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NBS-INA -- The Institute for Numerical Analysis -- UCLA 1947-1954

Description: Abstract: This is the history of the Institute for Numerical Analysis (INA) with special emphasis in its research program during the period 1947 to 1956. The Institute for Numerical Analysis was located on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles. It was a section of the National Applied Mathematics Laboratories, which formed the Applied Mathematics Division of the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and technology), under the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Date: August 1991
Creator: Hestenes, Magnus Rudolph & Todd, John

Computerization of Welding Information

Description: From abstract: The Workshop on Computerization of Welding Information, sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards and the American Welding Institute, was held August 5-6, 1986 in Knoxville, Tennessee. Forty-two welding engineers, welding managers, and computer scientists gathered to discuss the necessity and design of databases for welding information. Each subject was introduced by specialists in that area.
Date: June 1988
Creator: Siewert, T. A. & Jones, J. E.

Progress in Environmental Specimen Banking

Description: In October, 1986, the 10th U.S.-German Seminar of State and Planning on Environmental Specimen Banking was held at the Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences in Gloucester Point, Virginia. At this meeting the current status of specimen banking activities in the U. S., FRG, Canada, and Japan was presented and discussed. This publication contains the proceedings of that meeting with contributions describing various activities related to banking and analysis of samples from aquatic, atmospheric, terrestrial, and human monitoring programs.
Date: 1988
Creator: Wise, Stephen A.; Zeisler, Rolf & Goldstein, George M.

User's Guide for the Cone Calorimeter

Description: Abstract: This document provides instructions for users of the Cone Calorimeter in installing, operating, maintaining, and repairing the instrument. It is intended for training new operators at NBS and at other laboratories. The troubleshooting and repair sections will be a useful reference section even for experienced operators, since remedies for a large number of potential instrument malfunctions are outlined there.
Date: 1988
Creator: Twilley, William H. & Babrauskas, Vytenis

Towards a Tribology Information System

Description: Abstract: A workshop was held in July 985 to address the needs for a computerized tribology information and data system, as well as possible implementation schemes. The meeting was sponsored by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Research Committee on Tribology, the Department of Energy, Energy Conservation and Utililation Technology Division, and the National Bureau of Standards. The views of a broad sector of industry, academia, and government were obtained over a four-week period through participation by about 60 individuals. Specific categories that were treated were design, numeric data, bibliography, research in progress, newsletter, and product directory. The principal discussion content and the recommendations in each subject category are summarized here. There was general agreement that a system of this type would be broadly useful to the engineering community for the purpose of design and materials selection, and for the research community as an important aid in information access and flow. The workshop recommendations detailed four phases of development, starting with a demonstration prototype system and concluding with a full-scale operating data and information base. Specific plans in each phase and for each subject area were developed and are presented here. While continual input will be sought from the technical community to refine those plans, it is hoped that immediate efforts can begin in at least some of the areas, and that system use will quickly develop to a significant level, both nationally and internationally.
Date: December 1987
Creator: Rumble, John R., Jr. & Sibley, Lewis

Proceedings of the Conference on Accreditation of Construction Materials Testing Laboratories: 1986

Description: Abstract: A two-day Conference hosted by NBS was held in Gaithersburg, Maryland on May 14-15, 1986 to test the hypothesis that "There is a need for a coordinated methodology for accrediting construction materials testing laboratories." Construction materials include primary materials such as: cement, concrete, aggregates, rock and soil, asphalts, metals, wood and masonry. The Conference was structured to consider: (1) the status of existing laboratory evaluation and accreditation programs; (2) current trends in the accreditation process; and (3) the need for and nature of a coordinated accreditation system. The Conference included the presentation of invited papers and four workshop sessions.
Date: November 1987
Creator: Pielert, James H. & Spring, Curtis B.

Standard Reference Data Publications, 1985-1986

Description: Abstract: The National Bureau of Standards' Office of Standard Reference Data manages a network of data centers that prepare evaluated databases of physical and chemical properties of substances. Databases are available in printed form, on magnetic tapes, diskettes, and through on-line computer networks. This document provides a comprehensive list of the products available from the National Standard Reference Data System (NSRDS) for the years 1985-1986, including indexes qualified by author, material, and property terms. Ordering information and current prices can be found at the end of this document.
Date: June 1987
Creator: Sauerwein, Joan C.

National Earthquake Engineering Experimental Facility Study: Phase One -- Large Scale Testing Needs

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes information obtained during the first year of a four-year feasibility study for a national earthquake engineering experimental facility. A five-year research program is presented for a national facility in which full-scale or large-scale structures or structural components would be subjected to static or dynamic lateral loads. The facility would have applicability to tests in the following areas: low-rise buildings, medium-rise buildings, high-rise buildings, industrial processing facilities, and power facilities. Representatives from a broad spectrum of professional, industrial, and trade organizations and Federal agencies participated in developing the research program. A comparison of existing testing facilities in the U.S. and other countries engaged in seismic testing and a discussion of international cooperation in large-scale testing are included.
Date: April 1987
Creator: Scribner, Charles F. & Culver, Charles G.

Expert Systems and Emergency Management: An Annotated Bibliography

Description: Abstract: This report is the result of an in-depth review of the recent technical literature on expert systems,. The material contained in this report provided a basis for assessing the potential for using expert systems in emergency management operations. In choosing the material for inclusion in this report, special emphasis was placed on those aspects of expert systems which addressed the types of problems encountered in emergency management operations. The report is designed for use as a resource document and as a tutorial on expert systems and emergency management. Each chapter consists of a brief topic essay followed by a set of references which expand on the main themes of the essay.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Gass, Saul I.; Bhasker, Suneel & Chapman, Robert E.

Materials Information for Science & Technology (MIST): Project Overview

Description: Abstract: This report documents the initial phases of the MIST database, which is a demonstration project jointly supported by the Department of Energy and the National Bureau of Standards. The purpose of the Materials Information for Science and Technology (MIST) is to demonstrate the power and utility of computer access to materials property data. The initial goals include: to exercise the concept of a computer network of materials databases and to build a demonstration of such a system in a way as to be suitable for use as the core of operational systems in the future. Phases I and II are described in detail. In addition, a discussion is given of the expected usage of the databases.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Grattidge, Walter; Westbrook, Jack; McCarthy, John; Northrup, Clyde, Jr. & Rumble, John R., Jr.

OMNITAB 80: An Interpretive System for Statistical and Numerical Data Analysis

Description: Abstract: OMNITAB 80 is a highly integrated general purpose programming language and statistical software computing system. The system enables the user to use a digital computer to perform statistical and numerical data analysis without having any prior knowledge of computers or programming languages. The system responds to simple instructions to obtain accurate results since reliable, varied and sophisticated algorithms for data analysis and manipulation are referenced. It may be used either interactively or in batch mode. OMNITAB 80 has been installed nationally and internationally. OMNITAB has been completely written to make it as machine independent as possible This document describes Version 6.0. Details are presented so that the user can easily find the specific information needed in any particular instance. Part A is a simple, compact introduction to OMNITAB. Part B describes the general and special features of the OMNITAB system. Part C gives explanations, with short examples, for the use of specific instructions. Part D is a complete alphabetical list of the instructions which are in the system.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Peavy, Sally T.; Bremer, Shirley G.; Varner, Ruth N. & Hogben, David

Theory and Application of Expert Systems in Emergency Management Operations

Description: Abstract: The First Symposium on The Theory and Application of Expert Systems in Emergency Management, held at the Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. (April 24 and 25, 1985) was funded by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and organized by the National Bureau of Standards' Operations Research Division. The purpose of the symposium was to bring together researchers in expert systems, artificial intelligence, and emergency operations in a forum to review the concepts of expert systems and the problems of emergency management, with the objective of determining how expert systems can be used to augment the experience of local, State and Federal emergency managers faced with the difficult tasks of determining the best response to an emergency situation. Speakers addressed the following areas: The theory and uncertainty aspects of expert systems, artificial intelligence's future role in emergency management, technology for building and using expert systems, emergency management decisions and information needs and uses, applications of expert systems in the management of chemical spills and shipboard and coal mine fires, and the role and use of simulation in emergency management expert systems.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Gass, Saul I. & Chapman, Robert E.

Bibliographies of Industrial Interest : Thermodynamic Measurements on the Systems CO₂-H₂O, CuCl₂-H₂0,H₂SO₄-H₂O, NH₃-H₂O, H₂S-H₂O, ZnCl₂-H₂Oand H₃PO₄-H₂O

Description: Abstract: Contained herein are bibliographies of Sources of experimental and correlated thermodynamic data for seven binary aqueous mixtures of industrial importance, namely mixtures of CO2, H2S, NH3, H2S0, H3P4, CuCl2 and ZnCl2 with water. The categories of equilibrium data included in the bibliographies are activity and osmotic coefficients, equilibria in solution, enthalpies and heat capacity data, vapor-liquid equilibria, and phase equilibrium data.
Date: September 1986
Creator: Staples, B. R.

A User's Guide for RAPID, Reduction Algorithms for the Presentation of Incremental Fire Data

Description: Abstract: The Voluminous amount of data than can be collected by automatic data acquisition systems during large scale fire tests requires the use of a digital computer for the reduction of data. RAPID is a stand-alone program specifically designed to convert raw instrument voltages collected during such tests into meaningful units. The reduced data can also be used alone or in combinations to obtain quantities that require more than minimal data reduction. The program is written with the ability to accept data from a user defined data acquisition system, with the ability to check the correctness of data included. Through the use of input data provided by the user, the data can be converted into meaningful scientific units. The data can then be presented in tabular or printer plot form, or stored for further processing. This user's guide provides detailed instructions for the use of the program.
Date: August 1986
Creator: Breese, J. Newton & Peacock, Richard D.

Electromagnetic Compatibility and Interference Metrology

Description: From abstract: The material included in this report is intended for a short course on electromagnetic compatibility/interference (EMC/EMI) metrology to be offered jointly by the staff of the Fields Characterization Group (723.03) and the Interference Characterization Group (723.04) of the Electromagnetic Fields Division (723). The purpose of this short course is to present a review of some of the radiated EMC/EMI measurement methods, to which the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) at Boulder, Colorado, has made significant contributions during the past two decades.
Date: July 1986
Creator: Ma, Mark T. & Kanda, M.

Interactive FORTRAN Programs for Micro Computers to Calculate the Thermophysical Properties of Twelve Fluids (MIPROPS)

Description: From abstract: The thermophysical and transport properties of selected fluids have been programmed in FORTRAN 77 which is available for micro computers. The input variables are any two of P, p, T (pressure, density, and temperature) in the single phase regions, and either P or T for the saturated liquid or vapor states. The output is pressure, density, temperature, internal energy, enthalpy, entropy, specific heat capacities (Cp and Cv), speed of sound and, in most cases, viscosity, thermal conductivity and dielectric constant.
Date: May 1986
Creator: McCarty, Robert D.

Linear Gain: Standard Antennas Below 1000 MHz

Description: Abstract: Gain and antenna parameters related to input impedance are calculated using a computer program called HVD6. This program uses well documented equations to compute these parameters for gain-standard antennas used in relative-gain or gain-transfer measurements at frequencies below 1000 MHz. The utility of this program is that it calculates gain patterns and input impedances for linear dipoles above perfect or imperfectly conducting plane ground and in free space, and for monopoles on perfectly conducting plane ground. Examples are included to illustrate the use of the program. Uncertainties in the calculated parameters are estimated to be less than those of the measured parameters.
Date: May 1986
Creator: FitzGerrell, R. G.

A Statistical Characterization of Electroexplosive Devices Relevant to Electromagnetic Compatibility Assessment

Description: Abstract: Electroexplosive devices (EEDs) are electrically fired explosive initiators used in a wide variety of applications. The nature of most of these applications requires that the devices function with near certainty when required and remain inactive otherwise. Recent concern with pulsed electromagnetic interference (EMI) and nuclear electromagnetic pulse (EMP) made apparent the lack of methodology for assessing EED vulnerability. A new and rigorous approach for characterizing EED firing levels is developed in the context of statistical linear models and is demonstrated in this paper. We combine statistical theory and methodology with thermodynamic modeling to determine the probability that an EED, of a particular type, fires when excited by a pulse of a given width and amplitude. The results can be applied to any type of EED for which the hot-wire explosive binder does not melt below the firing temperature. Included are methods.for assessing model validity and for obtaining probability plots, called "Firing Likelihood Plots". A method of measuring the thermal time constant of an EED is given. This parameter is necessary to evaluate the effect of a train of pulses. These statistical methods are both more general and more efficient than previous methods for EED assessment. The results provide information which is crucial for evaluating the effects of currents induced by impulsive electromagnetic fields of short duration relative to the EEDs thermal time constant.
Date: May 1986
Creator: Friday, Dennis S. & Adams, John W.