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Relativistic Many-Body Bound Systems: Electromagnetic Properties

Description: Report presenting the formulae for the calculation of the electron scattering form factors, and of the static magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments, of relativistic many-body bound systems. The framework, given in NBS Monograph 147, is relativistic quantum field theory in the Schrodinger picture ; the physical particles, i.e. the solutions of the interacting fields, are given as linear combinations of the solutions of the free fields, called the parton fields. The parton-photon interaction is taken as given by minimal coupling, p -> p - eA ; in addition the contribution of the photon-vector meson vertex of the vector dominance model is derived.
Date: April 1977
Creator: Danos, Michael & Gillet, Vincent

Computers, Health Records, and Citizen Rights

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Standards over studies on the benefits of computerized record-keeping. Medical records were chosen for the studies, and they also focus on patient privacy and rights. This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Westin, Alan F.; Baker, Michael A.; Annas, George J.; Silberberg, Richard; Broder, Jamie; Isbell, Florence et al.

The Dynamics of Fields of Higher Spin

Description: Report presenting a relativistic theory of motion that is free of many of the difficulties common in relativistic equations of motion. This Lagrangian theory describes fields and particles with arbitrary mass and charge and having any discrete spin, integer or half integer.
Date: August 1976
Creator: Hayward, Raymond W.

The First Spectrum of Hafnium (HF I)

Description: Report continuing W. K. Meggers' previous analysis in LS-coupling. This coupling is not rigorous in Hf I, and many intervals are irregular. Consequently, the levels are given also in numerical order with the even and odd levels presented in separate tables. The long line lists are given in two Appendices: Appendix A contains the observed Zeeman data for the individual lines, 531 in all; Appendix B consists of the complete line list of observed and classified lines. By far the greater part of the analysis is that of Meggers.
Date: July 1976
Creator: Meggers, William F. & Moore, Charlotte E.

Automatic Measurement of Network Parameters: A Survey

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Standards over a survey conducted on measurement methods of network parameters. As stated in the introduction, "this paper is concerned with the development of automatic methods of measuring basically the magnitudes and phase differences, or the complex ratio of two sinusoidal voltages, and applications of this capability to determining complex reflection coefficients and transmission coefficients and group delay times of electrical networks" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: June 1976
Creator: Beatty, Robert William

Liquid-in-Glass Thermometry

Description: Report containing information of general interest to manufacturers and users of liquid-in-glass thermometers. This report supersedes Monograph 90. Instructions explaining how to submit a thermometer to the National Bureau of Standards for calibration are provided, and the techniques and equipment, such as stirred liquid comparison baths, used in the calibration procedures are described. A discussion of important principles of acceptable thermometer design and factors affecting their use is included. Listed are tables of tolerances reflecting good manufacturing practices and reasonably attainable accuracies expected with liquid-in-glass thermometers. The calculation of corrections for the temperature of the emergent stem is given in detail for various types of thermometers and conditions of use.
Date: January 1976
Creator: Wise, Jacquelyn A.

A Gage Block Measurement Process Using Single Wavelength Interferometry

Description: Report describing the interferometric measurement process using a laser light source and a Kosters type gage block interferometer. Continuous evaluation and refinement of the process is aided by statistical treatment and control chart techniques. All error sources, both random and systematic, are evaluated and the process is maintained in a state of statistical control.
Date: December 1975
Creator: Beers, John S.

Measurement Assurance Program - A Case Study: Length Measurements. Part 1. Long Gage Blocks (5 in to 20 in)

Description: From Abstract and Introduction: "This paper is, in essence, a report on the extension of the techniques first suggested in NBS Monograph 103 "Realistic Uncertainties and the Mass Measurement Process" to the area of length measurement. This paper covers the progress to date on the long gage blocks (from 5 to 20 in the length). The purpose of this purpose is to verify the closure between the "old" process and the "new" process, and to describe the present "points of departure" upon which some of the current assigned length values are based."
Date: November 1975
Creator: Pontius, Paul E.

Interactions of High Energy Particles With Nuclei

Description: Report discussing elastic scattering and diffractive production processes induced in nuclear targets by high energy projectiles. Special attention is paid to the interaction of high energy hadrons and photons. The common features of all these processes are emphasized throughout the article: The multiple scattering and shadowing processes inside of the target nuclei. An effort is made to develop a unified way of treating nuclear interactions of particles which are either hadrons or exhibit some hadronic components in such interactions.
Date: September 1975
Creator: Czyz, Wieslaw

Tables of Spectral-Line Intensities: Part 1, Arranged by Elements

Description: From Abstract: "Comparisons with other other intensity measurements in individual spectra indicate that the National Bureau of Standards spectral-line intensities may have average errors of 20 percent, but first of all they provide uniform quantitative values for the seventy chemical elements commonly determined by spectrochemists. These data are presented by element in part I, and all 39000 observed lines are given in order of wavelength in part II."
Date: May 1975
Creator: Meggers, William F.; Corliss, Charles H. & Scribner, Bourdon F.

Tables of Spectral-Line Intensities: Part 2 - Arranged by Wavelengths

Description: From Preface: "This new edition of the NBS Tables of Spectral-Line Intensities incorporates three improvements on the original edition of 1961. In the original edition only about 25 000 of the 39 000 lines in the tables had been classified. In the ensuing thirteen years, about 8500 more lines (chiefly rare-earths) have been classified and the new classifications are here incorporated."
Date: May 1975
Creator: Meggers, William F.; Corliss, Charles H. & Scribner, Bourdon F.

Thermocouple Reference Tables Based on the IPTS-68: Reference Tables in Degrees Fahrenheit for Thermoelements versus Platinum (Pt-67)

Description: Report presenting tables as a supplement to those given in NBS Monograph 125. Tables were calculated from the power series expansions presented in that Monograph. They are based upon the absolute electrical units and the International Practical Temperature Scale of 1968 (IPTS-68). Reference tables for several thermoelements versus platinum (Pt-67) are given with values of the thermoelectric voltage as a function of temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. Only tables for standard letter-designated thermoelements are included.
Date: March 1975
Creator: Powell, Robert L. & Burns, George W.

Analysis of Optically Excited Mercury Molecules

Description: Report presenting new measurement techniques used to obtain potential curves, f-values, and kinetic behavior for Hg2. The Hg2 molecule is representative of a class of molecules which have dissociative ground states and bound excited states. It can therefore be used as a prototype of this class of molecules which are of interest as potential new laser candidates. Because of the non-bound ground state, standard absorption spectroscopic techniques cannot be used to obtain the necessary information about the excited states.
Date: January 1975
Creator: Drullinger, R. E.; Hessel, M. M. & Smith, E. W.

The Role of Standard Reference Materials in Measurement Systems

Description: Report is a guide to Standard Reference Materials (SRM's) and should be useful to all users of SRM's particularly those in countries developing national measurement systems. It is not intended to be an exhaustive description of the NBS-SRM program, but rather a review of the role SRM's play in the measurement system, how SRM's are certified, and what the certification means. To illustrate the use of SRM's, several selected industries are described in which SRM's have made significant contributions.
Date: January 1975
Creator: Cali, J. P.; Mears, T. W.; Michaelis, R. E.; Reed, W. P.; Seward, R. W.; Stanley, C., L. et al.

The Theory of the Optical Wedge Beam Splitter

Description: Report discussing optical wedge beam splitters and the basic theory for computing the ratio of the intensity of the incident beam to the intensity of any selected emerging beam and also for computing the direction of the emerging beam, assuming that the wedge angle, index of refraction, angle of incidence, and number of reflections are known.
Date: October 1974
Creator: Beers, Yardley

The Measurement of Lumped Parameter Impedance: A Metrology Guide

Description: Scope of the Guide: "This guide is not all-inclusive of the subject of impedance measurement and the reader should understand at the outset what he can or cannot expect to find. To help in establishing the bounds of subject matter included, consider the ideal impedance-measuring instrument as having the following the characteristics and capabilities: (1) unrestricted frequency range (2) unrestricted impedance range (3) unrestricted capabilities with respect to bias, ambience, applied power, etc. (4) error free (5) performs measurements instantaneously (6) zero acquisition cost (7) zero operating cost."
Date: June 1974
Creator: Jones, R. N. & Anson, W. J.

Time and Frequency: Theory and Fundamentals

Description: From Abstract: "This is a tutorial Monograph describing various aspects of time and frequency (T/F). Included are chapters relating to elemental concepts of precise time and frequency; basic principles of quartz oscillators and atomic frequency standards; historical review, recent progress, and current status of atomic frequency standards; promising areas for developing future primary frequency standards; relevance of frequency standards to other areas of metrology including a unified standard concept; statistics of T/F data analysis coupled with the theory and construction of the NBS atomic time scale; an overview of T/F dissemination techniques; and the standards of T/F in the USA. The Monograph addresses both the specialist in the field as well as those desiring basic information about time and frequency."
Date: May 1974
Creator: Blair, Byron E.

Thermocouple Reference Tables Based on the IPTS-68

Description: From Abstract: "Revised reference data for thermocouples have been generated in a cooperative program between groups of the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder and Gaithersburg.This Monograph contains tables, analytic expressions, various approximations, and explanatory text.
Date: March 1974
Creator: Powell, Robert L.; Hall, William J.; Hyink, Clyde H., Jr.; Sparks, Larry L.; Burns, George W.; Scroger, Margaret G. et al.