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Effect of ram-jet pressure pulsations on supersonic-diffuser performance

Description: Experimental study of effects of combustion roughness and controlled mechanical oscillations on diffuser operation was conducted on an 8-inch ram jet at Mach number 1.87. Within experimental accuracy, the optimum mean combustion-chamber static pressure occurred when the maximum instantaneous static pressure equalled the optimum steady-flow value and the corresponding decrement in optimum mean static pressure was equal to one-half the total amplitude of the pressure pulsations. A marked attenuation of amplitude of cold-buzz pressure fluctuations was effected over limited range of subcritical diffuser operation by means of properly tuned rotating disk located in combustion chamber.
Date: November 20, 1950
Creator: Connors, James F

Effect of reduced stator-blade trailing-edge thickness on over-all performance of a transonic turbine

Description: A transonic turbine with a stator trailing-edge thickness reduced from 0.030 to 0.010 inch has been investigated experimentally. The performance results indicated an increase in efficiency of 0.6 of a point at design operation, and as much as 2.4 points at off-design conditions, as a result of reducing the trailing-edge thickness. This improvement could only be partially accounted for by the theoretical change in mixing loss for the two stator-blade rows, and it was felt that the improvement was largely due to a reduced amount of low-velocity fluids entering the rotor and the interference effect of these fluids whth the mainstream flow.
Date: November 1, 1955
Creator: Whitney, Warren J; Stewart, Warner L & Wong, Robert Y

Effect of Rotor- and Stator-Blade Modifications on Surge Performance of an 11-Stage Axial-Flow Compressor. I - Original Production Compressor of XJ40-WE-6 Engine

Description: An investigation to increase the compressor surge-limit pressure ratio of the XJ40-WE-6 turbojet engine at high equivalent speeds was conducted at the NACA Lewis altitude wind tunnel. This report evaluates the compressor modifications which were restricted to (1) twisting rotor blades (in place) to change blade section angles and (2) inserting new stator diaphragms with different blade angles. Such configuration changes could be incorporated quickly and easily in existing engines at overhaul depots. It was found that slight improvements in the compressor surge limit were possible by compressor blade adjustment. However, some of the modifications also reduced the engine air flow and hence penalized the thrust. The use of a mixer assembly at the compressor outlet improved the surge limit with no appreciable thrust penalty.
Date: July 1, 1952
Creator: Finger, Harold B.; Essig, Robert H. & Conrad, E. William

Effect of several design variables on internal performance of convergent-plug exhaust nozzles

Description: Numerous experiments were conducted to determine factors which affect the internal performance of convergent-plug exhaust nozzles. The results of these experiments, which include effects of such things as plug shape, nozzle inlet Mach number, and outer-shell characteristics, provide a basis for optimum desifn from the standpoint of weight and size. The results also show performance penalties which can result when the nozzle is too small.
Date: October 29, 1956
Creator: Krull, H George; Beale, William T & Schmiedlin, Ralph F

Effect of spark repetition rate on the ignition limits of a single tubular combustor /Hampton H. Foster

Description: The effect of spark repitition rate on the altitude ignition limits of a single tubular (turbojet engine) combustor was investigated. An increase in sparking rate from 3 to 140 sparks per second reduced the ignition limiting combustor-inlet pressure about 2 to 4 inches of mercury for air-flow rates of 1.87 and 2.80 pounds per second per square foot.520::At 3.75 pounds pe At 3.75 pounds per second per square foot, the corresponding reduction was 4 to 12 inches of mercury. The trend was similar for both low-and high-volatility fuels and for two spark-energy levels.
Date: December 6, 1951
Creator: Foster, Hampton H

Effect of surface-active additives on physical properties of slurries of vapor-process magnesium

Description: The presence of 3 to 5 percent surface-active additive gave the lowest Brookfield apparent viscosity, plastic viscosity, and yield value that were obtained for slurry fuels containing approximately 50 percent vapor-process magnesium in JP-1 fuel. The slurries settled little and were easily remixed. A polyoxyethylene dodecyl alcohol was the most effective of 13 additives tested in reducing the Brookfield apparent viscosity and the yield value of the slurry. The seven most effective additives all had a hydroxyl group plus an ester or polyoxethylene group in the molecule. The densities of some of the slurries were measured.
Date: November 3, 1955
Creator: Pinns, Murray L

Effects of variations in combustion-chamber configuration on ignition delay in a 50-pound-thrust rocket

Description: Ignition delays of a diallylaniline-triethylamine mixture and of triethyl trithioposphite with red fuming nitric acid were measured as a function of combustor dimensions, initial propellant temperature, and initial ambient pressure. Ignition delay increased with exhaust-nozzle diameter. Ignition delay also increased as propellant temperature decreased, but did not vary with initial ambient pressure except with the largest nozzle diameter. A correlation among ignition delay, combustor dimensions, and propellant temperature is presented, and the extension of the correlation to other systems is discussed.
Date: October 5, 1956
Creator: Ladanyi, Dezso J.

Effect of Inlet Air Distortion on the Steady-State and Surge Characteristics of an Axial-Flow Turbojet Compressor

Description: An investigation was conducted in an altitude test chamber to determine the effects of inlet airflow distortion on the compressor steady-state and surge characteristics of a high-pressure ratio, axial-flow turbojet engine. Circumferential-type inlet flow distortions were investigated, which covered a range of distortion sector angles from 20 deg to 168 deg and distortion levels up to 22 percent. The presence of inlet airflow distortions at the compressor face resulted in a substantial increase in the local pressure ratio in the distorted region, primarily for the inlet stages. The local pressure ratio in the distorted region for the inlet stages increased as either the distortion sector angle decreased or the percent distortion increased. The average compressor-surge pressure ratio was much more sensitive to inlet airflow distortions at lower engine speeds than at engine speeds near rated. Hence, compressor-surge margin reduction due to inlet airflow distortion was quite severe at the lower engine speeds. Although the average compressor-surge pressure ratio was generally reduced with inlet flow distortion, local pressure ratios across the distorted sector of the compressor were obtained during surge and were significantly greater than the normal compressor-surge pressure ratio. This was a result of increased loading of the inlet stages in the distorted region.
Date: January 2, 1948
Creator: Ciepluch, Carl C.