Description: From abstract: The Cedar Creek manganese mining district is in the southwestern part of Frederick County and the northwestern part of Shenandoah County, Virginia. The manganese ore consists chiefly of the oxides pyrolusite and psilomelane, and forms replacement pockets and fracture fillings in the Oriskany sandstone and in residual sandy clay and chert derived from the New Scotland limestone. Both these formations are of Devonian age, and both form low ridges. The minable bodies have been deposited by ground water in the zone of weathering, and most of them lie above present ground-water level. The manganese-bearing formations, together with the older and younger formations exposed in Cedar Creek Valley, have been compressed into numerous folds, and at the southwestern end of the district one of these folds passes into a normal fault with a displacement of 1,000 feet or more.
Creator: Monroe, Watson Hiner
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