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Low-Speed Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the Drag of a Lockheed F-94C Airplane (A.F. No. 50-956)

Description: The aerodynamic characteristics in pitch of an F-94C airplane, with the primary attention given to its drag characteristics, have been evaluated at low speed in the Ames 40- by 80-foot wind tunnel. The increments of drag due to various surface irregularities, ports, and component parts of the production airplane were determined. Wing-wake surveys were taken to determine the section drag coefficients at midsemispan for the smooth and the production wing. Base-pressure and internal drags of the air-induction system were measured at low inlet-velocity ratios. The characteristics of the airplane in the landing configuration are also included.
Date: April 25, 1952
Creator: Maki, Ralph L.

Full-scale-wind-tunnel tests of a 35 degree sweptback wing airplane with high-velocity blowing over the training-edge flaps

Description: A wind-tunnel investigation was made to determine the effects of ejecting high-velocity air near the leading edge of plain trailing-edge flaps on a 35 degree sweptback wing. The tests were made with flap deflections from 45 degrees to 85 degrees and with pressure ratios across the flap nozzles from sub-critical up to 2.9. A limited study of the effects of nozzle location and configuration on the efficiency of the flap was made. Measurements of the lift, drag, and pitching moment were made for Reynolds numbers from 5.8 to 10.1x10(6). Measurements were also made of the weight rate of flow, pressure, and temperature of the air supplied to the flap nozzles.The results show that blowing on the deflected flap produced large flap lift increments. The amount of air required to prevent flow separation on the flap was significantly less than that estimated from published two-dimensional data. When the amount of air ejected over the flap was just sufficient to prevent flow separation, the lift increment obtained agreed well with linear inviscid fluid theory up to flap deflections of 60 degrees. The flap lift increment at 85 degrees flap deflection was about 80 percent of that predicted theoretically.With larger amounts of air blown over the flap, these lift increments could be significantly increased. It was found that the performance of the flap was relatively insensitive to the location of the flap nozzle, to spacers in the nozzle, and to flow disturbances such as those caused by leading-edge slats or discontinuities on the wing or flap surfaces. Analysis of the results indicated that installation of this system on an F-86 airplane is feasible.
Date: November 15, 1955
Creator: Kelley, Mark W & Tolhurst, William H JR

Full-scale wind-tunnel tests of the longitudinal stability and control characteristics of the XV-1 convertiplane in the autorotating flight range

Description: Force and moments were measured for the XV-1 convertaplane at 75 to 150 knots. Rotor on and off and propeller powered and off configurations were investigated. The characteristics of the V-tab horizontal tail and its downwash field were studied. Lift interference between fixed wing and rotor and possible means of drag reduction were considered.
Date: May 17, 1956
Creator: Hickey, David H

A method for estimating the rolling moments caused by wing-tail interference for missiles at supersonic speeds

Description: A method is presented for estimating the rolling moments caused by wing-tail interference for missiles composed of wing-tail-body combination. The considerations involved in determining the structure of the downwash field behind lifting cruciform wing-body combinations and the rolling moment on cruciform wings of various plan forms induced by an infinite line vortex are discussed in detail. Computations of induced rolling moments for several missile designs are compared with experimental results.
Date: November 12, 1953
Creator: Edwards, Sherman & Hikido, Katsumi