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Two-Dimensional Irrotational Transonic Flows of a Compressible Fluid

Description: The methods of NACA TN No. 995 have been slightly modified and extended in include flows with circulation by considering the alteration of the singularities of the incompressible solution due to the presence of the hypergeometric functions in the analytic continuation of the solution. It was found that for finite Mach numbers the only case in which the nature of the singularity can remain unchanged is for a ratio of specific heats equal to -1. From a study of two particular flows it seems that the effect of geometry cannot be neglected, and the conventional "pressure-correction" formulas are not valid, even in the subsonic region if the body is thick, especially if there is a supersonic region in the flow.
Date: June 1948
Creator: Kuo, Yung-Huai

Two-dimensional subsonic compressible flows past arbitrary bodies by the variational method

Description: Instead of solving the nonlinear differential equation which governs the compressible flow, an approximate method of solution by means of the variational method is used. The general problem of steady irrotational flow past an arbitrary body is formulated. Two examples were carried out, namely, the flow past a circular cylinder and the flow past a thin curved surface. The variational method yields results of velocity and pressure distributions which compare excellently with those found by existing methods. These results indicate that the variational method will yield good approximate solution for flow past both thick and thin bodies at both high and low Mach numbers.
Date: March 1951
Creator: Wang, Chi-Teh

Considerations of the Total Drag of Supersonic Airfoil Sections

Description: The results of calculations of the viscous and pressure drags of some two-dimensional supersonic airfoils at zero lift are presented. The results indicate that inclusion of viscous drag alters many previous results regarding the desirability of certain airfoil shapes for securing low drags at supersonic speeds. At certain Reynolds and Mach numbers, for instance, a circular-arc airfoil may theoretically have less drag than the previously advocated symmetrical wedge-shape profile; although under different conditions, the circular-arc airfoil may have a higher drag.
Date: July 1947
Creator: Ivey, H. Reese & Klunker, E. Bernard

Tables for the Computation of Wave Drag of Arrow Wings of Arbitrary Airfoil Section

Description: Tables and computing instructions for the rapid evaluation of the wave drag of delta wings and of arrow wings having a ration of the tangent of the trailing-edge sweep angle to the tangent of the leading-edge sweep angle in the range from -1.0 to 0.8. The tables cover a range of both subsonic and supersonic leading edges.
Date: June 1954
Creator: Grant, Fredrick C. & Cooper, Morton

Shear tests on DuPont explosive rivets with the countersunk head milled flush after expansion

Description: Report discusses the results of shear testing in which the heads of Du Pont explosive countersunk rivets were allowed to protrude above the skin surface before expansion and the protruding portions were removed after expansion. As the height of the rivet head above the skin increases, the tightness of the rivet was found to increase. The report concludes that it may be desirable to investigating filling an entire shank with an explosive charge in order to permit greater tolerances in the drilled hole diameter and still have consistently tight rivets.
Date: May 1943
Creator: Gottieb, Robert & Bartone, Leonard M.

Flight measurements of section efficiency, thrust, and power of a supersonic-type propeller at Mach numbers to 0.9

Description: Report discussing testing on a supersonic-type propeller designed for a forward Mach number of 0.95, advance ratio of 2.2, and power coefficient of 0.26. Thrust distributions were found to be smooth and uniform over a range of Mach numbers, indicating efficient operation.
Date: January 11, 1956
Creator: Hammack, Jerome B. & O'Bryan, Thomas C.

The Porpoising Characteristics of a Planing Surface Representing the Forebody of a Flying-Boat Hull

Description: Porpoising characteristics were observed on V-body fitted with tail surfaces for different combinations of load, speed, moment of inertia, location of pivot, elevator setting, and tail area. A critical trim was found which was unaltered by elevator setting or tail area. Critical trim was lowered by moving pivot either forward or down or increasing radius or gyration. Increase in mass and moment of inertia increased amplitude of oscillations. Complete results are tabulated and shown graphically.
Date: May 1, 1942
Creator: Benson, James M.

Effect of dissolved oxygen on the filterability of jet fuels for temperatures between 300 degrees and 400 degrees F

Description: The effect of dissolved oxygen in the filter-clogging characteristics of three JP-4 and two JP-5 fuels was studied at 300 degrees to 400 degrees F in a bench- scale rig, employing filter paper as the filter medium. The residence time of the fuel at the high temperature was approximately 6 seconds. For these conditions, the clogging characteristics of the fuels increased with both increasing temperature and increasing concentration of dissolved oxygen. The amount of insoluble material formed at high temperatures necessary to produce clogging of filters was very small, of the order of 1 milligram per gallon of fuel.
Date: December 28, 1955
Creator: Mckeown, Anderson B & Hibbard, Robert R

An Investigation of Hydrofoils in the NACA Tank I : Effect of Dihedral and Depth of Submersion

Description: Tests were conducted on hydrofoil assemblies approximating an arrangement for use under seaplanes or surface boats. A series of hydrofoils, each supported by two struts, was towed at various depths ranging from partial submersions to a depth of 5-chord lengths. At depths greater than 4 or 5 chords, the influence of the surface of the water is small; hydrofoils operating at low speed will have characteristics similar to those of airfoils of the same section.
Date: September 1, 1942
Creator: Land, Norman S. & Benson, James M.

Tests of hydraulically expanded rivets

Description: Report discusses the results of an investigation into the tightness, shear strength, tensile strength, and life under pulsating loads of hollow, hydraulically expanded rivets made of 17S-T aluminum alloy. The countersunk-head rivets with inserts had a much higher maximum load in shear than the modified-roundhead rivets, which did not have inserts.
Date: March 1944
Creator: Mandel, Merven W.; Crate, Harold & Schuette, Evan H.