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Catalog of State Programs, 1983

Description: The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document addresses the states and distressed communities.
Date: 1985
Creator: United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.

Uranium Hydrogeochemical and Stream Sediment Reconnaissance of the Bozeman NTMS Quadrangle, Montana, Including Concentrations of Forty-Two Additional Elements

Description: Report regarding the collection of sediment samples taken from 1,586 areas around the Bozeman Quadrangle in Montana. This supplemental report covers the results of analyses for forty two elements and descriptions of the area studied. Field data and analytical results of the samples are presented in the appendices, which begin on page 5.
Date: 1980
Creator: Bolivar, Stephen L. & Hensley, Walter K.

Energy Related Use Conflicts for the Columbia River Estuary, Volume 1: Text

Description: Report that "provides a narrative description of projected energy development and describes the biological characteristics of fish and wildlife and their habitats, and gives a critique of potential environmental impacts, and measures of protection and mitigation" (p. iii)
Date: June 1983
Creator: Garcia, John; Loehr, Lincoln; Richter, Klaus; Ahlborn, Gary; Westerlund, Frank & Pratt, Jeremy

Atlas of Coal/Minerals and Important Resource Problem Areas for Fish and Wildlife in the Conterminous United States

Description: This atlas highlights areas in the conterminous United States of potential concern involving coal and minerals development activities and fish and wildlife resources, in particular the Important Resource Problem Areas (IRPs) designated in 1980 by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) as areas of emphasis in policy making.
Date: July 1981
Creator: Honig, Robert A.

Limnological and Fisheries Studies of the St. Marys River, Michigan, in Relation to Proposed Extension of the Navigation Season, 1982 and 1983, Volume 1 - Main Report

Description: Report that contains "quantitative and qualitative limnological and biological data from the St. Marys River to help assess environmental impacts from proposed navigation season extension activities." (p. xiv)
Date: January 1986
Creator: Liston, Charles R. & McNabb, Clarence D.

Identification of secondary phases formed during unsaturated reaction of UO{sub 2} with EJ-13 water

Description: A set of experiments, wherein UO{sub 2} has been contacted by dripping water, has been conducted over a period of 182.5 weeks. The experiments are being conducted to develop procedures to study spent fuel reaction under unsaturated conditions that are expected to exist over the lifetime of the proposed Yucca Mountain repository site. One half of the experiments have been terminated, while one half are ongoing. Analyses of solutions that have dripped from the reacted UO{sub 2} have been performed for all experiments, while the reacted UO{sub 2} surfaces have been examined for the terminated experiments. A pulse of uranium release from the UO{sub 2} solid, combined with the formation of schoepite on the surface of the UO{sub 2}, was observed between 39 and 96 weeks of reaction. Thereafter, the uranium release decreased and a second set of secondary phases was observed. The latter phases incorporated cations from the EJ-13 water and included boltwoodite, uranophane, sklodowskite, compreignacite, and schoepite. The experiments are continuing to monitor whether additional changes in solution chemistry or secondary phase formation occurs. 6 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.
Date: November 1, 1989
Creator: Bates, J.K.; Tani, B.S. & Veleckis, E.

The reaction of synthetic nuclear waste glass in steam and hydrothermal solution

Description: Glass monoliths of the WVCM 44, WVCM 50, SRL 165, and SRL 202 compositions were reacted in steam and in hydrothermal liquid at 200{degree}C. The glass reaction resulted in the formation of leached surface layers in both environments. The reaction in steam proceeds at a very low rate until precipitates form, after which the glass reaction proceeds at a greater rate. Precipitates were formed on all glass types reacted in steam. The assemblage of phases formed was unique to each glass type, but several precipitates were common to all glasses, including analcime, gyrolite, and weeksite. Reaction in steam occurs in a thin layer of condensed water which becomes saturated with respect to the observed phases after only a few days of reaction. The reaction in steam is accelerated relative to reaction in hydrothermal liquid in the sense that secondary phases from after a shorter reaction time, that is, after less glass has reacted, because of the smaller effective leachant volume present in the steam environment. A knowledge of the secondary phases which form and their influence on the glass reaction rate is crucial to the modeling effort of the repository program. 9 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.
Date: December 31, 1989
Creator: Ebert, W.L. & Bates, J.K.

Parametric effects of glass reaction under unsaturated conditions

Description: Eventual liquid water contact of high-level waste glass stored under the unsaturated conditions anticipated at the Yucca Mountain site will be by slow intrusion of water into a breached container/canister assembly. The water flow patterns under these unsaturated conditions will vary, and the Unsaturated Test method has been developed by the YMP to study glass reaction. The results from seven different sets of tests done to investigate the effect of systematically varying parameters, such as glass composition, composition and degree of sensitization of 304L stainless steel, water input volume, and the interval of water contact are discussed. Glass reaction has been monitored over a period of five years, and the parametric effects can result in up to a ten-fold variance in the degree of glass reaction.
Date: November 1, 1989
Creator: Bates, J.K.; Gerding, T.J. & Woodland, A.B.