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Investigation of the effects of twist and camber on the aerodynamic characteristics of a 50 degrees 38 minutes sweptback wing of aspect ratio 2.98 : transonic-bump method

Description: An investigation of two semispan wings swept back 50 degrees 38 minutes was conducted in the Langley high-speed 7- by 10-foot tunnel over a Mach number range of 0.68 to 1.15 by use of the transonic-bump technique. This paper presents the results of the investigation of wing-alone and wing-fuselage configurations of the two wings; one was an untwisted uncambered wing and the other was the same wing but incorporated twist and camber designed to give uniform load at a lift coefficient of 0.25 at a Mach number of 1.10. The semispan wings had their quarter-chord lines swept back 50 degrees 38 minutes, aspect ratios 2.98, taper ratios 0.45, and modified NACA 64A-series airfoil sections tapered in thickness. Lift, pitching moment, drag, and bending moment were obtained for these configurations.
Date: August 27, 1951
Creator: Spreemann, Kenneth P & Alford, William J , Jr
Item Type: Report

An Investigation of the Effects of Sweep on the Characteristics of a High-Aspect-Ratio Wing in the Langley 8-Foot High-Speed Tunnel

Description: An untwisted wing, which when unswept has an NACA 65-210 section, an aspect ratio of 9.0 and a taper ration of 2.5:1.0, has been tested with no sweep, and 30 deg and 45 deg of sweepback and sweepforward in conjunction with a typical fuselage at Mach numbers from 0.60 to 0.96 at angles of attack generally between -2 deg and 10 deg in the Langley 8-foot high-speed tunnel. Sweep was obtained by rotating the wing semispans about a point in the plane of symmetry. The normal-force, pitching-moment, profile-drag, and loading characteristics for the wings have been obtained from pressure measurements and wake surveys. The results indicate that the wings with +/-30 deg of sweep experienced the severe changes in characteristics associated with the presence of a shock at higher Mach numbers then did the wing without sweep. The differences between the Mach numbers at which the changes occurred for the wings with +/-30 deg sweep and no sweep were generally slightly less than the factor 1/cosDelta(sub r) times the Mach numbers at which the changes occurred for the unswept wing, Delta(sub r) being the sweep angle. The wings with +/-45 deg of sweep did not experience the changes in the characteristics associated with the presence of shock at an angle of attack of 2 deg at Mach numbers up to the highest test value. The magnitudes of changes in the normal-force and pitching-moment coefficients that occurred were less for the wing with 30 deg of sweep than for the unswept wing. The use of sweepforward was superior to sweepback in delaying and reducing the changes in the normal-force coefficients, but was inferior in delaying and reducing the changes in the profile-drag coefficients. Increasing the Mach number to the highest test values had little effect on the positions of the center ...
Date: February 14, 1947
Creator: Whitcomb, Richard T.
Item Type: Report

An Investigation of the Longitudinal Characteristics of the MX-656 Configuration Using Rocket-Propelled Models Preliminary Results at Mach Numbers from 0.65 to 1.25

Description: A rocket-propelled model of the Mx-656 configuration has been flown through the Mach number range from 0.65 to 1.25. An analysis of the response of the model to rapid deflections of the horizontal tail gave information on the lift, drag, longitudinal stability and control, and longitudinal-trim change. The lift-coefficient range covered by the test was from -0.2 to 0,3 throughout most of the Mach number range, The model was statically and dynamically stable throughout the lift-coefficient and Mach number range of the test. At subsonic speeds the aerodynamic center moved f o m r d with increasing lift coefficient. The most forward position of the aerodynamic center was about 12,5 percent of the mean aerodynamic chord at a small positive lift coefficient and at a Mach number of about 0.84. A t supersonic speeds the aerodynamic center was well aft, varying from 33 to 39 percent of the mean aerodynamic chord at Mach numbers of 1.0 and 1.25, respectively. Transonic-trim change, as measured by the change in trim lift coefficient with Mach number at a constant t a i l setting, was of small magnitude (about 0.1 lift coefficient for zero tail setting). The zero-lift/drag coefficient increased about 0.042 in the region between a Mach number of 0.9 and 1.1.
Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Mitchell, Jesse L. & Peck, Robert F.
Item Type: Report

Wind Tunnel Investigation at Low Speed of Aerodynamic Characteristics of Army Chemical Corps Model E-112 Bomblets with Span Chord Ratio of 2 - 1

Description: An experimental investigation has been made in the Langley stability tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of the Army Chemical Corps model E-112 bomblets with span-chord ratio of 2:1. A detailed analysis has not been made; however, the results showed that all the models were spirally unstable and that a large gap between the model tips and end plates tended to reduce the instability.
Date: December 26, 1956
Creator: Letko, W.
Item Type: Report

Wind-Tunnel Investigation at Low Speed of the Static Longitudinal and Lateral Stability Characteristics of a 1/9-Scale Powered Model of the Convair XFY-1 Vertically Rising Airplane

Description: An experimental investigation has been made in the Langley stability tunnel at low speed to determine the static longitudinal and lateral stability characteristics of a l/9-scale powered model of the Convair XFY-1 vertically rising airplane. Effects of thrust coefficient were investigated for the complete model and for certain components of the model. Effects of control deflections and of propeller-blade angle were investigated briefly for the complete model. Most of the tests were made through an angle-of-attack range from about -4 deg. to 29 deg, and the thrust-coefficient range was from 0 t o 0.7. In order to expedite distribution of these data to interested persons, no analysis of the data has been prepared for this report,.
Date: February 11, 1953
Creator: Queijo, M. J.; Wolhart, W. D. & Fletcher, H. S.
Item Type: Report