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Ocher and Ochery Earths

Description: Report about ocher or ochery earth, "a natural mineral pigment composed largely of clay permeated with hydrated iron (ferric oxide)" (p. 2). It includes information about the uses of choer, substitutes, artificial ocher, mining and local deposits, import and export of ocher, and related information.
Date: May 1929
Creator: Santmyers, R. M.

Bibliography of Petroleum and Allied Substances, 1922 and 1923

Description: From Introduction: "This bulletin is the seventh in this series of petroleum bibliographies published by the Bureau of Mines, Bulletins 149, 165, 180, 189, 216, and 220 being complications for the years 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919-20, and 1921, respectively. In this bulletin the same general plan of classification of references has been followed, but several additions have been made."
Date: 1929
Creator: Britton, H.

Coal-Washing Investigations: Methods and Tests

Description: From Introduction: "The investigations described in this bulletin are confined to a study of the washing characteristics of bituminous coals. The washing characteristics of coals from many of the most important coal-producing fields of the Eastern and Central States were examined."
Date: 1929
Creator: Yancey, H. F. & Fraser, Thomas

Iron Oxide Reduction Equilibria: A Critique from the Standpoint of the Phase Rule and Thermodynamics

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines over studies conducted on iron oxide reduction. As stated in the scope of bulletin, "this bulletin, therefore, presents the properties of the common oxides of iron, their combinations with each other, and the reduction-equilibrium diagrams by which the investigator passes from one to the next; the end point is not pure iron but the carburized iron of the blast furnace, cast iron" (p. 1-2). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: 1929
Creator: Ralston, Oliver C.

Methods, Costs, and Safety in Stripping and Mining Coal, Copper Ore, Iron Ore, Bauxite, and Pebble Phosphate

Description: From Extent of Open-Pit Mining and Purpose of this Publication: "Various methods and machines are employed, and costs are low; in fact, costs have to be low because coal and ores command a low price on the market. These factors, together with queries on methods and costs of stripping and the increase in open-pit mining, have justified investigation by the Bureau of Mines for this form of mining and publication of the results in this report."
Date: 1929
Creator: United States. Bureau of Mines.

Ochers and Mineral Pigments of the Pacific Northwest : Occurrence, Possible Methods of Preparation, and Testing of Ochers, Siennas, and Colored Clays

Description: From Introduction: "A review is given of the nomenclature, sources, imports, statistics, common methods of preparation, and testing of mineral pigments. A description of the Deer Park-Spokane colored-clay district and the laboratory methods of preparation of these colored clays, ochers, and siennas follows. The following report is merely preliminary in nature, only three months during the summer of 1927 being devoted to the laboratory investigation."
Date: 1929
Creator: Wilson, Hewitt

Oxides in Pig Iron: Their Origin and Action in the Steel-Making Process

Description: From Introduction: "In summarizing the evidence in the literature it is apparent that there is general agreement among furnace men on the existence of so-called "bad-iron." It is also evident that the existence of dissolved or occluded gases is not an explanation. The presence of suspended oxides has been proved, and at least one plausible explanation for their formation has been given."
Date: 1929
Creator: Herty, C. H., Jr. & Gaines, J. M., Jr.