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The Calculation of Rotational Energy Levels and Rotational Line Intensities in Diatomic Molecules

Description: Report describing procedures for making quantum mechanical calculations of rotational energy levels and rotational line intensities in diatomic molecules. The procedures are illustrated by sample calculations. A familiarity with the material of this report should enable a practicing electronic spectroscropist to carry out, though in a rather mechanical way, his own theoretical calculations for molecules under experimental investigation.
Date: June 1970
Creator: Hougen, Jon T.

A Gage Block Measurement Process Using Single Wavelength Interferometry

Description: Report describing the interferometric measurement process using a laser light source and a Kosters type gage block interferometer. Continuous evaluation and refinement of the process is aided by statistical treatment and control chart techniques. All error sources, both random and systematic, are evaluated and the process is maintained in a state of statistical control.
Date: December 1975
Creator: Beers, John S.

Geometrical Considerations and Nomenclature for Reflectance

Description: Report presenting a unified approach to the specification of reflectance, in terms of both incident- and reflected- beam geometry. Nomenclature to facilitate this approach is proposed. Nomenclature for categorizing and specifying reflectance quantities for a variety of different beam configurations (both incident and reflected beams) is described, and all are defined and interrelated in terms of the bidirectional reflectance-distribution function. The conditions under which the formalism can be applied, including situations involving considerable sub-surface scattering, are carefully established. The entire treatment is limited to the domain of classical geometrical-optics radiometry and does not take into account interference and diffraction phenomena, such as are frequently encountered with highly coherent radiant flux.
Date: October 1977
Creator: Nicodemus, F. E.; Richmond, J. C.; Hsia, J. J.; Ginsberg, I. W. & Limperis, T.

The First Spectrum of Hafnium (HF I)

Description: Report continuing W. K. Meggers' previous analysis in LS-coupling. This coupling is not rigorous in Hf I, and many intervals are irregular. Consequently, the levels are given also in numerical order with the even and odd levels presented in separate tables. The long line lists are given in two Appendices: Appendix A contains the observed Zeeman data for the individual lines, 531 in all; Appendix B consists of the complete line list of observed and classified lines. By far the greater part of the analysis is that of Meggers.
Date: July 1976
Creator: Meggers, William F. & Moore, Charlotte E.

Graphical Recoupling of Angular Momenta

Description: Report presenting a diagrammatic method for solving angular momentum recoupling problems. It is shown that a few graphical elements with a set of rules for their use lead to the solution of many types of recoupling problems in an intuitive and systematic way. Several examples are given together with exercises to develop the reader's facility with the method.
Date: October 1973
Creator: Lehman, D. R. & O'Connell, J. S.

Causes of Variation in Chemical Analyses and Physical Tests of Portland Cement

Description: Report discussing variations in comparative tests of portland cements that could lead to the rejection of a material fully conforming to specification requirements, or the acceptance of a material with undesirable chemical or physical properties. Many of the causes for variation in chemical analyses and physical test results are listed in this discussion, and remedies for some of the more frequently encountered deficiencies in apparatus and methods are suggested.
Date: April 27, 1961
Creator: Bean, B. Leonard & Dise, John R.

Automatic Measurement of Network Parameters: A Survey

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Standards over a survey conducted on measurement methods of network parameters. As stated in the introduction, "this paper is concerned with the development of automatic methods of measuring basically the magnitudes and phase differences, or the complex ratio of two sinusoidal voltages, and applications of this capability to determining complex reflection coefficients and transmission coefficients and group delay times of electrical networks" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: June 1976
Creator: Beatty, Robert William

Conductive Flooring for Hospital Operating Rooms

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Standards over studies on the importance of conductive flooring in hospitals. Types of conductive flooring are compared, and tested. The methods and results are presented, and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: March 21, 1960
Creator: Boone, Thomas H.; Hermach, Francis L.; MacArthur, Edgar H. & McAuliff, Rita C.

A Complete Mode Sum for LF, VLF, ELF Terrestrial Radio Wave Fields

Description: Report discussing the VLF, ELF propagation in the earth-ionosphere waveguide emphasizing the total field found by summing all modes which contribute appreciably. Solutions are given and calculations are made for a homogeneous isotropic ionosphere, a homogeneous ionosphere with a constant radial magnetic field imposed, and an ionosphere with a magnetic field of arbitrary dip angle.
Date: October 1, 1964
Creator: Johler, J. Ralph & Berry, Leslie A.

Interactions of High Energy Particles With Nuclei

Description: Report discussing elastic scattering and diffractive production processes induced in nuclear targets by high energy projectiles. Special attention is paid to the interaction of high energy hadrons and photons. The common features of all these processes are emphasized throughout the article: The multiple scattering and shadowing processes inside of the target nuclei. An effort is made to develop a unified way of treating nuclear interactions of particles which are either hadrons or exhibit some hadronic components in such interactions.
Date: September 1975
Creator: Czyz, Wieslaw

International Practical Temperature Scale of 1948: Text Revision of 1960

Description: Report is a text revision of the International Temperature Scale of 1948; the numerical values of temperatures remain the same. The adjective "Practical" was added to the name by the International Committee on Weights and Measures. The scale continues to be based upon six fixed and reproducible equilibrium temperatures to which values have been assigned, and upon the same interpolation formulas relating temperatures to the indications of specified measuring instruments. Some changes have been made in the text to make the scale more reproducible than its predecessor. The triple point of water, with the value 0.01 ºC replaces the former ice point as a defining fixed point of the scale. It is also recommended that the zinc point, with the value 419.505 ºC, be used instead of the sulfur point. The recommendations include new information that has become available since 1948.
Date: September 8, 1961
Creator: Stimson, H. F.

An Introduction to the Description and Evaluation of Microwave Systems Using Terminal Invariant Parameters

Description: Report presenting the technical background and basis for a new method of evaluating certain performance parameters which are common to all microwave systems. A unique feature of the new measurement concept is its elimination of the precision waveguide and connector requirements for an important class of measurement problems.
Date: October 1969
Creator: Engren, Glenn F.

Colors of Signal Lights: Their Selection, Definition, Measurement, Production, and Use

Description: Report discussing the selection, specifications, and use of signal-light colors. It discusses the nature of the problem, and the mathematical representation, recognition, production, control, and use of such colors. The characteristics of different types of chromaticity boundaries and the purpose and effect of the requirement for similarity of chromaticity characteristics are given special consideration. The treatment is varied according to the intended use. The discussion of the control of colors and the section on the use of colors are nontechnical, whereas the section on the production of signal colors is designed for the colorimetrist who is faced with the problem of selecting limit filters or drafting a specification.
Date: April 3, 1967
Creator: Breckenridge, F. C.

Liquid-in-Glass Thermometry

Description: Report containing information of general interest to manufacturers and users of liquid-in-glass thermometers. This report supersedes Monograph 90. Instructions explaining how to submit a thermometer to the National Bureau of Standards for calibration are provided, and the techniques and equipment, such as stirred liquid comparison baths, used in the calibration procedures are described. A discussion of important principles of acceptable thermometer design and factors affecting their use is included. Listed are tables of tolerances reflecting good manufacturing practices and reasonably attainable accuracies expected with liquid-in-glass thermometers. The calculation of corrections for the temperature of the emergent stem is given in detail for various types of thermometers and conditions of use.
Date: January 1976
Creator: Wise, Jacquelyn A.

Calibration of Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

Description: Report discussing important elements of thermometer design. Factors affecting the use of common types of liquid-in-glass thermometers are included together with tables of tolerances and reasonably attainable accuracies. The calculation of corrections for the temperature of the emergent stem is given in detail for various types of thermometers and conditions of use.
Date: February 12, 1965
Creator: Swindells, James F.

Bibliography of Temperature Measurement: January 1953 to June 1960

Description: Report presenting more than 500 references to the field of temperature measurement. These references were collected from two general sources: Scientific and technical literature and government reports. The period covered is from 1953 to June 1960, with some from earlier dates. References are divided into a number of categories based on the type of instrument used. Some references to calibration of instruments and to scientific theories upon which temperature measurement is based are also presented.
Date: April 6, 1961
Creator: Halpern, Carl & Moffat, Robert J.

Bibliography of Temperature Measurement: July 1960 to December 1965

Description: Report combining National Bureau of Standards Monograph 27 with the references given in Supplement 1 (May 13, 1963) and issued as a single publication to assist users of this material. References concern the field of temperature measurement. These references were collected from two general sources: Scientific and technical literature and government reports. References are divided into a number of categories based on the type of instrument used. Some references to calibration of instruments and to scientific theories upon which temperature measurement is based are also presented.
Date: April 28, 1967
Creator: Olsen, Lief O. & Halpern, Carl

Bibliography of Temperature Measurement: July 1960 to December 1962

Description: Report presenting 700 additional references to the field of temperature measurement as a supplement to NBS Monograph 27, "Bibliography of Temperature Measurement, January 1953 to June 1960" issued April 6, 1961. These references were collected from two general sources: Scientific and technical literature and government reports. The period covered is from July 1960 to December 1962 with some earlier references which were found later. The arrangement of material is the same as in Monograph 27.
Date: September 13, 1936
Creator: Halpern, Carl