile. The data were obtained at Reynolds number of 2.1 x 10(6) based on the missile maximum diameter or 17.7 x 10(6) based on missile length; this Reynolds number was found to be large enough to avoid any large scale effects between the test and the expected flight Reynolds number. With the horizontal-fin deflection limited to a maximum of 6 degrees, longitudinally stable and trimmed flight could not be maintained beyond an angle of attack of 17 degrees for a Mach number of 0.88 and beyond 20 degrees for a Mach number of 0.50 for any center-of-gravity location without the use of some auxiliary stability or control device such as jet vanes. Mach number had no appreciable effect on the center-of-pressure positions and only a slight effect on neutral-point position. There was a shift in neutral-point position of about 1 caliber as the angle of attack was varied through the range for which the neutral point could be determined. Yawing the model to angles of sideslip up to 7 degrees had little effect on the longitudinal stability at angles of attack up to 15 degrees; however, above 15 degrees, the effect of sideslip was destabilizing. With the vertical fins at a plus-or-minus 6 degree roll deflection, the rolling moment caused by yawing the model at high angles of attack could be trimmed out up to angles of sideslip of 6.5 degrees and an angle of attack of 26 degrees for a Mach number of 0.50; this range of sideslip angles was reduced to 3 degrees at a Mach number ...
Date: April 12, 1954
Creator: Burrows, Dale L & Newman, Ernest E

Aircraft-Fuel-Tank Design for Liquid Hydrogen

Description: Some of the considerations involved in the design of aircraft fuel tanks for liquid hydrogen are discussed herein. Several of the physical properties of metals and thermal insulators in the temperature range from ambient to liquid-hydrogen temperatures are assembled. Calculations based on these properties indicate that it is possible to build a large-size liquid-hydrogen fuel tank which (1) will weigh less then 15 percent of the fuel weight, (2) will have a hydrogen vaporization rate less than 30 percent of the cruise fuel-flow rate, and (3) can be held in a stand-by condition and readied for flight in a short time.
Date: August 9, 1955
Creator: Reynolds, T. W.