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A Method for Estimating Ground-Water Return Flow to the Lower Colorado River in the Yuma Area, Arizona and California

Description: Purpose and scope: The purpose of this study was to develop a method for estimating the amount of subsurface return flow to the Colorado River in the Yuma area. This report presents a method that permits an approximate accounting of ground-water return flow from each side of the Colorado River in Yuma reach. The method presented in this report was developed specifically for application in the Yuma area. The validity of the assumptions inherent in the method was evaluated on the basis of the local hydrologic system. The applicability of the method to other hydrologic systems is not addressed in this report.
Date: December 1983
Creator: Loeltz, O. J. & Leake, S. A.

A Method for Estimating Ground-Water Return Flow to the Lower Colorado River in the Yuma Area, Arizona and California--Executive Summary

Description: Purpose and scope: The purpose of this study was to develop a method for estimating the amount of subsurface return flow to the Colorado River in the Yuma area. This report presents a method that will permit an accounting of ground-water return flows from each side of the Colorado River in the Yuma reach. The estimates of return flow can be used by water-management agencies in determining return-flow credits for the States of Arizona and California.
Date: December 1983
Creator: Loeltz, O. J. & Leake, S. A.

Manganese Deposits in the Paymaster Mining District, Imperial County, California

Description: Abstract: The manganese deposits of the Paymaster district, in Imperial County, Calif., extend along steeply inclined normal fault fissures which cut Tertiary (?) volcanic breccia and fanglomerate. The ore deposits are in part open-space fillings composed largely of psilomelane, and in part fault breccia replaced by psilomelane, pyrolusite, and manganite. Calcite and rock fragments are the chief impurities. High-grade ore now exposed averages about 40 percent manganese, and contains much barium. About 3,000 tons of ore averaging 42 percent manganese was produced from the district by hand-sorting in 1917-18. It is estimated that nearly the same amount could be produced again, largely from present workings. In addition, a few tens of thousands of tons of milling ore, estimated to contain between 10 and 30 percent of manganese, are believed to exist in veins one to three feet wide within one or two hundred feet of the surface.
Date: 1942
Creator: Hadley, Jarvis B.