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Tests of a 1/40-Scale Wing-Hull Model and a 1/10-Scale Float-Strut Model of the Hughes-Kaiser Cargo Airplane in the Two-Dimensional Low-Turbulence Pressure Tunnel

Description: Report presenting aerodynamic and hydrodynamic tests of a 1/10-scale wing-hull model and a 1/10-scale float-strut model of the proposed arrangement of the Hughes-Kaiser cargo airplane. The aerodynamic tests were made primarily to study the drag characteristics of these models as originally designed and to determine how the design could be improved. Results regarding the wing-hull model and float-strut model are provided.
Date: September 1943
Creator: Fullmer, Felicien F., Jr.

Tests of a 0.1475c Aileron With a Tab on Low-Drag Section for Curtiss XP-60 Airplane in the Low-Turbulence Tunnel

Description: "Preliminary two-dimensional tests of the hinge-moment characteristics of a 0.1725c internally balanced aileron on the subject XP-60 wing section indicated that more internal balance would be required if light stick forces were to be obtained at high speeds. The present series of tests were therefore undertaken in order to investigate methods of reducing the slope of the hinge-moment curve while still maintaining the required aileron effectiveness" (p. 1).
Date: November 1941
Creator: von Doenhoff, A. E. & Underwood, W. J.

Static Characteristics of Curtiss Propellers Having Different Blade Sections

Description: Report presenting static tests on four full-scale two-bladed propellers differing only in blade sections at blade angles from 0 to 20 degrees at the three-quarters radius. Two of the propellers were also tested as three-bladed propellers. For all of the propellers tested, the highest value of the static thrust figure of merit occurred at a tip-speed ratio between 0.7 and 0.9; the highest efficiency in flight may be expected in the same range of tip-speed ratios.
Date: August 1941
Creator: Corson, Blake W., Jr. & Mastrocola, Nicholas

Experimental Investigation to Determine the Relative Magnitude of Vertical and Horizontal Gusts in the Atmosphere

Description: Report presenting an investigation to obtain data on the vertical and horizontal gusts in the atmosphere by reworking accelerometers and airspeed records from past investigations of vertical gusts. The results indicate that the vertical and horizontal gusts are of about equal intensity in the atmosphere.
Date: July 1940
Creator: Donely, Philip

Investigation for the Development of a High-Speed Antiaircraft Tow Target

Description: Report presenting an investigation for the purpose of developing a target which can be towed satisfactorily at high speeds. Testing included drag measurements and visual observations of the stability characteristics of several full-scale and scale models of sleeve-type tow targets. The drag coefficients obtained for the currently used targets were found to be excessively high.
Date: July 1943
Creator: Migotsky, Eugene

Effect of Blade Loading of the Climb and High-Speed Performance of a Three-Blade Hamilton Standard No. 6507A-2 Propeller on a Republic P-47D Airplane

Description: Report presenting climb and high-speed tests of a Hamilton Standard No. 6507A-2 three-blade propeller, which have been made to determine the effect of blade loading on propeller efficiency. The normal and military power climb efficiencies were found to be about equal at altitudes below 16,000 feet.
Date: July 1945
Creator: Gardner, John J.

Effect in Flight of the Propeller Cuffs and Spinner on Pressure Recovery in Front of a Double-Row Radial Aircraft Engine in a Twin-Engine Airplane

Description: Report presenting an investigation conducted with the propeller cuffs and spinner removed to determine their effect in flight on the pressure recovery of the cooling-air flow. Curves are presented to compare the pressure and temperature distribution over the front row of cylinders for flights with and without cuffs and spinner.
Date: March 1944
Creator: Ellisman, Carl

Flying Qualities and Stalling Characteristics of North American XP-51 Airplane

Description: Report presenting a flight investigation of the flying qualities and stalling characteristics of a North American XP-51 airplane. The short-period longitudinal oscillation disappeared within one cycle in all conditions tested. Requirements for satisfactory stalling characteristics were met in all respects except for stall warning.
Date: April 1943
Creator: White, Maurice D.; Hoover, Herbert H. & Garris, Howard W.

A Flight Investigation of the Stability of a Towed Body

Description: Report presenting flight tests to determine whether a towed body that was designed to meet certain specifications met the stability specification, which required that angular deviations in flight should be less than 1 degree. The requirement was met in flight in smooth air, but not in rough air, where the rolling motions were considerably larger.
Date: October 1942
Creator: Phillips, W. H.

Note on the Interpretation of Wake-Survey Data and Its Use in the Estimation of Induced Drag Due to Irregularities

Description: "An analysis of the irregular vertical displacement of the wake from the trailing edge of a tailless airplane is presented, which shows the existence of an effective aerodynamic wing twist that causes an induced drag coefficient of 0.0004. The analysis explains most of the discrepancy between the drag determined from the momentum surveys an the drag measured on the wind-tunnel balance" (p. 1).
Date: January 1944
Creator: Katzoff, S. & Finn, Robert S.

Ditching Tests With a 1/12-Size Model of the Army B-26 Airplane in NACA Tank Number 2 and on an Outdoor Catapult

Description: Report presenting tests made with a dynamic model of the Army B-26 airplane to determine its behavior when landed on water. Results regarding the general behavior, effect of flaps, effect of landing attitude and speed, tests with undamaged model, tests with simulated damage, tests with propellers, vertical decelerations, and effect of weight are provided.
Date: August 1944
Creator: Fisher, Lloyd J. & Steiner, Margaret F.

Ditching Tests With 1/16-Size Models of the Army B-17 Airplane in Langley Tank Number 2 and on an Outdoor Catapult

Description: Report presenting tests with dynamically similar models made to study the behavior of the Army B-17F and B-17G when ditched and to determine the best way to land them in calm and rough water. Various landing attitudes, speeds, and conditions of damage were simulated. The ideal landing condition was found to be in a three-point landing attitude and with the flaps 45 degrees at the slowest possible speed.
Date: April 1945
Creator: Tarshis, Robert P. & Stewart, Thelma

Ditching Tests of a 1/8-Scale Model of the Navy SB2c-1 Airplane (Army A-25) in Langley Tank Number 2 and on an Outdoor Catapult

Description: Report presenting testing to determine the best way to land the SB2C-1 airplane in calm and rough water and to determine its probable ditching performance. The behavior of the model was determined by making visual observations and by recording the maximum longitudinal decelerations and by taking motion pictures of the ditchings. Results regarding the effect of flaps, attitude, weight, a wing-low landing, effect of simulated damage, effect of tail wheel, ditching aids, and seaway are provided.
Date: January 1946
Creator: Jarvis, George A.

Effect of Water Injection on Knock-Limited Performance of a V-Type 12-Cylinder Liquid-Cooled Engine

Description: Report presenting an investigation conducted to determine the effect of water injection on the knock-limited performance of a V-type 12-cylinder liquid-cooled engine. The knock-limited performance tests were made at an engine speed of 3000 rpm with carburetor-air temperatures of 158, 101, and 50 degrees Fahrenheit at water-fuel ratios of 0, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6.
Date: September 1944
Creator: Harries, Myron L.; Nelson, R. Lee & Berguson, Howard E.

The Effect of Xylidines on the Stability of an Aircraft-Engine Lubricating Oil

Description: Report presenting tests to determine the effect of xylidines on the stability of an aircraft-engine lubricating oil. The Indiana oxidation test and measurements of the oxygen absorption rate of the oil samples were performed on Navy 1120 oil, Navy 1120 oil plus 0.5 percent by weight of xylidines, and Navy 1120 oil used in piston-ring-sticking tests both with and without xylidines. Results regarding the Indiana oxidation test, the Davis oxidation test, the automatic oil-oxidation apparatus, and a laboratory inspection are provided.
Date: August 1943
Creator: Olson, Walter T. & Meyrowitz, Emanuel

High-Speed Wind-Tunnel Tests of a 1/6-Scale Model of a Twin-Engine Pursuit Airplane

Description: Report presenting testing of a scale model of a twin-engine pursuit airplane in order to investigate the possibility of high-speed diving difficulties and to find remedies for them. Most of the data were obtained in force tests, although some pressure-distribution measurements, elevator hinge moments, and wake surveys were also made. The tests showed that the airplane will experience serious diving moments above lift coefficients of 0.5 at a Mach number of 0.65, and 0.1 at a Mach number of 0.725.
Date: December 1942
Creator: Ganzer, Victor M.

Force Test of a 1/5-Scale Model of the Type GB-5 Controllable Glide Bomb

Description: Report presenting information regarding the development of a type GB-5 controllable glide bomb equipped with a target-seeking device. The model was tested on the six-component balance in order to measure the stability and control characteristics of the bomb in its original condition and with various modifications. Results regarding the effect of end plates on dihedral parameter, effect of vertical-tail arrangement on directional stability, aileron tests, and glide-path control are provided.
Date: March 27, 1944
Creator: Pitkin, Marvin

Control-Motion Studies of the PBM-3 Flying Boat in Abrupt Pull-Ups

Description: Report presenting a control-motion study in flight that is part of series covering a range of types and sizes of modern airplanes. This particular one involves the PBM-3 flying boat, which is equipped with a control mechanism typical of the cable-type systems in large transport, cargo, or bomber airplanes as well as those employed in flying boats. The elasticity of the elevator control system of the PBM-3 was such to limit the obtainable acceleration to about 3g for center-of-gravity positions in the usual operating range; that is, 26 to 30 percent mean aerodynamic chord, and for the range of airspeeds covered by the tests.
Date: November 1942
Creator: Pearson, Henry A. & Smull, Leland K.

Air-Flow and Performance Characteristics of Engine-Stage Supercharger of a Double-Row Radial Aircraft Engine 2: Effect of Design Variables

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the effect of the location of the diffuser vanes with respect to the supercharger outlets and the effect of flow conditions at the impeller inlet on the air-flow distribution in the outlets of the engine-stage supercharger of an 18-cylinder double-row radial aircraft engine. The effect of flow conditions at the impeller inlet was investigated by distorting the flow at the inlet and noting the effect in the supercharger outlets. Results regarding the diffuser effect and inlet effect are provided.
Date: August 1946
Creator: Baas, Edmund J. & Dugan, Paul D.

Flight tests of various tail modifications on the Brewster XSBA-1 airplane 3: measurements of flying qualities with tail configuration 3

Description: Report presenting a series of tests on the Brewster XSBA-1 airplane to determine the effects of various tail modifications. Some of the modifications include variations of the chord of the elevator and rudder while the span and total area of the surfaces are kept constant and variations of the total area of the vertical tail surface. Results regarding the longitudinal stability and control and lateral stability and control are provided.
Date: July 1944
Creator: Crane, H. L. & Reeder, J. P.

Flight tests of a pursuit airplane fitted with an experimental bellows-type bob weight

Description: Report presenting flight tests to determine the longitudinal stability characteristics of a pursuit airplane when flown with and without an experimental bellows-type bob weight. When the weight was installed, the stick-free static stability remained approximately constant irrespective of the shift in center of gravity resulting from a change in fuel quantity in the auxiliary fuselage fuel tank. Although the weight functioned satisfactorily, the performance could have been enhanced by the reduction of the friction in the mechanism.
Date: October 1944
Creator: Spreiter, John R. & Nissen, James M.

The effect of xylidines on the load-carrying capacity of an aircraft-engine oil 1

Description: Report presenting testing to determine the effect of xylidines on the load-carrying capacity of aircraft-engine oil in several test devices. Lubricating oil and lubricating oil with xylidines added was tested in four different testing machines. In all of the experiments, adding the xylidines made the oil a poorer lubricant in the boundary region of lubrication, where metal-to-metal contact occurs.
Date: August 1943
Creator: Spurr, Robert A. & Olson, Walter T.