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Uses of Advanced Pulsed Neutron Sources. Report of a Workshop Held at Argonne National Laboratory, October 21-24, 1975

Description: This report contains the conclusions that were drawn by nine panels of scientists in the fields of Biology; Chemical Spectroscopy; Chemical Structures of Crystalline Solids; Chemical Structures of Disordered Solids and Inhomogeneous Systems; Dynamics of Solids, Liquids, Glasses, and Gases; Magnetism; Neutron Sources; and Radiation Effects. The nine panel reports describe the applications found in these scientific areas, accompanying them with conceptual instruments designed for the measurements and with calculations to establish feasibility.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Carpenter, S. A.

Ion Replacement Program Annual Report: 1993

Description: Annual report of the Ion Replacement Electrorefining Program at Aronne National Laboratory describing their research and activities. There are three key accomplishments highlighted for the year: (1) identification of a suitable sodium(beta){double_prime}-alumina/molten salt electrolyte system that functions reproducibly at 723 K, (2) actual separation of dysprosium and lanthanum in experiments, and (3) the identification of a metal alloy, Li{sub x}Sb, as an alternative ion replacement electrode.
Date: July 1993
Creator: Tomczuk, Z.

Proceedings of the Third Post-Accident Heat Removal Information Exchange November 2-4, 1977, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois

Description: Papers presented at the third Post-Accident Heat Removal Information Exchange concerning heat distribution and criticality considerations, particulate-bed phenomena, pool heat transfer and melt-front phenomena, behavior of heated concrete and sodium-concrete interactions, design-related studies, gas bubbling and boiling effects, and materials interactions at high temperatures and experimental methods.
Date: 1978?
Creator: Baker, Louis, Jr.

Radiological and Environmental Research Division Annual Report: Part 3, Ecology, January-December 1978

Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Radiological and Environmental Research Division regarding activities related to ecology. This report includes studies on the effects of sulfur dioxide on Midwestern grain crops and the addition of the new research vessel, the Ekos.
Date: 1978?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Radiological and Environmental Research Division.

Radiological and Environmental Research Division Annual Report: Part 4, Atmospheric Physics, January-December 1978

Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Radiological and Environmental Research Division regarding activities related to atmospheric chemistry. This report includes studies on dispersion of pollutants to the surface of water near shorelines and steam fog and the exchange of gases across an air-water interface.
Date: 1978
Creator: Rowland, R. E. & Hicks, B. B.

Reactor Physics Studies in the Steam Flooded GCFR-Phase 2 Critical Assembly

Description: A possible accident scenario in a Gas-Cooled Fast Reactor (GCFR) is the leakage of secondary steam into the core. Considerable analytical effort has gone into the study of the effects of such an accidental steam entry. The work described in this report represents the first full scale experimental study of the steam-entry phenomenon in GCFRs. The reference GCFR model used for the study was the benchmark GCFR Phase II assembly, and polyethylene foam was used to provide a very homogeneous steam simulation.
Date: August 1978
Creator: Bhattacharyya, S. K.

Separation of Metal Ions by Anion Exchange in Mixtures of Hydrochloric Acid and Hydrofluoric Acid

Description: Distribution coefficients were determined for the adsorption of more than 40 elements on anion-exchange resins from mixtures of HCl (0.1 to 12M) and HF (0.1-8M). Two resins, Dowex 1 x 10, 200 to 400 mesh and Dowex 1 x 4, 100 to 200 mesh, were used. Distribution coefficients were also determined for the adsorption of many elements on both resins from 0.1 to 12M HCl and 0.1 to 12M HF. Anion exchange in the presence of HF was found useful for separating impurities from various materials for their subsequent determination, and specific procedures used in our spectrochemical laboratory for this purpose are outlined. The results of a literature search on the use of anion exchange in hydrofluoric acid and fluoride-containing media are presented in an extensive bibliography.
Date: December 1978
Creator: Faris, J. P.

Prevention of Significant Deterioration: Implications for Energy Research and Development

Description: This report examines the implications of thee Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977 concerned with provisions designed to prevent the significant deterioration of air quality in areas of the nation where the ambient air is cleaner than the minimum levels required to meet National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). The legislation will affect the economic competitiveness of alternative fuel cycles for the generation of power and will have implications for the future siting of all new major sources of emissions. This paper examines the potential effects of Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) legislation on energy technologies and industrial facilities and, in particular, the possible effects on energy research and development programs of the Department of Energy (DOE).
Date: February 10, 1978
Creator: Garvey, Doris B.; Streets, David G.; Kung, Shyang-Lai & Leppert, George

Decommissioning Alternatives for the West Valley, New York, Fuel Reprocessing Plant

Description: The methodology and numerical values of NUREG-0278 were applied to four decommissioning alternatives for the West Valley Fuel Reprocessing Plant. The cost and impacts of the following four alternatives for the process building, fuel receiving and storage, waste tank farm, and auxiliary facilities were assessed: (1) layaway, (2) protective storage, (3) preparation for alternate nuclear use, and (4) dismantlement. The estimated costs are 5.7, 11, 19, and 31 million dollars, respectively.
Date: June 1978
Creator: Munson, L. F.; Nemec, J. F. & Koochi, A. K.

FX2-TH : A Two-Dimensional Nuclear Reactor Kinetics Code with Thermal-Hydraulic Feedback

Description: FX2-TH is a two-dimensional, time-dependent nuclear reactor kinetics program with thermal and hydraulic feedback. The neutronics model used is multi-group neutron diffusion theory. The following geometry options are available: x, r, x-y, r-z, theta-r, and triangular. FX2-TH contains two basic thermal and hydraulic models: a simple adiabatic fuel temperature calculation, and a more detailed model consisting of an explicit representation of a fuel pin, gap, clad, and coolant. FX2-TH allows feedback effects from both fuel temperature (Doppler) and coolant temperature (density) changes. FX2-TH will calculate a consistent set of steady state conditions by iterating between the neutronics and thermal-hydraulics until convergence is reached. The time-dependent calculation is performed by the use of the improved quasistatic method. A disk editing capability is available. FX2-TH is operational on IBM system 360 or 370 computers and on the CDC 7600.
Date: October 1978
Creator: Shober, R. A.; Daly, T. A. & Ferguson, D. R.

Design of a Tunable High-Q Superconducting Notch Filter

Description: The design of a tunable high-Q superconducting notch filter is presented. The filter is designed to be manufactured from high Tc superconductors (Nb3S, Nb3Ge) made by high-rate magnetron sputtering on sapphire substrates. The geometry of the various elements, holder materials for the cryostat, studies relating to the preparation of suitable high Tc materials, and the photo-etching procedures for the filter elements are discussed.
Date: October 1978
Creator: Falco, Charles M.; Kampwirth, R. T.; Pang, C. S. & Schuller, Ivan K.

Liquid-Liquid Contact in Vapor Explosion

Description: The contact of two liquid materials, one of which is at a temperature substantially above the boiling point of the other, can lead to fast energy conversion and a subsequent shock wave. This phenomenon is called a vapor explosion. One method of producing intimate, liquid-liquid contact (which is known to be a necessary condition for vapor explosion) is a shock tube configuration. Such experiments in which water was impacted upon molten aluminum showed that very high pressures, even larger than the thermodynamic critical pressure, could occur. The mechanism by which such sharp pressure pulses are generated is not yet clear. The report describes experiments in which cold liquids (Freon-11, Freon-22, water, or butanol) were impacted upon various hot materials (mineral oil, silicone oil, water, mercury, molten Wood's metal or molten salt mixture).
Date: August 1978
Creator: Segev, Aryeh

Advanced Fuel Cell Development: Progress Report for July-September 1978

Description: Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes activities focuses on the development of electrolyte structures that have good electrolyte retention and mechanical properties as well as long term stability, and on developing methods of synthesis amenable to mass production.
Date: May 1979
Creator: Ackerman, J. P.; Pierce, Robert Dean; Nelson, P. A.; Arons, R. M.; Kinoshita, K.; Sim, J. W. et al.

Energy Level Structure and Transition Probabilities in the Spectra of the Trivalent Lanthanides in LaF₃

Description: Two types of correlations with experimental results are reported. For even-f-electron systems, a center of gravity was computed based on the energies of the observed states, and calculated optimized sets of atomic energy level parameters. For odd-electron systems complete crystal field calculations were performed in which parameters of both the atomic and crystal-field parts of the interaction were adjusted to experimental data. The result is a set of eigenvectors for all the ionic states in each configuration. Spectroscopic results for all lanthanides doped into LaF3 (In³⁺ +/:LaF3) except Pm³⁺ and Eu³⁺ are reported.
Date: 1978
Creator: Carnall, W. T.; Crosswhite, H. M. & Crosswhite, H. M.