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Geotechnical Applications of the Self-Potential Method, Report 3: Development of Self-Potential Interpretation Techniques for Seepage Detection

Description: This report consists of four distinct but complementary parts: (a) a laboratory/field study of environmental effects on self-potential (SP) electrodes and long-term stability of the electrodes; (b) field investigations at Beaver Dam, Arkansas; (c) development of a computer program for interpretation of seepage-related SP field survey data; (d) development of an extensive bibliography and data base for acquisition and interpretation of seepage-related SP data.
Date: February 1989
Creator: Corwin, Robert W. & Butler, Dwain K.

Interfacial Area Measurement Methods

Description: This report describes the ongoing development of experimental techniques for measurement of local specific interfacial area in gas-liquid and liquid-liquid two-phase systems. Mathematical relations between local specific interfacial area and measurable quantities are derived based on kinematics and geometry. Two methods for determining local specific interfacial area are identified; both entail detection of passage of interfaces through fixed locations in the flow field. A multiple-sensor electrical-resistivity-probe technique is being developed for determination of local specific interfacial area in vertical gas-liquid bubbly flows. The technique consists of simultaneous measurements at two or four locations in the two-phase flow field of the local electrical resistivity of the two-phase mixture. Methods for data analysis are described. Limitations of the technique are briefly discussed.
Date: February 1989
Creator: Tan, M. J. & Ishii, M.

Evolution of Sedimentary Basins--San Juan Basin: Chapters B-D

Description: From abstract: This report describes the depositional environments of the Chinle Formation that was deposited in a complex fluvial-deltaic-lacustrine system in the area of the present-day eastern San Juan basin and Chama basin. Lithofacies include conglomerate and planar- and trough-crossbedded sandstone; bentonitic mudstone and sandstone; black, organic carbon-rich mudstone; large-scale, trough crossstratified siltstone, sandstone, and mudstone; and thickbedded, bioturbated, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone.
Date: 1989
Creator: Dubiel, Russell F.; Ridgley, Jennie L.; Armstrong, Augustus K. & Holcomb, Lee D.

[Evolution of Sedimentary Basins--Uinta and Piceance Basins: Chapters H and I]

Description: From abstract: Analysis of vitrinite reflectance profiles and surfaces of equal vitrinite reflectance in the southeastern part of the Piceance basin, northwestern Colorado, indicates that burial histories for the Divide Creek anticline and the Grand Hogback are different from those for adjacent synclines. These two positive structures probably reached their present-day thermal maturity before late Eocene folding and before the end of the Laramide orogeny. In contrast, adjacent synclines did not reach their present-day thermal maturity until the end of the Laramide orogeny, or possibly later.
Date: 1989
Creator: Nuccio, Vito F.; Johnson, Ronald Carl & Johnson, Samuel Y.

Geologic History and Hydrocarbon Potential of Late Cretaceous-Age, Low-Permeability Reservoirs, Piceance Basin, Western Colorado

Description: From abstract: The Piceance basin of western Colorado contains large reserves of natural gas in low-permeability reservoirs of the Late Cretaceous-age Mesaverde Formation or Mesaverde Group. The gas accumulation can be divided into three general zones: a zone of surface-water invasion that extends inward a few miles from present outcrops, a gas-and-waterbearing zone that extends 10-20 miles inward from the water-bearing zone, and a central, predominantly gasbearing zone.
Date: 1989
Creator: Johnson, Ronald Carl

Mass Calibrations

Description: Abstract: The NIST calibration service for standard masses is described. Weights which are accepted for calibration range in nominal values from 1 mg to 13,600 kg (30,000 pounds). We also accept weights used to generate standard pressures in piston gages. Cleaning procedures used on weights prior to calibration are described. The measurement algorithms (including density determinations of single-piece kilogram weights) and the uncertainties assigned to calibrated weights are discussed. We also describe the system now in place to monitor the quality of calibrations. Finally, we assess the limitations of the present controls on measurement quality and outline improvements which are underway.
Date: January 1989
Creator: Davis, R. S.

Mineral Resources of the Bobcat Draw Badlands Wilderness Study Area, Big Horn and Washakie Counties, Wyoming

Description: Abstract: The Bobcat Draw (WY-010-126) Wilderness Study Area includes about 17,150 acres and is located about 45 mi (miles) by road west of Worland in the Bighorn basin. The arid landscape comprises treeless uplands drained by intermittent streams. No identified resources are in the Bobcat Draw Wilderness Study Area. Most of the area is currently under lease for oil and gas. The study area has a high potential for resources of oil and gas and a high potential for subeconomic resources of deeply buried coal. The potential for a deep-seated geothermal energy resource is moderate. The resource potential for oil shale and metals, including uranium, is low.
Date: 1989
Creator: Gibbons, Anthony B.; Carlson, Robert R.; Kulik, Dolores M. & Lundby, William

Mineral Resources of the Fish Springs Range Wilderness Study Area, Juab County, Utah

Description: Abstract: The Fish Springs Range Wilderness Study Area (UT-050-127) includes most of the Fish Springs Range and is located north of the House Range, about 50 miles northwest of the city of Delta, Utah. A mineral resource study of the 33,840-acre area was completed in 1987 by the U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Bureau of Mines. The northwestern and southeastern parts of the wilderness study area contain inferred subeconomic resources of high-purity quartzite. No metallic mineral resources were identified in the study area, but more than 17 million pounds of lead, 2.6 million ounces of silver, and minor copper, zinc, and gold have been produced from the Fish Springs mining district, which is immediately outside the northwest boundary of the wilderness study area. The potential for undiscovered deposits of these metals and molybdenum is high near the northern end of the study area, adjacent to the mining district, moderate near the southern end, and low in the remainder of the area. The resource potential for undiscovered deposits of high-purity limestone and dolomite is moderate throughout the study area except where quartzite is present; potential for undiscovered low-temperature geothermal resources and for oil and gas is low throughout the study area.
Date: 1989
Creator: Lindsey, David A.; Zimbelman, David R.; Campbell, David L.; Bisdorf, Robert J.; Duval, Joseph S.; Cook, Kenneth L. et al.

Mineral Resources of the Indian Creek, Bridger Jack Mesa, and Butler Wash Wilderness Study Areas, San Juan County, Utah

Description: From abstract: The Indian Creek (UT-060-164), Bridger Jack Mesa (UT-060-167), and Butler Wash (UT-060-169) Wilderness Study Areas are located in San Juan County, southeastern Utah. Inferred subeconomic resources of sandstone and sand and gravel exist within all three wilderness study areas, but because of their abundance throughout the region, their distance from current markets, and their lack of unique properties, these materials have no current likelihood for development.
Date: 1989
Creator: Patterson, Charles G.; Toth Margo I. & Case, James E.

Mineral Resources of the Medicine Lodge, Alkali Creek, and Trapper Creek Wilderness Study Areas, Big Horn County, Wyoming

Description: From introduction: This report presents an evaluation of the mineral endowment (identified resources and mineral resource potential) of the study area and is the product of several separate studies by the U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Identified resources are classified according to a modification of the system described by McKelvey (1972) and the USBM and USGS (1980), which is shown in the Appendix. Identified resources are studied by the USBM. Mineral resource potential is the likelihood of occurrence of undiscovered metals and nonmetals, industrial rocks and minerals, and of undiscovered energy sources (coal, oil, gas, oil shale, tar, and geothermal sources). It is classified according to the system of Goudarzi (1984) and is shown in the Appendix. Undiscovered resources are studied by the USGS.
Date: 1989
Creator: Hosterman, John W.; Hill, Randall H.; Kulik, Dolores M. & Gese, Diann D.

Petrography, Mineralogy, and Reservoir Characteristics of the Upper Cretaceous Mesaverde Group in the East-Central Piceance Basin, Colorado

Description: From abstract: Three closely spaced wells drilled through the Upper Cretaceous Mesaverde Group and were extensively cored and logged in order to identify the factors controlling the occurrence and distribution of gas in low-permeability rocks and to improve recovery technology.
Date: 1989
Creator: Pitman, Janet K.; Pollastro, Richard M. & Spencer, Charles Winthrop