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Error and Fraud in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)

Description: This report seeks to define terms related to errors and fraud; identify problems and describe what is known of their extent; summarize current policy and practice; and share recommendations, proposals, and pilots that have come up in recent years. The report answers several questions around four main types of inaccuracy and misconduct: trafficking SNAP benefits (by retailers and by recipients); retailer application fraud; errors and fraud in SNAP household applications; and errors and fraud committed by state agencies (including a discussion of states' recent Quality Control (QC) misconduct). The report then discusses challenges to combating errors and fraud--across the four areas--and potential strategies for addressing those challenges.
Date: March 30, 2018
Creator: Cline, Daniel R. & Aussenberg, Randy Alison

Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) class aircraft carrier program. The Navy's proposed FY2019 budget requests a total of $1,598.2 million in procurement funding for the program. Congress's decisions on the CVN-78 program could substantially affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Date: March 30, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald

Recently Expired Individual Tax Provisions (Tax Extenders"): In Brief

Description: This report provides background information on three individual income tax provisions (Tax Exclusion for Canceled Mortgage Debt, Mortgage Insurance Premium Deductibility, and Above-the-Line Deduction for Qualified Tuition and Related Expenses) that expired in 2017.
Date: March 30, 2018
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.; Keightley, Mark P.; Gravelle, Jane G. & Driessen, Grant A.

S. 2155 and Enhanced Regulation for Large Banks

Description: This report discusses regulations for large banks under the Dodd-Frank Act and recently proposed changes to the regulations proposed in S. 2155.
Date: March 29, 2018
Creator: Labonte, Marc

The Debt Limit Since 2011

Description: This report discusses the federal debt limit and its suspensions and resets since 2011.
Date: March 29, 2018
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew

Federal Requirements on Private Health Insurance Plans

Description: This report provides background information about health plans sold in the private health insurance (PHI) market and briefly describes state and federal regulation of private plans. The second part summarizes selected federal requirements and indicates each requirement's applicability to one or more of the following types of private health plans: individual, small group, large group, and self-insured. Many of the federal requirements described in this report were established under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA; P.L. 111-148, as amended); however, some were established under federal laws enacted prior to the ACA.
Date: March 29, 2018
Creator: Mach, Annie L.

Overview of the Federal Tax System in 2018

Description: This report describes the federal tax structure and system in effect for 2018, incorporating the recent changes made by P.L. 115-97. The report also provides selected statistics on the tax system as a whole.
Date: March 29, 2018
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F. & Marples, Donald J.

Tricks of the Trade: Section 301 Investigation of Chinese Intellectual Property Practices Concludes (Part 1)

Description: This report discusses the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative's (USTR) recent investigation under Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974 to determine whether acts, policies, and practices of the Government of China related to technology transfer, intellectual property, and innovation were unreasonable or discriminatory and burdening or restricting U.S. commerce and President Trumps's memorandum in response.
Date: March 29, 2018
Creator: Lewis, Caitlin Devereaux

Tricks of the Trade: Section 301 Investigation of Chinese Intellectual Property Practices Concludes (Part 2)

Description: This report is the part two of two of a report on the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative's (USTR) recently concluded its investigation under Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974 (the "Section 301 Investigation") "to determine whether acts, policies, and practices of the Government of China related to technology transfer, intellectual property, and innovation are unreasonable or discriminatory and burden or restrict U.S. commerce." This part of the report applies the general legal framework to this specific Section 301 Investigation, providing background on the investigation, describing the USTR's findings and the President's directives, and concluding by addressing what legal issues lie ahead.
Date: March 29, 2018
Creator: Lewis, Caitlin Devereaux

Defense Primer: Military Retirement

Description: This report provides a brief overview and guide to military retirement plans and funding methods.
Date: March 27, 2018
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.

The Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program

Description: This report discusses the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) program which is a national network of centers established by the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act (P.L. 100-418).
Date: March 27, 2018
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.