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Experiments with needle bearings

Description: Experiments and results are presented in testing needle bearings, especially in comparison with roller bearings. Reduction in coefficient of friction is discussed as well as experimental methods and recording devices.
Date: May 1, 1933
Creator: Ferretti, Pericle

Flat sheet metal girders with very thin metal web. Part II : sheet metal girders with spars resistant to bending - oblique uprights - stiffness

Description: Noting that the stiffness of the girder increases very rapidly as Beta increases, the result can be summed up as follows: When the cross stress preponderates in one direction and when the web plate is to be given the dimensions commensurate to its stresses, it is advisable (regardless of any ensuing structural difficulties) to set the uprights at about Beta = 120 degrees, thereby lowering the weight of the plate wall 15 percent (in contrast to Beta = 90 degrees), and raising the stiffness 55 percent. But, when the cross stresses alternate and are approximately of the same intensity in both directions, or, if the web plate thickness is determined by other structural reasons, then Beta = 90 degrees should be chosen.
Date: February 1, 1931
Creator: Wagner, Herbert

Experiments with planing surfaces

Description: A previous report discusses the experimental program of a systematic exploration of all questions connected with the planing problem as well as the first fundamental results of the investigation of a flat planing surface. The present report is limited to the conversion of the model test data to full scale.
Date: March 1, 1934
Creator: Sottorf, W

Experiments with suction-type wings

Description: The present report collects the investigations of the past years which, while not as yet intended for use in construction, show different possibilities for the building of a suction-type wing and at the same time present some basic explanations concerning the problem of suction. Experiments and results with a thick wing profile are detailed as well as boundary layer removal by suction and sink action. Experiments with flap profiles are also included.
Date: August 1, 1935
Creator: Schrenk, O

Flight-test data on the static fore-and-aft stability of various German airplanes

Description: The static longitudinal stability of an airplane with locked elevator is usually determined by analysis and model tests. The present report proposes to supply the results of such measurements. The method consisted of recording the dynamic pressure versus elevator displacement at different center-of-gravity positions in unaccelerated flight.
Date: May 1, 1933
Creator: Hubner, Walter

Flow in smooth straight pipes at velocities above and below sound velocity

Description: To investigate the laws of flow of compressible fluids in pipes, tests were carried out with air flowing at velocities below and above that of sound in straight smooth pipes. Air was chosen as the flow medium. In order that the effect of compressibility may be brought out most effectively, the velocity should lie between 100 and 500 m/s (200 and 1,000 mph); that is, be of the order of magnitude of the velocity of sound in air. The behavior of the compression shock in a smooth cylindrical pipe was also investigated. The compression shock can occur at any position in the pipe, depending on the throttling downstream, and travels upstream with increasing throttling up to the pipe entrance, so that only subsonic velocities occur in the pipe.
Date: January 1, 1938
Creator: Frossel, W.

The flow of gases in narrow channels

Description: Measurements were made of the flow of gases through various narrow channels a few microns wide at average pressures from 0.00003 to 40 cm. Hg. The flow rate, defined as the product of pressure and volume rate of flow at unit pressure difference, first decreased linearly with decrease in mean pressure in the channel, in agreement with laminar-flow theory, reached a minimum when the mean path length was approximately equal to the channel width, and then increased to a constant value. The product of flow rate and square root of molecular number was approximately the same function of mean path length for all gases for a given channel.
Date: August 1, 1951
Creator: Rasmussen, R E H

Flow phenomena on plates and airfoils of short span

Description: Investigations on the flow phenomena at plates and cambered models were carried out with the aid of force measurements, some pressure distribution measurements, and photographic observation. The experimental methods are described and the results given. Section III of this work gives a comprehensive account of the results and enables us to see how nearly the lift line and lift surface theories agree with the experimental results.
Date: June 1, 1936
Creator: Winter, H

Flow around wings accompanied by separation of vortices

Description: The flow around wings computed by the usual method leads in the case of a finite trailing edge to a stagnation point in the trailing edge due to the Kutta-Joukowsky condition of flow governing this region. As a result, the theoretical pressure distribution differs substantially from the experimental values in the vicinity of the trailing edge. The present report describes an alternative method of calculation in which the rear stagnation point no longer appears. The stream leaves the trailing edge tangentially on the pressure side and a similar tangential separation occurs on the suction side of the profile at a point slightly in front of the trailing edge.
Date: December 1940
Creator: Schmieden, C.

Flow of Gas Through Turbine Lattices

Description: This report is concerned with fluid mechanics of two-dimensional cascades, particularly turbine cascades. Methods of solving the incompressible ideal flow in cascades are presented. The causes and the order of magnitude of the two-dimensional losses at subsonic velocities are discussed. Methods are presented for estimating the flow and losses at high subsonic velocities. Transonic and supersonic flows in lattices are then analyzed. Some three-dimensional features of the flow in turbines are noted.
Date: May 1, 1956
Creator: Deich, M E

Functioning of reduction gears on airplane engines

Description: In undertaking to analyze the functioning conditions of a reduction gear on an aviation engine, we will consider an ordinary twelve-cylinder V-engine. The reduction gear employed consists either of a pair of spur gears, one of which is integral with the engine shaft and the other with the propeller shaft, or of a planetary system of gears.
Date: March 1926
Creator: Matteucci, Raffaelli

The fundamental principles of high-speed semi-diesel engines. Part 1: a general discussion of the subject of fuel injection in diesel engines and detailed descriptions of many types of injection nozzles

Description: Three questions relating to the technical progress in the utilization of heavy oils are discussed. The first question considers solid injection in high-speed automobile engines, the second concerns the development of the hot-bulb engine, and the third question relates to the need for a more thorough investigation of the processes on which the formatation of combustible, rapidly-burning mixtures depend.
Date: April 1926
Creator: Büchner

Friction and wear

Description: From the practical point of view, this analysis shows that each problem of friction or wear requires its particular solution. There is no universal solution; one or other of the factors predominates and defines the choice of the solution. In certain cases, copper alloys of great thermal conductivity are preferred; in others, plastics abundantly supplied with water. Sometimes, soft antifriction metals are desirable to distribute the load; at other times, hard metals with high resistance to abrasion or heat.
Date: March 1, 1952
Creator: Pomey, Jacques