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Delayed Failure Hydrogen Embrittlement of Zirconium : Quarterly Report No. 2, December 15, 1961 to March 14, 1962

Description: Abstract: "The purpose of this investigation is to determine the extent to which zirconium and zirconium alloys exhibit delayed failure (static fatigue) as caused by a combination of absorbed hydrogen and applied stress. Both notched and unnotched specimens of unalloyed zirconium and Zircaloy-2 have been hydrogenated to 200 ppm by means of a modified Sieverts apparatus; specimens were evaluated at room temperature. Thus far, no time-dependent fracture has been observed which can be attributed to the delayed failure phenomenon; it appears that these materials are relatively insensitive to static fatigue. The effects of grain size, temperature, cold deformation, and superheated water and steam corrosion on susceptibility to delayed failure are being determined."
Date: March 30, 1962
Creator: Weinstein, Daniel. & Holtz, F. C.

Magnetic Properties of Insulators : Quarterly Report No. 2 Covering the Period from May 15, 1961 to August 15, 1961

Description: Abstract: "The electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) of color centers in additively colored KCl crystals is measured to observe the effects of optical bleaching at room temperature. Earlier measurements on the F-center are confirmed and the susceptibility is measured at 78 and 300 deg K over five decades of power, including the very low power region. The width and the saturation properties of the individual multiplets are studied in detail and the technique of making EPR measurements on inhomogeneously broadened lines is discussed. A calculation is presented which shows that a slight departure from a Lorentzian multiplet shape can account for the saturation data. The bleached crystals show a resonance which has a width of 35 gauss and a different rate of saturation than the F- center. This resonance is associated with the B-band which appears in the optical absorption."
Date: August 30, 1961
Creator: Markham, Jordan J. & Noble, Gordon A.

Utilization of the Surface Tension of Liquid Metals in Making High-Vacuum Seals

Description: Abstract: "The free energy (surface tension) of a liquid film can withstand atmospheric pressure across a maximum theoretical gap of 10-(-3) cm between solids if the liquid wets and bridges the sides of the gap continuously. The eutectic alloy of Ga, lm and Sm is used for this purpose. This alloy is molten at room temperature with surface tension > 500 dynes/cm, vapor pressure < 10-(-8) cm at 500 C and excellent wetting properties. This alloy can be utilized in valves, motion seals, flanged joints and for electrical contacts mounted in any position. Using ultrasonic soldering techniques without heat or flux this alloy is readily wetted on W, Mo, Ta, pyrex, quartz and certain ceramics. These materials will withstand the corrosive action of this alloy at at least 400 C. Some de-wetting has been observed with only the nonmetals at high temperatures. This de-wetting may be due to thermal decomposition of gallium oxide. Stainless steel is easily wetted, but is attacked at temperatures above 300 C. Copper and brass are attacked at room temperature."
Date: August 30, 1957
Creator: Milleron, Norman


Description: From abstract: This bibliography consists of references pertaining to "Effects of Nuclear Radiation Upon Electronic and Electrical Components", and to "Electronic and Electrical Components for Critical Environments". References were compiled from the Classified and Unclassified report literature and the published literature. The following indexes and abstract journals were used: Weapons Data Index, AEC Card Catalog, Engineering Index (1950-55), and Office of Technical Services, Research Reports (1956-March '57).
Date: April 30, 1957
Creator: Frost, Frederick E.

The Application of Pulsed Neutron Sources to Criticality Measurements

Description: Abstract: Experimentally measured promp-neutron decay constants for sub-critical systems are of considerable value as normalization data for calculations of prompt-neutron time constants. A method of measuring these decay constants with a pulsed neutron source, neutron detector and multi-channel time-delay analyzer has been developed and used on a number of fast-spectrum subcritical systems. An analysis of this method based on the one-energy group, one-delayed-neutron group reactor kinetic equations is presented and discussed. The curve of neutron flux versus time predicted by the kinetic equations is compared with the observed curve obtained with a 13.1-cm. diam. enriched-uranium sphere to indicate the application and limitations of the analysis.
Date: January 30, 1957
Creator: Passell, Lawrence; Bengston, Joel & Blair, Donald C.

Measurements of B₄C and H₂O Shield in the Lid Tank : Experiment 11

Description: The following report measures neutrons and gammas in solid B4C, as well as measuring H2O containing .5% boron by weight in the lid tank. Quantities measured in the following report in borated water are: thermal neutron distribution along the center line of the source (Z); fast neutron dose vs. Z; Gamma dose vs. Z; and neutron absorption by boron within solid B4C.
Date: November 30, 1955
Creator: Blizard, E. P. & Clifford, C. E.

Liquid-Sodium Instability Experiment : Part I

Description: Abstract: "A magnetohydrodynamic model of a plasma-magnetic field instability, using liquid sodium, has been observed. The growth rate and wave length of the Taylor-type acceleration instability was observed to be in agreement with the theory of Kruskal and Schwarzschild."
Date: September 30, 1955
Creator: Colgate, Stirling A.

Electrodeposition of Aluminum on Uranium

Description: Abstract: "Aluminum electroplating was studied in a search for new methods of cladding uranium fuel elements. Uranium electroclad with 12 mils of aluminum over a 0.5-mil (or nickel plus copper) electroplate resisted corrosion for more than 100 hr in boiling water. This quality of protection was effected by hot pressing the electroclad uranium with 5.1 tons per sq in. for 5 min at 950 F. The electroclad uranium with hot-pressed samples paralleled those of later experiments with hot-pressed wrought aluminum claddings on uranium. In both cases, the uranium was electroplated with thin (0.5 mil) layers of metals to prevent aluminum-uranium diffusion, to aid bonding, and to assist in corrosion protection. This aluminum electroplating study helped to define the importance of the intermediate coating between the aluminum and the uranium, the effect of good bonds between the various layers, and the effects of hot pressing in protecting uranium with an aluminum cladding."
Date: March 30, 1955
Creator: Beach, John G.; Schickner, William C.; Hopkinson, Dolores. & Faust, Charles L.

Determination of Rare Earths in Refined Uranium : Topical Report

Description: Abstract: "Rare-earth analyses were performed on several samples of refined uranium oxide and nitrate, using a modified cellulose column procedure. Rare earths were not detectable in samples of 0.03 shotgun of less. Detection limits were from 0.0005 to 0.015 ppm. Negligible quantities of low-cross-section rare earths were found in less pure uranium samples, obtained during start-up operations of the pilot plant at the Feed Materials Production Center, primarily those rare earths of greater than average abundance in nature. No correlation was found between rare-earth content and shotgun values. Rare earths do not appear to be contributing significantly to the neutron absorption of refined uranium. A modified cellulose column procedure, which includes a preconcentration solvent-extraction step, is described. Radioactive tracer tests indicating rare-earth recoveries by the method of >98 per cent are reported."
Date: June 30, 1953
Creator: Ewing, R. A. & Bearse, A. E.

General Flattening and Power Curves

Description: Introduction: "In the evaluation of pile designs it is necessary to know how the production varies with the number of tubes. It has been possible to solve the problem in terms of some general parameters whose values may be quickly computed for any specific design when the pertinent information is available."
Date: March 30, 1953
Creator: Gast, Paul F.

The Kinetics of the Circulating-Fuel Nuclear Reactor

Description: Abstract: "In a circulating-fuel reactor, the circulation of the fuel cause a damping of power oscillations of the reactor. This is demonstrated under the assumption, that there is no mechanical vibration coupled with the oscillation of reactor power, and that the shapes of the hydrodynamic flow does not vary with time."
Date: March 30, 1953
Creator: Ergen, W. K.

Effect of pH and Concentration of Ammonium Persulfate on Colorimetric Determination of Nickel by Dimethylglyoxime Method

Description: The following report records the study of the optimum pH of the method of the colorimetric dimethylglyoxime for nickel before the addition of oxidant and the concentration of ammonium persulfate needed to insure complete oxidation to higher nickel valence states and thus prevent precipitation of less soluble nickelous salt that was made. Results of this study is presented in Table 1.
Date: July 30, 1952
Creator: White, J. C.

Determination of Oxygen in Sodium

Description: Abstract: "A method has been developed for the determination of sodium monoxide in sodium which depends upon the reaction between sodium and n-butyl bromide in hexane solution. The sodium monoxide does not react with the reagent and can be determined, after the addition of water, by titration. The method is comparatively rapid, requires only the simplest of equipment, and it has the advantage that both oxygen and other impurities can be determined on the same sample."
Date: April 30, 1952
Creator: White, J. C.; Ross, W. J. & Rowan, R., Jr.

The Engineering Properties of Iron-Limonite Concrete for Construction of Biological Shields

Description: Introduction: "This letter is intended to provide a brief summary of the information presently available on the engineering properties of iron-linonite concrete with the view of adapting such concrete with the view of adapting such concrete for use as biological shielding material in a Hanford pile. By reducing materials and fabrication costs, such a adaptation might effect a savings of at least two million dollars per pile over the present iron-masonite laminated shield structure."
Date: January 30, 1952
Creator: Warren, Curtis