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Preliminary Vibration and Flutter Studies on P-47 Tail

Description: Report presenting a report illustrated by photographs and vibration records on the failure of the P-47 rudder in the high-speed tunnel at a true speed of 468 miles per hour and a density corresponding to 9000 feet altitude. The fin-rudder unit was tested as being at least representative of the tail design of the P-47 airplane.
Date: August 1943
Creator: Theodorsen, Theodore

Heat-Transfer Tests of Two Steel Cylinder Barrels With Aluminum Fins Manufactured by Factory Production Method

Description: Report presenting testing of two engine cylinder barrels with aluminum fins. The primary purpose was to determine the heat-transfer coefficients and the excellence of the bonds between the aluminum fins and the aluminum base and between the aluminum base and the steel of the two barrels when manufactured by a large-volume production method.
Date: August 1940
Creator: Ellerbrock, Herman H., Jr.

Static Characteristics of Curtiss Propellers Having Different Blade Sections

Description: Report presenting static tests on four full-scale two-bladed propellers differing only in blade sections at blade angles from 0 to 20 degrees at the three-quarters radius. Two of the propellers were also tested as three-bladed propellers. For all of the propellers tested, the highest value of the static thrust figure of merit occurred at a tip-speed ratio between 0.7 and 0.9; the highest efficiency in flight may be expected in the same range of tip-speed ratios.
Date: August 1941
Creator: Corson, Blake W., Jr. & Mastrocola, Nicholas

Ditching Tests With a 1/12-Size Model of the Army B-26 Airplane in NACA Tank Number 2 and on an Outdoor Catapult

Description: Report presenting tests made with a dynamic model of the Army B-26 airplane to determine its behavior when landed on water. Results regarding the general behavior, effect of flaps, effect of landing attitude and speed, tests with undamaged model, tests with simulated damage, tests with propellers, vertical decelerations, and effect of weight are provided.
Date: August 1944
Creator: Fisher, Lloyd J. & Steiner, Margaret F.

The Effect of Xylidines on the Stability of an Aircraft-Engine Lubricating Oil

Description: Report presenting tests to determine the effect of xylidines on the stability of an aircraft-engine lubricating oil. The Indiana oxidation test and measurements of the oxygen absorption rate of the oil samples were performed on Navy 1120 oil, Navy 1120 oil plus 0.5 percent by weight of xylidines, and Navy 1120 oil used in piston-ring-sticking tests both with and without xylidines. Results regarding the Indiana oxidation test, the Davis oxidation test, the automatic oil-oxidation apparatus, and a laboratory inspection are provided.
Date: August 1943
Creator: Olson, Walter T. & Meyrowitz, Emanuel

Air-Flow and Performance Characteristics of Engine-Stage Supercharger of a Double-Row Radial Aircraft Engine 2: Effect of Design Variables

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the effect of the location of the diffuser vanes with respect to the supercharger outlets and the effect of flow conditions at the impeller inlet on the air-flow distribution in the outlets of the engine-stage supercharger of an 18-cylinder double-row radial aircraft engine. The effect of flow conditions at the impeller inlet was investigated by distorting the flow at the inlet and noting the effect in the supercharger outlets. Results regarding the diffuser effect and inlet effect are provided.
Date: August 1946
Creator: Baas, Edmund J. & Dugan, Paul D.

The effect of xylidines on the load-carrying capacity of an aircraft-engine oil 1

Description: Report presenting testing to determine the effect of xylidines on the load-carrying capacity of aircraft-engine oil in several test devices. Lubricating oil and lubricating oil with xylidines added was tested in four different testing machines. In all of the experiments, adding the xylidines made the oil a poorer lubricant in the boundary region of lubrication, where metal-to-metal contact occurs.
Date: August 1943
Creator: Spurr, Robert A. & Olson, Walter T.

Knock-limited performance of blends of AN-F-28 fuel containing 2 percent aromatic amines 3

Description: Report presenting tests to investigate the effect of 2-percent additions of nine aromatic amines on the knock-limited performance of AN-N-28 (28-R) fuel. The results of the testing of antiknock effectivneess of the 27 aromatic amines obtained to date in the program are also summarized.
Date: August 1944
Creator: Alquist, Henry E. & Tower, Leonard K.

Elimination of rumble from the cooling ducts of a single-engine pursuit airplane

Description: Report presenting a full-size single-engine pursuit airplane, with wing tips cut off, tested in the 16-foot wind tunnel. The purpose was to find means for eliminating an extreme rumble which occurred at high speeds when the radiator air-duct-exit openings were small. Results regarding rumble, cooling air, and drag are provided.
Date: August 1943
Creator: Matthews, Howard F.

A preliminary evaluation of the explosion jet-propulsion engine

Description: Report investigating the theoretical sea-level performance of an explosion jet-propulsion engine similar to the German flying bomb to show the effects on performance of heat added and supercharging and a comparison was drawn between the performance of the explosion engine and the constant-pressure engine. The explosion engine was found to be more efficient than the constant-pressure engine at compressor pressure ratios below 3.0 when the maximum gas temperature of the constant-pressure engine is 1600 degrees Fahrenheit.
Date: August 1944
Creator: Sanders, J. C.

Flight and Test-Stand Investigation of High-Performance Fuels in Modified Double-Row Radial Air-Cooled Engines 3: Knock-Limited Performance of 33-R as Compared with a Triptane Blend and 28-R in Flight

Description: "A comparison has been made in flight of the antiknock characteristics of 33-R fuel with that of 28-R and a triptane blend. The knock-limited performance of the three fuels - 33-R, a blend of 80 percent 28-R plus 20 percent triptane (leaded to 4.5 ml TEL/gal), and 28-R - was investigated in two modified 14-cylinder double-row radial air-cooled engines. Tests were conducted on the engines as installed in the left inboard nacelle of an airplane. A carburetor-air temperature of approximately 85 deg F was maintained" (p. 1).
Date: August 1945
Creator: Blackman, Calvin C. & White, H. Jack

Operating stresses in aircraft-engine crankshafts and connecting rods 2: instrumentation and test results

Description: Report presenting an investigation to develop methods and equipment for the measurement of operating stresses in aircraft-engine crankshafts and connecting rods. The results indicate that the measurement of stresses in connecting rods is feasible. Results regarding stresses in the crankshaft and stresses in the master connecting rod are provided.
Date: August 1945
Creator: Dutee, Francis J.; Phillips, Franklyn W. & Calvert, Howard F.

Flight and Test-Stand Investigation of High-Performance Fuels in Modified Double-Row Radial Air-Cooled Engines 2: Flight Knock Data and Comparison of Fuel Knock Limits With Engine Cooling Limits in Flight

Description: Report discussing tests on three fuels in a 14-cylinder double-row radial air-cooled engine at different engine speeds, blower ratios, and spark settings.
Date: August 4, 1945
Creator: White, H. Jack; Pragliola, Philip C. & Blackman, Calvin C.

An Experimental Investigation of Flow Conditions in the Vicinity of an NACA D(Sub S)-Type Cowling

Description: Data are presented of the flow conditions in the vicinity of an NACA D sub S -type cowling. Tests were made of a 1/2 scale-nacelle model at inlet-velocity ratios ranging from 0.23 to 1.02 and angles of attack from 6 deg to 10 deg. The velocity and direction of flow in the vertical plane of symmetry of the cowling were determined from orifices and tufts installed on a board aligned with the flow. Diagrams showing velocity ratio contours and lines of constant flow angles are given.
Date: August 1946
Creator: Bryant, Rosemary P. & Boswinkle, Robert W., Jr.

Reduction of Fuel-Vapor Loss by Omitting Some of the Fuel Constituents Normally Lost During Flight

Description: Report discussing an investigation to determine the effect of omitting some of the fuel constituents in AN-F-28 Amendment 2 fuel that are normally lost in flight on fuel-vapor loss. Removing the components was found to decrease the fuel-vapor loss and increase the critical altitudes.
Date: August 27, 1945
Creator: Stone, Charles S. & Kramer, Walter E.

Spin Tests of a 0.059-Scale Model of the Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Airplane

Description: Report discussing spin tests performed on a scale model of the Curtiss-Wright XP-55 airplane. A large elevator with increased deflections and large wing tips with extensions were installed to improve the longitudinal-trim characteristics. Information about the spins, attitude after rotation, and recommended technique for spin recovery is provided.
Date: August 1945
Creator: MacDougall, George F., Jr. & Schneiter, Leslie E.

Tests of an Adjustable-Area Exhaust Nozzle for Jet-Propulsion Engines

Description: Report discussing a comparison between a centrifugal-flow-type turbojet engine with an adjustable-area exhaust nozzle and with a series of fixed-area nozzles of various throat diameters. The adjustable-area nozzle was found to be as efficient as the fixed-area nozzles in testing. Information about the corrected static thrust, fuel flow, and tail-pipe gas temperature for both types of nozzles is provided.
Date: August 16, 1945
Creator: Wilcox, E. C.

Effect of Water-Alcohol Injection and Maximum Economy Spark Advance on Knock-Limited Performance and Fuel Economy of a Large Air-Cooled Cylinder

Description: An investigation was conducted to determine the effect of a coolant solution of 25 percent ethyl alcohol, 25 percent methyl alcohol, and 50 percent water by volume and maximum-economy spark advance on knock-limited performance and fuel economy of a large air-cooled cylinder. The knock-limited performance of the cylinder at engine speeds of 2100 and 2500 rpm was determined for coolant-fuel ratios of 0.0, 0.2, and 0.4. The effect of water-alcohol injection on fuel economy was determined in constant charge-air flow tests. The tests were conducted at a spark advance of 20 deg B.T.C. and maximum-economy spark advance.
Date: August 12, 1945
Creator: Heinicke, Orville H. & Vandeman, Jack E.