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Climatic Charts and Data of the Radio Refractive Index for the United States and the World

Description: From Introduction: "This Monograph has as its purpose the compilation and analysis of the extensive radio refractive index data available within the Central Radio Propagation Laboratory of the National Bureau of Standards. This will be accomplished by presenting both tabulations of basic data for specific locations and charts for interpolation to any location."
Date: November 25, 1960
Creator: Bean, B. R.; Horn, J. D. & Ozanich, A. M., Jr.
Item Type: Report

A Spectrophotometric Atlas of the Spectrum of CH from 3000A to 5000A

Description: Report of the near ultraviolet and visible emission spectrum of CH presented in the form of a spectrophotometric atlas. The spectrum was recorded photoelectrically from an acetylene-oxygen flame in the region 4900 to 3000 A by use of a high-resolution grating monochromator. Each of the lines in the CH spectrum is identified.
Date: February 14, 1961
Creator: Bass, Arnold M. & Broida, H. P.
Item Type: Report

Atomic Energy Levels in Crystals

Description: Report discussing discrete energy levels observed within certain crystals which are due to perturbations of energy levels of the free ion by an electrostatic field arising from the crystal lattice. The analytic procedures for determining the field from the charge configuration are given, and the resulting fields are classified according to their symmetry. After a general survey of group-theoretical ideas, the applicable groups are analyzed in detail, and characters appropriate for both integral and half-integral angular momenta of the free ion are tabulated. Text includes tabulations, equations, and matrices using Wigner and Racah coefficients.
Date: February 24, 1961
Creator: Prather, John L.
Item Type: Report

Development of High-Temperature Strain Gages

Description: From Introduction: "An improved high-temperature gage was needed, and in an attempt to fill this need an investigation was initiated in February 1954 in the Enameled Metals Laboratory at the National Bureau of Standards. The present Monograph constitutes a final summary on this program."
Date: March 17, 1961
Creator: Pitts, J. W. & Moore, D. G.
Item Type: Report

Bibliography of Temperature Measurement: January 1953 to June 1960

Description: Report presenting more than 500 references to the field of temperature measurement. These references were collected from two general sources: Scientific and technical literature and government reports. The period covered is from 1953 to June 1960, with some from earlier dates. References are divided into a number of categories based on the type of instrument used. Some references to calibration of instruments and to scientific theories upon which temperature measurement is based are also presented.
Date: April 6, 1961
Creator: Halpern, Carl & Moffat, Robert J.
Item Type: Report

Corrected Optical Pyrometer Readings

Description: Report presenting a table of corrected optical pyrometer readings which enables optical pyrometer users to convert observed temperature immediately to the true temperature, if the effective emissivity of the material being observed is known. The table gives observed temperatures from 1,000 to 3,000ºK in increments of 5 degrees, from 3,000 to 5,000ºK in increments of 10 degrees, from 5,000 to 10,000ºK in increments of 50 degrees, and from 10,000 to 39,900ºK in increments of 100 degrees. For these, true temperatures are tabulated for 49 emissivities ranging from 0.02 to 0.98 in increments of 0.02.
Date: April 21, 1961
Creator: Poland, D. E.; Green, J. W. & Margrave, J. L.
Item Type: Report

Causes of Variation in Chemical Analyses and Physical Tests of Portland Cement

Description: Report discussing variations in comparative tests of portland cements that could lead to the rejection of a material fully conforming to specification requirements, or the acceptance of a material with undesirable chemical or physical properties. Many of the causes for variation in chemical analyses and physical test results are listed in this discussion, and remedies for some of the more frequently encountered deficiencies in apparatus and methods are suggested.
Date: April 27, 1961
Creator: Bean, B. Leonard & Dise, John R.
Item Type: Report

Ideal Gas Thermodynamic Functions and Isotope Exchange Functions for the Diatomic Hydrides, Deuterides, and Tritides

Description: From Abstract: "This Monograph contains a consistent set of tables of thermodynamic properties of a large number of diatomic hydrides, deuterides, and tritides, for the ideal gas state at one atmosphere pressure. In addition to the thermodynamic properties of the molecular gases, the tables also include thermodynamic properties for chemical reactions involving the isotopic exchange of hydrogen."
Date: May 29, 1961
Creator: Haar, Lester; Friedman, Abraham S. & Beckett, Charles W.
Item Type: Report

International Practical Temperature Scale of 1948: Text Revision of 1960

Description: Report is a text revision of the International Temperature Scale of 1948; the numerical values of temperatures remain the same. The adjective "Practical" was added to the name by the International Committee on Weights and Measures. The scale continues to be based upon six fixed and reproducible equilibrium temperatures to which values have been assigned, and upon the same interpolation formulas relating temperatures to the indications of specified measuring instruments. Some changes have been made in the text to make the scale more reproducible than its predecessor. The triple point of water, with the value 0.01 ºC replaces the former ice point as a defining fixed point of the scale. It is also recommended that the zinc point, with the value 419.505 ºC, be used instead of the sulfur point. The recommendations include new information that has become available since 1948.
Date: September 8, 1961
Creator: Stimson, H. F.
Item Type: Report

Tables of Chemical Kinetics : Homogeneous Reactions (Supplementary Tables)

Description: From Preface: "A brief description of the method used in compiling these tables and the limitation of coverage is given in the preface to Supplement 1. A description of the numbering system used is classifying reactions for the tables is given in Supplement 2. The present supplement contains information pertaining to Substitution, Exchange and Elimination reaction types. It is not complete as still more material falling groups is being prepared."
Date: September 15, 1961
Creator: United States. Bureau of Standards.
Item Type: Report

Tables of Spectral-Line Intensities: Part 2, Arranged by Wavelengths

Description: From Abstract: "Comparisons with other intensity measurements in individual spectra indicate that the National Bureau of Standards spectral-line intensities may have average errors of 20 percent, but first of all they provide uniform quantitative values for the seventy chemical elements commonly determined by spectrochemists. These data are presented by element in part I, and all 39,000 observed lines are given in order of wavelength in part II."
Date: October 2, 1961
Creator: Meggers, William F.; Corliss, Charles H. & Scribner, Bourdon F.
Item Type: Report

An Experimental Study of Phase Variations in Line-of-Sight Microwave Transmissions

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this report is to present an analysis of time variations in: (1) the phase (relative to a stable phase reference) if a 9414 Mc/s signal transmitted over this path, referred to hereafter as single-path phase data; (2) the phase observed at one receiving antenna relative to that observed at an adjacent antenna, referred to as phase difference data; (3) atmospheric refractivity as recorded by a microwave refractometer located at the Haleakala terminal; (4) the wind velocity at both ends of the path, and (5) surface atmospheric refractivity measured at 5 stations located on or near the path."
Date: November 1, 1961
Creator: Norton, K. A.; Herbstreit, J. W.; Janes, H. B.; Hornberg, K. O.; Peterson, C. F.; Barghausen, A. F. et al.
Item Type: Report

Bibliography and Index on Vacuum and Low Pressure Measurement

Description: From Introduction: "This paper consists essentially of a) a bibliography, b) an author index, and c) an index of the subject matter of the bibliography. While the primary objective is to focus on vacuum measurement, it was believed essential to include in the bibliography articles on vacuum technology in some measure accessory or essential to vacuum measurement. For maximum usefulness, an index of the subject matter of the references has been prepared. The abstract publications listed in the previous paragraph have been freely drawn upon in preparing the bibliography."
Date: November 10, 1961
Creator: Brombacher, W. G.
Item Type: Report

Effect of Mortar Properties on Strength of Masonry

Description: Report issued by the National Bureau of Standards over studies conducted on the effects of mortar on the strength of masonry. Materials, methods, and results are presented and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: November 20, 1961
Creator: Fishburn, Cyrus C.
Item Type: Report

Tables of Spectral-Line Intensities: Part 1, Arranged by Elements

Description: Abstract: "These data are presented by element in part I, and all 39,000 observed lines are given in order of wavelength in Part II." From Introduction: "In the beginning, most intensity data were reported on an arbitrary scale of 10 steps, weak lines being assigned an intensity of 1, and the strongest line intensity 10."
Date: December 29, 1961
Creator: Meggers, William F.; Corliss, Charles H. & Scribner, Bourdon F.
Item Type: Report

Calibration Procedures for Direct-Current Resistance Apparatus

Description: From Object and Scope of This Paper: "This paper describes the apparatus and procedures used at the National Bureau of Standards for the measurement of d-c resistance when an accuracy of a few parts in a million is required. The object will be to explain procedures in detail and as simply as possible, with a minimum reference to theory."
Date: March 1, 1962
Creator: Brooks, Paul P. B.
Item Type: Report

Theory and Methods of Optical Pyrometry

Description: Report reviewing the theoretical methods of optical pyrometry and the application of these methods at the National Bureau of Standards in realizing, maintaining and distributing the International Practical Temperature Scale above 1063 ºC is presented. In the theoretical presentation, the concepts of effective and mean effective wavelengths are introduced, and various equations relating these parameters to each other and other physical quantities are derived. The methods presentation discusses important features of precision visual optical pyrometers, experimental procedures, and results of primary and secondary calibrations of optical pyrometers.
Date: March 1, 1962
Creator: Kostkowski, H. J. & Lee, R. D.
Item Type: Report

Thermocouple Materials

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this paper is to present information on materials that are used from 0 degrees C up in thermocouples intended primarily as immersed temperature sensors, and to give so far as is practical properties of these materials that might affect their use in temperature measurement."
Date: March 1, 1962
Creator: Caldwell, F. R.
Item Type: Report

Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns: Section 1. Data for 46 Substances

Description: Report discussing forty-six standard X-ray diffraction powder patterns. Fourteen are to replace twelve patterns already given in the X-ray Powder Data File, and thirty-four are for substances not previously included. The X-ray Powder Data File is a compilation of diffraction patterns from many sources and is used for the identification of unknown crystalline materials by matching spacing and intensity measurements. The patterns were made with a Geiger counter X-ray diffractometer, using samples of high purity.
Date: March 9, 1962
Creator: Swanson, Howard E.; Morris, M. C.; Stinchfield, Roger P. & Evans, Eloise H.
Item Type: Report