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Alert Systems for Missing Adults in Eleven States: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the emerging development of nationwide alert systems to recover missing adults, such as those with mental impairment (such as Alzheimer's disease), developmental disabilities, or suicidal tendencies. This report provides an overview of such alert systems in 11 states: Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Texas, and Virginia. This report also provides a discussion of issues for Congress to consider with respect to the federal role, if any, in developing state alert programs for missing adults.
Date: May 7, 2009
Creator: Fernandes, Adrienne L. & Colello, Kirsten J.
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Carbon Sequestration in Reclaimed Mined Soils of Ohio Quarterly Report

Description: Assessment of soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration potential of reclaimed minesoils (RMS) is important for preserving environmental quality and increasing agronomic yields. The mechanism of physical SOC sequestration is achieved by encapsulation of SOM in spaces within macro and microaggregates. The experimental sites, owned and maintained by American Electrical Power, were characterized by distinct age chronosequences of reclaimed minesoils and were located in Guernsey, Morgan, Noble, and Muskingum Counties of Ohio. These sites were reclaimed both with and without topsoil application, and were under continuous grass or forest cover. In this report results are presented from the sites reclaimed in 2003 (R03-G), in 1973 (R73-F), in 1969 (R69-G), in 1962 (R62-G and R62-F) and in 1957 (R57-F). Three sites are under continuous grass cover and the three under forest cover since reclamation. Three bulk soil samples were collected from each site from three landscape positions (upper; middle, and lower) for 0-15 and 15-30 cm depths. The samples were air dried and using wet sieving technique were fractionated into macro (> 2mm), meso (2-0.25 mm) and microaggregate (0.25-0.053 mm). These fractions were weighted separately and water stable aggregation (WSA) and geometric mean (GMD) and mean weight (MWD) diameters of aggregates were obtained. The soil C and N concentrations were also determined on these aggregate fractions. Analysis of mean values showed that in general, WSA and MWD of aggregates increased with increasing duration since reclamation or age of reclaimed soil for all three landscape positions and two depths in sites under continuous grass. The forest sites were relatively older than grass sites and therefore WSA or MWD of aggregates did not show any increases with age since reclamation. The lower WSA in R57-F site than R73-F clearly showed the effect of soil erosion on aggregate stability. Higher aggregation and aggregate diameters in …
Date: April 1, 2005
Creator: Shukla, M.K. & Lal, R.
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Carbon Sequestration in Reclaimed Mined Soils of Ohio Quarterly Report

Description: This research project is aimed at assessing the soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration potential of reclaimed minesoils (RMS). The experimental sites, owned and maintained by the American Electrical Power, are located in Guernsey, Morgan, Noble, and Muskingum Counties of Ohio. These sites, characterized by age chronosequences, were reclaimed with and without topsoil application and are under continuous grass or forest cover. During this quarter, water infiltration tests were performed on the soil surface in the experimental sites. Soil samples were analyzed for the soil carbon and nitrogen contents, texture, water stable aggregation, and mean weight and geometric mean diameter of aggregates. This report presents the results from two sites reclaimed during 1978 and managed under grass (Wilds) and forest (Cumberland) cover, respectively. The trees were planted in 1982 in the Cumberland site. The analyses of data on soil bulk density ({rho}{sub b}), SOC and total nitrogen (TN) concentrations and stocks were presented in the third quarter report. This report presents the data on infiltration rates, volume of transport and storage pores, available water capacity (AWC) of soil, particle size distribution, and soil inorganic carbon (SIC) and coal carbon contents. The SIC content ranged from 0.04 to 1.68% in Cumberland tree site and 0.01 to 0.65% in the Wilds. The coal content assumed to be the carbon content after oven drying the sample at 350 C varied between 0.04 and 3.18% for Cumberland and 0.06 and 3.49% for Wilds. The sand, silt and clay contents showed moderate to low variability (CV < 0.16) for 0-15 and 15-30 cm depths. The volume of transmission (VTP) and storage pores (VSP) also showed moderate to high variability (CV ranged from 0.22 to 0.39 for Wilds and 0.17 to 0.36 for Cumberland). The CV for SIC was high (0.7) in Cumberland whereas that for coal …
Date: October 1, 2004
Creator: Shukla, M.K. & Lal, R.
open access

Carbon Sequestration in Reclaimed Mined Soils of Ohio

Description: This research project is aimed at assessing the soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration potential of reclaimed minesoils (RMS). The experimental sites, owned and maintained by the American Electrical Power, are located in Guernsey, Morgan, Noble, and Muskingum Counties of Ohio. These sites, characterized by age chronosequences, were reclaimed with and without topsoil application and are under continuous grass or forest cover. During this quarter, bulk and core soil samples were collected from all 13 experimental sites for 0-15 cm, 15-30 cm, and 30-50 cm depths. In addition, 54 experimental plots (4 x 4 m) were established at three separate locations on reclaimed minesites to assess the influence of compost application on SOC during project period 2. This report presents the results from two sites reclaimed during 1978. The first site is under grass and the other under forest cover. The soil bulk density ({rho}{sub b}), SOC, total nitrogen (TN) concentrations and stocks were determined for these two sites on a 20 x 20 m grid. The preliminary analysis showed that the {rho}{sub b} ranged from 0.88 Mg m{sup -3} to 1.16 Mg m{sup -3} for 0-15 cm, 0.91 Mg m{sup -3} to 1.32 Mg m{sup -3} for 15-30 cm, and 1.37 Mg m{sup -3} to 1.93 Mg m{sup -3} for 30-50 cm depths in Cumberland tree site, and it's statistical variability was low. The variability in {rho}{sub b} was also low in Wilds grass site and ranged from 0.82 Mg m{sup -3} to 1.18 Mg m{sup -3} for 0-15 cm, 1.04 Mg m{sup -3} to 1.37 Mg m{sup -3} for 15-30 cm, and 1.18 Mg m{sup -3} to 1.83 Mg m{sup -3} for 30-50 cm depths. The {rho}{sub b} showed strong spatial dependence for 0-15 cm depth only in the Cumberland tree site. The SOC concentrations and stocks were highly …
Date: July 1, 2004
Creator: Shukla, M.K. & Lal, R.
open access

Carbon Sequestration in Reclaimed Mined Soils of Ohio Quarterly Report

Description: This research project is aimed at assessing the soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration potential of reclaimed mine soils (RMS). Experimental sites characterized by distinct age chronosequences of reclaimed minesoil were identified. These sites are owned by Americal Electrical Power and are located in Guernsey, Morgan, Noble, and Muskingum Counties of Ohio. The sites chosen were: (1) reclaimed without topsoil application (three under forest and three under continuous grass cover), (2) reclaimed with topsoil application (three under forest and three under continuous grass cover) and (3) unmined sites (one under forest and another grass cover). Soil samples were collected from 0 to 15 cm and 15 to 30 cm depths from each of the experimental site under continuous grass and SOC and, total nitrogen (TN) concentration, pH and electrical conductivity (EC) were determined. The results of the study for the quarter (30 September to 31 December, 2003) showed that soil pH was > 5.5 and EC < 4 dS m{sup -1} for all sites and depths and therefore favorable for grass growth. Among the three reclamation treatments, SOC concentration increased from 1.9 g kg{sup -1} for site reclaimed in 2003 (newly reclaimed and at baseline) to 11.64 g kg{sup -1} for site reclaimed in 1987 (a 5-fold increase) to 20.41 g kg{sup -1} for sites reclaimed in 1978 (a 10- fold increase). However, for sites reclaimed without topsoil application, soil pH, EC, SOC and TN concentrations were similar for both depths. The SOC concentrations in reclaimed sites with topsoil application in 0 to 15 cm depth increased from a base value of 0.7 g kg{sup -1} at the rate of 0.76 g kg{sup -1} yr{sup -1}. The high SOC concentration for 0-15 cm layer for site reclaimed in 1978 showed the high carbon sequestration potential upon reclamation and establishment of the …
Date: January 1, 2004
Creator: Shukla, M. K. & Lal, R.
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Access to Adoption Records

Description: From Summary: "This report summarizes the various approaches states use to allow access to adoption records."
Date: January 22, 2002
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
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Landslides in Colluvium

Description: From introduction: This report describes the Delhi Pike area, which is an area of landsliding we believe to be representative of landslides in colluvium throughout the Cincinnati metropolitan area. The area has been the focus of several detailed studies reported in other chapters in this bulletin. The purpose of the report is to describe the physical setting and movement styles of the landslides and, thus, to provide a context for the more narrowly focused chapters that follow.
Date: 1994
Creator: Fleming, Robert W. & Johnson, Arvid M.
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Measurement of the Reaeration Coefficients of the North Fork Licking River at Utica, Ohio by Radioactive Tracers

Description: Abstract: Reaeration coefficients of the North Fork Licking River at Utica, Ohio were measured by the radioactive-tracer method. The tests were conducted on a 2.1-mile reach on September 23 and October 7, 1981, during low-flow conditions. Krypton-85 gas and tritium were the radioactive tracers, which were used in conjunction with rhodamine-WT dye. The reaeration coefficients determined on September 23 were 3.09 days^-1 (subreach 1-2) and 3.32 days^-1 (subreach 2-3). On October 7, the values were 2.04 days^-1 and 2.23 days^-1 respectively.
Date: 1983
Creator: Hren, Janet
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Simulations of Non-Steady Flow in a Glacial Outwash Aquifer, Southern Franklin County, Ohio

Description: From introduction: This report is part of an overall study to model the flow and to describe the water-quality characteristics of the glacial outwash aquifer in part of the Scioto River basin. The purpose of this report is to describe the development of a transient-state digital-computer model and the simulated water-level resulting from anticipated withdrawal by up to six new municipal wells.
Date: 1983
Creator: Razem, Allan C.
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Data Report: Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Ohio

Description: This report presents the results of ground water, stream water, and stream sediment reconnaissance in Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Ohio.
Date: February 1982
Creator: Sargent, Kenneth A.; Cook, James R. & Fay, William M.
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Flood of June 13-15, 1981, in the Blanchard River Basin, Northwestern Ohio

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this report is to provide meteorologic and hydrologic data in more detail than could be given in the monthly and annual summary publications of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, or the USGS.
Date: 1982
Creator: Webber, Earl E.
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Assessment of Water Quality in Streams Draining Coal-Producing Areas in Ohio

Description: From introduction: In 1975 a project was begun to provide information on several aspects of coal hydrology in Ohio. The first phase was a reconnaissance of water-quality conditions in coal-mining regions. Phase one had two primary objectives; to document the occurrence of certain inorganic and organic constituents in waters of the coal-mining regions and to determine if the concentrations of those constituents were related to coal mining. The second phase of the project was a more detailed study of four basins sampled during the first phase.
Date: October 1981
Creator: Pfaff, Christine L.; Helsel, Dennis R.; Johnson, Dorothy P. & Angelo, Clifford G.
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Aerial Gamma Ray and Magnetic Survey: Marion Quadrangle, Ohio

Description: Final report analyzing aerial gamma ray and magnetic data in the Marion quadrangle, Ohio, including a detailed geologic summary, interpretation report, reduced scale copies of all maps and profiles, histograms, and statistical tables for the quadrangle.
Date: June 1981
Creator: EG & G GeoMetrics
Location: None
open access

Water Use in Ohio 1975

Description: From introduction: This report summarizes estimates of Ohio water use for 1975. These figures are revisions of data which were compiled by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Circular, "Estimated Water Use in the United States, 1975" (Murray and Reeves, 1976). In that circular, water-use figures were aggregated for the state of Ohio as a whole, and for the U.S. Water Resources Council's Great Lakes and Ohio River hydrologic regions.
Date: 1981
Creator: Hathaway, R. Michael & Eberle, Michael
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